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Prince Rudolf of Liechtenstein
Rudolf as a Field Marshal Lieutenant, c.1895
Born(1838-04-18)18 April 1838
Vienna, Austrian Empire
Died15 December 1908(1908-12-15) (aged 70)
Moravský Krumlov, Austro-Hungarian Empire
Rudolf Eugen Cresantius Ferdinand Karl
House Liechtenstein
FatherPrince Karl Joseph of Liechtenstein
MotherCountess Franziska von Wrbna-Freudenthal

Prince Rudolf of Liechtenstein (18 April 1838 – 15 December 1908) was an Austrian aristocrat, a general in the Common Army and one of the highest officials in the court of Emperor Franz Joseph I.


Rudolf was the youngest child and second son of Prince Karl Joseph of Liechtenstein and Countess Franziska von Wrbna-Freudenthal. His family was a cadet branch of the reigning Princely House of Liechtenstein, the Moravský-Krumlov line, which was descended from Prince Karl Borromäus, the younger brother of Franz Joseph I, Prince of Liechtenstein. Upon the death of his older brother Karl Rudolf – who was unmarried and childless – in 1899, Rudolf became head of the family.

After completing his education, Rudolf joined the military, eventually becoming General of the Cavalry in 1904. In 1862 he entered the service of the imperial court in Vienna, first as treasurer and later, privy councilor and Acting Minister of the Horse, as well as an honorary colonel of the Imperial Life-guards. In 1896 he was personally appointed by the Emperor as First Oberhofmeister (Lord High Steward), the premier official of the court, after the death of Prince Konstantin of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst. [1] [2] Rudolf's tenure at court was fraught with multiple events: the Badeni riots in Bohemia in 1897, the assassination of the Empress Elisabeth in 1898, and the morganatic marriage of Archduke Franz Ferdinand to Countess Sophie Chotek in 1900. He was also present during the state visits of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany and Tsar Nicholas II of Russia in 1903.

An accomplished musician, Rudolf composed music for the texts of Walther von der Vogelweide and Heinrich Heine.

In the later years of his life, Rudolf was often plagued by illness; his duties were taken over by his deputy Alfred, 2nd Prince of Montenuovo. He eventually died unmarried in 1908, and was interred in the family crypt in Moravský Krumlov castle, Moravia. With his death, the Moravský-Krumlov line of the House of Liechtenstein became extinct.


National orders and decorations [3]
Foreign orders and decorations [3]



  1. ^ Egger, Franz (1972), "Liechtenstein Rudolf Prinz von und zu" (PDF), Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 (in German), vol. 5, Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences, p. 206
  2. ^ Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie, 1900, pp. 15, 17, 25, 30, 54, 56, 205, 208, 257, 283, retrieved 20 July 2020
  3. ^ a b "Hofstaat Seiner Kaiserlichen und Koniglich Apostolischen Majestat", Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie, 1908, p. 15, retrieved 20 July 2020
  4. ^ a b "Ritter-Orden", Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie, 1908, pp. 53, 56, retrieved 20 July 2020
  5. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Bayern (1908), "Königliche Orden" pp. 9, 26
  6. ^ a b Almanach de Gotha, 1908 (Gotha: Justus Perthes), 52.
  7. ^ "Ludewigs-orden", Großherzoglich Hessische Ordensliste (in German), Darmstadt: Staatsverlag, 1907, p. 18 – via
  8. ^ "Königlicher Kronen-orden", Königlich Preussische Ordensliste (in German), vol. 1, Berlin, 1886, p.  583 – via{{ citation}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher ( link)
  9. ^ "Rother Adler-orden", Königlich Preussische Ordensliste (in German), Berlin, 1895, p.  7 – via{{ citation}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher ( link)
  10. ^ Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1900), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 39 Archived 20 July 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Sachsen (1901). "Königlich Orden". Staatshandbuch für den Königreich Sachsen: 1901. Dresden: Heinrich. pp.  6, 209 – via
  12. ^ "Real y distinguida orden de Carlos III". Guía Oficial de España (in Spanish). 1907. p. 150. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  13. ^ Sveriges statskalender (in Swedish), 1905, p. 441, retrieved 20 July 2020 – via
  14. ^ The London Gazette, issue 27604, p. 6148
  15. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg (1907), "Königliche Orden" pp. 44, 105


  • Dotson, Samuel C. (2003). Genealogie des Fürstlichen Hauses Liechtenstein seit Hartmann II. (1544-1585) (in German). Rosvall Royal Books. ISBN  9789197397841.