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Prince Heinrich
Heinrich von Hessen und bei Rhein, c.1865
Born(1838-11-28)28 November 1838
Bessungen, Grand Duchy of Hesse
Died16 September 1900(1900-09-16) (aged 61)
Munich, German Empire
Heinrich Ludwig Wilhelm Adalbert Waldemar Alexander
House Hesse-Darmstadt
Father Prince Charles of Hesse and by Rhine
Mother Princess Elisabeth of Prussia

Prince Heinrich of Hesse and by Rhine (Heinrich Ludwig Wilhelm Adalbert Waldemar Alexander; November 28, 1838 - September 16, 1900) was a member of the House of Hesse-Darmstadt and a General of the Cavalry.


He was the second son of Prince Charles of Hesse and by Rhine and Princess Elisabeth of Prussia and a younger brother of the later Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse.
Heinrich studied in Göttingen and Giessen and joined the Hessian army as a lieutenant in 1854. In 1859 he joined the Prussian Army as a captain and fought in the First Schleswig War and the Austro-Prussian War.

On 17 September, 1866, Heinrich became commander of the 2nd Guards Uhlan Regiment. He led the regiment during the Franco-Prussian War and received the Iron Cross (2nd class). In 1873, Heinrich was promoted to Generalmajor. In 1879 he became commander of the 25th (Grand Ducal Hessian) Division and shortly afterwards was promoted to Lieutenant General. On August 21, 1884 Heinrich was given the distinction of a Commanding General and two years later, on September 18, 1886, was promoted to General of the Cavalry. On 7 July 1887, Heinrich retired and received the Pour le Mérite; being the final recipient by order of William I as the latter died in the next year.

In retirement he eventually settled in Munich. From 1881 until his death he also was a member of the Hessian Landstände.

Marriage and children

Heinrich married morganatically on February 25, 1878, Caroline Willich von Pöllnitz (1848-1879) who was created Freifrau von Nidda for the occasion. She died after the birth of their only child Karl, Count of Nidda (1879-1920).

He married again in 1892 - also morganatically, to Emilie Hrzic de Topuska (1868-1961). She was elevated to Freifrau von Dornberg. They had also one son: Elimar, Freiherr von Dornberg (1893-1917), who died in an accident.


He received the following orders and decorations: [1]


  1. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogs Hessen (1894), Genealogy pp. 2-3
  2. ^ Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Hessen und bei Rhein (1879), "Großherzogliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen ", pp. 9, 46, 130.
  3. ^ Hessen-Kassel (1859). Kurfürstlich Hessisches Hof- und Staatshandbuch: 1859. Waisenhaus. p.  16.
  4. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch für des Herzogtum Anhalt (1894), "Herzoglicher Haus-Orden Albrecht des Bären" p. 17
  5. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1888), "Großherzogliche Orden" pp. 63, 74
  6. ^ Hof- und - Staatshandbuch des Königreichs Bayern (1890), "Königliche Orden". p. 10
  7. ^ "Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Herzogthums Braunschweig für das Jahr 1899". (1899). In Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Herzogtums Braunschweig (Vol. 1899). Meyer. p. 10
  8. ^ a b "Königlich Preussische Ordensliste", Preussische Ordens-Liste (in German), Berlin, 1: 8, 936, 1886
  9. ^ Lehmann, Gustaf (1913). Die Ritter des Ordens pour le mérite 1812–1913 [The Knights of the Order of the Pour le Mérite] (in German). Vol. 2. Berlin: Ernst Siegfried Mittler & Sohn. p. 560.
  10. ^ Shaw, Wm. A. (1906) The Knights of England, I, London, p. 200