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The Seven Rila Lakes, Rila, Bulgaria
The Seven Rila Lakes, Rila, Bulgaria

Location of Bulgaria (dark green)

Bulgaria ( /bʌlˈɡɛəriə, bʊl-/ ; Bulgarian: България, romanizedBŭlgariya), officially the Republic of Bulgaria, is a country in Southeast Europe. Located west of the Black Sea and south of the Danube river, Bulgaria is bordered by Greece and Turkey to the south, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, and Romania to the north. It covers a territory of 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi) and is the 16th largest country in Europe. Sofia is the nation's capital and largest city; other major cities include Burgas, Plovdiv, and Varna.

Bulgaria is a developed country, with an upper-middle-income economy, ranking 68th in the Human Development Index. Its market economy is part of the European Single Market and is largely based on services, followed by industry—especially machine building and mining—and agriculture. Bulgaria is a member of the European Union, NATO, and the Council of Europe. It is also a founding member of the OSCE and has taken a seat on the United Nations Security Council three times. ( Full article...)

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The Bulgarian Social Democratic Workers Party (Broad Socialists) ( Bulgarian: Българска работническа социалдемократическа партия (широки социалисти), Balgarska rabotnicheska sotsialdemokraticheska partiya (shiroki sotsialisti)) was a reformist socialist political party in Bulgaria. The party emerged from a division at the Tenth Party Congress of the Bulgarian Social Democratic Workers Party held in 1903 (the other faction forming the Bulgarian Social Democratic Workers' Party (Narrow Socialists)). The 'Broad Socialist' faction had appeared inside the pre-split party around 1900, when Yanko Sakazov had started the magazine Obshto delo ('Common Action'). The Broad Socialists, analogous to the Mensheviks in the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, argued in favour a broad social base of the party and broad class alliances.

In 1909 the Social Democratic Union 'Proletarian' of Dimitar Blagoev (a group that had been expelled from the Narrow Socialists) merged into the Broad Socialist party. The grouping would function as a leftwing tendency inside the Broad Socialist party for the years to come. ( Full article...)
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Did you know (auto-generated)

  • ... that Lyubomir Pipkov is considered one of the founders of Bulgaria's modern professional musical establishment?
  • ... that one of the highest death rates in the Holocaust was in Bulgarian-occupied Greece, where 97 percent of Jews were killed in less than a month?


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Shipka Pass
Shipka Pass
Credit: Psy guy

Shipka Pass is a scenic mountain pass through Stara Planina in Bulgaria. The maximum altitude of the pass is 1,150 m (3,820 ft). During the Russo-Turkish War, 1877-1878, Shipka Pass was the scene of a series of conflicts collectively named the Battle of Shipka Pass.

More did You Know?

  • ...that the chitalishte (community centre) in Novo Selo (pictured), constructed in 1930, is also a memorial to locals who perished in war?


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Requested articles Birth rate in Bulgaria ( bg) • Boyan Rasate ( bg) • Bulgaria of Labor and Reason ( bg) • Census of Bulgaria, 2001 ( bg) • Bulgarian architecture ( bg) • Bulgarian gardenersConservative Union of the Right ( bg) • Totyu Mladenov ( bg) • Alexander Tsvetkov ( bg) • Nona Karadzhova ( bg) • Stefan Konstantinov ( bg) • Minko Gerdzhikov ( bg) • Movement of Non-Partisan Candidates ( bg) • Nikolay Liliev ( bg) • Nikolay Malinov ( bg) • Teodor Trayanov ( bg) • Bulgarian dressEvgeni Tanchev ( bg) • Plamen Paskov ( bg) • Pravoto ( bg) • BulMag ( bg) • Simeon Slavchev ( bg) • Svetozar Saev ( bg) • ( bg) • Tsveta Galunova ( bg) • Tsoncho Ganev ( bg) • Nikolay Drenchev ( bg)

Expand Dulo clanYantra RiverNestinarstvoVrana PalacePliskaGate of TrajanGeorgi IvanovGeorgi BenkovskiEkaterina DafovskaName days in BulgariaEvlogi GeorgievSlivenShumenShishman dynasty

Requested images KlokotnitsaNaftex StadiumPalitsiVrana PalaceDimitar Petkov

Further information WikiProject BulgariaBulgarian Collaboration ProjectTranslation into English/Bulgarian

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