Perdana_Botanical_Gardens Latitude and Longitude:

3°08′35″N 101°41′05″E / 3.1430001°N 101.68466°E / 3.1430001; 101.68466
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Perdana Botanical Gardens
Taman Botani Perdana
ஏரி பூங்கா
Type Urban park
Location Lembah Pantai, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Area91.6 hectares (226 acres)
Operated by Kuala Lumpur City Hall
StatusOpen all year

Perdana Botanical Gardens, formerly Perdana Lake Gardens, Lake Gardens and Public Gardens, is Kuala Lumpur's first large-scale recreational park. Measuring 91.6 hectares (226 acres), it is located in the heart of the city and established in 1888. [1] The park served as place of refuge from the hustle and bustle of the city during colonial times. It contains large sculpted and manicured gardens and a host of attractions.


Old view of Lake Gardens with the governor's residence Carcosa on a hill in the background, circa 1910

The colonial-era park was the brainchild of Alfred Venning, the British State Treasurer of Selangor in the late 19th century. In 1888, Venning proposed that a botanical garden be built in the valley of Sungei Bras Bras, and the British Resident Frank Swettenham agreed to the scheme and authorised a small grant from the State funds for the garden. Venning laid out the plan for a park of 173 acres (700,000 m2) which included an "experimental economic garden" and a lake. [2]

Venning cleared the area of scrubs and lalang, and planted ornamental flowering trees and shrubs in the garden. The scheme attracted public support, and a leading figure of the Cantonese community, Towkay Chow Ah Yeok, contributed a hundred chempaka and orange trees to the initial planting programme in 1888. An ornamental lake was created by damming up Sungei Bras Bras, which was then named Sydney Lake after Swettenham's wife (the lake is now known as Perdana Lake). The project took nearly ten years to complete, but the garden was formally opened on 13 May 1889, just a year after work began, by the Governor of the Straits Settlements, Sir Cecil Clementi Smith. [2]

A fountain in Lake Gardens, Kuala Lumpur
Canopy at the Main Square (Laman Perdana) of the garden.
KL Sentral Station as seen from Perdana Botanical Gardens on a clear sunny evening.

The official residence of the then British government representative Frank Swettenham, now known as Carcosa Seri Negara, was located atop a hill here. Venning also created a social club by the lake, the Lake Club (now known as the Royal Lake Club), in 1890. The club, unlike the Selangor Club, was an exclusively European club, and it would dominate the social scene for Europeans in Kuala Lumpur for over half a century. [3] [4]

In 1963, the Malaysian Houses of Parliament was built on the northern fringes of the park. [5]


The park was initially called Public Gardens but later renamed Lake Gardens. In 1975, it was renamed Taman Tasik Perdana, or the Perdana Lake Gardens, by Tun Abdul Razak. On 28 June 2011, the gardens were renamed again to Perdana Botanical Gardens by Dato' Sri Najib Razak in the first phase of turning the park into a botanical garden. [6]


The garden is located along Jalan Perdana or Venning Road. It is located near the National Museum of Malaysia. The nearest public transportation hub within walking distance is Muzium Negara MRT station.

Places of interest

Among the tourist attractions located here are deer park, Hibiscus garden, Orchid Garden, Kuala Lumpur Bird Park and Kuala Lumpur Butterfly Park. [1] The Bird Park with a land area of over 20.9-acre (8.5 ha) was opened on 15 November 1991, features more than 3,000 birds from more than 200 species of bird and is billed as the world's largest covered bird park. [7] [8] [9] The butterfly park was opened in 1992, [10] spans over 80,000 sq ft (7,400 m2) of landscaped garden with over 5,000 butterflies, exotic plants, butterfly-host plants and ferns and is one of the largest houses in the world. [11] [12]


Kuala Lumpur Butterfly Park

Kuala Lumpur Bird Park


  1. ^ a b "Lake Gardens". Visit to Kuala Lumpur. Archived from the original on 21 February 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
  2. ^ a b JM Gullick (1955). "Kuala Lumpur 1880-1895" (PDF). Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. 24 (4): 10–11.
  3. ^ Ryan Bishop; John Phillips; Wei Wei Yeo, eds. (1 May 2003). Postcolonial Urbanism: Southeast Asian Cities and Global Processes. Routledge. p. 136. ISBN  978-0-415-93249-3.
  4. ^ Jamil Abu Bakar (2002). A Design Guide of Public Parks in Malaysia. Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. p. 60. ISBN  978-983-52-0274-2.
  5. ^ Joe Bindloss; Celeste Brash (2008). Kuala Lumpur, Melaka & Penang. Lonely Planet Publications. p. 82. ISBN  978-1-74104-485-0.
  6. ^ DBKL. "Perdana Botanical Garden Kuala Lumpur | The Garden". Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  7. ^ Steve Frankham (2008). Footprint Malaysia & Singapore. Footprint Handbooks. ISBN  978-1-906098-11-7.
  8. ^ "About Us". Kuala Lumpur Bird Park. Archived from the original on 3 April 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  9. ^ "KL Bird Park". WINT. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  10. ^ M, Bavani (19 July 2021). "Struggling butterfly park hopes for lifeline". The Star (Malaysia). Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  11. ^ "Kuala Lumpur Butterfly Park Malaysia - About Us". Retrieved 27 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Photographs of Kuala Lumpur Butterfly Park and its insect museum". Independent Travellers. Retrieved 28 March 2014.

External links

3°08′35″N 101°41′05″E / 3.1430001°N 101.68466°E / 3.1430001; 101.68466