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Palm Jumeirah
Artificial Archipelagos, Dubai, United Arab Emirates ISS022-E-024940 lrg (cropped).jpg
Aerial view of The Palm Jumeirah
Dubai new developments.png
Developments in Dubai as of 2010 with The Palm Jumeirah in the center
Palm Jumeirah is located in Dubai
Palm Jumeirah
Palm Jumeirah
Location within the Emirate of Dubai
Location Persian Gulf
Coordinates 25°07′05″N 55°08′00″E / 25.11806°N 55.13333°E / 25.11806; 55.13333
Palm_Jumeirah Latitude and Longitude:

25°07′05″N 55°08′00″E / 25.11806°N 55.13333°E / 25.11806; 55.13333
Dubai, United Arab Emirates

The Palm Jumeirah is an archipelago of artificial islands on the Persian Gulf in Jumeirah, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It is part of a larger series of developments called the Palm Islands, including Palm Jebel Ali and Palm Deira, which, if completed, will together increase Dubai's shoreline by a total of 520 kilometres (320 mi). [1] It has an estimated population of at least 10,000 as of 2017. [2]

The islands were created using land reclamation. The construction was done as a joint venture by two Dutch specialist companies, Van Oord and Boskalis. The same companies also created The World. The recently opened destinations The Pointe, Club Vista Mare and Nakheel Mall are the latest additions to Palm Jumeirah. [3] [4]


The Palm Jumeirah Dubai's Monorail

The Palm Jumeirah Monorail, 5.4-kilometre-long (3.4 mi) monorail connecting the Atlantis Hotel to the Gateway Towers at the foot of the island. [5] [6] The monorail connects The Palm Jumeirah Dubai to the mainland, with a planned further extension to the Red Line of the Dubai Metro. [7] The line began operating on 30 April 2009. [8] It is the first monorail in the Middle East. [9]


In the summer seasons, jellyfish frequent the beaches surrounding the Palm. [10] In early 2020, due to the reduction of human activity during the COVID-19 pandemic, an increase in wildlife, such as dolphins, around The Palm Jumeirah was observed. [11]


The Palm Jumeirah Dubai, Villas on a frond
The Palm Jumeirah Dubai's frond
The Palm Jumeirah Dubai aerial view on 5 January 2013
Shoreline Beach in The Palm Jumeirah Dubai

Construction of The Palm Jumeirah Dubai island began in June 2001 and the developers announced handover of the first residential units in 2006. [12]

At this time, 75% of the properties were ready to hand over, with 500 families already residing on the island. [13] By the end of 2009, 28 hotels were opened on the Crescent. [13]

The complexities of the construction were blamed,[ who?] in part, for the extended delays to the completion of the project, the date of which was pushed back multiple times and was nearly two years late.[ citation needed]

In 2009, The New York Times reported that NASA's laser altimeter satellites had measured the Palm as sinking at the rate of 5 mm (0.20 in) per year. [14] In response the developer, Nakheel Properties said they had received no reports of structural problems of a type that would be expected if there were any subsidence, and pointed out that the laser satellites had a measurement resolution of only 50 mm (2.0 in). [15]

Housing density

After launching the project, it was revealed that the developer increased the number of residential units on the island (with a concomitant reduction in the amount of physical space between individual properties) from the originally announced 4,500 (comprising 2,000 villas purchased early in the expectation of greater separation between properties [16]). This increase was attributed to the developer miscalculating the actual cost of construction and requiring the raising of additional capital, although they had never commented publicly on the matter.[ citation needed] The New York Times reported in 2009 that many people had bought houses before they were built and are furious about the space available now and the way they seem to be living on top of each other. [14]

Water quality

The outer breakwater was designed as a continuous barrier, but by preventing natural tidal movement, the seawater within the Palm became stagnant. The breakwater was subsequently modified to create gaps on either side, allowing tidal movement to oxygenate the water within and prevent it from stagnating, albeit less efficiently than would be the case if the breakwater did not exist. [17] [18]

Hotels and resorts

The Palm Jumeirah Dubai has a number of hotels, resorts, and hotel residences:

  • Anantara The Palm Dubai Resort
  • Atlantis, The Palm
  • The Fairmont Palm Hotel & Resort
  • St. Regis Dubai - The Palm
  • Emerald Palace Kempinski Dubai
  • Kempinski Hotel & Residences
  • Rixos The Palm Dubai
  • Sofitel Dubai, The Palm Resort & Spa
  • The Langham, Palm Jumeirah
  • Jumeirah Zabeel Saray
  • One & Only The Palm
  • Taj Exotica Resort & Spa
  • The Residences, Palm Jumeirah
  • The Retreat Palm Dubai
  • Waldorf Astoria Dubai Palm Jumeirah [19]
  • Kingdom Of Sheba, Palm Jumeirah
  • The 8
  • The Palm Resort & Spa
  • FIVE Palm Jumeirah Dubai
  • W Hotel
  • Dukes Dubai [20]

Retail and Dining Destinations:

  • Nakheel Mall
  • The Pointe
  • Palm Views West and East
  • The Boardwalk
  • Al Ittihad Park
  • Club Vista Mare
  • Golden Mile Galleria

Environmental effects

According to a study published in the journal Water in 2022, the construction of this island has had an effect on increasing water-soluble materials, changing the spectral profile of water and also increasing the temperature of the water surface around the island. [21]

See also


  1. ^ "Top 8 Engineering and Architectural Wonders of Dubai". 14 December 2016.
  2. ^ "Palm Jumeirah | History, Description, & Facts | Britannica". Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  3. ^ "Nakheel Mall on Dubai's Palm Jumeirah to open on 28 November 2019". Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  4. ^ Nagraj, Aarti (28 November 2019). "In pictures: New mega Nakheel Mall opens in Dubai's Palm Jumeirah | UAE News". Retrieved 16 March 2023.
  5. ^ Nice and Easy, but Fares Not So Fair
  6. ^ "Home".
  7. ^ "Middle East's first monorail to start services in Palm Jumeirah by April". Gulf News. 7 August 2008. Archived from the original on 16 July 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2008.
  8. ^ "Palm monorail tried and tested – The Knowledge News". Retrieved 27 August 2010.
  9. ^ "ME's 1st monorail to begin services in April". 8 August 2008. Archived from the original on 11 June 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2008.
  10. ^ "Jellyfish along UAE coastline". Ecocoast. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  11. ^ "Rays, sharks, and dolphins enjoy new freedom as humans retreat from the oceans".
  12. ^ "The Palm Jumeirah". 2006. Archived from the original on 17 February 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2007.
  13. ^ a b "Dubai's Palm and World Islands – progress update". AMEInfo. 4 October 2007. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 28 October 2007.
  14. ^ a b Laid-Off Foreigners Flee as Dubai Spirals Down, New York Times, 11 February 2009
  15. ^ "Nakheel: Palm Jumeirah is 'not sinking' - Real Estate". Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  16. ^ Moye, Catherine (20 August 2005). "Palm before a storm?". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 20 October 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
  17. ^ "Palm Island Dubai FAQ".
  18. ^ "MegaStructures – National Geographic Channel episode guide".
  19. ^ "Waldorf Astoria Palm Jumeirah set for January opening in Dubai". 27 December 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  20. ^ "Dukes the Palm, a Royal Hideaway Hotel | Luxury hotel in Palm Jumeirah".
  21. ^ Mansourmoghaddam, Mohammad (January 2022). "Mansourmoghaddam M, Ghafarian Malamiri HR, Rousta I, Olafsson H, Zhang H. Assessment of Palm Jumeirah Island's Construction Effects on the Surrounding Water Quality and Surface Temperatures during 2001–2020. Water. 2022; 14(4):634.". Water. 14 (4): 634. doi: 10.3390/w14040634.

External links