From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to computer programming:

Computer programming – process that leads from an original formulation of a computing problem to executable computer programs. Programming involves activities such as analysis, developing understanding, generating algorithms, verification of requirements of algorithms including their correctness and resources consumption, and implementation (commonly referred to as coding [1] [2]) of algorithms in a target programming language. Source code is written in one or more programming languages. The purpose of programming is to find a sequence of instructions that will automate performing a specific task or solving a given problem.




Writing programs



Programming languages

Programming language – formal constructed language designed to communicate instructions to a machine, particularly a computer. Programming languages can be used to create programs to control the behavior of a machine or to express algorithms.

Types of programming languages

Popular languages

The top 20 most popular programming languages as of December 2022: [3]

  1. Python
  2. C
  3. C++
  4. Java
  5. C#
  6. Visual Basic .NET
  7. JavaScript
  8. SQL
  9. Assembly language
  10. PHP
  11. R
  12. Go
  13. Classic Visual Basic
  14. MATLAB
  15. Swift
  16. Delphi/Object Pascal
  17. Ruby
  18. Perl
  19. Objective-C
  20. Rust

Anatomy of a programming language

Comparisons of programming languages

Programming language comparisons

Comparisons of individual languages




Software development

Software engineering

Software engineering

See also


  1. ^ Shaun Bebbington (2014). "What is coding". Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  2. ^ Shaun Bebbington (2014). "What is programming". Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  3. ^ "index | TIOBE - The Software Quality Company". Retrieved 2022-12-27.

External links