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Nishitokyo
西東京市
Nishitokyo
Tanashi jinja2.JPG
Komorebi 1.jpg
Higashifushimi Inari Shrine.jpg
Nishitokyo city hall Tanashi building.JPG
Hoya Station.jpg
Top to bottom, left to right: Tanashi Shrine; Komorebi Hall; Higashifushimi Inari Shrine; Nishitokyo City Hall; Hoya Station
Flag of Nishitokyo
Official seal of Nishitokyo
Location of Nishitokyo in Tokyo
Location of Nishitokyo in Tokyo
Nishitokyo is located in Japan
Nishitokyo
Nishitokyo
 
Coordinates: 35°43′32.2″N 139°32′17.7″E / 35.725611°N 139.538250°E / 35.725611; 139.538250
Nishitokyo Latitude and Longitude:

35°43′32.2″N 139°32′17.7″E / 35.725611°N 139.538250°E / 35.725611; 139.538250
CountryJapan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Tokyo
Area
 • Total15.75 km2 (6.08 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2021)
 • Total206,047
 • Density13,000/km2 (34,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 ( Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• Tree Zelkova serrata & Cornus florida
• Flower Azalea, Sunflower, Cosmos, Narcissus
Phone number042-464-1311
Address5-6-13 Minami-machi, Nishitōkyō-shi, Tokyo 188-8666
Website Official website

Nishitokyo (西東京市, Nishitōkyō-shi) (Japanese pronunciation:  [ɲiɕi̥toꜜːkʲoː]) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 January 2021, the city had an estimated population of 206,047, and a population density of 13,000 persons per km2. [1] The total area of the city is 15.75 square kilometres (6.08 sq mi).

Geography

Nishitokyo is located at the centre of the geological/geographical region known as the Musashino Terrace, and is covered with the Kantō loam formation. The city has a good water supply, owing to rivers running through the city - the Shakujii River, Shirako River, Shin River (tributary of Shirako River) and Tamagawa Josui River. From east to west, the city is about 4.8 km, and from south to north is about 5.6 km.

Neighborhoods

Fuji-machi, Hibarigaoka, Higashi-cho, Higashi-fushimi, Hoya-cho, Izumi-cho, Kita-machi, Naka-machi, Sakae-cho, Shimo-hoya, Shin-machi, Sumiyoshi-cho, Yagisawa
Kitahara-cho, Midori-cho, Minami-cho, Mukodai-cho, Nishihara-cho, Shibakubo-cho, Tanashi-cho, Yato-cho

Surrounding municipalities

Climate

Nishitokyo has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Nishitokyo is 14.5°C. The average annual rainfall is 1648 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.0°C, and lowest in January, at around 3.1°C. [2]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [3] the population of Nishitokyo increased rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1920 6,723—    
1930 8,972+33.5%
1940 10,977+22.3%
1950 28,343+158.2%
1960 78,091+175.5%
1970 144,660+85.2%
1980 158,235+9.4%
1990 170,290+7.6%
2000 180,885+6.2%
2010 196,494+8.6%
2015 200,012+1.8%
2020 207,388+3.7%

History

The area of present-day Nishitokyo was part of ancient Musashi Province. In the post- Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of July 22, 1878, the area became part of Kitadachi District in Saitama Prefecture. The villages of Hoya and Tanashi were created on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of modern municipalities system. The southern portion of Kitaadachi District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1907.

The city of Nishitokyo was established on January 21, 2001 by the merger of the cities of Hoya and Tanashi. The name Nishitokyo means "West Tokyo."

Government

Nishitokyo has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 28 members. Nishitokyo contributes two members to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Tokyo 19th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

The watch manufacturer Citizen is headquartered in Nishitokyo. The animation studios Shin-Ei Animation and Magic Bus are also located here.

Education

Universities and colleges

Primary and secondary education

The city has three public high schools operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education.

Nishitokyo has 18 public elementary schools and nine public junior high schools operated by the city government.

Public junior high schools: [4]

  • Hibarigaoka (ひばりが丘中学校)
  • Houya (保谷中学校)
  • Meihou ( 明保中学校)
  • Seiran (青嵐中学校)
  • Tanashi No. 1 (田無第一中学校)
  • Tanashi No. 2 (田無第二中学校)
  • Tanashi No. 3 (田無第三中学校)
  • Tanashi No. 4 (田無第四中学校)
  • Yagisawa ( 柳沢中学校)

Public elementary schools: [4]

  • Hekizan (碧山小学校)
  • Higashi (東小学校)
  • Higashi Fushimi (東伏見小学校)
  • Honcho (本町小学校)
  • Houya (保谷小学校)
  • Houya No. 1 (保谷第一小学校)
  • Houya No. 2 (保谷第二小学校)
  • Kami Mukodai (上向台小学校)
  • Keyaki (けやき小学校)
  • Mukodai (向台小学校)
  • Nakahara (中原小学校)
  • Sakae (栄小学校)
  • Shibakubo (芝久保小学校)
  • Sumiyoshi (住吉小学校)
  • Tanashi
  • Yagisawa (柳沢小学校)
  • Yato (谷戸小学校)
  • Yato No. 2 (谷戸第二小学校)

There are three private high schools:

Transportation

Railway

SeibuRailway mark.svg Seibu RailwaySeibu Ikebukuro Line

SeibuRailway mark.svg Seibu RailwaySeibu Shinjuku Line

Highway

Nishitokyo is not served by any national expressways or national highways

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Nishitōkyō city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Nishitokyo climate data
  3. ^ Nishitokyo population statistics
  4. ^ a b "市立小・中学校". Nishitokyo. Retrieved 2022-11-29.

External links