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Niijima
新島村
Village
Port of Niijima
Port of Niijima
Flag of Niijima
Official seal of Niijima
Location of Niijima in Tokyo Metropolis
Location of Niijima in Tokyo Metropolis
Niijima is located in Japan
Niijima
Niijima
 
Coordinates: 34°22′37.4″N 139°15′24.3″E / 34.377056°N 139.256750°E / 34.377056; 139.256750
Niijima,_Tokyo Latitude and Longitude:

34°22′37.4″N 139°15′24.3″E / 34.377056°N 139.256750°E / 34.377056; 139.256750
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Tokyo Metropolis
Area
 • Total27.54 km2 (10.63 sq mi)
Population
 (June 2016)
 • Total2,697
 • Density97.9/km2 (254/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 ( Japan Standard Time)
Phone number04992-5-0240
Address1-1-1, Honson, Niijima-mura, Tōkyō-to 100-0402
Climate Cfa
Website www.niijima.com
Landsat view of Niijima (right) and Shikinejima (left)

Niijima (新島村, Niijima-mura) is a village located in Ōshima Subprefecture, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 June 2016, the village had an estimated population of 2,697, and a population density of 97.9 persons per km². Its total area is 27.54 square kilometres (10.63 sq mi).

Geography

The village of Niijima consists of the inhabited islands of Nii-jima and Shikinejima, the uninhabited islands of Udoneshima and Jinai-tō, and numerous small rocks in the northern Izu archipelago.

Climate

Climate data for Nii-jima (2003−2020 normals, extremes 1976−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.0
(68.0)
20.5
(68.9)
22.2
(72.0)
25.0
(77.0)
27.7
(81.9)
31.0
(87.8)
34.2
(93.6)
33.7
(92.7)
32.2
(90.0)
28.8
(83.8)
27.2
(81.0)
24.2
(75.6)
34.2
(93.6)
Average high °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
12.2
(54.0)
14.8
(58.6)
18.5
(65.3)
22.0
(71.6)
24.3
(75.7)
27.9
(82.2)
29.6
(85.3)
27.1
(80.8)
22.7
(72.9)
18.8
(65.8)
14.1
(57.4)
20.3
(68.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.9
(48.0)
9.5
(49.1)
11.8
(53.2)
15.5
(59.9)
19.1
(66.4)
21.8
(71.2)
25.3
(77.5)
26.8
(80.2)
24.5
(76.1)
20.4
(68.7)
16.3
(61.3)
11.6
(52.9)
17.6
(63.7)
Average low °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
6.1
(43.0)
8.2
(46.8)
12.0
(53.6)
15.9
(60.6)
19.4
(66.9)
23.1
(73.6)
24.6
(76.3)
22.1
(71.8)
17.7
(63.9)
13.1
(55.6)
8.3
(46.9)
14.7
(58.4)
Record low °C (°F) −2.8
(27.0)
−3.7
(25.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.4
(34.5)
6.0
(42.8)
12.2
(54.0)
16.1
(61.0)
18.7
(65.7)
14.1
(57.4)
6.9
(44.4)
1.9
(35.4)
−2.1
(28.2)
−3.7
(25.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 101.4
(3.99)
134.3
(5.29)
187.0
(7.36)
173.4
(6.83)
184.0
(7.24)
261.5
(10.30)
205.3
(8.08)
169.1
(6.66)
195.1
(7.68)
313.5
(12.34)
182.8
(7.20)
117.5
(4.63)
2,225
(87.60)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 8.3 9.6 12.0 10.7 10.0 12.2 9.8 8.2 11.6 11.8 11.2 9.1 124.5
Source: JMA [1] [2] [3]


Surrounding Municipalities

History

On October 1, 1923, the islands of Niijima and Shikinejima were organized into municipalities. Niijima was administered as Niijimahon (新島本村, Niijima-honson, lit. "Niijima Main Village"). Shikenejima was administered as Wakagō (若郷村, Wakagō-mura). Both villages belonged to Ōshima Island Government Office. In 1926, the Ōshima Island Government Office became Ōshima Subprefecture of Tokyo. On November 1, 1954, Niijimahon absorbed the village of Wakagō, and changed its name to Niijima Village on April 1, 1992.

Economy

The economy of the village is dependent on commercial fishing and seasonal tourism. The village is known for its sports fishing, hot spring resorts) and local beer.

Transportation

Airports
Airlines
Roads
  • National highways: None
  • Metropolitan highways:
    • 211 Wakagō Niijima-kō Line
    • 237 Shikinejima Circle Line
Ports
  • Niijima: Port of Niijima
  • Shikinejima: Port of Nobushi, Fishing Port of Nobushi, Port of Shikinejima, Fishing Port of Ashitsuki, Fishing Port of Kobama
Sea routes
  • Between Niijima and Nobushi
  • Camellia-maru by Tōkai Kisen links between Tokyo, Yokohama (on Friday and Saturday), Izu Ōshima, Toshima, and Niijima.
  • Jinshin Kisen links between Shimoda, Toshima, Niijima, Shikinejima, Kōzushima, and Shimoda. A ship runs this direction on Sunday, Tuesday, and Friday. It goes backwards on Monday, Thursday, and Saturday.
  • Nishiki 2 by Niijima Village links between Niijima and Shikinejima 3 laps a day.
  • Cargo ships by Niijima Bussan and Izu Shichitō Kaiun links between the islands and mainland Tokyo.

Education

High schools
Junior High Schools [4]
  • Niijima Junior High School (新島中学校)
  • Shikinejima Junior High School (式根島中学校)
Elementary Schools
  • Niijima Elementary School (新島小学校)
  • Shikinejima Elementary School (式根島小学校)

References

  1. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)(extremes 2003-present). JMA. Retrieved February 23, 2022.
  2. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)(extremes 1976-2008). JMA. Retrieved February 23, 2022.
  3. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved February 23, 2022.
  4. ^ "新島村の学校紹介". Niijima. Retrieved 2022-11-05.

External links