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Musashimurayama
武蔵村山市
Musashimurayama City Hall
Musashimurayama City Hall
Flag of Musashimurayama
Official seal of Musashimurayama
Location of Musashimurayama in Tokyo
Location of Musashimurayama in Tokyo
Musashimurayama is located in Japan
Musashimurayama
Musashimurayama
 
Coordinates: 35°45′17.4″N 139°23′14.5″E / 35.754833°N 139.387361°E / 35.754833; 139.387361
Musashimurayama,_Tokyo Latitude and Longitude:

35°45′17.4″N 139°23′14.5″E / 35.754833°N 139.387361°E / 35.754833; 139.387361
CountryJapan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Tokyo
Area
 • Total15.32 km2 (5.92 sq mi)
Population
 (March 2021)
 • Total72,021
 • Density4,700/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 ( Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• Tree Celtis sinensis
• Flower Camellia sinensis
• Bird Japanese white-eye
Phone number042-565-1111
Address1-1-1 Honmachi, Musashimurayama-shi, Tokyo 208-8501
Website Official website

Musashimurayama (武蔵村山市, Musashi-Murayama-shi) is a city located in the western side of Tokyo, Japan. As of 1 March 2021, the city had an estimated population of 72,021 in 32,234 households, and a population density of 4,700 people per km². [1] The total area of the city is 15.32 square kilometres (5.92 sq mi).

Geography

Musashimurayama is located in north-central Tokyo Metropolis, bordered by Saitama Prefecture to the north. Upstream tributaries of the Arakawa River and Tama River flow through the city. The Sayama Hills run from west to east in the northern part of the city. The south side of the hill is on the western edge of the Musashino Plateau.

Surrounding municipalities

Tokyo Metropolis

Saitama Prefecture

Climate

Musashimurayama has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Musashimurayama is 13.8 °C (56.8 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,647 mm (64.8 in) with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.5 °C (77.9 °F), and lowest in January, at around 2.1 °C (35.8 °F). [2]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [3] the population of Musashimurayama increased rapidly from the 1960s.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1920 7,165—    
1930 7,891+10.1%
1940 8,989+13.9%
1950 10,989+22.2%
1960 12,065+9.8%
1970 41,275+242.1%
1980 57,198+38.6%
1990 65,562+14.6%
2000 66,052+0.7%
2010 70,065+6.1%

History

The area of present-day Musashimurayama was part of ancient Musashi Province. In Meji era, the area was organized into four villages within Kitatama District in Kanagawa Prefecture. Kitatama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893.

The village of Murayama was created on April 1, 1917 and was elevated to town status on November 3, 1954. The population of the town grew extremely rapidly in the 1960s with the development of public housing. Murayama was elevated to city status on November 3, 1970 and was named Musashimurayama.

Government

Musashimurayama has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 20 members. Musashimurayama, together with the cities of Higashiyamato and Higashimurayama, contributes three members to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Tokyo 20th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

The area of Musashimurayama was traditionally a center for cotton textile production. The area remains largely agricultural, notably horticulture and the growing of tea, although a significant portion of the population commutes to downtown Tokyo.

Musashimurayama was the location of a Nissan automobile assembly plant, originally opened in 1962 by the Prince Motor Company. It closed in March 2001 as part of the Nissan Revival Plan announced in 1999. [4] It is now a museum called Carest Murayama, next to the Aeon Mall Musashi Murayama Megamall occupying a 213,252 square foot facility [5] [6]

Shinkawa, now known as Yamaha Robotics Holdings, is a leading manufacturer of precision robots for semiconductor manufacturing. The head office and factory are in the city.

Education

The city has three public high schools operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education.

Tokyo Metropolis also operates one special education school for the handicapped.

Musashimurayama has eight public elementary schools and four public junior high schools, and two combined public elementary/junior high schools operated by the city government.

Municipal combined elementary and junior high schools: [7]

  • Dainan Gakuen (大南学園) - No. 7 Elementary School (第七小学校) and No. 4 Junior High School (第四中学校)
  • Murayama Gakuen (村山学園)

Municipal junior high schools: [7]

  • No. 1 (第一中学校)
  • No. 3 (第三中学校)
  • No. 5 (第五中学校)

Municipal elementary schools: [7]

  • No. 1 (第一小学校)
  • No. 2 (第二小学校)
  • No. 3 (第三小学校)
  • No. 8 (第八小学校)
  • No. 9 (第九小学校)
  • No. 10 (第十小学校)
  • Raizuka (雷塚小学校)

The United States Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) operates the following schools on Yokota Air Base and in the municipality of Musashimurayama for children of United States military personnel:

  • Joan K. Mendel Elementary School [8]

For secondary levels, U.S. military-dependent children are directed to Yokota Middle School [9] and Yokota High School, both on base, but in Fussa instead of Musashimurayama.

Private schools:

Transportation

Railway

  • Musashimurayama is not served by any passenger rail services.

Highway

Twin towns and sister cities

  JPN - Sakae, Nagano, Japan

Notable people from Musashimurayama, Tokyo

References

  1. ^ "Musashimurayama city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Musashimurayama climate data
  3. ^ Musashimurayama population statistics
  4. ^ 日産村山工場跡地 [Site of former Nissan factory] (in Japanese). Japan: City of Musashimurayama. 2010-04-16. Archived from the original on 2010-04-10. Retrieved 2015-07-22.
  5. ^ History of old Musashimurayama factory Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ http://www.nissan-global.com/EN/DOCUMENT/PDF/AR/2003/ar2003_12.pdf[ bare URL PDF]
  7. ^ a b c "学校". Musashimurayama City. Retrieved 2022-11-29.
  8. ^ "About". Joan K. Mendel Elementary School.
  9. ^ "About Our School". Yokota Middle School. Retrieved 2022-12-03.

External links