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Mount_Marcy Latitude and Longitude:

44°06′46″N 73°55′25″W / 44.112734392°N 73.923725878°W / 44.112734392; -73.923725878
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mount Marcy
Mount Marcy (Photo taken from Mount Skylight, looking north)
Highest point
Elevation5,343 ft (1,629 m) [1]
Prominence4,914 ft (1,498 m) [2]
Listing
Coordinates 44°06′46″N 73°55′25″W / 44.112734392°N 73.923725878°W / 44.112734392; -73.923725878 [1]
Naming
EtymologyNamed for William L. Marcy
Native name
Geography
Mount Marcy is located in New York Adirondack Park
Mount Marcy
Mount Marcy is located in the United States
Mount Marcy
Mount Marcy (the United States)
Parent range Adirondack Mountains
Topo map USGS Mount Marcy
Climbing
First ascentAugust 8, 1837, by Ebenezer Emmons and party
Easiest route Hike (Van Hoevenberg trail)

Mount Marcy ( Mohawk: Tewawe’éstha [3]) is the highest point in the U.S. state of New York, [4] with an elevation of 5,343.1 feet (1,628.6 m). [1] It is located in the Town of Keene in Essex County. The mountain is in the heart of the Adirondack High Peaks region of the High Peaks Wilderness Area. Its stature and expansive views make it a popular destination for hikers, who crowd its summit in the summer months.

Lake Tear of the Clouds, at the col between Mounts Marcy and Skylight, is often cited as the highest source of the Hudson River, [5] via Feldspar Brook and the Opalescent River, even though the main stem of the Opalescent River has as its source a higher point two miles north of Lake of the Clouds, and that stem is a mile longer than Feldspar Brook.

History

The mountain is known as Tewawe'éstha ("it pierces") in Mohawk and Tahawus ("cloud-splitter") in Algonquin. [6] [7]

The mountain was named after Gov. William L. Marcy, the 19th-century Governor of New York, who authorized the environmental survey that explored the area. Its first recorded ascent was on August 5, 1837, by a large party led by Ebenezer Emmons looking for the source of the East Fork of the Hudson River. [8] Today the summit may be reached by multiple trails. Though a long hike by any route, a round-trip can be made in a day.

Vice President (and former governor) Theodore Roosevelt was at his hunting camp, Tahawus, on September 14, 1901, after summiting Marcy, when he was informed that President William McKinley, who had been shot a week earlier, had taken a turn for the worse. Roosevelt and his party hiked ten miles (16 km) down the southwest face of the mountain to Newcomb, New York, where he hired a stage coach to take him to the closest train station at North Creek. At some point along the route, Roosevelt learned that McKinley had died, and so the new president took the train to Buffalo to be sworn in. The route from Newcomb to North Creek has been designated as the Roosevelt-Marcy Trail.

Routes

Badge award for Mount Marcy climb (early 1970s)

Mount Marcy is the tallest of the High Peaks of the Adirondack Mountains. The majority of the mountain is forested, although the final few hundred feet is above the tree line. The peak is dominated by rocky outcrops, lichens, and alpine shrubs. There are two plaques at the top commemorating the centennial of the first dated climb as well as the mountain summit itself.[ citation needed]

The shortest and most frequently used route up the mountain is from the northwest, the Van Hoevenberg Trail, which starts at the Adirondak Loj near Heart Lake. From there it is 7.4 miles (11.9 km) to the summit, a lengthy 14.8 miles (23.8 km) roundtrip. The trail passes over Marcy Dam. Portions of the trail can be used for alpine skiing in the winter. [9]

A second ascent route approaches from the northeast, via the Johns Brook Valley. Beginning at the Garden parking lot in Keene Valley, this route is 9.1 miles (14.6 km) to the summit and 18.2 miles (29.3 km) round-trip. The Johns Brook Lodge, the closest lodging to the mountain, is located 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from the trailhead. [10]

A lengthier southern approach can be made from the Upper Works trailhead. The route passes Lake Colden and Lake Tear of the Clouds on the way to the summit, and can also be used for skiing in the winter. This approach is 10.3 miles (16.6 km) one-way and features several campgrounds. [11]

Visibility on the summit occasionally affords very distant views of most of the Monteregian Hills volcano chain in Quebec's St. Lawrence Valley as far north as Mont St. Hilaire. Views of Burlington, Vermont and Lake Champlain adorn the surrounding Green Mountains with visibility extending far beyond the Southern Adirondacks as well.[ citation needed]

Climate

Mount Marcy has a warm-summer humid continental climate (Dfb) as defined by the Köppen climate classification system. Since 1981 at Mount Marcy (elevation 5,344 ft (1,629 m)), the highest air temperature was 85.7 °F (29.8 °C) on August 3, 1988, and the highest daily average mean dew point was 67.6 °F (19.8 °C) on August 1, 2006. Since 1981, the wettest calendar day was 4.95 inches (126 mm) on September 16, 1999. During the winter months, the average annual extreme minimum air temperature on Mount Marcy (elevation 5,344 ft (1,629 m)) is −32.4 °F (−35.8 °C). [12] Since 1981, the coldest air temperature was −36.0 °F (−37.8 °C) on January 27, 1994. Episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values below −49 °F (−45 °C). The average annual snowfall total (Sep-May) is about 200 inches (508 cm).

Climate data for Mount Marcy 44.1195 N, 73.9197 W, Elevation: 4,642 ft (1,415 m) (1991–2020 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 18.1
(−7.7)
19.6
(−6.9)
26.8
(−2.9)
42.2
(5.7)
54.5
(12.5)
63.0
(17.2)
67.2
(19.6)
66.0
(18.9)
60.5
(15.8)
47.9
(8.8)
32.6
(0.3)
23.4
(−4.8)
43.5
(6.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 10.1
(−12.2)
11.5
(−11.4)
19.0
(−7.2)
32.4
(0.2)
44.9
(7.2)
54.1
(12.3)
58.7
(14.8)
57.4
(14.1)
51.5
(10.8)
39.4
(4.1)
26.1
(−3.3)
16.5
(−8.6)
35.1
(1.7)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 2.1
(−16.6)
3.4
(−15.9)
11.2
(−11.6)
22.7
(−5.2)
35.4
(1.9)
45.1
(7.3)
50.1
(10.1)
48.8
(9.3)
42.5
(5.8)
30.9
(−0.6)
19.7
(−6.8)
9.7
(−12.4)
26.8
(−2.9)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.20
(132)
4.01
(102)
5.40
(137)
6.52
(166)
7.01
(178)
7.68
(195)
7.38
(187)
7.13
(181)
6.68
(170)
7.71
(196)
6.30
(160)
6.16
(156)
77.18
(1,960)
Source: PRISM Climate Group [13]
Climate data for Mount Marcy, 1981–2010 normals (elevation 4,537 ft (1,383 m)), 1981–2018 extremes (elevation 3,825 ft (1,166 m))
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 54.3
(12.4)
55.0
(12.8)
70.5
(21.4)
80.8
(27.1)
82.8
(28.2)
84.2
(29.0)
85.4
(29.7)
85.7
(29.8)
84.6
(29.2)
74.6
(23.7)
62.9
(17.2)
57.1
(13.9)
85.7
(29.8)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 17.0
(−8.3)
20.0
(−6.7)
29.6
(−1.3)
44.6
(7.0)
56.2
(13.4)
64.7
(18.2)
68.4
(20.2)
67.3
(19.6)
60.8
(16.0)
49.3
(9.6)
34.1
(1.2)
21.8
(−5.7)
44.6
(7.0)
Daily mean °F (°C) 9.2
(−12.7)
12.3
(−10.9)
20.5
(−6.4)
34.0
(1.1)
46.0
(7.8)
54.7
(12.6)
58.9
(14.9)
57.8
(14.3)
51.2
(10.7)
39.5
(4.2)
26.7
(−2.9)
14.8
(−9.6)
35.6
(2.0)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 1.4
(−17.0)
4.5
(−15.3)
11.5
(−11.4)
23.4
(−4.8)
35.8
(2.1)
44.7
(7.1)
49.4
(9.7)
48.3
(9.1)
41.6
(5.3)
29.6
(−1.3)
19.3
(−7.1)
7.9
(−13.4)
26.6
(−3.0)
Record low °F (°C) −36.0
(−37.8)
−32.0
(−35.6)
−28.7
(−33.7)
−3.5
(−19.7)
19.0
(−7.2)
22.4
(−5.3)
31.9
(−0.1)
29.6
(−1.3)
20.3
(−6.5)
10.5
(−11.9)
−14.4
(−25.8)
−29.7
(−34.3)
−36.0
(−37.8)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.76
(121)
3.91
(99)
4.87
(124)
5.50
(140)
6.41
(163)
6.39
(162)
6.91
(176)
6.97
(177)
6.76
(172)
6.96
(177)
6.43
(163)
5.34
(136)
71.21
(1,809)
Average relative humidity (%) 85.8 81.8 69.5 61.6 65.5 74.3 77.8 78.6 79.9 74.0 78.5 88.0 76.3
Average dew point °F (°C) 5.8
(−14.6)
7.8
(−13.4)
12.1
(−11.1)
22.2
(−5.4)
35.1
(1.7)
46.7
(8.2)
52.0
(11.1)
51.2
(10.7)
45.2
(7.3)
31.9
(−0.1)
20.9
(−6.2)
11.9
(−11.2)
28.7
(−1.8)
Source: PRISM [14]

Ecology

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Mount Marcy would have a dominant vegetation type of Northeastern Spruce/ Fir (96) with a dominant vegetation form of Northern Conifer Forest (22). [15] The plant hardiness zone on Mount Marcy (elevation 5,344 ft (1,629 m)) is 3b with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of −32.4 °F (−35.8 °C). [12] The spring bloom typically peaks around May 30 and fall color usually peaks around September 19.

Gallery

360 view from summit of Mount Marcy.
360-degree photo-stitch panorama from the summit

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "The NGS Data Sheet". National GeodeticSurvey’s Integrated Database. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
  2. ^ "Mount Marcy". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved January 8, 2009.
  3. ^ "Haudenosaunee Country in Mohawk". February 4, 2015.
  4. ^ "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. April 29, 2005. Archived from the original on October 6, 2008. Retrieved March 28, 2009.
  5. ^ "Natural History of the Hudson River". Hhr.highlands.com. Archived from the original on September 17, 2013. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
  6. ^ "Indigenous Place Names in the Adirondacks and Champlain Valley". November 30, 2016.
  7. ^ Neves, Liz (May 26, 2020). Northeast Medicinal Plants: Identify, Harvest, and Use 111 Wild Herbs for Health and Wellness. Timber Press. ISBN  9781643260273 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ Groom, Debra J. (August 19, 2012). "First reported trek up Mount Marcy occurred 175 years ago". The Post-Standard. Archived from the original on January 28, 2021. Retrieved August 19, 2012.
  9. ^ Goodwin, Tony, ed. (2004). Adirondack trails. High peaks region (13th ed.). Adirondack Mountain Club. pp. 116–119. ISBN  1931951055. Retrieved February 16, 2024.
  10. ^ Goodwin, Tony, ed. (2004). Adirondack trails. High peaks region (13th ed.). Adirondack Mountain Club. pp. 36–39. ISBN  1931951055. Retrieved February 16, 2024.
  11. ^ Goodwin, Tony, ed. (2004). Adirondack trails. High peaks region (13th ed.). Adirondack Mountain Club. pp. 220–224. ISBN  1931951055. Retrieved February 16, 2024.
  12. ^ a b "USDA Interactive Plant Hardiness Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  13. ^ "PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University". PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University. Retrieved October 20, 2023. To find the table data on the PRISM website, start by clicking Coordinates (under Location); copy Latitude and Longitude figures from top of table; click Zoom to location; click Precipitation, Minimum temp, Mean temp, Maximum temp; click 30-year normals, 1991-2020; click 800m; click Retrieve Time Series button.
  14. ^ "PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University". Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  15. ^ "U.S. Potential Natural Vegetation, Original Kuchler Types, v2.0 (Spatially Adjusted to Correct Geometric Distortions)". Retrieved October 9, 2019.

External links