Metropolitan Police Bureau (
Thai: กองบัญชาการตำรวจนครบาล) is a unit in the
Royal Thai Police, and is responsible for maintaining security in
Bangkok - the capital of Thailand. There are a total of 14 divisions (command units) and 2 direct divisions which report directly to the Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police Bureau. The current and 52nd Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police Bureau is Police Lieutenant General
King Mongkut appointed British Captain Samuel Joseph Bird Ames to set up a police force in Bangkok for the first time by adopting a model from the
In 1892, King
Chulalongkorn appointed Prince
Damrong Rajanubhab as
Interior Minister with responsibility over provincial policing, including a department in Bangkok. While Prince
Naresr Varariddhi the Capital city minister was given responsibility over the city's urban police force, then called the 'patrol police' (พลตระเวน).
On 13 October 1915, both of Bangkok's police departments were merged by order of King
Vajiravudh. A single director was appointed to oversee both the police and patrol forces.
In 1922 the Phraya Atikorn Prajak (Louis Chatikavanij) was appointed Director-General to the reformed and renamed Metropolitan Police Bureau.
Due to the economic crisis gripping the country after the Great Depression and after the
Siamese revolution of 1932, the force was disbanded and only the bureau headquarters was retained.
On 24 August 1948 a royal command re-established the Metropolitan Police Bureau as a police force, in line with the re-organisation of other police forces under the Ministry of the Interior.