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Météo-France
Department overview
Formed18 June 1993; 30 years ago (1993-06-18)
Jurisdiction  France [a]
Headquarters73, avenue de Paris, Saint-Mandé
42, avenue Gaspard-Coriolis, Toulouse
Employees2735 (as of 2020) [1]
Minister responsible
Parent department Ministry of Ecological Transition and Cohesion of Territories
Website meteofrance.com
Footnotes
  1. ^ Includes overseas territories and collectivites

Météo-France is the French national meteorological service.

Organisation

The organisation was established by decree in June 1993 and is a department of the Ministry of Transportation. It is headquartered in Paris but many domestic operations have been decentralised to Toulouse. Its budget of around €300 million is funded by state grants, aeronautic royalties and sale of commercial services.

Météo-France has a particularly strong international presence, and is the French representative at the World Meteorological Organization. The organisation is a leading member of EUMETSAT, responsible for the procurement of Meteosat weather satellites. It is also member of the Institut au service du spatial, de ses applications et technologies. It is also a critical national weather service member of the ECMWF and hosts one of two major centres of the IFS numerical weather prediction model widely used worldwide.

Worldwide

In addition to its operations in metropolitan France, the agency provides forecasts and warnings for the French overseas départements and collectivités. It has four sub-divisions based in Martinique (with further divisions serving Guadeloupe and French Guiana), New Caledonia, French Polynesia and Réunion. Some of these sub-divisions have particularly important international responsibilities:

Naming

Although the original name of the organisation was "Météo-France", with acute accents and normal French capitalisation, all the publications made by Météo-France are now using the name written with capitals only, without any accents, everywhere the name is used as a trademark for the products and services delivered by the national organisation.

This trademark decision reflects the need to have its name not altered in electronic documents due to transcoding errors, and to allow easier international references in many languages, including when referencing the organisation itself (in copyright notices for example, or when citing sources).

The name in capitals or with normal capitalisation with accents is protected internationally under trademark law, and as an organisation name. Some non-binding information documents sometimes forget the hyphen in the name (but the hyphen is normally required).

Services

Météo-France has a warning system to inform the population of dangerous weather conditions.

Météo-France heat alert, part of its vigilance system [ fr], was put in place following the 2003 European heat wave. The 2022 heat wave was the earliest in the year since records began and marked the fourth time that a red heat alert had been issued since the protocol was activated after the 2003 heat wave. [2]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Les femmes et les hommes de Météo-France". meteofrance.fr. Retrieved 2022-07-23.
  2. ^ "Canicule : Météo France place 12 départements en vigilance rouge, 25 départements en orange à partir de vendredi". Franceinfo (in French). 16 June 2022. Archived from the original on 17 June 2022. Retrieved 17 June 2022.

External links