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The Manouches are a subgroup of Roma who have lived in France since the eighteenth century. [1] The term Manouche is the self-ascribed name of the French Sinti. [2] Manouche means man or human being in the Romani language. They speak the same variety of language as the Sinti which exhibits strong German influence. [3]

Notable Manouches


  1. ^ Lie, Siv B. (2021). Django Generations. University of Chicago Press. doi: 10.7208/chicago/9780226810959.001.0001. ISBN  978-0-226-81100-0. S2CID  242616072.
  2. ^ Scheffel, David Z. (2015). "Bunescu, Ioana: Roma in Europe. The Politics of Collective Identity Formation". Anthropos. 110 (2): 606–607. doi: 10.5771/0257-9774-2015-2-606. ISSN  0257-9774.
  3. ^ Bakker, Peter; Ki︠u︡chukov, Khristo (2000). What is the Romani Language?. University of Hertfortshire Press. p. 58. ISBN  9781902806068.