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Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Sheikh Maktoum in 2002
President of the United Arab Emirates
Acting
In office
2 November 2004 – 3 November 2004
Preceded by Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Succeeded by Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
2nd Vice President of the United Arab Emirates
In office
7 October 1990 – 4 January 2006
President Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Preceded by Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum
Succeeded by Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
1st and 3rd Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates
In office
9 December 1971 – 30 April 1979
President Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Deputy Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Hamdan bin Mohammed Al Nahyan
Preceded byPost established
Succeeded by Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum
In office
7 October 1990 – 4 January 2006
President Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Deputy Sultan bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Hamdan bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Preceded by Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum
Succeeded by Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Deputy Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates
In office
30 April 1979 – 7 October 1990
President Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Prime Minister Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum
Preceded by Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Succeeded by Sultan bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Ruler of Dubai
Reign7 October 1990 – 4 January 2006
Predecessor Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum
Successor Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Born15 August 1943
Dubai, Trucial States
Died4 January 2006(2006-01-04) (aged 62)
Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
Spouse
( m. 1971)
[1]
House Al Maktoum
Father Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum
MotherLatifa bint Hamdan Al Nahyan
Religion Sunni Islam
Racing silks of Maktoum Al Maktoum

Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum ( Arabic: مكتوم بن راشد آل مكتوم, romanizedMaktūm bin Rāshid Āl Maktūm; 15 August 1943 – 4 January 2006) was an Emirati royal and politician who served as the second vice president, first and third prime minister of the United Arab Emirates and as the ruler of Dubai. He was prime minister from 1971 to 1979 and from 1990 to 2006, he served as the ruler of Dubai from 1990 to 2006. He was succeeded after his death by his brother Sheikh Mohammed as Ruler of Dubai.

Early life

He was born in 1943 in Al Shindagha, Dubai to the Al Maktoum family of the Al Bu Falasah tribe. [6]

Political career

His father Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum became the Ruler of Dubai upon the death of his own father, Sheikh Saeed bin Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum (Saeed II), in 1958. Sheikh Maktoum formed the first cabinet of the United Arab Emirates. [7] He served as prime minister first from the country's independence on 9 December 1971 until 25 April 1979, when he was replaced by his father, who had been Vice President since 1971. Following his father's death on 7 October 1990, he resumed his position as Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, and also took over as Ruler of Dubai and Vice President of the United Arab Emirates. He served in all three positions until his death on 4 January 2006.

Sheikh Maktoum also briefly served as acting President of the United Arab Emirates on 2–3 November 2004 between the death of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan and the proclamation and installation of his son Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan as President of the United Arab Emirates on 4 November 2004.

Sheikh Maktoum ran the emirate of Dubai along with his two brothers, Sheikh Mohammed (Crown Prince and Minister of Defence) and Sheikh Hamdan (Minister of Finance) of the United Arab Emirates. Internationally, he was also known as co-owner (with his brothers) of Dubai's Godolphin Stables, which competes in major horse races around the world.[ citation needed]

Death

Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid al Maktoum died on the morning of 4 January 2006, suffering a heart attack while staying at Palazzo Versace Hotel in Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. [8] He was succeeded by his brother, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, as ruler of Dubai. His body was brought back from Australia and buried in Dubai. [9]

Personal life

Sheikha Alia bint Khalifa Al Maktoum was Al Maktoum's wife until his death in 2006. They married on 12 March 1971. [10] [11] Sheikha Alia, like other members of the Maktoum family, is involved in horse racing. [12]

One of Al Maktoum's daughters with Alia bint Khalifa bin Saeed Al Maktoum, [13] is Lateefa bint Maktoum Al Maktoum [14] [15] [16] (born 11 February 1985). Sheikha Lateefa bint Maktoum is the founder of the art centre Tashkeel Dubai. [17] [18] Sheikha Alia's other children are Sheikha Hessa, Sheikha Maitha, Sheikh Saeed and Sheikh Rashid (1979–2002).

In 2023, the New Yorker reported on allegations by multiple drivers that Sheikh Maktoum travelled on private jets with underage girls. [19]

Sheikha Bouchra

Sheikha Bouchra bint Mohammed was Al Maktoum's second wife [2] [20] and had three sons named Sheikh Mohammed, Hamdan and Zayed with him. [3] She was a hobbyist painter [4] [21] [22] and a horse racing enthusiast. [23] Bouchra's lifestyle conflicted with the traditional customs and strictures on female royalty in the UAE. [19] In April 2000, there were allegations that Bouchra had been abducted by the Emirati government while she was the United Kingdom, forcefully bringing her to Dubai where she was made a house prisoner. [19] She apparently died in 2007, aged 34, not long after her husband's death. [19]

Ancestry

See also

References

  1. ^ ARR: Arab Report and Record. Economic Features, Limited. 1971. p. 136. Shaikh Maktoum bin Rashid al-Maktoum, the Ruler's heir, married a cousin, Alia bint Khalifa, on 12 March.
  2. ^ a b "Sheik rattled but not 'rolled' as bodyguards take children sheik". No. 1 May 2000. The Birmingham Post. Retrieved 17 April 2018. The drama began when the Yard received a 999 call from a nanny employed by the sheik's second wife, Sheika Bouchra Bint Mohammed Al Maktoum.
  3. ^ a b "Strange case of the sheikh's daughter". 10 December 2001. Archived from the original on 24 March 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Dubai's First lady sells jewel-studded painting for charity". 8 March 2000. Archived from the original on 14 April 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  5. ^ Desmond O’Neill. "HH Sheikha BOUCHRA bint Mohammed Al Maktoum at a party in London on 16th March 2000.OCC 59". Archived from the original on 14 April 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  6. ^ Wilson, Graeme H. (2006). Rashid's legacy : the genesis of the Maktoum family and the history of Dubai. London: Media Prima. p. 159. ISBN  978-9948-8564-6-7. OCLC  182662443.
  7. ^ "Chronology November 16, 1971-February 15, 1972". The Middle East Journal. 26 (2): 175. Spring 1972. JSTOR  4324910.
  8. ^ "Sheikh Maktoum Bin Rashid Al Maktoum dies". gulfnews.com. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2015.
  9. ^ "Dubai's ruler Maktoum is buried". 14 November 2017. Archived from the original on 14 November 2017 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  10. ^ ARR: Arab Report and Record. Economic Features, Limited. 1971. p. 136. Shaikh Maktoum bin Rashid al-Maktoum, the Ruler's heir, married a cousin, Alia bint Khalifa, on 12 March.
  11. ^ Champ, Genna (17 March 2009). "Family Pictures". The National. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
  12. ^ "Sheikha Alia al Maktoum". Breeders' Cup Stats & Bios. Breeders' Cup. Archived from the original on 14 December 2010. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
  13. ^ Portrait of a Nation (PDF). Abu Dhabi: Abu Dhabi Music & Arts Foundation. 2016. p. 59. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 June 2018.
  14. ^ "SHEIKHA LATEEFA, PRINCESS OF ARTS". 27 May 2013. Archived from the original on 25 May 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  15. ^ "Dubai royal family welcomes baby girl". Khaleej Times. 4 February 2018. Archived from the original on 26 May 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  16. ^ Day, Emma (4 February 2018). "Dubai's royal family just got a little bit bigger..." Emirates Woman. Archived from the original on 26 May 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  17. ^ "About Tashkeel". Tashkeel. Archived from the original on 26 May 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  18. ^ Lubna Al Midfa (29 January 2008). "A space for art". Archived from the original on 26 May 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  19. ^ a b c d Blake, Heidi (1 May 2023). "The Fugitive Princesses of Dubai". The New Yorker. Retrieved 3 May 2023.
  20. ^ Hewer, Nick (6 September 2018). My Alphabet: A Life from A to Z. Simon and Schuster. pp. 135, 136. ISBN  978-1-4711-6708-9.
  21. ^ "Sheikha Bouchra Bint Mohammed al Maktoum (Moroccan, Contemporary) 'THE ROYAL RACER'". Archived from the original on 3 June 2020. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  22. ^ "Exhibition of Painting by Her Highness Sheikha Bouchra Bint Mohammed Al Maktoum". 16 March 2000. Archived from the original on 3 June 2020. Retrieved 3 June 2020. Her Highness Sheikha Bouchra Bint Mohammed Al Maktoum with her uncle Sir Moulay Omar El Mouradi and brother His Highness Prince Atif Bin Mohammed Al Bouazzaoui
  23. ^ Stoneham, Desmond (25 March 2000). "Sheikha joins ranks of Maktoum owners". The Racing Post. Archived from the original on 3 June 2020. Retrieved 3 June 2020.

Notes

Preceded by President of the UAE ( acting)
2004
Succeeded by
Preceded by
-
Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates
1971–1979
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates
1990–2006
Succeeded by
Preceded by Ruler of Dubai
1990–2006
Succeeded by