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The Sorbonne building, the headquarters of Sorbonne University and Paris-1 Panthéon-Sorbonne University.

Paris and its region have one of the highest concentrations of universities in France, with a student population of over 730,000 (not counting foreign universities with Paris branches). [1] Paris has 15 universities and is home to a large number of Grandes Écoles (which may be similar to a higher education college), a specialized top level educational institution. [2]

Some of these Grandes Écoles, which are often over a hundred years old, have been grouped together within new major universities, such as PSL University and the Polytechnic Institute of Paris. The Saclay University, for its part, has integrated a number of Grandes Écoles. For example, the highly specialised Dauphine University, along with a dozen other Grandes Écoles, forms the collegiate PSL University.


Key (lower numbers are better):

Short name Name QS FR ARWU FR OS LW OS EC ARWU THE Subjects Academy
Saclay Paris-Saclay University 4 1 3 14 16 93 Science, Medicine, Law, Economics Versailles
Sorbonne [5] Sorbonne University 3 3 43 90 Multidisciplinary except law and economics Paris
Dauphine Dauphine, PSL University 1


2 40 (PSL) 47


Economics, Law, Management Paris
Paris-1 University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne 9 1 4 Humanities, Social sciences, Economics, Law Paris
Assas [6] Paris-Panthéon-Assas University 17 2 2 Law, Economics Paris
Paris-Cité Paris Cité University 7 4 5 1 78 114 Multidisciplinary Paris
Polytechnique Polytechnic Institute of Paris 2 13-16 301-400 95 Science, Engineering Versailles
Paris-10 Paris Nanterre University 32 7 11 Social sciences Versailles
Versailles University of Versailles 20-22 601-700 Science, Medicine, Law, Social sciences Versailles
Gustave-Eiffel Gustave-Eiffel University 9 Science, Engineering Créteil
Sorbonne Nouvelle University of Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3 Humanities Paris
Cergy CY Cergy Paris University 19 Science, Social sciences, Humanities Versailles
Créteil Paris-East Créteil University Medicine, Science Créteil
Paris-13 Sorbonne Paris North University 16 Science, Social sciences, Medicine Créteil
Paris-8 Paris 8 University Vincennes-Saint-Denis Social sciences Créteil
Évry University of Évry Multidisciplinary Versailles

Major Grandes Écoles

In France, the CGE has been labelling and listing the Grandes Écoles since 1973, and now has 238 major institutions specialising in: engineering, management, architecture, political science, creation & design, journalism, military schools, veterinary and health schools, etc.

The entrance to the Grande École Sciences Po, rue St-Guillaume, Paris.

Key (lower numbers are better):

Short name Name Type FT EBS FT MBA FG ENG QS POL QS ARWU Subjects Academy
Sciences Po Institut d'études politiques de Paris Public 3 259 Multidisciplinary Paris
HEC École des hautes études commerciales de Paris Private, on public funds [10] 1 17 Economics Versailles
X École Polytechnique, Polytechnic Institute of Paris Public 1 48

( IP)



Engineering Versailles
INSEAD Institut européen d'administration des affaires, Sorbonne Alliance Private 15 2 Economics Versailles
Centrale Paris CentraleSupélec, Paris-Saclay University Public 2 69

( Saclay)

16 (Saclay) Engineering Versailles
Mines Paris École nationale supérieure des mines, PSL University Public 3 26

( PSL)

40 (PSL) Engineering Paris
ENA Institut national du service public Public Administration Paris
ENM École nationale de la magistrature Public Law Bordeaux
Saint-Cyr École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr Public Military Coëtquidan
ESCP École supérieure de commerce de Paris, Sorbonne Alliance Private, on public funds [10] 3 27 Economics Paris
ESSEC École supérieure des sciences économiques et commerciales, CY Cergy Paris University Private 9 70 Economics Versailles
Ponts ParisTech École nationale des ponts et chaussées Public 4 174 Engineering Créteil
Télécom Paris École nationale supérieure des télécommunications, Polytechnic Institute of Paris Public 5 48




Engineering Versailles
ENSAE Paris École nationale de la statistique et de l'administration économique Public 6 Engineering Versailles
ENS Ulm École normale supérieure, PSL University Public 26


40 (PSL) Science and Human science Paris
ENS Paris-Saclay École normale supérieure, Paris-Saclay University Public 69


16 (Saclay) Science and Human science Versailles
Chimie Paris École nationale supérieure de chimie de Paris, PSL University Public 8 26


40 (PSL) Engineering Paris
AgroParisTech Paris Institute of Technology for Life, Food and Environmental Sciences, Paris-Saclay University Public 11 69


16 (Saclay) Engineering Versailles
SupOptique Institut d'optique Graduate School, Paris-Saclay University Private 11 69


16 (Saclay) Engineering Versailles
Arts et Métiers École nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers de Paris Public 14 Engineering Paris
ENC École nationale des chartes, PSL University Public 26


40 (PSL) Historical science Paris
ENS Lyon École normale supérieure de Lyon, Lyon University Group Public 187 201-300 Science and Human science Lyon
EMLyon EMLyon Business School Private 10
EHESS École des hautes études en sciences sociales Public 701-800 Social sciences Paris
CELSA École des hautes études en sciences de l'information et de la communication - CELSA, Sorbonne University Public 43

( SU)



Communication and journalism Paris
ENSA Paris École nationale supérieure d'architecture de Paris-Val de Seine, Paris-Cité University Public Architecture Paris
Sciences Po Saint-Germain Institut d'études politiques de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, University of Versailles Public 601-700


Multidisciplinary Versailles
CFJ Centre de formation des journalistes, Assas University Private Journalism Paris
Arts Déco École nationale supérieure des arts décoratifs de Paris, PSL University Public 26


40 (PSL) Art and design Paris
La Fémis École nationale supérieure des métiers de l'image et du son, PSL University Public Art Paris
IFM Institut français de la mode Private Fashion, luxury goods and design Paris


Since the dissolution of the University of Paris (1970)

The universités in Paris are the direct or indirect successors of the University of Paris, divided in 1970.

Number Previous name Current name Faculties/institutes before breakup Current subjects Students Academy
Paris I University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne Faculty of Law and Economics (35 out of 41 of the economics Professors joined, along with a few professors from law) and the Faculty of Humanities. There were also Paris Institute of Geography, Paris Institute of Business Administration, part of Institute of Art and Archeology of the University of Paris Humanities, Law, Social sciences, Economics 45,200 Paris
Paris II Paris II Panthéon-Assas Paris-Panthéon-Assas University Faculty of Law and Economics of Paris (88 out of 108 of the law professors joined, along with a few professors from Economics), and Graduate Institute of International Studies Law, Political Science, Economics 17,705 Paris
Paris III New Sorbonne University Faculty of Humanities accompanined by Institute of Linguistics of Paris, Institute for Advanced Latin American Studies of the University of Paris Humanities 19,360 Paris
Paris IV Paris-Sorbonne University Sorbonne University Faculty of Humanities, along with Institute of Slavic Studies of the University of Paris, and Institute of Musicology of the University of Paris Humanities 55,600 Paris
Paris VI Pierre-and-Marie-Curie University Faculty of Science, Faculty of Medicine, National School of Chemistry, and Paris Institute of Earth Physics (until 1990) Science, Medicine
Paris V Paris Descartes University Paris Cité University Faculty of Humanities, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Pharmacy, Paris Institute of Psychology, Paris Institute of Pharmacotechnics and Pharmacodynamics, Avenue de Versailles University Institute of Technology, and Paris Institute of Molecular Pathology. Medicine, Social sciences, Humanities 64,100 Paris
Paris VII Paris Diderot University Faculty of Sciences, Faculty of Letters, and Faculty of Medicine Science, Medicine, Humanities, Social sciences, Arts Paris
Paris VIII University of Vincennes Paris 8 University Vincennes-Saint-Denis Vincennes University Center (Most professors were from Faculty of Humanities) Social sciences 14,070 Créteil
Paris IX Paris-IX University Paris Dauphine University - PSL ( grande école of PSL University) Dauphine University Center (The professors were from the Department of Economics of the Faculty of Law and Economics) Mathematics, Computer Science, Management, Economics, Finance, Law, Political Science, Journalism 10,000 Créteil
Paris X Université Paris Ouest Paris Nanterre University Faculty of Law and Economics and Faculty of Humanities in Nanterre, along with Ville-d'Avray University Institute of Technology Law, humanities, political science, social and natural sciences and economics. 32,000 Versailles
Paris XI Université Paris-Sud Paris-Saclay University Faculty of Science in Orsay (Fourth Faculty of Sciences), Institut Gustave Roussy, Institute of Nuclear Physics of the University of Paris, Orsay University Institute of Technology, Cachan University Institute of Technology, and Sceaux University Institute of Technology Medicine, Science, Law, Economics 60,000 Versailles
Paris XII Université Paris-Est Paris-East Créteil University University Hospital Center (In French: Centre hospitalier universitaire, CHU) Henri-Mondor, Faculty of Law and Economics in Créteil, Varenne-Saint-Hilaire University Center, and Planning Institute of Paris Medicine, Science 32,156 Créteil
Paris XIII Université Paris Nord Sorbonne Paris North University Faculty of Sciences of Paris in Villetaneuse (Third Faculty of Sciences), Faculty of Law and Economics, Saint-Denis University Center - Villetaneuse, and Saint-Denis University Institutes of Technology Science, Social sciences, Medicine, Law 23,078 Créteil

Collegiate universities, alliances and other institutions

Collegiate universities in Paris

There are five collegiate universities ( Établissement public à caractère scientifique, culturel et professionnel expérimental, or EPSCPE) in the Paris region:

University Colleges, schools and Grandes écoles Associate schools and universities
PSL University
Assas University
Paris-Saclay University
Polytechnic Institute of Paris
Paris Cité University

Alliances of universities and higher education institutions in Paris

There are five groups of universities and higher education institutions in the Paris region - three of them are COMUEs and two of them are alliances:

Grouping Universities Grandes écoles (Colleges and graduate schools)
Sorbonne University Alliance University of Technology of Compiègne
Sorbonne Paris Cité Alliance
Université Paris Lumières
Paris-Est Sup
HESAM University

Some groups have been terminated, such as Paris Universitas, Paris Centre Universités or UniverSud Paris, and some other are still in discussion.

Private universities in Paris

Foreign universities in Paris


  1. ^ Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur (2021). "Atlas régional des effectifs d'étudiants en 2019-2020" (PDF). (pdf).
  2. ^ "Liste des Grandes Ecoles - Etablissements Enseignement supérieur - Paris, Ile-de-France". La Chancellerie des Universités de Paris. Retrieved 2023-09-09.
  3. ^ a b c "QS World University Rankings 2023: Top Global Universities". Top Universities. Retrieved 2023-09-09.
  4. ^ a b "EXCLUSIF. Parcoursup : le palmarès des universités les plus réputées". L'Obs (in French). 2019-02-27. Retrieved 2023-09-09.
  5. ^ Lacombe, Lise (2023-05-10). "À la Sorbonne, la conférence de l'anthropologue Florence Bergeaud-Blackler annulée". Le Point (in French). Retrieved 2023-09-09.
  6. ^ figaro, le (2023-03-23). "Classement des meilleures facultés de droit: Assas en tête". Le Figaro Etudiant (in French). Retrieved 2023-09-09.
  7. ^ "Classement des écoles d'ingénieurs 2023". Le Figaro Etudiant (in French). Retrieved 2023-09-09.
  8. ^ Jack, Andrew (2022-12-04). "FT European Business Schools Ranking 2022: tough times". Financial Times. Retrieved 2023-09-09.
  9. ^ "MBA 2023 - Business school rankings from the Financial Times -". Retrieved 2023-09-09.
  10. ^ a b "Les Établissements d'enseignement supérieur consulaires |". Retrieved 2023-09-11.