From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

From top to bottom: The Beijing Subway is the longest metro network. Shanghai Metro is the metro system with the highest annual ridership. The New York City Subway has the most stations in the world. The London Underground is the oldest metro system.

This list of metro systems includes electrified rapid transit train systems worldwide. In some parts of the world, metro systems are referred to as subways, undergrounds, tubes or U-Bahn. As of 6 March 2024, 201 cities in 62 countries have a metro system.

The London Underground first opened as an underground railway in 1863 and its first electrified underground line opened in 1890, [1] making it the world's oldest metro system. [2] The Beijing Subway is the world's longest metro network at 815.2 kilometres (507 mi) and the Shanghai Metro has the highest annual ridership at 2.83 billion trips. [3] The New York City Subway has the greatest number of stations with 472. [4] [5] As of 2023, the country with the most metro systems is China, with 46 in operation.

Considerations

The International Association of Public Transport (L'Union Internationale des Transports Publics, or UITP) defines metro systems as urban passenger transport systems, "operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic". [6] [7] The terms heavy rail (mainly in North America) and heavy urban rail are essentially synonymous with the term "metro". [8] [9] [10] Heavy rail systems are also specifically defined as an "electric railway". [8] [9]

The dividing line between the metro and other modes of public transport, such as light rail [8] [9] and commuter rail, [8] [9] is not always clear. The UITP only makes distinctions between "metros" and "light rail", [6] the American Public Transportation Association (APTA) and Federal Transit Administration (FTA) distinguish all three modes. [8] [9] A common way to distinguish metro from light rail is by their separation from other traffic. While light rail systems may share roads or have level crossings, a metro system runs, almost always, on a grade-separated exclusive right-of-way, with no access for pedestrians and other traffic.

In contrast to commuter rail or light rail, metro systems are primarily used for transport within a city, and have higher service frequencies and substantially higher passenger volume capacities. Most metro systems do not share tracks with freight trains or inter-city rail services. It is not relevant whether the system runs on steel wheels or rubber tyres, or if the power supply is from a third rail or overhead line.

The name of the system is not a criterion for inclusion or exclusion. Some cities use "metro" as a brand name for a transit line with no component of rapid transit whatsoever. Similarly, there are systems branded "light rail" that meet every criterion for being a rapid transit system. Some systems also incorporate light metro or light rail lines as part of the larger system under a common name. These are listed, but the light rail lines are not counted in the provided network data.

Certain transit networks may match the service standards of metro systems, but reach far out of the city and are sometimes known as S-Bahn, suburban, regional or commuter rail. These are not included in this list. Neither are funicular systems, or people movers, such as amusement park, ski resort and airport transport systems.

This list counts metros separately when multiple metros in one city or metropolitan area have separate owners or operating companies. This list expressly does not aim at representing the size and scope of the total rapid transit network of a certain city or metropolitan area. The data in this list should not be used to infer the size of a city's, region's, or country's urban rail transit systems, or to establish a ranking.

Legend

Countries shown in green have at least one operational metro system. Countries shown in yellow have at least one metro system under construction.
City
Primary city served by the metro system.
Country
Sovereign state in which the metro system is located.
Name
The most common English name of the metro system (including a link to the article for that system).
Year opened
Map of all the world's metro systems
The year the metro system was opened for commercial service at metro standards. In other words, parts of the system may be older, but as parts of a former light rail or commuter rail network, so the year that the system obtained metro standards (most notably electrification) is the one listed.
Year of last expansion
The last time the system length or number of stations in the metro system was expanded.
Stations
The number of stations in the metro network, with stations connected by transfer counted as one.
System length
The system length of a metro network is the sum of the lengths of all routes in the rail network in kilometers or miles. Each route is counted only once, regardless of how many lines pass over it, and regardless of whether it is single-track or multi-track, single carriageway or dual carriageway.
Ridership
The number of unique journeys on the metro system every year. There is a major discrepancy between the ridership figures: some metro systems count transferring between lines as multiple journeys, but others do not. Numbers may also be counted via different methods – faregates/ turnstiles or light barriers at entrances or vehicle doors being the most common but far from the only ones.

List

This list is sortable. Click on the icon in the column header to change sort key and sort order. Note: This list may not be fully representative, as yearly ridership numbers during the COVID-19 pandemic are shown for some systems, while others have numbers from previous years.

Table notes

^* Indicates ridership figures based on the fiscal year rather than the calendar year.

City Country/
region
Name Service
opened
Last
expanded
Stations Lines System length Annual ridership
(millions)
Algiers   Algeria Algiers Metro 2011 [11] 2018 [12] 19 [12] 1 18.5 km (11.5 mi) [13] 45.3 (2019) [R 1]
Buenos Aires   Argentina Buenos Aires Underground 1913 [Nb 1] 2019 [16] 78 [Nb 2] [17] 7 56.7 km (35.2 mi) 236 (2023) [R 2]
Yerevan   Armenia Yerevan Metro 1981 [18] 1996 [19] 10 [18] 1 12.1 km (7.5 mi) [18] 23.3 (2022) [R 3]
Sydney   Australia Sydney Metro 2019 [20] 13 [20] 1 36 km (22 mi) [20] [21] 19.7 (2022) [R 4] [R 5] [R Nb 1]
Vienna   Austria Vienna U-Bahn 1978 [22] [Nb 3] 2017 [23] 98 [24] 5 83.3 km (51.8 mi) [22] 459.8 (2019) [R 6]
Baku   Azerbaijan Baku Metro 1967 [25] 2022 [26] 27 [25] 3 40.7 km (25.3 mi) [25] 202.5 (2022) [R 3]
Dhaka   Bangladesh Dhaka Metro Rail 2022 [27] 2023 16 1 20.1 km (12.5 mi) n/a
Minsk   Belarus Minsk Metro 1984 [28] 2020 [28] 30 [29] 3 40.8 km (25.4 mi) [29] 225.9 (2022) [R 3]
Brussels   Belgium Brussels Metro 1976 [30] 2009 [Nb 4] 59 [30] [Nb 5] 4 [Nb 6] 39.9 km (24.8 mi) [31] 129.2 (2022) [R 7]
Belo Horizonte   Brazil Belo Horizonte Metro 1986 [32] 2002 [32] 19 [33] 1 28.1 km (17.5 mi) [34] 54.4 (2019) [R 8]
Brasília   Brazil Federal District Metro 2001 [35] 2020 [36] 27 [37] 2 42.4 km (26.3 mi) [37] [38] 39.1 (2022) [R 9]
Fortaleza   Brazil Fortaleza Metro [Nb 7] 2012 [39] 2013 [40] 20 [41] 2 24.1 km (15.0 mi) [41] 8.9 (2022) [R 10]
Porto Alegre   Brazil Porto Alegre Metro 1985 [42] 2014 [42] 22 [43] 1 43.8 km (27.2 mi) [43] 31.9 (2022) [R 11]
Recife   Brazil Recife Metro [Nb 8] 1985 [44] 2009 [44] 28 [45] 3 39.5 km (24.5 mi) [45] 93.5 (2019) [R 12]
Rio de Janeiro   Brazil Rio de Janeiro Metro 1979 [46] 2016 [47] 41 [46] 3 58 km (36 mi) [47] 118.7 (2020) [R 13]
Salvador   Brazil Salvador Metro 2014 [48] 2023 [49] 20 [50] 2 34 km (21 mi) 62 (2020) [R 14]
São Paulo   Brazil São Paulo Metro [Nb 9] 1974 [51] 2021 [52] 89 [52] 6 104.4 km (64.9 mi) [52] 1,196.5 (2023) [R 15]
Sofia   Bulgaria Sofia Metro 1998 [53] 2021 [54] 47 [54] 4 52 km (32 mi) [54] 92.4 (2019) [R 16]
Montreal   Canada Montreal Metro 1966 [55] 2007 [55] 68 [56] 4 69.2 km (43.0 mi) [56] 245.5 (2022) [R 17] [R Nb 2]
Réseau express métropolitain 2023 [57] 5 1 16.6 km (10.3 mi) [58] n/a
Toronto   Canada Toronto subway [59] 1954 [60] 2017 [60] 70 [61] 3 70.5 km (43.8 mi) [62] 235.7 (2022) [R 17] [R Nb 2] [R Nb 3]
Vancouver   Canada SkyTrain 1985 [63] 2016 [64] 53 [64] 3 79.6 km (49.5 mi) [64] 116.6 (2022) [R 17] [R Nb 2]
Santiago   Chile Santiago Metro 1975 [65] 2023 [66] 126 [67] 7 149 km (93 mi) [68] 544.4 (2022) [R 18]
Beijing   China Beijing Subway [69] 1971 [Nb 10] 2023 [70] 381 [Nb 11] 27 815.9 km (507.0 mi) [70] [Nb 12] 3,445.7 (2023) [R 19] [Nb 13]
Changchun   China Changchun Rail Transit 2017 [Nb 14] 2024 [71] 54 [Nb 15] 3 72.6 km (45.1 mi) [Nb 16] 219.1 (2023) [R 19]
Changsha   China Changsha Metro 2014 [72] 2023 [73] 135 6 207.9 km (129.2 mi) 943.9 (2023) [R 19]
Changzhou   China Changzhou Metro 2019 [74] 2021 [75] 43 2 54 km (33.55 mi) 73.1 (2023) [R 19]
Chengdu   China Chengdu Metro 2010 2024 [76] 291 [Nb 17] 13 561.7 km (349.0 mi) [77] 2,109.2 (2023) [R 19]
Chongqing   China Chongqing Rail Transit 2004 2023 256 [Nb 18] 11 523.7 km (325.4 mi) [78] 1,325.8 (2023) [R 19]
Dalian   China Dalian Metro [79] 2003 2023 [80] 100 6 237.7 km (147.7 mi) 252.0 (2023) [R 19]
Dongguan   China Dongguan Rail Transit 2016 [81] 15 1 37.7 km (23.4 mi) 45.3 (2023) [R 19]
Foshan   China Foshan Metro [Nb 19] 2010 2022 [82] 61 3 112.7 km (70.0 mi) 67.9 (2023) [R 19] [R Nb 4]
Fuzhou   China Fuzhou Metro 2016 [83] 2023 [84] 90 5 143.5 km (89.2 mi) 227.8 (2023) [R 19]
Guangzhou   China Guangzhou Metro [Nb 20] 1997 2023 [85] 265 [Nb 21] 16 648.8 km (403.1 mi) [85] 3,128.9 (2023) [R 19]
Guiyang   China Guiyang Metro 2017 [86] 2023 [87] 82 3 118.73 km (73.78 mi) [87] 133.5 (2023) [R 19]
Hangzhou   China Hangzhou Metro [88] 2012 2022 [89] 254 [Nb 22] 12 516.2 km (320.8 mi) [90] 1,383.6 (2023) [R 19]
Harbin   China Harbin Metro 2013 [91] 2023 [92] 66 3 83.8 km (52.1 mi) 281.3 (2023) [R 19]
Hefei   China Hefei Metro 2016 [93] 2023 [94] 154 5 202 km (126 mi) 411.0 (2023) [R 19]
Hohhot   China Hohhot Metro 2019 [95] 2020 [96] 43 [95] 2 49 km (30 mi) [95] 67.7 (2023) [R 19]
Hong Kong   China Hong Kong MTR 1979 [Nb 23] 2022 99 [97] 10 174.7 km (108.6 mi) [98] 1,616.3 (2021) [R 20] [R 21] [R Nb 5]
Jinan   China Jinan Metro 2019 [99] 2021 [100] [101] 41 [99] [102] 3 84.3 km (52.4 mi) [99] [102] 96.2 (2023) [R 19]
Jinhua   China Jinhua Rail Transit 2022 [103] 2023 32 2 118.5 km (73.6 mi) 37.0 (2023) [R 19]
Kunming   China Kunming Metro 2012 2022 [104] 103 6 164.3 km (102.1 mi) 292.0 (2023) [R 19]
Lanzhou   China Lanzhou Metro 2019 [105] 2023 27 [105] 2 35 km (22 mi) [105] 105.6 (2023) [R 19]
Luoyang   China Luoyang Subway 2021 [101] [106] 2021 33 [101] [106] 2 43.6 km (27.1 mi) [101] 57.2 (2023) [R 19]
Macau   China Macau Light Rapid Transit 2019 2023 12 1 12.5 km (7.8 mi) n/a
Nanchang   China Nanchang Metro 2015 2021 [107] 94 4 128.3 km (79.7 mi) 380.5 (2023) [R 19]
Nanjing   China Nanjing Metro [108] 2005 2024 [109] 212 [110] 14 521 km (324 mi) [111] 1,010 (2023) [R 19]
Nanning   China Nanning Metro [112] 2016 2021 [113] 93 5 128.2 km (79.7 mi) 350.0 (2023) [R 19]
Nantong   China Nantong Rail Transit 2022 [114] 2023 43 2 60 km (37 mi) 21.1 (2023) [R 19]
Ningbo   China Ningbo Rail Transit [115] 2014 2022 [116] 116 5 185.3 km (115.1 mi) 367.4 (2023) [R 19]
Qingdao   China Qingdao Metro 2015 [117] 2023 [118] 150 7 317.5 km (197.3 mi) [R 19] 470 (2023) [R 19]
Shanghai   China Shanghai Metro 1993 [119] 2021 [120] 403 [Nb 24] 18 796 km (495 mi) [120] [Nb 25] 3,647.6 (2023) [R 19] [Nb 26]
Shaoxing   China Shaoxing Metro 2021 [121] 2024 38 2 61.9 km (38.5 mi) [121] 38.4 (2023) [R 19]
Shenyang   China Shenyang Metro 2010 2023 [122] 111 5 163.7 km (101.7 mi) 500.9 (2023) [R 19]
Shenzhen   China Shenzhen Metro 2004 2023 [123] 307 [Nb 27] 16 555.4 km (345.1 mi) 2,705.3 (2023) [R 19]
Shijiazhuang   China Shijiazhuang Metro 2017 2021 [124] 60 [124] 3 76.5 km (47.5 mi) [124] 173.2 (2023) [R 19]
Suzhou   China Suzhou Rail Transit 2012 2023 [125] 181 6 249.5 km (155.0 mi) [125] 523.8 (2023) [R 19]
Taiyuan   China Taiyuan Metro 2020 23 1 23.7 km (14.7 mi) [126] 43.8 (2023) [R 19]
Taizhou   China Taizhou Rail Transit 2022 [127] 15 1 52.4 km (32.6 mi) [128] 10.1 (2023) [R 19]
Tianjin   China Tianjin Metro 1984 2023 [129] 192 10 301 km (187 mi) 571.3 (2023) [R 19]
Ürümqi   China Ürümqi Metro 2018 2019 [130] 21 1 27.6 km (17.1 mi) 39.3 (2023) [R 19]
Wenzhou   China Wenzhou Rail Transit 2019 [131] 2023 36 2 116.5 km (72.4 mi) [132] 22.1 (2023) [R 19]
Wuhan   China Wuhan Metro 2004 2023 [133] 262 [Nb 28] 12 486.3 km (302.2 mi) [133] 1,342.9 (2023) [R 19]
Wuhu   China Wuhu Rail Transit 2021 2021 36 2 46.2 km (28.7 mi) 33.1 (2023) [R 19]
Wuxi   China Wuxi Metro 2014 [134] 2024 [135] 89 5 145.2 km (90.2 mi) 184.6 (2023) [R 19]
Xiamen   China Xiamen Metro 2017 [136] 2023 [137] 70 3 98.4 km (61.1 mi) 246.4 (2023) [R 19]
Xi'an   China Xi'an Metro 2011 2023 [138] 191 9 337 km (209 mi) [R 19] [Nb 29] 1,294.3 (2023) [R 19]
Xuzhou   China Xuzhou Metro 2019 [139] 2021 [140] 51 3 64.4 km (40.0 mi) 94.0 (2023) [R 19]
Zhengzhou   China Zhengzhou Metro 2013 [141] 2023 [142] 187 11 344.2 km (213.9 mi) 583.2 (2023) [R 19]
Medellín   Colombia Medellín Metro 1995 [143] 2012 [Nb 30] 27 [143] 2 31.3 km (19.4 mi) [143] 224.1 (2023) [R 22]
Prague   Czech Republic Prague Metro 1974 [144] 2015 [Nb 31] 58 [145] 3 65.4 km (40.6 mi) [146] 251.4 (2020) [R 23]
Copenhagen   Denmark Copenhagen Metro 2002 [147] 2020 [147] 39 [148] 4 38.2 km (23.7 mi) [148] 107 (2022) [R 24]
Santo Domingo   Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Metro 2009 2018 [149] 33 [149] [150] [151] 2 31 km (19 mi) [150] [151] 49.6 (2020) [R 25]
Quito   Ecuador Quito Metro 2023 15 1 22.6 km (14.0 mi) n/a
Cairo   Egypt Cairo Metro [152] 1987 2024 [153] 80 [152] 3 99.7 km (62.0 mi) [152] 1,314 (2015) [R 26] [R Nb 6]
Helsinki   Finland Helsinki Metro 1982 [154] 2022 [Nb 32] [155] 30 [156] 2 43 km (27 mi) [157] 79.0 (2023) [R 27]
Lille   France Lille Metro 1983 [158] 2000 [158] 60 [159] 2 45 km (28 mi) [159] 109.44 (2022) [R 28]
Lyon   France Lyon Metro 1978 [160] 2023 42 [161] 4 34.4 km (21.4 mi) [161] 208.21 (2023) [R 28]
Marseille   France Marseille Metro 1977 2019 29 [162] 2 22.7 km (14.1 mi) [162] 67.28 (2022) [R 28]
Paris   France Paris Métro 1900 [163] 2022 [164] 308 [165] 16 226.9 km (141.0 mi) [166] 1,339.3 (2022) [R 29] [R 30] [R Nb 7]
Rennes   France Rennes Metro 2002 2022 28 2 22.4 km (13.9 mi) 42.02 (2022) [R 28]
Toulouse   France Toulouse Metro 1993 [167] 2007 [167] [Nb 33] 37 [168] 2 28.2 km (17.5 mi) [167] 103.7 (2022) [R 28]
Tbilisi   Georgia Tbilisi Metro 1966 [169] 2017 [170] [Nb 34] 23 [171] 2 27.3 km (17.0 mi) [172] 78.4 (2020) [R 3]
Berlin   Germany Berlin U-Bahn 1902 [173] 2021 [174] [175] 175 [176] [175] 9 155.6 km (96.7 mi) [177] 492.1 (2022) [R 31]
Hamburg   Germany Hamburg U-Bahn 1912 [178] 2019 [179] 93 [180] 4 106 km (66 mi) [180] 195.8 (2022) [R 32]
Munich   Germany Munich U-Bahn 1971 [181] 2010 [Nb 35] 96 [181] 8 95 km (59 mi) [181] 254 (2021) [R 33]
Nuremberg   Germany Nuremberg U-Bahn 1972 2020 [182] [183] 49 [183] 3 38.4 km (23.9 mi) [183] 109.8 (2022) [R 34]
Athens   Greece Athens Metro [Nb 36] 1904 [186] [Nb 37] 2022 [187] 66 [188] 3 91.7 km (57.0 mi) [184] 259.2 (2018) [R 35] [R Nb 8]
Budapest   Hungary Budapest Metro 1896 2014 [189] 48 4 39.2 km (24.4 mi) [189] [190] 211.6 (2021) [R 36]
Agra   India Agra Metro 2024 [191] - 6 1 5.2 km (3.2 mi) n/a
Ahmedabad   India Ahmedabad Metro 2019 [192] 2022 [193] 31 2 37.9 km (23.5 mi) [194] 0.4 (2019 *) [R 37]
Bangalore   India Namma Metro 2011 [195] 2023 [196] 66 [197] 2 73.81 km (45.86 mi) [198] [199] 174.2 (2020 *) [R 38]
Chennai   India Chennai Metro 2015 [200] 2021 [201] 42 [202] 2 54.1 km (33.6 mi) [203] 42 (2019 *) [R 37]
Delhi   India Delhi Metro 2002 [204] 2023 [205] 231 [Nb 38] 10 350.426 km (217.745 mi) [Nb 39] [206] 2,032 (2023 *) [208]
Gurgaon   India Rapid Metro Gurgaon 2013 [209] 2017 [210] 11 [210] 1 12.85 km (7.98 mi) [210] 18.3 (2018 *) [R 39] [R Nb 9]
Hyderabad   India Hyderabad Metro 2017 [211] 2020 [212] 57 [212] 3 67.21 km (41.76 mi) [212] 173 (2019 *) [R 37]
Jaipur   India Jaipur Metro 2015 [213] [214] 2020 [214] 11 [214] 1 12 km (7.5 mi) [214] 22 [215]
Kanpur   India Kanpur Metro 2021 [216] 9 1 8.98 km (5.58 mi) n/a
Kochi   India Kochi Metro 2017 [217] 2024 [218] 25 1 28 km (17 mi) [219] 31.1 [220]
Kolkata   India Kolkata Metro 1984 [221] 2024 [222] 48 [223] 4 59.38 km (36.90 mi) [223] 256 (2019 *) [R 37]
Lucknow   India Lucknow Metro 2017 [224] 2019 [225] 21 [224] 1 22.9 km (14.2 mi) [224] 22 (2019 *) [R 37]
Mumbai   India Mumbai Metro 2014 [226] 2023 [227] 43 [228] 3 46.5 km (28.9 mi) [229] 126 (2018) [R 40]
Nagpur   India Nagpur Metro 2019 [230] 2022 [231] 36 [231] 2 38.2 km (23.7 mi) [231] 50.4 [232]
Navi Mumbai   India Navi Mumbai Metro 2023 11 1 11.10 km (6.90 mi) n/a
Noida   India Noida Metro 2019 [233] 21 1 29.7 km (18.5 mi) 16.7 [234]
Pune   India Pune Metro 2022 2024 [235] 24 2 29.8 km (18.5 mi) 9.3 (2023) [236]
Jakarta   Indonesia Jakarta MRT 2019 [237] 13 1 15.7 km (9.8 mi) 33 (2023) [R 41]
Jakarta LRT 2019 6 1 5.8 km (3.6 mi) n/a
Jabodebek LRT 2023 - 2 44.5 km (27.7 mi) n/a
Palembang   Indonesia Palembang LRT 2018 13 1 23.4 km (14.5 mi) n/a
Isfahan   Iran Isfahan Urban Railway 2015 [238] 2018 [239] [240] 20 [239] 1 20.2 km (12.6 mi) [239] n/a
Mashhad   Iran Mashhad Urban Railway 2011 [241] 2019 [242] 35 [243] 2 37.5 km (23.3 mi) [244] 50.7 (2018) [R 42]
Shiraz   Iran Shiraz Metro 2014 [245] 2023 [Nb 40] 24 2 32.5 km (20.2 mi) 18 (2018) [R 43]
Karaj   Iran Karaj Metro 2023 [246] [Nb 41] 2023 [Nb 42] 3 [Nb 43] 1 6.5 km (4.0 mi) [247] [Nb 43] n/a
Tabriz   Iran Tabriz Metro 2015 [248] 2020 18 1 17.2 km (10.7 mi) n/a
Tehran   Iran Tehran Metro 2000 [249] [Nb 44] 2024 [250] 131 [Nb 45] [251] [252] 6 224.6 km (139.6 mi) [Nb 45] [251] 820 (2018 *) [R 44]
Brescia   Italy Brescia Metro 2013 [253] 17 [254] 1 13.7 km (8.5 mi) [254] 18.7 (2019) [R 45]
Catania   Italy Catania Metro 1999 [255] 2021 [Nb 46] [256] 10 [257] 1 8.8 km (5.5 mi) 6.5 (2019) [R 46]
Genoa   Italy Genoa Metro 1990 [258] 2012 [258] 8 [258] 1 7.1 km (4.4 mi) [258] 15.3 (2018) [R 47] [R Nb 10]
Milan   Italy Milan Metro 1964 [259] 2023 [259] 113 [Nb 47] 5 104.1 km (64.7 mi) [261] 387.2 (2019) [R 48]
Naples   Italy Naples Metro [Nb 48] 1993 2021 [Nb 49] 27 [262] 4 30.8 km (19.1 mi) [262] 41.1 (2019) [R 49] [R Nb 11]
Rome   Italy Rome Metro 1955 2018 [263] 73 [264] 3 60 km (37 mi) [265] [266] 320 (2018) [R 50]
Turin   Italy Turin Metro 2006 [267] 2021 [268] 23 [267] [268] 1 15.1 km (9.4 mi) [268] 42.5 (2018) [R 51]
Fukuoka   Japan [Nb 50] Fukuoka City Subway 1981 [269] 2023 [270] 36 [270] 3 31.4 km (19.5 mi) [270] 173.3 (2019 *) [R 52] [R Nb 12]
Hiroshima   Japan [Nb 50] Astram Line 1994 [271] 2015 [272] 22 1 18.4 km (11.4 mi) [271] 24 (2019 *) [R 52] [R Nb 12]
Kobe   Japan [Nb 50] Kobe Municipal Subway 1977 [271] 2001 28 3 38.1 km (23.7 mi) [271] 114.2 (2019 *) [R 52] [R Nb 12]
Kobe New Transit 1977 2006 18 2 15.1 km (9.4 mi) n/a
Kyoto   Japan [Nb 50] Kyoto Municipal Subway 1981 [271] 2008 31 [273] 2 31.2 km (19.4 mi) [271] 146.4 (2019 *) [R 52] [R Nb 12]
Nagoya   Japan [Nb 50] Nagoya Municipal Subway 1957 [271] 2011 [274] 87 [274] 6 93.3 km (58.0 mi) [274] 487.4 (2019 *) [R 52] [R Nb 12]
Osaka   Japan [Nb 50] Osaka Metro 1933 [275] 2006 [275] 108 [276] 9 137.8 km (85.6 mi) [275] [277] 870.4 (2016 *) [R 53] [R Nb 12]
Saitama   Japan [Nb 50] New Shuttle 1983 1990 13 1 12.7 km (7.9 mi) N/a
Sapporo   Japan [Nb 50] Sapporo Municipal Subway 1971 [271] 1999 46 [278] 3 48 km (30 mi) [271] 226.9 (2019 *) [R 52] [R Nb 12]
Sendai   Japan [Nb 50] Sendai Subway 1987 [279] 2015 [280] 29 [279] 2 28.7 km (17.8 mi) [279] 82.8 (2022 *) [R 54] [R Nb 12]
Tokyo   Japan [Nb 50] Toei Subway 1960 [281] 2002 [281] 99 [Nb 51] 4 109 km (68 mi) [281] 1,174.9 (2019 *) [R 55] [R 52] [R Nb 12]
Nippori-Toneri Liner 2008 2008 13 1 9.7 km (6.0 mi) N/a
Yurikamome 1995 1995 16 1 14.7 km (9.1 mi) 48.5 (2018) [284]
Tokyo Metro 1927 [285] 2020 [286] 142 [287] 9 195.1 km (121.2 mi) [288] 2,757.4 (2019 *) [R 55] [R 52] [R Nb 12]
Rinkai Line 1996 [271] 2002 8 1 12.2 km (7.6 mi) [271] 95 (2019 *) [R 56] [R Nb 12]
Yokohama   Japan [Nb 50] Yokohama Municipal Subway 1972 [289] 2008 [289] 40 [289] 2 53.4 km (33.2 mi) [289] 243.2 (2019 *) [R 52] [R Nb 12]
Minatomirai Line 2004 [271] 2008 6 1 4.1 km (2.5 mi) [271] 80.6 (2019 *) [R 52] [R Nb 12]
Kanazawa Seaside Line 1989 - 14 1 10.6 km (6.6 mi) N/a
Almaty   Kazakhstan Almaty Metro 2011 [290] 2022 [290] 11 1 13.4 km (8.3 mi) [290] 17.1 (2022) [R 3]
Pyongyang   North Korea Pyongyang Metro 1973 1987 [Nb 52] 17 2 22.5 km (14.0 mi) 36 (2009) [R 57]
Busan   South Korea Busan Metro 1985 2017 [Nb 53] 125 [Nb 54] 5 [Nb 54] 139.1 km (86.4 mi) [291] [Nb 54] 246.3 (2020) [R 58]
Daegu   South Korea Daegu Metro 1997 2015 [Nb 55] 88 [292] 3 82.9 km (51.5 mi) [292] 168 (2019) [R 59] [R Nb 13]
Daejeon   South Korea Daejeon Metro 2006 2007 [Nb 56] 22 1 22.6 km (14.0 mi) [293] 40 (2019) [R 59]
Gwangju   South Korea Gwangju Metro 2004 2008 [Nb 57] 20 1 20.1 km (12.5 mi) [294] 19 (2019) [R 59]
Incheon   South Korea Incheon Subway 1999 2020 [295] 56 [296] 2 59.7 km (37.1 mi) [296] 199 (2022) [297]
Seoul   South Korea Seoul Metropolitan Subway [Nb 58] [Nb 59] 1974 [298] 2022 [299] 337 [300] 11 [300] 564.2 km (350.6 mi) [300] [Nb 59] 2,403 (2022) [R 60] [R Nb 14] [R Nb 15]
Shinbundang Line [Nb 59] ( Neo Trans) 2011 2022 [301] 16 1 33.4 km (20.8 mi) [302] 122.5 (2019) [R 61] [R Nb 16]
Kuala Lumpur   Malaysia Rapid KL [Nb 60] 1996 2023 [303] 138 [Nb 61] 6 204.8 km (127.3 mi) 238.5 (2023) [R 62]
Guadalajara   Mexico Guadalajara Electric Rail System [Nb 62] 1994 [Nb 63] 2020 28 1 30 km (19 mi) 114.5 (2021) [R 63]
Mexico City   Mexico Mexico City Metro 1969 [304] 2012 [Nb 64] 163 [Nb 65] 12 200.9 km (124.8 mi) [305] [Nb 66] 1115.2 (2023) [R 64]
Monterrey   Mexico Metrorrey 1991 [306] 2021 [307] 38 [308] 3 40.2 km (25.0 mi) [308] 109.9 (2020) [R 65]
Amsterdam   Netherlands Amsterdam Metro 1977 2018 [309] 39 [310] 5 41.2 km (25.6 mi) 111.3 (2019) [R 66] [R Nb 17]
Rotterdam   Netherlands Rotterdam Metro [Nb 67] 1968 2023 71 5 102.3 km (63.6 mi) [311] 99 (2019) [R 67]
Lagos   Nigeria Lagos Rail Mass Transit [Nb 68] 2023 2024 [312] 5 [313] 2 13 km (8.1 mi) n/a
Oslo   Norway Oslo Metro [Nb 69] 1966 [Nb 70] 2016 [Nb 71] 101 5 85 km (53 mi) [314] 74 (2020) [R 68]
Lahore   Pakistan Lahore Metro 2020 [315] 26 1 27.1 km (16.8 mi) [315] 20 (2020-2021) [R 69]
Panama City   Panama Panama Metro 2014 2023 [316] 32 2 37.8 km (23.5 mi) 49.9 (2020) [R 70]
Lima   Peru Lima Metro 2011 2023 31 2 39.4 km (24.5 mi) [317] 110.4 (2018) [R 71]
Manila   Philippines Manila Light Rail Transit System 1984 [318] 2021 [318] 33 [319] 2 37.2 km (23.1 mi) [318] [320] 218.2 (2019) [R 72] [R Nb 18]
Manila Metro Rail Transit System 1999 2000 13 1 16.9 km (10.5 mi) [321] 129 (2023) [R 73]
Warsaw   Poland Warsaw Metro 1995 2022 [322] 39 2 41.2 km (25.6 mi) 160.8 (2022)
Lisbon   Portugal Lisbon Metro 1959 [323] 2016 [323] 56 [323] 4 44.2 km (27.5 mi) [323] 184.6 (2019) [R 74]
Doha   Qatar Doha Metro 2019 [324] 2019 [325] 37 [325] 3 76 km (47 mi) [Nb 72] n/a
Bucharest   Romania Bucharest Metro 1979 [326] 2023 [327] 64 [328] 5 80.1 km (49.8 mi) [328] 179.2 (2019) [R 75]
Kazan   Russia Kazan Metro [329] 2005 2018 [330] 11 [331] 1 16.8 km (10.4 mi) [331] 30.5 (2022) [R 3]
Moscow   Russia Moscow Metro [332] 1935 2023 229 [Nb 73] [333] 15 514.5 km (319.7 mi) [333] 2,288.5 (2023) [334]
Nizhny Novgorod   Russia Nizhny Novgorod Metro 1985 2018 [335] 15 [335] 2 21.4 km (13.3 mi) 29.9 (2022) [R 3]
Novosibirsk   Russia Novosibirsk Metro 1986 2010 [336] 14 [331] 2 15.9 km (9.9 mi) [331] 77.3 (2022) [R 3]
Saint Petersburg   Russia Saint Petersburg Metro 1955 2019 [337] 72 [Nb 74] [338] 5 124.8 km (77.5 mi) [338] 649 (2022) [R 3]
Samara   Russia Samara Metro 1987 [339] 2015 [340] 10 [331] 1 11.6 km (7.2 mi) [331] 11.2 (2022) [R 3]
Yekaterinburg   Russia Yekaterinburg Metro 1991 2012 [341] 9 [331] 1 12.7 km (7.9 mi) [331] 38.9 (2022) [R 3]
Singapore   Singapore Mass Rapid Transit 1987 2022 [342] 134 [342] 6 230 km (140 mi) 1,183.7 (2023) [R 76] [R Nb 19]
Barcelona   Spain Barcelona Metro [Nb 75] 1924 2021 [343] 132 [Nb 76] [344] 12 128.3 km (79.7 mi) [344] 371.7 (2022) [R 77]
Bilbao   Spain Metro Bilbao [Nb 77] 1995 [345] 2020 [346] [347] 42 [348] [347] 3 45.1 km (28.0 mi) [348] 80.3 (2022) [R 78]
Madrid   Spain Madrid Metro [Nb 78] 1919 [349] 2019 [350] 242 [351] 13 293.9 km (182.6 mi) [351] 571.7 (2022) [R 79]
Stockholm   Sweden Stockholm Metro 1950 [352] [Nb 79] 1994 [352] 100 [353] 7 108 km (67 mi) [353] 462 (2019) [R 80] [R Nb 20]
Lausanne    Switzerland Lausanne Métro [Nb 80] 2008 [354] 14 1 5.9 km (3.7 mi) 32.8 (2019) [R 81] [R Nb 21]
Kaohsiung   Taiwan Kaohsiung Rapid Transit 2008 2012 37 [355] 2 42.7 km (26.5 mi) [355] 64.8 (2023) [R 82]
Taipei   Taiwan Taipei Metro 1996 [356] 2020 [357] 119 [Nb 81] 6 152.9 km (95.0 mi) [358] 710.2 (2023) [R 83]
Taichung   Taiwan Taichung Metro [360] 2021 [361] 18 [361] 1 16.7 km (10.4 mi) [361] n/a
Taoyuan   Taiwan Taoyuan Metro 2017 2023 22 [362] 1 53.1 km (33.0 mi) 32.9 (2023) [R 84]
Bangkok   Thailand BTS Skytrain 1999 [363] 2021 [364] 64 [365] 3 70.05 km (43.53 mi) [365] 266.5 (2023) [R 85]
Metropolitan Rapid Transit 2004 [366] 2023 [367] 107 [368] 4 135.9 km (84.4 mi) [368] 167.3 (2023) [R 85]
Adana   Turkey Adana Metro 2009 2010 13 [369] 1 13.5 km (8.4 mi) [369] 14 (2011) [R 86]
Ankara   Turkey Ankara Metro 1997 2023 [370] [Nb 82] 57 [371] 3 67.4 km (41.9 mi) [370] [371] 158.5 (2023) [R 87]
Bursa   Turkey Bursaray 2002 2014 [Nb 83] 40 [372] 2 40 km (25 mi) [372] 91.3 (2010) [R 88]
Istanbul   Turkey Istanbul Metro 1989 [373] 2024 [374] 146 [Nb 84] 11 243.3 km (151.2 mi) [375] 542 (2022) [R 89]
İzmir   Turkey İzmir Metro 2000 [377] 2024 [377] 24 [377] 1 27 km (17 mi) [377] 100 (2019) [R 90]
Dnipro   Ukraine Dnipro Metro 1995 6 [378] 1 7.8 km (4.8 mi) [378] 7.5 (2018) [R 91]
Kharkiv   Ukraine Kharkiv Metro 1975 2016 30 [378] 3 38.7 km (24.0 mi) [378] 231.1 (2018) [R 92]
Kyiv   Ukraine Kyiv Metro 1960 2013 52 [378] 3 67.7 km (42.1 mi) [378] 496.1 (2018) [R 93]
Dubai   United Arab Emirates Dubai Metro 2009 [379] 2021 [380] 53 2 89.3 km (55.5 mi) [381] 113.6 (2020) [R 94]
Glasgow   United Kingdom Glasgow Subway 1896 [382] 15 [382] 1 10.4 km (6.5 mi) [382] 11.9 (2022 *) [R 95]
London   United Kingdom London Underground [383] 1863 [1] [Nb 85] 2021 [1] 272 [384] 11 402 km (250 mi) [384] 1,026 (2022 *) [R 96] [R Nb 22]
Docklands Light Railway 1987 [385] 2011 [385] 45 [385] 7 34 km (21 mi) 92.3 (2022 *) [R 95]
Atlanta   United States MARTA 1979 [386] 2000 [386] 38 [387] 4 76.6 km (47.6 mi) [387] 28.2 (2022) [R 17] [R Nb 2]
Baltimore   United States Baltimore Metro SubwayLink 1983 [388] 1995 [389] 14 [389] 2 24.9 km (15.5 mi) [389] 2 (2022) [R 17] [R Nb 2]
Boston   United States MBTA subway [Nb 86] 1901 [388] [Nb 87] 2022 [390] 125 [391] 4 110.56 km (68.70 mi) 111.68 (2022) [R 17] [R Nb 2]
Chicago   United States Chicago "L" [Nb 69] 1892 [392] [Nb 88] 2017 [393] 145 [394] 8 165.4 km (102.8 mi) [394] [Nb 89] 103.5 (2022) [R 17] [R Nb 2]
Cleveland   United States Red Line ( RTA Rapid Transit) 1955 [395] 1968 [395] 18 [396] 1 31 km (19 mi) [396] 2.8 (2022) [R 17] [R Nb 2]
Honolulu   United States Skyline 2023 9 1 17.4 km (10.8 mi) n/a
Los Angeles   United States Metro Rail [Nb 90] 1993 [397] 2000 [397] [Nb 91] 16 [397] [Nb 90] 2 28 km (17 mi) [397] 25.8 (2022) [R 17] [R Nb 2] [R Nb 23]
Miami   United States Metrorail 1984 [398] 2012 23 [399] 2 39.3 km (24.4 mi) [399] 12 (2022) [R 17] [R Nb 2]
New York City   United States New York City Subway 1904 [400] [Nb 92] 2017 [401] 424 [Nb 93] 28 399 km (248 mi) [402] 2,027.3 (2023) [R 97] [R Nb 2]
Staten Island Railway 1925 [388] [Nb 94] 2017 [403] 21 [400] [404] 1 22.5 km (14.0 mi) [402] 3.8 (2022) [R 17] [R Nb 2]
PATH 1908 [405] 1937 [Nb 95] 13 [406] 4 22.2 km (13.8 mi) [407] 45.5 (2022) [R 17] [R Nb 2]
Philadelphia   United States SEPTA [408] [Nb 96] 1907 [388] 1973 53 [408] 2 59.1 km (36.7 mi) [409] [410] 41.2 (2022) [R 17] [R Nb 2]
PATCO Speedline 1936 [388] [Nb 97] 1980 [411] 13 [411] 1 22.9 km (14.2 mi) [411] 4.9 (2022) [R 17] [R Nb 2]
San Francisco ( Bay Area)   United States BART [Nb 98] 1972 [412] 2020 [413] 47 [412] [Nb 99] 6 192 km (119 mi) [412] [Nb 100] 39.6 (2022) [R 17] [R Nb 2]
Washington, D.C.   United States Washington Metro 1976 [414] 2023 [415] 98 [414] 6 208 km (129 mi) 136.3 (2023) [R 97] [R Nb 2]
San Juan   United States Tren Urbano 2004 [388] 2005 16 1 17.2 km (10.7 mi) 2.5 (2022) [R 17] [R Nb 2]
Tashkent   Uzbekistan Tashkent Metro 1977 2023 [Nb 101] [416] 48 [417] 4 66.5 km (41.3 mi) [417] 136.7 (2022) [R 3]
Caracas   Venezuela Caracas Metro [Nb 102] 1983 [418] 2015 [419] 49 [Nb 103] 5 67.2 km (41.8 mi) [Nb 103] 358 (2017) [R 98]
Hanoi   Vietnam Hanoi Metro 2021 [421] 12 1 13.1 km (8.1 mi) 10.7 (2023) [R 99] [R 100]
Table notes

^* Indicates ridership figures based on the fiscal year rather than the calendar year.

List by country

Recent ridership figures, particularly for 2020, will have been affected by the COVID pandemic.

Country Systems Length Lines Stations Annual ridership / km
(millions)
Inauguration
China China 47 9,827.5 km (6,106.5 mi) 281 5,384 2.10 (2020) [R Nb 24] 1971
  United States 16 1,386.2 km (861.3 mi) 87 1,237 1.66 (2022) 1892
India India 17 902.4 km (560.7 mi) 38 715 3.70 (2021) [R Nb 25] 1984 [422]
  South Korea 6 888.6 km (552.2 mi) 23 648 3.87 (2019) 1974
  Japan 15 816.1 km (507.1 mi) 47 774 8.19 (2019) 1927
  Russia 7 663.7 km (412.4 mi) 29 426 4.62 (2022) 1935
  United Kingdom 4 640.9 km (398.2 mi) 21 392 2.11 (2022) 1863
  Spain 3 467.3 km (290.4 mi) 28 539 1.43 (2019) 1919
  Turkey 5 391.2 km (243.1 mi) 18 280 1.94 (2019–20) [R Nb 26] 1989
  Germany 4 386.8 km (240.3 mi) 24 413 3.59 (2019) 1902
  France 6 379.6 km (235.9 mi) 28 504 3.70 (2019–20) 1900
  Brazil 8 374.3 km (232.6 mi) 20 266 3.45 (2018–20) 1974
  Iran 6 338.5 km (210.3 mi) 17 262 4.08 (2018) [R Nb 27] 1999
  Mexico 3 287.5 km (178.6 mi) 18 283 4.37 (2020) [R Nb 28] 1969
  Singapore 1 230 km (140 mi) 6 134 3.41 (2020) 1987
  Taiwan 5 258.7 km (160.7 mi) 11 231 3.26 (2019–20) [R Nb 29] 1996
Canada Canada 4 243.3 km (151.2 mi) 12 201 2.64 (2022) 1954
  Italy 7 239.6 km (148.9 mi) 15 280 3.73 (2018–19) 1955
  Malaysia 1 210.4 km (130.7 mi) 6 149 1.60 (2023) 1996
  Thailand 2 205.95 km (127.97 mi) 7 171 2.11 (2023) 1999
  Chile 1 149 km (93 mi) 7 143 1.88 (2020) 1975
  Netherlands 2 143.5 km (89.2 mi) 10 109 1.48 (2019) 1968
  Ukraine 3 114.2 km (71.0 mi) 7 88 6.43 (2022) 1960
  Sweden 1 108 km (67 mi) 7 100 3.10 (2018) 1950
  Egypt 1 93.4 km (58.0 mi) 3 74 n/a 1987
  Greece 1 91.7 km (57.0 mi) 3 72 2.92 (2018) 1904
  United Arab Emirates 1 89.5 km (55.6 mi) 3 53 1.26 (2020) 2009
  Indonesia 4 89.4 km (55.6 mi) 5 50 0.63 (2020) 2018
  Norway 1 85 km (53 mi) 5 101 0.87 (2020) 1966
  Austria 1 83.3 km (51.8 mi) 5 109 5.51 (2019) 1978
  Romania 1 80.1 km (49.8 mi) 5 64 1.6 (2023) 1979
  Qatar 1 76 km (47 mi) 3 37 n/a 2019
  Venezuela 1 67.2 km (41.8 mi) 5 49 5.32 (2017) 1983
  Uzbekistan 1 66.5 km (41.3 mi) 4 43 2.32 (2022) 1977
  Czech Republic 1 65.4 km (40.6 mi) 3 61 3.85 (2020) 1974
  Argentina 1 56.7 km (35.2 mi) 7 104 1.31 (2020) 1913
  Philippines 2 54.1 km (33.6 mi) 3 46 5.82 (2019) 1984
  Bulgaria 1 52 km (32 mi) 4 47 1.79 (2018) 1998
  Portugal 1 44.2 km (27.5 mi) 4 56 1.93 (2020) 1959
  Finland 1 43 km (27 mi) 2 30 1.84 (2023) 1982
  Poland 1 41.2 km (25.6 mi) 2 34 5.50 (2019) 1995
  Belarus 1 40.8 km (25.4 mi) 3 33 5.54 (2022) 1984
  Azerbaijan 1 40.7 km (25.3 mi) 3 27 4.98 (2022) 1967
  Belgium 1 39.9 km (24.8 mi) 4 59 2.19 (2020) 1976
  Hungary 1 39.4 km (24.5 mi) 4 48 6.09 (2020) 1896
  Peru 1 39.4 km (24.5 mi) 2 31 3.19 (2018) 2011
  Denmark 1 38.2 km (23.7 mi) 4 39 1.66 (2020) 2002
  Panama 1 37.8 km (23.5 mi) 2 29 1.38 (2020) 2014
  Australia 1 36 km (22 mi) 1 13 0.35 (2020) 2019
  Colombia 1 31.3 km (19.4 mi) 2 27 3.68 (2020) 1995
  Dominican Republic 1 31 km (19 mi) 2 34 1.60 (2020) 2009
  Georgia 1 27.3 km (17.0 mi) 2 23 2.74 (2022) 1966
  Pakistan 1 27.1 km (16.8 mi) 1 26 0.74 (2020–2021) 2020
  Ecuador 1 22.6 km (14.0 mi) 1 15 n/a 2023
  North Korea 1 22 km (14 mi) 2 16 1.63 (2009) 1973
  Bangladesh 1 20.1 km (12.5 mi) 1 16 n/a 2022
  Algeria 1 18.5 km (11.5 mi) 1 19 2.40 (2019) 2011
  Kazakhstan 1 13.4 km (8.3 mi) 1 11 1.27 (2022) 2011
  Vietnam 1 13.1 km (8.1 mi) 1 12 n/a 2021
  Nigeria 1 13 km (8.1 mi) 1 5 n/a 2023
  Armenia 1 12.1 km (7.5 mi) 1 10 1.93 (2022) 1981
   Switzerland 1 5.9 km (3.7 mi) 1 [R Nb 30] 14 5.55 (2019) 2008

Under construction

The following is a list of new worldwide metro systems that are currently actively under construction. In some cases it is not clear if the system will be considered a full metro system once it begins operational service. Only metro systems under construction are listed where there are no metro systems currently in operation in the same city.

The countries of Ivory Coast, Mongolia, Saudi Arabia and Serbia are currently constructing their first ever metro systems.

City Country Name Construction started Projected
opening
Lines Stations Length by first opening
Melbourne   Australia Metro Tunnel
(including Sunbury-Dandenong Line Corridor)
2017 2025 1 5 9 km (5.6 mi)
Suburban Rail Loop 2022 2035 1 6 26 km (16 mi)
Bengbu   China Bengbu Rail Transit 2019 2025 1 24 32.7 km (20.3 mi)
Liuzhou   China Liuzhou Rail Transit 2016 2024 4 97 150 km (93 mi)
Shantou   China Shantou Metro 2016 2025 3 45 76.9 km (47.8 mi)
Bogotá   Colombia Bogotá Metro 2020 [UC 1] 2028 1 16 24 km (15 mi)
Thessaloniki   Greece Thessaloniki Metro 2006 [UC 2] 2024 [UC 3] 2 18 14.3 km (8.9 mi)
Bhopal   India Bhopal Metro 2018 2024 [UC 4] 2 29 27.9 km (17.3 mi)
Bhubaneswar   India Bhubaneswar Metro 2024 [423] 2028 [424] 1 20 26 km (16 mi)
Indore   India Indore Metro 2018 2024 [UC 5] 1 29 33.5 km (20.8 mi)
Patna   India Patna Metro 2020 2027 2 26 32.9 km (20.5 mi)
Surat   India Surat Metro 2021 2027 2 38 40.3 km (25 mi)
Ahvaz   Iran Ahvaz Metro 2004 2024 [UC 6] 1 24 23 km (14.3 mi)
Qom [UC 7]   Iran Qom Urban Railway 2009 2024 [UC 8] 1 14 14 km (8.7 mi)
Abidjan   Ivory Coast Abidjan Metro 2017 2025 [UC 9] 1 20 37.5 km (23.3 mi)
Johor Bahru
Woodlands
  Malaysia
  Singapore
Rapid Transit System Link 2020 [UC 10] 2026 1 2 4 km (2.5 mi)
George Town
Seberang Perai
  Malaysia
Penang Light Rapid Transit 2024 [425] [426] 2030 1 20 29 km (18 mi)
Ulaanbaatar   Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Metro 2024 2028 1 14 17.7 km (11.0 mi)
Cluj-Napoca   Romania Cluj-Napoca Metro 2023 2026 1 9 9.2 km (5.7 mi)
Krasnoyarsk   Russia Krasnoyarsk Metro 1995 2026 [UC 11] 1 9 10.6 km (6.6 mi)
Chelyabinsk   Russia Chelyabinsk Metro 1992 2026 1 4 5.7 km (3.5 mi)
Astana   Kazakhstan Astana Metro 1988 2024 1 18 21.5 km (13.4 mi)
Jeddah   Saudi Arabia Jeddah Metro 2014 [ citation needed] 2025 3 46 108 km (67 mi)
Riyadh [UC 12]   Saudi Arabia Riyadh Metro 2014 [UC 12] 2024 [UC 13] 6 84 176 km (109 mi)
Belgrade   Serbia Belgrade Metro 2021 [UC 14] 2028 [UC 15] 2 43 40.5 km (25.2 mi)
New Taipei   Taiwan New Taipei Metro 2016 2025 1 12 14.3 km (8.9 mi)
Gebze   Turkey Gebze Metro 2018 2024 1 12 15.4 km (9.6 mi)
Konya   Turkey Konya Metro 2020 [UC 16] 2025 [UC 17] 1 22 21.1 km (13.1 mi)
Mersin   Turkey Mersin Metro 2022 [UC 18] 2026 1 11 13.4 km (8.3 mi)
Ho Chi Minh City [UC 19] [UC 20]   Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Metro 2012 [UC 19] 2024 [UC 21] 1 14 19.7 km (12.2 mi)

See also

Notes

System notes

  1. ^ Line A opened in stages between 1913 and 1914 by the Anglo-Argentine Tramways Company. Line A services continued as above-ground tram services through an access ramp at Primera Junta Station. Subway-surface services into Line A ceased in 1926, with the line and its rolling stock transitioned into pure rapid transit operation by 1927. [14] [15]
  2. ^ The number is 78 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station, or 90 if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line.
  3. ^ Vienna's Metropolitan Railway ( Wiener Stadtbahn) first opened for service in 1898, operating steam locomotive trains on mostly elevated or underground ROWs. From 1976 onwards, part of it was integrated into the newly established Vienna U-Bahn system (lines U4 and U6), operating as a modern metro.
  4. ^ Line 2's loop was completed in 2009.
  5. ^ Not including stations of premetro Lines T3, T4, and T7.
  6. ^ Includes Line 1,2,5 and 6, Line 3,4 and 7 are premetro lines.
  7. ^ Includes Metrofor's rapid transit line only: Linha Sul (South Line).
  8. ^ Includes Metrorec's rapid transit lines only: Linha Centro (Center Line) and Linha Sul (South Line).
  9. ^ Does not include São Paulo Metropolitan Trains system.
  10. ^ The Beijing Subway's first line began trial operations on 1 October 1969. It opened to revenue service under trial operations on 15 January 1971. Initially, only members of the public with credential letters from their work units could purchase tickets, but this restriction was removed on 27 December 1972. The subway line passed its final inspections and ended trial operations on 15 September 1981. During the trial operations period, annual ridership rose from 8.28 million in 1971 to 55.2 million in 1980. See the history section of the Beijing Subway for details and references.
  11. ^ The number of stations is 381 if the 80 (71 2-line, 9 3-line) interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station, or 470 if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line. Both counts exclude the 20 stations of the Xijiao and Line T1 tram lines. [70]
  12. ^ Length excludes the Xijiao and Line T1 tram lines, which combined are 20.7 km long.
  13. ^ Ridership data includes that of Xijiao and Line T1 tram lines.
  14. ^ Opening of metro Line 1 and not light rail Line 3, which opened in 2002.
  15. ^ There are 109 stations if the station on 3 light rail line are counted
  16. ^ There are 140.8 km (87.5 mi) of rail length if 3 light rail line are counted
  17. ^ There are 291 stations if the 51 (46 2-line, 5 3-line) interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station. There are 347 stations if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line. Excludes light rail line T2.
  18. ^ There are 256 stations if the 42 (36 2-line, 6 3-line) interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station. There are 304 stations if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line.
  19. ^ First line of Foshan Metro serves two cities – Foshan and Guangzhou
  20. ^ The 9 station, 4.0-km long APM line is not included here, because it is a people mover.
  21. ^ There are 265 stations if the 43 (40 2-line, 3 3-line) interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station. There are 311 stations if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line.
  22. ^ There are 254 stations if the 44 (40 2-line, 4 3-line) interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station. There are 302 stations if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line.
  23. ^ The first MTR route to offer metro service was the Modified Initial System in 1979, which consists of portions of the later Tsuen Wan Line and Kwun Tong Line. Though the eventual East Rail Line opened as a conventional railway in 1910, it did not offer metro service until at least in 1982 when it was electrified.
  24. ^ As of December 2021, the number of stations is 500 if the 82 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) (69 2-line, 11 3-line, and 2 4-line) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while there are 403 stations if they are combined; shared tracks/platforms on Lines 3 and 4 are anyway counted as a single stations (nine in all between Hongqiao Road and Baoshan Road). [120]
  25. ^ This figure excludes Pujiang line, Maglev line and Jinshan Railway, all of which often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system.
  26. ^ Ridership excludes Pujiang line, Maglev line and Jinshan Railway.
  27. ^ As of 28 December 2022, there are 373 stations if the 56 interchange stations (48 2-line, 6 3-line, 2 4-line) (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, while there are 307 stations if they are counted as one station.
  28. ^ There are 262 stations if the 35 (32 2-line, 3 3-line) interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station. There are 300 stations if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line.
  29. ^ Includes Xihu line
  30. ^ Extension of Line A from Itagüí south to La Estrella.
  31. ^ Line A was extended in April 2015.
  32. ^ Opening of the Länsimetro extension on 3 December 2022.
  33. ^ Opening of Toulouse Metro Line B.
  34. ^ Opening of State University Station on Saburtalo Line.
  35. ^ The U3 extension from Olympia-Einkaufszentrum (OEZ) to Moosach.
  36. ^ The Blue Line ( Line 3) also has a 20.7 km (12.9 mi) section (with 4 stations) to the airport that is owned by the Hellenic Railways Organisation and is mainly used by the suburban railway system. [184] [185]
  37. ^ The Green Line ( Line 1), operated until 2011 by Athens–Piraeus Electric Railways, was opened in 1869 as a steam train railway line. It was electrified in 1904, extended with underground sections through the city in 1948, and extended to its full length to Kifissia in 1957 using the right-of-way of a former metre gauge suburban line. Full metro operation since 1904 between Piraeus and Athens and 1957 to Kifissia. In 2011, it was integrated with Athens Metro under the company STASY S.A. [184]
  38. ^ The network consists of 256 stations if transfer stations are counted more than once. If transfer stations are counted only once, the result will be 231 stations. Ashok Park Main station, where the two diverging branches of Green Line share tracks/platforms, is anyway counted as a single station. Stations of Noida Metro and Gurgaon Metro are not counted. If they were counted, then there would be 288 total stations. [206] [207]
  39. ^ The lengths of the Noida Metro and Gurgaon Metro are not counted with the Delhi Metro. If they were counted, the total length of the three systems would be 392.448 km (243.856 mi).
  40. ^ Adelabad station opened
  41. ^ Opening of metro-standards Line 2.
  42. ^ Opening of RajaeeiShahr station.
  43. ^ a b The 43 km (27 mi) Line 1 of Karaj Metro (part of line 5 of Tehran metro) is a commuter rail line, and so is not included in the statistics here. If Line 1 is included, there would be 10 stations.
  44. ^ Opening of metro-standards Line 2.
  45. ^ a b There are 131 stations if interchange stations are counted once, and 146 stations if they are counted multiple times. The 67.5 km (41.9 mi) Line 5 of the Tehran Metro is a commuter rail line, and so is not included in the statistics here – only metro Lines 1–4 and 6–7 are. If Line 5 is included, the total length of the system would be 292.1 km (181.5 mi), and there would be 142 unique stations, and 159 total stations.
  46. ^ Opening of Cibali station in July
  47. ^ As of July 2023, the number is 121 if the 8 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it is 113 if they are combined. [259] [260]
  48. ^ Lines 1, 6, and Naples-Aversa railway only, not line 2, which is commuter rail.
  49. ^ Opening of Duomo station in August
  50. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k In general, the majority of urban rail service in Japanese metropolitan areas is provided by systems not included in this list. For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  51. ^ As of October 2018, the number is 106 if the 7 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it is 99 if they are combined; Higashi-nihombashi station and Bakuro-yokoyama station, where an out-of-system transfer between Asakusa Line and Shinjuku Line is possible, are anyway counted as two stations. [281] [282] [283]
  52. ^ Yŏnggwang and Puhŭng opened in 1987.
  53. ^ Line 1
  54. ^ a b c Includes Busan-Gimhae Light Rail Transit
  55. ^ Daegu Metro Line 3 opened in 2015.
  56. ^ Second phase of line 1
  57. ^ Line 1 fully opened
  58. ^ The Seoul Subway Lines 1-9 and Seoul Light Rapid Transit is actually operated by several different operators – Seoul Metro and Seoul Metro Line 9 Corporation (SLM9), plus through-operation services from Korail – but because all of these lines are owned by the City Government of Seoul, here in the table they are counted together as one system.
  59. ^ a b c Seoul's Metropolitan Subway system can also be viewed as a comprehensive metro network made up of multiple owned/operated metro systems. If viewed as such, the combined route length of Seoul's comprehensive metro-standards network would be 564.2 km (350.6 mi).
  60. ^ Statistics presented include rapid transit lines only: Ampang Line, Sri Petaling Line, Kelana Jaya Line Kajang Line, Putrajaya line and KL Monorail. KLIA Ekspres and KLIA Transit Lines are not included.
  61. ^ The number is 138 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one, or 149 if stations are counted multiple times for each line.
  62. ^ Line 1 of the SITEUR system has some level crossings (with priority) and can be therefore be considered " light rail" instead of " metro".
  63. ^ Line 1 was opened in 1989.
  64. ^ Line 12 opened 2012.
  65. ^ The number is 163 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one, or 195 if stations are counted multiple times for each line. [305]
  66. ^ Note that:
    • "Operación": route length in active revenue and non-revenue service
    • "Servicio": route length in active revenue service
    • "Vuelta": track length in active revenue service
    • "Total": all track length in active revenue, maintenance and non-revenue service
    System length value derived from "RED Servicio" or net route length in active revenue service.
  67. ^ Some sections of the Rotterdam Metro (portions of Lines A, B, E) have some level crossings (with priority) and so could therefore be considered " light rail" instead of " metro".
  68. ^ Blue Line only. Red Line is a heavy rail commuter route.
  69. ^ a b These systems have similarities to light rail systems, because of the existence of a few road level crossings, but are listed since they are almost entirely separated from roads.
  70. ^ The first underground portion was opened in 1928, but that was a tram line. One surface line has origins from 1898. System opened as a full Metro in 1966.
  71. ^ Opening of the Løren station in 2016.
  72. ^ Combined lengths of the Red, Green, and Gold lines.
  73. ^ The number of stations is 229 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms in a single complex) are counted as one station, or 294 if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line.
  74. ^ The number is 64 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station, or 72 if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line.
  75. ^ TMB-operated lines L1-L5 and L9-L11 only. FGC-operated lines L6-L8 share track with other FGC commuter lines, and thus do not qualify as metro-standards lines.
  76. ^ There are 132 stations in the Barcelona Metro if interchange stations are counted once, while there are 163 if they are counted multiple times.
  77. ^ CTB-owned and "Metro Bilbao S.A."-operated line 1 and Line 2 only.
  78. ^ Including TFM, MetroSur and other suburban lines, but not the three Metro Ligero de Madrid lines which are light rail.
  79. ^ The first line, later known as Green Line, was opened by stages during the 1950s, partly converting to metro operations prior rapid tram alignments. These included the oldest tunnel, built in 1933, which name (Tunnelbana) and symbol were bequeathed to the new system.
  80. ^ The Lausanne Metro has two lines: Line M1 is light rail, while Line M2 is rapid transit. The stats listed are for Line M2 only.
  81. ^ As of January 2020, the number is 131 if the 12 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it's 119 if they are combined. Out-of-station transfers at Banqiao and Xinpu - Xinpu Minsheng, which require leaving paid area, are counted as 2 stations each; transfer stations that provide cross-platform interchange are anyway counted as a single stations (four in all: Ximen, CKS Memorial Hall, Guting and Dongmen stations). [358] [359]
  82. ^ Opening of line M4 extension to Kızılay station.
  83. ^ Extension to Gürsu.
  84. ^ As of March 2024, the number is 158 if the 12 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it is 146 if the are combined. [375] [376]
  85. ^ London's Metropolitan Railway first opened for service in 1863, operating steam locomotive trains in cut and cover tunnels. It began operating as a modern metro when electric-propulsion trains began operating on the system's first deep-level tube line in 1890.
  86. ^ Includes both MBTA's heavy and light rail lines, as the light rail utilizes the same tracks and system as the heavy rail. Does not include the Silver Line, as in actuality this is a bus route. Heavy: Red Line, Orange Line, Blue Line Light: Green Line
  87. ^ The originally-elevated Orange Line opened in 1901, sharing the Tremont Street Subway that had opened in 1897 as an underground streetcar tunnel (for the light rail Green Line).
  88. ^ Dated from the opening of " The Loop", when the system became unified and electrified. However, the L first was electrified in 1895, when the Metropolitan West Side Elevated opened. The South Side Main Line opened on June 6th, 1892
  89. ^ This figure comes from the sum of the following figures from the accompanying reference (i.e. "Facts at a Glance". Chicago Transit Authority. December 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2013.): 35.8 miles of elevated route, 35.0 miles at grade level, 20.6 miles on embankments, and 11.4 miles of subway.
  90. ^ a b Rapid transit B and D lines only. All other L.A. Metro Rail lines are light rail, and are not included here.
  91. ^ This was the date of the last extension to the B Line in the rapid transit portion of Los Angeles' Metro Rail.
  92. ^ First regular elevated railway service, originally cable hauled, began in 1868. Elevateds converted to steam power in 1870, electrified by 1903. The first section of electrified subway opened in 1904.
  93. ^ The number is 423 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station, or 472 if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line. [400]
  94. ^ While the line opened as a railroad in 1860, it was not until 1925 that rapid transit equipment would be operated here.
  95. ^ The last completely new stations were the current Newark and Harrison stations, which respectively replaced the Park Place and Harrison stations on a different alignment in 1937. According to PATH, its newest station is World Trade Center, which was completed in 2015 but replaced a previous station on the same site.
  96. ^ Includes SEPTA's rapid transit lines only: Broad Street Line (Orange Line), Market–Frankford Line (Blue Line) and Norristown High Speed Line.
  97. ^ Opening of the Bridge Line, the precursor rapid transit line to PATCO's, which ran between 8th Street in Philadelphia and Broadway in Camden. The current PATCO Speedline, with service through to Lindenwold, opened in 1969. [411]
  98. ^ BART's rapid transit lines only; the eBART line to Antioch and the Oakland International Airport (OAK) APM are excluded.
  99. ^ 47 rapid transit stations, plus three additional stations (two eBART and one AGT) within the system.
  100. ^ This figure excludes the eBART extension from Pittsburg/Bay Point to Antioch (9.2 miles) and the "BART to Oakland International Airport (OAK) elevated guideway" (3.2 miles).
  101. ^ Extension of Circle line to Quruvchilar
  102. ^ Statistics presented here include the Los Teques Metro which functions as effectively a subsidiary and extension of the Caracas Metro.
  103. ^ a b By the end of 2014, Caracas Metro had a length of 54.03 km and 47 stations; [418] further 1.3 km was added with the single-station extension to Bello Monte in the following year. [419] Los Teques Metro contributes to the system's total with 11.9 km in length and four stations. [420]

Ridership notes

  1. ^ This patronage figure is derived from OPAL trips (i.e. a tap-on/tap-off pair of the same OPAL card, including isolated tap-on or tap-off), non-OPAL ridership, as the users of some concessional cards or integrated tickets for events, is excluded.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r All American Public Transportation Association (APTA) figures are derived from unlinked transit passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two passenger trips, transferring twice counts as three trips, etc.).
  3. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the "Heavy Rail (HR)" and "Intermediate Rail (IR)" figures for Toronto from the APTA Ridership report – in other words, this figure includes ridership on the Line 3 Scarborough (RT) line which APTA considers to be "Intermediate Rail (IR)".
  4. ^ Ridership of Guangfo Line counted in Guangzhou's ridership figures.
  5. ^ Note that:
    1. the ridership includes "Domestic Service", "Airport Express" and "Cross-boundary";
    2. "Intercity, Light Rail & Bus" and "High Speed Rail (HSR)" are excluded from the counts.
  6. ^ Figure extrapolated from 3.6 million average daily boardings
  7. ^ Does not include ridership on the RER/ Transilien (941 million in 2021) and the Tramways (266 million).
  8. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the two "Μετρό" figures (Γ1 line, or "Ηλεκτρικός", formerly ran by IASA and Γ2 - Γ3 lines, formerly ran by AMEL) from the OAΣA's 2018 Activity Report.
  9. ^ Figure extrapolated from 50 000 average daily boardings.
  10. ^ Figure extrapolated from 42 000 average daily boardings
  11. ^ 56.4 million including 4 Funicular lines
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Compared to European or North American systems, Japanese rapid transit systems are generally neither thought of as metros nor as completely subterranean "subways" complicating whether only using the municipal subway statistic is accurate when comparing with other Metros around the world. As example Tokyo Metro and the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation's Toei Subway constitute only 22% of the 14.6 billion metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Tokyo ( MLIT Yearly Statistics). In addition, when one considers intracity lines of JR East and private railway companies, Greater Tokyo (130 lines) has higher daily ridership than any other metropolitan area in the world with 14.6 billion passengers annually. The Osaka Municipal Subway also has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Osaka, constituting only 17.6% of Greater Osaka's 4.745 billion rail passengers annually in 2010. Including the municipal subway systems in both Kobe and Kyoto, the result still only comprises 22% of all rail travel in the Greater Osaka area with 1065.8 million passengers yearly ( MLIT Yearly Statistics). For Greater Nagoya, the Nagoya Municipal Subway has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Nagoya constituting only 38% of Greater Nagoya's 1.095 billion rail passengers annually in 2010 ( MLIT Yearly Statistics). For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan with ridership statistics, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  13. ^ This ridership figure includes the Busan-Gimhae Light Rail Transit ridership in the total.
  14. ^ This figure counts only gate-passers, so it only includes Seoul Metro and Seoul Subway Line 9 riders. Other lines that function as separate systems within the greater Seoul urban rail network are excluded.
  15. ^ Ridership is based on unlinked passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two trips, transferring between three lines counts as three trips, etc.).
  16. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the total annual trips (수송인원, boarding and transfer passengers) on the two sections (Phase 1 and Phase 2) of the line, from the accompanying reference.
  17. ^ This figure includes in full the ridership on Amstelveen Line until March 2019, when route 51 was curtailed at Zuid Station.
  18. ^ This figure is the sum of the passenger ridership on the two LRTA lines, L1 and L2, from the accompanying reference; it is based on unlinked passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two trips, etc.).
  19. ^ Figure extrapolated from 3,243,000 average daily ridership.
  20. ^ Figure extrapolated from 1 265 900 average daily boardings.
  21. ^ Ridership figure is for rapid transit Line M2 only; ridership on the light rail M1 line is excluded.
  22. ^ Does not include ridership on the separate Docklands Light Railway (39.9 million), London Overground (53.8 million), Tramlink or National Rail systems within Greater London.
  23. ^ L.A. Metro's heavy rail lines, B and D lines, only.
  24. ^ Excluding Shaoxing, Taiyuan, and Luoyang systems, which had no data.
  25. ^ Excluding Kanpur and Pune systems which had no data.
  26. ^ Excluding Adana and Bursa systems which had very old data.
  27. ^ Excluding Isfahan, Karaj and Tabriz systems which had no data.
  28. ^ Excluding Guadalajara system which had no data.
  29. ^ Excluding Taichung system which had no data.
  30. ^ Lausanne Métro Line M1 (with 28 stations), is considered light rail

References

System references

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    As for the station opened after the end of 2019, see "Estação Estrada Parque começa a funcionar na segunda-feira" [Estrada Parque station starts operating on Monday]. Correio Braziliense (in Brazilian Portuguese). Diários Associados. 3 January 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.

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Ridership references

  1. ^ "Statistiques voyageur" [Passenger statistics] (in French). Entreprise Métro d'Alger. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Pasajeras y pasajeros pagos transportados por línea de subterráneo y premetro. Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Enero de 2010/ diciembre de 2023".
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Основные технико-эксплуатационные характеристики метрополитенов за 2022 год [Main technical and operational specifications for Subways in Year 2022] (PDF) (in Russian). Международная Ассоциация "Метро" [International Association of Metros]. Retrieved 25 October 2023.
  4. ^ "Monthly comparison of Metro trips by Operator and Line". Transport for NSW. 2022. Retrieved 7 July 2023.
  5. ^ "Metro Patronage – About the Data". Transport for NSW. 2022. Retrieved 20 January 2023.
  6. ^ "Facts & Figures – Operating Data 2019" (PDF). Wiener Linien. June 2020. p. 1. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  7. ^ "ALGEMENE INDICATOREN" (PDF). STIB/MIVB. 30 May 2023. p. 1. Retrieved 29 August 2023.
  8. ^ "RELATÓRIO DE GESTÃO 2019" [2019 Management Report] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Companhia Brasileira de Trens Urbanos (CBTU). 31 December 2019. p. 39. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  9. ^ "Relatório de Administração 2022" [Management Report] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Metrô-DF. 27 March 2023. p. 20. Retrieved 1 July 2023.
  10. ^ "Carta Anual de Governança Corporativa" [Annual Corporate Governance Letter] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Metrofor. June 2023. p. 8. Retrieved 1 July 2023.
  11. ^ "Relatório Integrado 2022" [Integrated Report 2022] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Empresa de Trens Urbanos de Porto Alegre S.A. – TRENSURB. 31 May 2023. p. 26. Retrieved 1 July 2023.
  12. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of those quoted for the two metro lines: