List of invertebrates of California

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This list of invertebrates of California lists invertebrate species (animals without a backbone) that are found in the US State of California. This list includes animals from the land, from freshwater, and from the ocean. The sequence of phyla is alphabetical.

Species that are endemic to the State of California are indicated using an [e], introduced species with an [i], and invasive species with an [n].

Acanthocephala

Acoelomorpha

Annelida [1] [2]

Many of these species were described by Hulton Wood and Samuel James.

Species Common name
Allolobophora chlorotica [i] [1]
Aporrectodea caliginosa [i] [1]
Aporrectodea trapezoides [i] [1]
Aporrectodea tuberculata [i] [1]
Argilophilus papillifer [1]
Argilophilus margaritae [2]
Dendrobaena rubida [i] [1]
Diplocardia californiana [2]
Diplocardia woodi [2]
Diplocardia montana [1]
Dodecaceria fewkesi Fringed filament worm
Eisenia rosea [i] [1]
Eiseniella tetraedra [i] [1]
Lumbricidae juveniles [i] [1]
Microscolex dubius [i] [1]
Phragmatopoma californica Sandcastle worm, honeycomb worm
Sabaco elongatus Tube worm
Glycera americana American bloodworm

Arthropoda

Subphylum Crustacea

Class Branchiopoda

Order Anostraca

Family Branchinectidae, fairy shrimp
Species Common name
Branchinecta conservatio Conservancy fairy shrimp
Branchinecta longiantenna Longhorn fairy shrimp
Branchinecta sandiegoensis San Diego fairy shrimp
Branchinecta lynchi Vernal Pool fairy shrimp
Streptocephalus woottoni Riverside fairy shrimp
Pacifastacus fortis Shasta crayfish, placid crayfish

Order Notostraca tadpole shrimp

Species Common name
Lepidurus packardi Vernal pool tadpole shrimp

Order Anomopoda water fleas

Species Common name
Dumontia oregonensis Hairy water flea

Class Hexanauplia

Species Common name
Megabalanus californicus California barnacle
Pollicipes polymerus Gooseneck barnacle
Tetraclita rubescens Pink volcano barnacle

Class Malacostraca

Order Decapoda, decapods

Species Common name
Syncaris pacifica California freshwater shrimp
Neotrypaea californiensis [e] Bay ghost shrimp
Palaemon macrodactylus [i] Korean shrimp
Loxorhynchus grandis Sheep crab
Taliepus nuttallii Southern kelp crab
Loxorhynchus crispatus Decorator crab
Oregonia gracilis Graceful decorator crab
Emerita analoga [e] Pacific sand crab, pacific mole crab
Pachygrapsus crassipes [e] Striped shore crab
Pyromaia tuberculata Spider crab, tuberculate pear crab
Carcinus maenas [n] European green crab, green crab, green shore crab
Eriocheir sinensis [n] Chinese mitten crab
Hemigrapsus oregonensis Yellow shore crab
Rhithropanopeus harrisii [i] Harris crab
Randallia ornata Globe crab
Panulirus interruptus California spiny lobster

Order Isopoda, isopods

Species Common name
Synidotea laevidorsalis
Elthusa californica
Elthusa vulgaris

Suborder Oniscidea

Species Common name
Alloniscus mirabilis Stuxberg, 1875
Alloniscus perconvexus Dana, 1856
Cubaris affinis Dana, 1854
Cubaris californica Budde-Lund, 1885
Venezillo arizonicus Mulaik and Mulaik, 1942
Venezillo microphthalmus Arcangeli, 1932
Armadillidium vulgare Latreille, 1804 Common pill-bug, common pill woodlouse, roly-poly, potato bug, slater, doodle bug
Armadilloniscus coronacapitalis Menzies, 1950
Armadilloniscus holmesi Arcangeli, 1933
Armadilloniscus lindahli Richardson, 1905
Detonella paillicornis Richardson, 1904
Ligia pallasii Brandt, 1833 Rock louse
Ligidium gracile Dana, 1856
Ligidium latum Jackson, 1923
Oniscus asellus Linnaeaus, 1758 Common woodlouse
Littorophiloscia richardsonae Holmes & Gay, 1909
Niambia capensis Dollfus, 1895
Platyarthrus aiasensis Legrand, 1953
Porcellio dilatatus Brandt, 1833
Porcellio laevis Latreille, 1804
Porcellio scaber Latreille, 1804
Porcellionides floria Garthwaite & Sassaman, 1985
Haplophthalmus danicus Budde-Lund, 1885 Terrestrial cave isopod
Tylos punctatus Holmes & Gay, 1909

Class Insecta

Order Coleoptera

Family Carabidae, ground beetles
Species Common name
Cicindela ohlone Ohlone tiger beetle
Elaphrus viridis Delta green ground beetle
Family Cerambycidae, longhorn beetles
Species Common name
Desmocerus californicus dimorphus Valley elderberry longhorn beetle
Desmocerus californicus californicus California elderberry longhorn beetle
Family Scarabaeidae, scarabs
Species Common name
Polyphylla barbata Mount Hermon June beetle
Polyphylla decemlineata Ten-lined June beetle
Chrysochus cobaltinus Cobalt milkweed beetle
Diabrotica undecimpunctata Spotted cucumber beetle

Order Collembola

Order Dermaptera, earwigs

Species Common name
Euborellia annulipes Ring-legged Earwig
Forficula auricularia European earwig, common earwig
Labidura riparia Shore earwig

Order Dictyoptera

Order Diptera

Species Common name
Ablautus schlingeri Oso Flaco robber fly
Apiocera warneri Glamis sand fly
Brennania belkini Belkin's dune tabanid fly
Efferia antiochi Antioch efferian robberfly
Efferia macroxipha Glamis robberfly
Metapogon hurdi Hurd's metapogon robberfly
Paracoenia calida Wilbur Springs shore fly
Rhaphiomidas terminatus abdominalis Delhi Sands flower-loving fly

Order Embiidina

Order Ephemeroptera

Order Grylloblattidae

Order Hemiptera

Species Common name
Oravelia pege Dry Creek cliff strider bug
Saldula usingeri Wilbur Springs shorebug

Order Hymenoptera, sawflies, bees, wasps, and ants

Species Common name
Apis mellifera Western honey bee, European honey bee
Bombus crotchii Crotch bumble bee
Bombus suckleyi Suckley cuckoo bumble bee
Bombus occidentalis occidentalis Western bumble bee
Bombus franklini Franklin bumble bee
Chalybion californicum Blue mud wasp, mud dauber
Pepsis pallidolimbata Tarantula hawk
Polistes dominula European paper wasp
Sceliphron caementarium Black and yellow mud dauber
Sphex ichneumoneus Great golden digger wasp
Vespula sulphurea California yellowjacket, western yellowjacket

Order Isoptera

Order Lepidoptera

Family Hesperiidae, skippers
Species Common name
Pyrgus ruralis lagunae Laguna Mountains skipper
Pyrgus communis Common checkered skipper
Ochlodes sylvanoides Woodland skipper
Ochlodes yuma Yuma skipper
Hylephila phyleus Fiery skipper
Poanes melane Umber skipper
Amblyscirtes vialis Roadside skipper
Atalopedes campestris Field skipper, sachem
Carterocephalus palaemon Arctic skipper
Epargyreus clarus Silver-spotted skipper
Heliopetes ericetorum Northern white skipper
Erynnis propertius Propertius duskywing
Erynnis tristis Mournful duskywing
Erynnis brizo lacustra Leathery oak duskywing, sleepy duskywing
Erynnis funeralis Funereal duskywing
Mark Zuckerberg
Family Nymphalidae
Species Common name
Speyeria zerene behrensii Behren's silverspot butterfly
Speyeria callippe Callippe fritillary
Speyeria callippe callippe Callippe silverspot butterfly
Speyeria zerene myrtleae Myrtle's silverspot butterfly
Speyeria zerene hippolyta Oregon silverspot butterfly
Euphydryas editha bayensis Bay checkerspot butterfly
Euphydryas editha quino Quino checkerspot
Euphydryas chalcedona Variable checkerspot
Vanessa atalanta Red admiral
Vanessa cardui Painted lady
Vanessa annabella West coast lady
Vanessa virginiensis American lady
Nymphalis antiopa Mourning cloak
Nymphalis californica California tortoiseshell
Nymphalis milberti Milbert's Tortoiseshell
Family Lycaenidae, gossamer-winged butterflies
Species Common name
Euphilotes enoptes smithi Smith's blue butterfly
Euphilotes battoides allyni El Segundo blue butterfly
Glaucopsyche lygdamus palosverdesensis Palos Verdes blue butterfly
Icaricia icarioides missionensis Mission blue butterfly
Incisalia mossii bayensis San Bruno elfin butterfly
Plebejus idas lotis Lotis blue butterfly
Family Riodinidae, metalmarks
Species Common name
Apodemia mormo langei Lange's metalmark butterfly
Apodemia mormo Mormon metalmark
Family Sphingidae, hawk moths, sphinx moths
Species Common name
Euproserpinus euterpe Kern primrose sphinx moth
Eumorpha achemon Achemon sphinx
Hyles lineata White-lined sphinx
Family Papilionidae, hawk moths, sphinx moths
Species Common name
Battus philenor Pipevine swallowtail
Papilio zelicaon Anise swallowtail
Papilio rutulus Western tiger swallow
Papilio multicaudata Two-tailed swallowtail
Papilio eurymedon Pale swallowtail
Papilio indra Indra swallowtail
Parnassius clodius Clodius Parnassian
Parnassius phoebus behrii Behr's Parnassian

Order Mallophaga

Order Mecoptera, scorpionflies

Species Common name
Orobittacus obscurus Gold rush hanging scorpionfly

Order Neuroptera

Order Odonata, dragonflies and damselflies

Suborder Anisoptera
Species Common name
Aeshna palmata Paddle-tailed darner
Aeshna walkeri Walker's darner
Anax junius Common green darner
Anax walsinghami Giant darner
Cordulegaster dorsalis Pacific spiketail
Erpetogomphus compositus White-belted spiketail
Erpetogomphus lampropeltis Serpent ringtail
Macromia magnifica Western river cruiser
Octogomphus specularis Grappletail
Progomphus borealis Gray sanddragon
Rhionaeschna californica California darner
Rhionaeschna multicolor Blue-eyed darner
Rhionaeschna psilus Turquoise-tipped darner
Stylurus intricatus Brimstone clubtail
Stylurus plagiatus Russet-tipped clubtail
Family Libellulidae
Species Common name
Brachymesia furcata Red-tailed pennant
Brechmorhoga mendax Pale-faced clubskimmer
Erythemis collocata Western pondhawk
Erythemis vesiculosa Great pondhawk
Erythrodiplax basifusca Plateau dragonlet
Libellula comanche Comanche skimmer
Libellula composita Bleached skimmer
Libellula croceipennis Neon skimmer
Libellula forensis Eight-spotted skimmer
Libellula luctuosa Window skimmer
Libellula nodisticta Hoary skimmer
Libellula pulchella Twelve-spotted skimmer
Libellula quadrimaculata Four-spotted skimmer
Libellula saturata Flame skimmer
Macrodiplax balteata Marl pennant
Orthemis ferruginea Roseate skimmer
Pachydiplax longipennis Blue dasher
Paltothemis lineatipes Red rock skimmer
Pantala flavescens Wandering glider
Pantala hymenaea Spot-winged glider
Perithemis intensa Mexican amberwing
Plathemis lydia Common whitetail
Plathemis subornata Desert whitetail
Pseudoleon superbus Filigree skimmer
Sympetrum corruptum Variegated meadowhawk
Sympetrum illotum Cardinal meadowhawk
Sympetrum madidum Red-veined meadowhawk
Sympetrum pallipes Striped meadowhawk
Sympetrum vicinum Autumn meadowhawk
Tramea calverti Striped saddlebag
Tramea lacerata Black saddlebag
Tramea onusta Red saddlebag
Suborder Zygoptera
Species Common name
Archilestes californicus California spreadwing
Archilestes grandis Greater spreadwing
Hetaerina americana American rubyspot
Lestes congener Spotted spreadwing
Lestes dryas Emerald spreadwing
Lestes stultus Black spreadwing
Subfamily Coenagrionoidea
Species Common name
Amphiagrion abbreviatum Western red damsel
Argia agrioides California dancer
Argia alberta Paiute dancer
Argia emma Emma's dancer
Argia hinei Lavender dancer
Argia lugens Sooty dancer
Argia moesta Powdered dancer
Argia nahuana Aztec dancer
Argia sedula Blue-ringed dancer
Argia vivida Vivid dancer
Enallagma annexum Northern bluet
Enallagma basidens Double-striped bluet
Enallagma carunculatum Tule bluet
Enallagma civile Familiar bluet
Enallagma praevarum Arroyo bluet
Ischnura barberi Dessert forktail
Ischnura cervula Pacific forktail
Ischnura denticollis Black-fronted forktail
Ischnura hastata Citrine forktail
Ischnura perparva Western forktail
Ischnura ramburii Rambur's forktail
Telebasis salva Desert firetail
Zoniagrion exclamationis Exclamation damsel

Order Orthoptera, grasshoppers, katydids, and crickets

Species Common name
Aglaothorax longipenni Santa Monica shieldback katydid
Ammopelmatus kelsoensis Kelso jerusalem cricket
Arphia behrensi California sulphur-winged grasshopper
Dissosteira pictipennis California rose-winged grasshopper
Stenopelmatus fuscus Jerusalem cricket
Trimerotropis infantilis Zayante band-winged grasshopper
Trimerotropis pallidipennis Pallid-winged grasshopper

Order Phasmida

Order Phthiraptera, lice

Species Common name
Pediculus humanus capitis Head louse
Pediculus humanus corporis Body louse
Pthirus pubis Pubic louse, crab louse

Order Plecoptera, stoneflies

Species Common name
Capnia lacustra Lake Tahoe benthic stonefly

Order Protura

Order Psocoptera

Order Siphonaptera

Order Siphunculata

Order Strepsiptera

Order Trichoptera

Species Common name
Cryptochia denningi Denning's cryptic caddisfly
Cryptochia excella Kings Canyon cryptochian caddisfly
Cryptochia shasta Confusion caddisfly
Diplectrona californica California diplectronan caddisfly
Ecclisomyia bilera Kings Creek ecclysomyian caddisfly
Farula praelonga Long-tailed caddisfly
Goeracea oregona Sagehen Creek goeracean caddisfly
Lepidostoma ermanae Cold Spring caddisfly
Limnephilus atercus Fort Dick limnephilus caddisfly
Neothremma genella Golden-horned caddisfly
Neothremma siskiyou Siskiyou caddisfly
Parapsyche extensa King's Creek parapsyche caddisfly
Rhyacophila lineata Castle Crags rhyacophilan caddisfly
Rhyacophila mosana Bilobed rhyacophilan caddisfly
Rhyacophila spinata Spiny rhyacophilan caddisfly

Order Thysanoptera

Order Thysanura

Order Zoraptera

Brachiopoda

Bryozoa

Class Gymnolaemata

Species Common name
Jellyella tuberculata
Bugula neritina [i] Mossy bryozoan, brown bryozoan
Cryptosula pallasiana [i]
Schizoporella unicornis [i]

Chaetognatha

Chordata

Subphylum Urochordata [3]

Class Ascidiacea

Order Enterogona

Family Aplousobranchia, [3] sea squirts
Species Common name
Aplidium californicum Sea Pork
Aplidium solidum Red Ascidian, Sea Pork
Clavelina huntsmani
Cystodytes lobatus
Didemnum carnulentum
Diplosoma listerianum
Distaplia smithi
Distaplia occidentalis
Eudistoma molle
Eudistoma psammion
Euherdmania claviformis
Polyclinum planum Elephant ear tunicate
Pycnoclavella stanleyi
Ritterella pulchra
Ritterella rubra
Synoicum parfustis
Trididemnum opacum
Family Phlebobranchia, sea squirts
Species Common name
Ascidia ceratodes
Corella willmeriana Transparent tunicate, transparent sea squirt, solitary tunicate
Ciona savignyi [i] [n] Pacific transparent sea squirt or solitary sea squirt
Perophora annectens

Order Stolidobranchia

Species Common name
Botryllus schlosseri [i] Star tunicate
Boltenia villosa Spiny-headed tunicate, hairy sea squirt, bristly tunicate, stalked hairy sea squirt
Cnemidocarpa finmarkiensis Broad base sea squirt, red sea squirt, shiny orange sea squirt
Halocynthia igaboja Sea hedgehog, bristly tunicate
Metandrocarpa taylori
Pyura haustor Wrinkled seapump
Styela montereyensis Stalked tunicate, Monterey stalked tunicate
Styela clava [i] Leathery sea squirt
Branchiostoma californiense [4]
Molgula manhattensis
Botrylloides violaceus [i] Chain tunicate
Botrylloides diegensis [i] San Diego sea squirt

Order Phlebobranchia

Species Common name
Ciona intestinalis

Cnidaria

Class Scyphozoa, true jellyfish

Species Common name
Aurelia labiata Moon jelly, greater moon jelly
Chrysaora colorata Purple-striped jelly
Chrysaora fuscescens Pacific sea nettle, West Coast sea nettle
Chrysaora achlyos Black sea nettle
Cyanea capillata Lion's mane jellyfish, giant jellyfish

Class Hydrozoa

Species Common name
Velella velella By-the-wind-sailor, sea raft, little sail
Aequorea victoria Crystal jelly

Class Anthozoa, sea anemones and corals

Order Actiniaria

Species Common name
Urticina piscivora Fish-eating anemone
Anthopleura xanthogrammica Giant green anemone, green surf anemone
Anthopleura sola Sunburst anemone, starburst anemone
Anthopleura elegantissima Aggregating anemone
Diadumene lineata Orange-striped green anemone
Balanophyllia elegans Orange cup coral
Anthomastus ritteri Mushroom soft coral

Order Pennatulacea

Species Common name
Stylatula elongata Slender sea pen

Ctenophora

Class Tentaculata

Species Common name
Kiyohimea usagi Matsumoto & Robison, 1992

Cycliophora

Echinodermata

Class Asteroidea

Species Common name
Patiria miniata Bat star
Pisaster brevispinus Pink sea star
Pisaster brevispinus Pink bay star
Pisaster giganteus Knobby sea star, giant spined star
Pisaster ochraceous Ocher sea star

Class Ophiuroidea

Species Common name
Amphiodia occidentalis Brittle star

Class Echinoidea

Species Common name
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus Purple sea urchin
Strongylocentrotus franciscanus Red sea urchin

Echiura

Class Polychaeta

Species Common name
Urechis caupo Fat innkeeper worm

Entoprocta

Gastrotricha

Order Macrodasyida

Species Common name
Paraturbanella solitaria Todaro, M. A. Gastrotich
Urodasys anorektoxys Todaro & Hummon, 2000 Gastrotich

Gnathostomulida

Hemichordata

Kinorhyncha

Loricifera

Order Nanaloricida

Species Common name
Rugiloricus californiensis

Micrognathozoa

Mollusca

Class Bivalvia, bivalves

Order Mytilida

Species Common name
Mytilus californianus California mussel
Mytilus trossulus [i] Bay mussel, foolish mussel
Mytilus galloprovincialis Mediterranean mussel
Musculista senhousia [i] Green mussel
Geukensia demissa Atlantic ribbed marsh mussel, ribbed horsemussel

Order Ostreida

Species Common name
Ostrea lurida Olympia oyster
Crassostrea virginica [i] Eastern oyster, American oyster, Atlantic oyster
Crassostrea gigas [i] Pacific oyster, Japanese oyster, Miyagi oyster

Order Venerida

Species Common name
Gemma gemma [i] Gem clam
Pseudochama exogyra Jewel box clam, reversed chama
Ruditapes philippinarum Japanese littleneck

Order Myida

Species Common name
Mya arenaria [i] Atlantic softshell clam
Potamocorbula amurensis [n] Overbite clam, Asian clam

Class Gastropoda, gastropods

Order Archaeogastropoda

Species Common name
Haliotis sorenseni White abalone
Haliotis cracherodii Black abalone
Lottia gigantea Owl limpet
Lottia scabra Rough limpet
Megathura crenulata Giant keyhole limpet
Fissurella volcano Volcano limpet

Order Pulmonata

Species Common name
Helminthoglypta walkeriana Banded Dune Snail, Morro shoulderband
Monadenia setosa Trinity bristle snail
Monadenia infumata Redwood sideband snail

Order Stylommatophora

Species Common name
Ariolimax columbianus Pacific banana slug
Ariolimax dolichophallus Slender banana slug
Lehmannia valentiana Three-banded garden slug, Valencia slug, greenhouse slug
Deroceras invadens Tramp slug
Deroceras reticulatum Gray field slug, milky slug
Arion hortensis Garden slug
Milax gagates Greenhouse slug, jet slug
Cornu aspersum (formerly named Helix aspersa Garden snail, European garden snail, brown garden snail
Oxychilus cellarius Cellar glass snail

Order Nudibranchia

Species Common name
Diaulula sandiegensis Dorid Nudibranch
Flabellinopsis iodinea Spanish shawl
Hermissenda crassicornis Thick-horned nudibranch
Hopkinsia rosacea Hopkin's rose
Sakuraeolis enosimensis

Order Neotaenioglossa

Species Common name
Crepidula adunca Hooked slipper snail
Crepidula convexa [i] Convex slipper snail
Crepidula plana [i] Eastern white slipper snail

Order Neogastropoda

Species Common name
Busycotypus canaliculatus [i] Channeled whelk
Ilyanassa obsoleta Eastern mud snail
Kelletia kelletii Kellet's whelk
Urosalpinx cinerea [i] Atlantic oyster drill

Order Trochida

Species Common name
Tegula funebralis Black turban snail
Tegula brunnea Brown turban snail
Megastraea undosa Wavy turban
Norrisia norrisii Kelp snail

Order Littorinimorpha

Species Common name
Dodecaceria fewkesi Tube snail
Littorina planaxis Eroded periwinkle

Superfamily Aplysioidea

Species Common name
Aplysia californica California sea hare
Aplysia vaccaria Black sea hare

Order Cephalaspidea

Species Common name
Navanax inermis California aglaja

Superfamily Cerithioidea

Species Common name
Alabina barbarensis Bartsch, 1911
Alabina californica Dall & Bartsch, 1901
Alabina hamlini Bartsch, 1911
Alabina monicenis Bartsch, 1911
Alabina phanea Bartsch, 1911
Alabina tenuisculpta Bartsch, 1911

Class Cephalopoda, cephalopods

Subclass Coleoidea

Species Common name
Abraliopsis falco Young, 1972
Bathyteuthis berryi Roper, 1968
Chiroteuthis calyx Young, 1972
Cirroteuthis macrope Berry, 1911 Vampire squid
Eledonella heathi Berry, 1911
Galiteuthis phyllura Berry, 1911 Cockatoo squid
Gonatus californiensis Young, 1972
Gonatus onyx Young, 1972 Clawed armhook squid, black-eyed squid
Gonatus pyros Young, 1972
Order Octopoda
Species Common name
Enteroctopus dofleini Giant Pacific octopus
Octopus bimaculoides Two-spot octopus
Octopus rubescens East Pacific red octopus, red octopus

Order Myopsida

Species Common name
Doryteuthis opalescens Opalescent inshore squid

Class Polyplacophora

Species Common name
Acanthochitona imperatrix Watters, 1981
Acanthopleura fluxa Carpenter, 1864
Cryptochiton stelleri Gumboot chiton
Nuttallina fluxa Spiny chiton
Stenoplax conspicua Conspicuous chiton

Mesozoa

Nematoda

Species Common name
Acanthonchus viviparus
Cyatholaimus jollaensis
Deontostoma arcticum
Deontostoma demani
Dorylaimopsis perfecta
Gomphionema fellator
Microlaimus macrolaimus
Microlaimus macrolaimus
Paracanthonchus mortenseni
Paracanthonchus paramacrodon
Seuratiella californica
Seuratiella duplex
Seuratiella pedroensis
Skrjabinoclava hartwichi
Synonema californicum

Nematomorpha

Nemertea

Class Anopla

Species Common name
Cerebratulus lineolatus Coe, 1905

Class Enopla

Species Common name
Carcinonemertes errantia Wickham, 1978
Carcinonemertes kurisi Sadeghian & Santos, 2010
Carcinonemertes wickhami
Chunianna opaca Coe, 1954
Chunianna pacifica Coe, 1954
Chuniella tenella Coe, 1954
Cuneonemertes elongata Coe, 1954
Cuneonemertes obesa Coe, 1945
Dichonemertes hartmanae Coe, 1938
Malacobdella macomae Kozloff, 1991
Paradinonemertes macrostomum Coe
Poseidonemertes collaris Roe & Wickham, 1984
Acanthobothrium unilateralis Alexander, 1953
Tubonemertes aureola Coe, 1954

Onychophora

Pentastoma

Phoronida

Class Cestoda

Species Common name
Phoronopsis californica
Phoronopsis harmeri

Placozoa

Platyhelminthes

Class Cestoda

Species Common name
Acanthobothrium brachyacanthum Riser, 1955
Acanthobothrium goldsteini Appy & Dailey, 1973
Acanthobothrium hispidum Riser, 1955
Acanthobothrium holorhini Alexander, 1953
Acanthobothrium maculatum Riser, 1955
Acanthobothrium microcephalus
Acanthobothrium olseni Dailey & Mudry, 1968
Acanthobothrium parviuncinatum Young, 1954
Acanthobothrium rhinobati Alexander, 1953
Acanthobothrium robustum Alexander, 1953
Acanthobothrium unilateralis Alexander, 1953

Class Turbellaria

Species Common name
Collastoma pacifica Kozloff
Dendrocoelopsis hymanae Kawakatsu
Nexilis epichitonius Holleman & Hand
Notocomplana acticola Flatworm
Phagocata nivea tahoena Kawakatsu
Plehnia caeca Hyman, 1953
Polycelis monticola Kenk & Hampton
Polycelis sierrensis Kenk, 1973
Polychoerus carmelensis Costello & Costello
Sphalloplana californica Kenk, 1977

Pogonophora

Porifera

Class Demospongiae

Species Common name
Halichondria bowerbanki Yellow sponge, yellow sun sponge
Clathria prolifera Red beard sponge
Tethya aurantia Orange puffball sponge
Oscarella carmela Slime sponge
Plakina bioxea

Subclass Tetractinomorpha

Order Astrophorida

Species Common name
Dercitus syrmatitus
Geodia agassizii
Geodia breviana
Geodia gibberosa White encrusting sponge
Geodia mesotriaena
Geodia mesotrianella
Geodia ovis
Geodia robusta megasterra
Penares cortius
Penares saccharis
Poecillastra rickettsi
Poecillastra tenuilaminaris
Sidonops angulata
Stelletta clarella
Stelletta estrella
Stoeba syrmatitus

Order Hadromerida

Species Common name
Cliona californiana Yellow boring sponge, sulphur sponge
Polymastia pachymastia
Polymastia pacifica
Protosuberites sisyrnus
Rhizaxinella gadus
Spheciospongia confoederata
Suberites latus
Suberites suberea
Tethya californiana
Timea authia

Order Spirophorida

Species Common name
Craniella arb
Tetilla mutabilis

Subclass Ceractinomorpha

Order Poecilosclerida

Species Common name
Acarnus erithacus
Artemisina archegona
Cyamon catalina
Cyamon koltuni
Cyamon neon
Iophon lamella
Iophon rayae

Suborder Myxillina

Species Common name
Acanthancora cyanocrypta
Isodyctya quatsinoensis
Phorbas californiana
Phorbas hoffmani
Plocamionida lyoni

Priapulida

Rotifera

Sipuncula

Species Common name
Apionsoma murinae Cutler, 1969
Dendrostoma perimeces Fisher, 1928
Dendrostoma petraeum Fisher, 1928
Dendrostomum dyscritum Fisher, 1952

Tardigrada

Class Heterotardigrada

Species Common name
Batillipes gilmartini McGinty, 1969
Echiniscoides sigismundi Schultze, 1865
Echiniscus becki Schuster & Grigarick, 1966
Echiniscus blumi Richters, 1903
Pseudechiniscus raneyi Grigarick et al., 1964

Xenacoelomorpha

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Wood & James (1993)
  2. ^ a b c d James, S W (1994)
  3. ^ a b Watanabe, James M.
  4. ^ Vargas & Dean (2010)

References