From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Below is a list of U.S. state birds as designated by each state's, district's or territory's government.

The selection of state birds began with Kentucky adopting the northern cardinal in 1926. It continued when the legislatures for Alabama, Florida, Maine, Missouri, Oregon, Texas and Wyoming selected their state birds after a campaign was started by the General Federation of Women's Clubs to name official state birds in the 1920s. [1] [2] The last state to choose its bird was Arizona in 1973. [3]

Pennsylvania never chose an official state bird, but did choose the ruffed grouse as the state game bird. Alaska, California, and South Dakota permit hunting of their state birds. Alabama, Georgia, Massachusetts, Missouri, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and Tennessee have designated an additional "state game bird" for the purpose of hunting. The northern cardinal is the state bird of seven states, followed by the western meadowlark as the state bird of six states.

The District of Columbia designated a district bird in 1938. [4] Of the five inhabited territories of the United States, American Samoa and Puerto Rico are the only ones without territorial birds.

State birds

State,
district,
or territory
Bird Scientific name Picture Year
Alabama Yellowhammer (northern flicker) Colaptes auratus 1927 [5]
Alaska Willow ptarmigan Lagopus lagopus 1955 [6]
American Samoa None
(See List of birds of American Samoa)
Arizona Cactus wren Campylorhynchus
brunneicapillus
1973 [7]
Arkansas Northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos 1929 [8]
California California quail Callipepla californica 1931 [9]
Colorado Lark bunting Calamospiza melanocorys 1931 [10]
Connecticut American robin Turdus migratorius 1943 [11]
Delaware Delaware Blue Hen Gallus gallus 1939 [12]
District of Columbia Wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina 1938 [4]
Florida Northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos 1927 [13]
Georgia Brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum 1928 [14]
Guam Guam rail (ko'ko') Gallirallus owstoni 2000 [15]
Hawaii Hawaiian goose (nēnē) Branta sandvicensis 1957 [16]
Idaho Mountain bluebird Sialia currucoides 1931 [17]
Illinois Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1929 [18]
Indiana Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1933 [19]
Iowa Eastern goldfinch (American goldfinch) Spinus tristis 1933 [20]
Kansas Western meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1933 [21]
Kentucky Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1926 [22]
Louisiana Brown pelican Pelecanus occidentalis 1966 [23]
Maine Chickadee Poecile atricapillus 1927 [24]
Maryland Baltimore oriole Icterus galbula 1947 [25]
Massachusetts Black-capped chickadee Poecile atricapilla 1941 [26]
Michigan American robin Turdus migratorius 1931 [27]
Minnesota Common loon Gavia immer 1961 [28]
Mississippi Northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos 1944 [29]
Missouri Eastern bluebird Sialia sialis 1927 [30]
Montana Western meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1941 [31]
Nebraska Western meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1929 [32]
Nevada Mountain bluebird Sialia currucoides 1967 [33]
New Hampshire Purple finch Carpodacus purpureus 1957 [34]
New Jersey Eastern goldfinch (American goldfinch) Spinus tristis 1935 [35]
New Mexico Greater roadrunner Geococcyx californianus 1949 [36]
New York Eastern bluebird Sialia sialis 1970 [37]
North Carolina Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1943 [38]
North Dakota Western meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1970 [39]
Northern Mariana Islands Mariana fruit-dove Ptilinopus roseicapilla ?
Ohio Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1933 [40]
Oklahoma Scissor-tailed flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus 1951 [41]
Oregon Western meadowlark
(state songbird) [a]
Sturnella neglecta 1927 [43]
2017 [44]
Pennsylvania Ruffed grouse [b]
Puerto Rico None [46] [47]
Rhode Island Rhode Island Red Gallus gallus 1954 [48]
South Carolina Carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus 1948 [49]
South Dakota Ring-necked pheasant Phasianus colchicus 1943 [50]
Tennessee Northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos 1933 [51]
Texas Northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos 1927 [52]
Utah California gull Larus californicus 1955 [53]
Vermont Hermit thrush Catharus guttatus 1941 [54]
Virgin Islands Bananaquit Coereba flaveola 1970
Virginia Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1950 [55]
Washington Willow goldfinch (American goldfinch) Spinus tristis 1951 [56]
West Virginia Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 1949 [57]
Wisconsin American robin Turdus migratorius 1949 [58]
Wyoming Western meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 1927 [59]

Notes

  1. ^ The western meadowlark was proclaimed the state bird by Governor I. L. Patterson in 1927. However, the Legislative Assembly never adopted it as official state bird of Oregon. In 2017, the western meadowlark was made the official state songbird and the osprey was made the official state raptor. [42]
  2. ^ The ruffed grouse was named the "state game bird" in 1931 Act 234. [45]

Other state birds

In addition to having a state bird, some states have chosen a state game bird (or state wild game bird), a state waterfowl (or state duck), a state raptor, or a bird as their state symbol of peace.

State State bird Scientific name Photography Year
Alabama Wild turkey
(state game bird)
Meleagris gallopavo 1980 [60]
Georgia Bobwhite quail
(state game bird)
Colinus virginianus 1970 [61]
Idaho Peregrine falcon
(state raptor)
Falco peregrinus 2004 [62]
Massachusetts Wild turkey
(state game bird)
Meleagris gallopavo 1991 [63]
Mississippi Wood duck
(state waterfowl)
Aix sponsa 1974 [64]
Missouri Bobwhite quail
(state game bird)
Colinus virginianus 2007 [65]
New Hampshire Red-tailed hawk
(state raptor)
Buteo jamaicensis 2019 [66]
Oklahoma Wild turkey
(state game bird)
Meleagris gallopavo 1990 [67]
Oregon Osprey
(state raptor)
Pandion haliaetus 2017 [68]
Pennsylvania Ruffed grouse
(state game bird)
Bonasa umbellus 1931 [3]
South Carolina Northern mockingbird
(former state bird)
Mimus polyglottos 1939 –
1948 [49]
Wild turkey
(state wild game bird)
Meleagris gallopavo 1976 [69]
Wood duck
(state duck)
Aix sponsa 2009 [70]
Tennessee Bobwhite quail
(state wild game bird)
Colinus virginianus 1987 [71]
Wisconsin Eastern mourning dove
(state symbol of peace)
Zenaida macroura carolinensis 1971 [72]

States with the same state bird

Some state birds are shared between multiple states. Of the 50 states, a total of 32 do not have a unique state bird.


  Northern cardinal
  Western meadowlark
  Northern mockingbird
  American robin
  American goldfinch
  Chickadee
  Chicken
  Eastern bluebird
  Mountain bluebird
  Unique state bird
Bird # of states
Northern cardinal 7
Western meadowlark 6
Northern mockingbird 5 [a]
Wild turkey
(state game bird or wild game bird)
4
American robin 3
Bobwhite quail
(state game bird or wild game bird)
3
American goldfinch 3 [b]
Chickadee 2 [c]
Chicken 2 [d]
Eastern bluebird 2
Mountain bluebird 2
Wood duck
(state waterfowl or duck)
2

Notes

  1. ^ and formerly South Carolina
  2. ^ 2 as "eastern goldfinch", 1 as "willow goldfinch"
  3. ^ 1 as " black-capped chickadee", 1 as "chickadee"
  4. ^ 1 as " Rhode Island Red", 1 as " Delaware Blue Hen"

References

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External links