List of U.S. state and territory flowers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of U.S. state, federal district, and territory flowers.

State
federal district
or territory
Common name Scientific name Image Year
Alabama Camellia
(state flower)
Camellia japonica Camellia japonica flower 2.jpg 1959
(clarified
1999) [1]
Oak-leaf hydrangea
(state wildflower)
Hydrangea quercifolia Hydrangea quercifolia BhamBotGdn.jpg 1999 [2]
Alaska Forget-me-not Myosotis alpestris Forget-me-not close 600.jpg 1917 [3]
American Samoa Paogo (Ulafala) Pandanus tectorius Pandanus tectorius.jpg 1973 [4]
Arizona Saguaro cactus blossom Carnegiea gigantea Saguaro cactus blossoms.jpg 1931 [5]
Arkansas Apple blossom Malus Appletree bloom l.jpg 1901 [6]
California California poppy Eschscholzia californica California poppy.jpg 1903 [7]
Colorado Rocky Mountain columbine Aquilegia coerulea Aquilegia caerulea.jpg 1899 [8]
Connecticut Mountain laurel
(state flower)
Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia2.jpg 1907 [9]
Michaela Petit’s Four-O’Clocks
(children's state flower)
Mirabilis jalapa Gul-Abas-4-O'clock plant.JPG 2015 [10]
Delaware Peach blossom Prunus persica Peach flowers.jpg 1953 [11]
District of Columbia American Beauty Rose Rosa Rosa American Beauty illustration.jpg 1925 [4]
Florida Orange blossom
(state flower)
Citrus sinensis Orange blossom 1909 [12]
Tickseed
(state wildflower)
Coreopsis spp. Coreopsis gladiata 1991 [13]
Georgia Cherokee rose
(state floral emblem)
Rosa laevigata Cherokee rose.jpg 1916 [14]
Azalea
(state wildflower)
Rhododendron Redazalea.jpg 1979 [15]
Guam Bougainvillea spectabilis Bougainvillea spectabilis Starr 030418-0058 Bougainvillea spectabilis.jpg 1968 [4]
Hawaii Hawaiian hibiscus
(maʻo hau hele)
Hibiscus brackenridgei Maohauhele.jpg 1988 [16] [17]
Idaho Syringa, mock orange Philadelphus lewisii Lewis's Mock-orange NFUW - Umatilla NF Oregon.jpg 1931 [18]
Illinois Violet
(state flower)
Viola Viola sororia.jpg 1907 [19]
Milkweed
(state wildflower)
Asclepias spp. Asclepiascommon.JPG 2017 [20]
Indiana Peony Paeonia Paeonia 19.jpg 1957 [21]
Iowa Wild rose Rosa arkansana Rosa arkansana.jpg 1897 [22] [23]
Kansas Sunflower Helianthus annuus A sunflower.jpg 1903 [24]
Kentucky Goldenrod Solidago gigantea Solidago virgaurea minuta0.jpg 1926 [25]
Louisiana Magnolia
(state flower)
Magnolia Magnolia flower Duke campus.jpg 1900 [26]
Louisiana iris
(state wildflower)
Iris giganticaerulea Blue Iris at Jean Lafitte Barataria Unit (cropped).jpg 1990 [27]
Maine White pine cone and tassel Pinus strobus Pinus strobus cones.JPG 1895 [28]
Maryland Black-eyed susan Rudbeckia hirta Rudbeckia hirta Indian Summer.JPG 1918 [29]
Massachusetts Mayflower Epigaea repens Trailing arbutus.jpg 1918 [30]
Michigan Apple blossom
(state flower)
Malus Appletree bloom l.jpg 1897 [31]
Dwarf lake iris
(state wildflower)
Iris lacustris Dwarf Lake Iris (Iris lacustris) (4719619035).jpg 1998 [32]
Minnesota Pink and white lady's slipper Cypripedium reginae Cypripedium reginae Orchi 004.jpg 1902 (enacted 1967) [33] [34]
Mississippi Magnolia
(state flower)
Magnolia Magnolia flower Duke campus.jpg 1900 (enacted 1952) [35]
Tickseed
(state wildflower)
Coreopsis Coreopsis7222.jpg 1991 [36]
Missouri Hawthorn Crataegus (MHNT) Crataegus monogyna - flowers and buds.jpg 1923 [37]
Montana Bitterroot Lewisia rediviva Lewisia rediviva 4.jpg 1894 [38]
Nebraska Goldenrod Solidago gigantea Solidago virgaurea minuta0.jpg 1895 [39]
Nevada Sagebrush Artemisia tridentata Sagebrush.jpg 1967 [40]
New Hampshire Purple lilac
(state flower)
Syringa vulgaris Lilac (2).jpg 1919 [41]
Pink lady's slipper
(state wildflower)
Cypripedium acaule Cypripedium acaule - Sasata edit1.jpg 1991 [41]
New Jersey Violet Viola sororia Viola sororia.jpg 1971 [42] [43]
New Mexico Yucca flower Yucca Yucca filamentosa.jpg 1927 [44]
New York Rose Rosa Rosa sp.163.jpg 1955 [45]
North Carolina Flowering dogwood
(state flower)
Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida Yellow Flowers 3008px.JPG 1941 [46]
Carolina lily
(state wildflower)
Lilium michauxii Carolina Lily.jpg 2003 [47] [48]
North Dakota Wild prairie rose Rosa blanda
or arkansana
Rosa arkansana.jpg 1907 [49]
Northern Mariana Islands Flores mayo Plumeria Frangipani flowers.jpg 1979 [4]
Ohio Scarlet carnation
(state flower)
Dianthus caryophyllus Red Carnation NGM XXXI p507.jpg 1953 [50]
Large white trillium
(state wild flower)
Trillium grandiflorum White Trillium Trillium grandiflorum Flower 2613px.jpg 1987 [51]
Oklahoma Oklahoma rose
(state flower)
Rosa Rose, Oklahoma - Flickr - nekonomania.jpg 2004 [52]
Indian blanket
(state wildflower)
Gaillardia pulchella Firewheel or Indian Blanket with a Spider at the back.jpg 1986 [52]
Mistletoe
(state floral emblem)
Phoradendron leucarpum American Mistletoe (NGM XXXI p514).jpg 1893 [52]
Oregon Oregon grape Mahonia aquifolium Mahonia aquifolium3.jpg 1899 [53]
Pennsylvania Mountain laurel
(state flower)
Kalmia latifolia Kalmia latifolia2.jpg 1933 [54]
Penngift crown vetch
(beautification and
conservation plant)
Coronilla varia Fabaceae 01 bgiu.jpg 1982 [54]
Puerto Rico Flor de Maga Thespesia grandiflora Flower of the maga tree.jpg 2019 [55] [56]
Rhode Island Violet Viola Viola sororia.jpg 1968 [57] [58]
South Carolina Yellow jessamine
(state flower)
Gelsemium sempervirens Gelsemium sempervirensCDP140CA.jpg 1924 [59]
Goldenrod
(state wildflower)
Solidago altissima Solidago virgaurea minuta0.jpg 2003 [60]
South Dakota Pasque flower Pulsatilla hirsutissima Pulsatilla vulgaris-700px.jpg 1903 [61]
Tennessee Iris
(state cultivated flower)
Iris Iris 'Gene Wild' 2007-05-13 383.jpg 1933 [62]
Purple passionflower
(state wildflower 1)
Passiflora incarnata OQ Passion flower.jpg 1919 [62]
Tennessee purple coneflower
(state wildflower 2)
Echinacea tennesseensis Echinacea tennesseensis Couchville.jpg 2012 [62]
Texas Bluebonnet sp. Lupinus sp. Texas Bluebonnet (Lupinus texensis).jpg 1901
(broadened
in 1971) [63]
Utah Sego lily Calochortus nuttallii Sego lily cm.jpg 1911 [64]
Vermont Red clover Trifolium pratense Red clover closeup.jpg 1894 [65]
Virgin Islands Yellow Elder Tecoma stans Yellow elder.jpg 1934 [4]
Virginia American dogwood Cornus florida Benthamidia florida2.jpg 1918 [66] [67]
Washington Coast rhododendron Rhododendron macrophyllum Rhododendron macrophyllum.JPG 1892
(officially
1959) [68]
West Virginia Rhododendron Rhododendron maximum Rhododendron-by-eiffel-public-domain-20040617.jpg 1903 [69]
Wisconsin Wood violet Viola papilionacea Wood Violet 1909 [70]
Wyoming Indian paintbrush Castilleja linariaefolia Indian Paintbrush in Grand Teton NP-NPS.jpg 1917 [71] [72]

See also

References

  1. ^ "State Flower of Alabama". Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors. Alabama Department of Archives and History. 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2007-03-18.
  2. ^ "State Wildflower of Alabama". Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors. Alabama Department of Archives and History. 2004-05-27. Retrieved 2007-03-19.
  3. ^ Legislative Affairs Agency, State of Alaska. "Alaska State Legislature Roster of Members, 1913-2013" (PDF). State of Alaska. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e McPherson, Alan (2013-06-10). State Botanical Symbols. AuthorHouse. ISBN  978-1-4817-4885-8.
  5. ^ "Arizona Revised Statutes, Title 41, Chapter 4.1, Article 5, Section 41-855". Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  6. ^ "Arkansas State Floral Emblem Flower". Netstate.com. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
  7. ^ "California Government Code, General Provisions, Title 1, Division 2, Section 421". Archived from the original on 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  8. ^ "State Flower". State of Colorado. Retrieved 2020-08-19.
  9. ^ "The General Statutes of Connecticut, Title 3, Chapter 3, Section 3-108". Archived from the original on 2009-08-13. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  10. ^ Connecticut State Register and Manual (PDF), 2018, p. 825, retrieved 2019-05-28
  11. ^ "The Delaware Code, Title 29, Chapter 3, Section 308". Archived from the original on 2009-05-31. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  12. ^ "Florida State Symbols". Archived from the original on 2011-06-05.
  13. ^ "State Wildflower". Florida Department of State. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  14. ^ "Government - Georgia State Flower (Cherokee Rose)". GeorgiaInfo. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  15. ^ "Today in Georgia history - Azalea became official state wildflower". Savannah Morning News. 2016-04-19. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  16. ^ "Hawaii State Flower - Yellow Hibiscus". statesymbolsusa.org.
  17. ^ Hawaii State Legislature https://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/hrscurrent/Vol01_Ch0001-0042F/HRS0005/HRS_0005-0016.htm. Retrieved 21 July 2020. Missing or empty |title= ( help)
  18. ^ "About Idaho". Visit Idaho. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  19. ^ "State Symbols". State of Illinois.
  20. ^ State Designations Act, Illinois General Assembly, retrieved 2019-05-20
  21. ^ "Indiana State Tree and Flower". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  22. ^ Naeve, Linda (1996-09-13). "Iowa's State Flower - the Wild Rose". Horticulture and Home Pest News. Iowa State University Extension. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  23. ^ http://publications.iowa.gov/135/1/profile/8-1.html
  24. ^ "Kansas State Flower: Sunflower Facts". Kansas Native Plant Society. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  25. ^ "Kentucky State Symbols". Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives. 2007-03-30. Archived from the original on 2011-01-28. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
  26. ^ "State Symbols". State of Louisiana. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  27. ^ Killingsworth, Ron (2012-05-23). "LA Irises, The Wildflower of the State of Louisiana". World of Irises. American Iris Society. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  28. ^ "State Flower - White Pine and White Pine Cone & Tassel". Maine Secretary of State. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  29. ^ "Fiscal and Policy Notes (HB 345)" (PDF). Department of Legislative Services - Maryland General Assembly. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2010-03-13.
  30. ^ "CIS: State Symbols". Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  31. ^ "Michigan State Flower". Netstate.com. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
  32. ^ Gibbons, Lauren (2019-04-04). "The surprising stories behind Michigan's state symbols". MLive. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  33. ^ Minnesota Legislative Reference Library. "Minnesota State Symbols". Minnesota Legislature. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  34. ^ Lileks, James (2018-11-29). "Minnesota Moment: The wrong state flower". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  35. ^ "Southern Magnolia". Mississippi Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  36. ^ Guyton, John (2013). "Mississippi's Wildflowers are Coreopsis spp" (PDF). Mississippi Native Plants and Environmental Education. 31 (1). Mississippi Native Plant Society.
  37. ^ "Missouri's State Floral Emblem". Missouri Secretary of State. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  38. ^ Gullickson, Michelle (2018-06-03). "'Field Notes:' All About The Bitterroot, Montana's State Flower". Montana Public Radio. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  39. ^ "State Symbols". Nebraska Secretary of State. 2019-10-03. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  40. ^ https://www.leg.state.nv.us/Statutes/54th/Stats196704.html#Stats196704page702
  41. ^ a b https://www.nh.gov/almanac/flower.htm
  42. ^ "New Jersey State Flower - Violet". statesymbolsusa.org.
  43. ^ "Acts of the Legislature of New Jersey (1971)". DSpace. New Jersey State Library. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  44. ^ https://www.sos.state.nm.us/about-new-mexico/state-flower/
  45. ^ https://www.dos.ny.gov/kids_room/508/symbols2.html
  46. ^ "Official State Symbols of North Carolina". North Carolina State Library. State of North Carolina. Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  47. ^ "Carolina Lily State Wildflower | State Symbols USA". statesymbolsusa.org. Retrieved 2018-07-08.
  48. ^ "North Carolina General Statutes § 145-20 (2019) - State wildflower". Justia Law. Justia. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  49. ^ https://www.ndstudies.gov/gr4/citizenship/section-5-symbols-north-dakota
  50. ^ "Ohio Revised Code 5.02". Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  51. ^ "Ohio Revised Code 5.021". Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  52. ^ a b c https://www.okhistory.org/kids/symbols
  53. ^ https://www.oregonlegislature.gov/bills_laws/ors/ors186.html
  54. ^ a b Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission: State Symbols Archived February 5, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  55. ^ "Ley Núm. 87 del año 2019" [Act No. 87 of the year 2019]. LexJuris de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  56. ^ López Maldonado, Cesiach (21 August 2019). "Entre leyes y múltiples indultos" [Between laws and multiple pardons] (in Spanish). Primera Hora. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  57. ^ "Rhode Island State Flower - Violet". statesymbolsusa.org.
  58. ^ "Ri State Symbols". Rhode Island. Rhode Island Department of State. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  59. ^ "SC Statehouse Student's web page, State Symbols and Emblems". South Carolina General Assembly. Archived from the original on 2007-06-22. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
  60. ^ "South Carolina Code of Laws, State Emblems, Pledge to the Flag, Official Observances". South Carolina General Assembly. Archived from the original on 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
  61. ^ https://sdsos.gov/general-information/about-state-south-dakota/state-seal-symbols.aspx
  62. ^ a b c https://sos.tn.gov/sites/default/files/Pgs.%20599-627%20TN%20Symbols.pdf
  63. ^ https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/trb01
  64. ^ Utah State Flower - Sego Lily from pioneer.utah.gov "Pioneer - Utah's Online Library" page. Retrieved on 2008-09-08.
  65. ^ https://legislature.vermont.gov/statutes/section/01/011/00498
  66. ^ "Virginia State Floral Emblem". NETSTATE. 4 January 2018. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  67. ^ https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode/title1/chapter5/section1-510/
  68. ^ "Symbols of Washington State". Washington State Legislature. Archived from the original on 2007-03-05. Retrieved 2007-03-11.
  69. ^ West Virginia Blue Book (PDF), 2015–2016, p. 1046, retrieved 2019-07-21
  70. ^ "Wisconsin State Symbols". State of Wisconsin. Archived from the original on 2010-01-12. Retrieved 2011-12-19.
  71. ^ "Wyoming State Flower Indian Paintbrush Castilleja linariaefolia". Netstate. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
  72. ^ "Wyoming Statute 8-3-104". Wyoming Statutes. Retrieved 2008-04-08.

External links