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For the majority of cities in North America (including the Caribbean), the most recent official population census results, estimates or short-term projections date to 2020, with some dating 2022 at the latest. This list compiles figures for all North American cities with a population within city limits exceeding 500,000 that year. These figures do not reflect the population of the urban agglomeration or metropolitan area, which typically does not coincide with the administrative boundaries of the city. They refer to mid-2020 populations with the following exceptions:

  1. Mexican cities, whose figures derive from the 2015 Intercensal Survey conducted by INEGI with a reference date of March 15, 2020; [1]
  2. Edmonton, which conducted municipal censuses in April 2019 and April 2021 but has not reported an intercensal estimate of its 2020 population. The April 2021 census result is given instead.

List

Rank City Image Country Population Year
1 Mexico City
Mexico 9,209,942 [a] [2] 2021
2 New York City
United States 8,335,898 [3] 2022
3 Los Angeles
United States 3,822,235 [3] 2022
4 Toronto
Canada 3,025,657 [4] 2021
5 Chicago
United States 2,665,039 [3] 2022
6 Houston
United States 2,314,157 [3] 2023
7 Havana
Cuba 2,137,847 [5] 2022
8 Tijuana
Mexico 1,810,645 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
9 Montreal
Canada 1,791,512 [7] 2022
10 Ecatepec de Morelos
Mexico 1,643,623 [d] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
11 León
Mexico 1,579,803 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
12 Phoenix
United States 1,644,409 [3] 2022
13 Philadelphia
United States 1,567,258 [3] 2022
14 Puebla
Mexico 1,542,232 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
15 Juárez
Mexico 1,501,551 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
16 San Antonio
United States 1,472,909 [3] 2022
17 Calgary
Canada 1,413,800 [9] 2022
18 Guadalajara
Mexico 1,385,621 [d] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
19 San Diego
United States 1,381,162 [3] 2022
20 Dallas
United States 1,299,544 [3] 2022
21 Zapopan
Mexico 1,257,547 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
22 Guatemala City
Guatemala 1,221,739 [10] 2023
23 Port-au-Prince
Haiti 1,200,000 [11] 2022
24 Monterrey
Mexico 1,142,952 [d] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
25 Tegucigalpa
Honduras 1,132,000 [12] 2023
26 Edmonton
Canada 1,087,172 [13] 2022 [e]
27 Panama City
Panama 1,086,990 2023
28 Nezahualcóyotl
Mexico 1,072,676 [d] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
29 Ottawa
Canada 1,071,868 [f] [15] 2022
30 Managua
Nicaragua 1,051,236 [16] 2022
31 Santo Domingo
Dominican Republic 1,029,110 [17] 2022
32 Austin
United States 974,447 [3] 2022
33 Jacksonville
United States 971,319 [3] 2022
34 San Jose
United States 971,233 [3] 2022
35 Fort Worth
United States 956,709 [3] 2022
36 Chihuahua
Mexico 925,762 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
37 Mérida
Mexico 921,771 [d] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
38 Naucalpan
Mexico 911,168 [g] [6] 2020 [c]
39 Toluca
Mexico 910,608 [d] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
40 Columbus
United States 907,971 [3] 2022
41 Charlotte
United States 897,720 [3] 2022
42 Cancún
Mexico 888,797 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
43 Indianapolis
United States 880,621 [h] [3] 2022
44 Saltillo
Mexico 864,431 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
45 Aguascalientes
Mexico 863,893 [b] [2] 2020 [c]
46 Hermosillo
Mexico 855,563 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
47 Mexicali
Mexico 854,186 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
48 San Luis Potosí
Mexico 845,941 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
49 San Francisco
United States 808,437 [3] 2022
50 Culiacán
Mexico 808,416 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
51 Querétaro
Mexico 794,789 [d] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
52 Winnipeg
Canada 783,096 [18] 2022
53 Mississauga
Canada 778,896 [19] 2022
54 Seattle
United States 749,256 [3] 2022
55 Brampton
Canada 745,557 [19] 2022
56 Santiago de los Caballeros
Dominican Republic 744,890 [20] 2019
57 Morelia
Mexico 743,275 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
58 Denver
United States 713,252 [3] 2022
59 Vancouver
Canada 706,012 [21] 2022
60 Chimalhuacán
Mexico 703,215 [d] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
61 San Pedro Sula
Honduras 701,200 [12] 2023
62 Oklahoma City
United States 694,800 [3] 2022
63 Reynosa
Mexico 691,557 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
64 Torreón
Mexico 690,193 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
65 Nashville
United States 683,622 [i] [3] 2022
66 El Paso
United States 677,456 [3] 2022
67 Washington, D.C.
United States 671,803 [3] 2022
68 Tlalnepantla
Mexico 658,907 [d] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
69 Acapulco
Mexico 658,609 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
70 Las Vegas
United States 656,274 [3] 2022
71 Boston
United States 650,706 [3] 2022
72 Tlaquepaque
Mexico 650,123 [d] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
73 Guadalupe Mexico 635,862 [d] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
74 Portland
United States 635,067 [3] 2022
75 Surrey Canada 633,234 [21] 2022
76 Louisville
United States 624,444 [j] [3] 2022
77 Memphis
United States 621,056 [3] 2022
78 Detroit
United States 620,376 [3] 2022
79 Durango
Mexico 616,068 [b] [6] 2020 [c]
80 Hamilton Canada 597,010 [k] [15] 2022
81 Kingston
Jamaica 597,000 [23] 2023
82 Tuxtla Gutiérrez
Mexico 578,830 [d] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
83 Baltimore
United States 569,931 [3] 2022
84 Tonalá
Mexico 569,913 [d] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
85 Milwaukee
United States 563,305 [3] 2022
86 Albuquerque
United States 561,008 [3] 2022
87 Quebec City Canada 557,390 [7] 2022
88 Tucson United States 546,574 [3] 2022
89 Fresno
United States 545,567 [3] 2022
90 Veracruz
Mexico 537,963 [l] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
91 Apodaca Mexico 536,436 [d] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
92 Sacramento United States 528,001 [3] 2022
93 Ciudad López Mateos
Mexico 523,065 [d] [2] [8] 2022 [c]
94 Tultitlán
Mexico 516,341 [d] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
95 Cuautitlán Izcalli
Mexico 515,353 [d] [2] [8] 2020 [c]
96 Mesa
United States 512,498 [3] 2022
97 Carrefour
Haiti 511,345 [11] 2015
98 Matamoros (Heroica Matamoros)
Mexico 510,739 2020
99 Kansas City
United States 509,297 [3] 2022

See also

Explanatory notes

  1. ^ Population estimate is that of the federal entity known since 2020 as Ciudad de México and previously as the Distrito Federal. [1]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Population estimate is that of the cabecera municipal (municipal seat).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak Population estimate has a reference date of 2023. [1]
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Population estimate is that of the entire municipio.
  5. ^ Population from municipal census based on a census date of July 1, 2022. [13]
  6. ^ Population estimate is that of the Ottawa census division, which consists solely of the City of Ottawa. [14]
  7. ^ The administration of Naucalpan is divided between the municipalities of Naucalpan and Huixquilucan. The population projections for each portion of the city have been combined.
  8. ^ The City of Indianapolis, Indiana, and Marion County, Indiana, are separate entities with a single consolidated city-county government. The City of Indianapolis comprises all of Marion County except the other incorporated municipalities within the county. See Indianapolis (balance).
  9. ^ Nashville is a consolidated city-county. The population given is for the entire city-county, excluding other incorporated places lying within the city-county limits. See Nashville-Davidson (balance), Tennessee.
  10. ^ The City of Louisville, Kentucky, and Jefferson County, Kentucky, are separate entities with a single consolidated city–county government. The City of Louisville comprises all of Jefferson County except the other incorporated municipalities within the county. See Louisville/Jefferson County metro government (balance), Kentucky.
  11. ^ Population estimate is that of the Hamilton census division, which consists solely of the City of Hamilton. [22]
  12. ^ The administration of Veracruz is divided between the municipalities of Veracruz and Boca del Río. The population estimates of the two municipalities have been combined.

References

  1. ^ a b c "Encuesta Intercensal 2023: Presentación de resultados" (PDF). INEGI. p. 5. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "Población total por entidad federativa y grupo quinquenal de edad según sexo, serie de años censales de 1990 a 2020". INEGI. Retrieved November 6, 2023.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak "City and Town Population Totals: 2023". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. May 2023. Retrieved September 6, 2023.
  4. ^ City of Toronto, Statistics Canada (February 9, 2022). "Profile table, Census Profile,". www.toronto.ca. Retrieved December 21, 2023.
  5. ^ "3. Población Proyectada al 30 de junio, por edades simples y años simples. AMBOS SEXOS. Período 2015 - 2050" (PDF). Proyecciones de la Población de Cuba 2015 - 2050. Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 29, 2016. Retrieved April 24, 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Mexico: Main cities". GeoHive. Archived from the original on October 28, 2016. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
  7. ^ a b Population des municipalités du Québec, décret 2016 (Report). Institut de la statistique du Québec. December 30, 2015. Retrieved April 24, 2016.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Brinkhoff, Thomas. "Mexico: Administrative Division". City Population. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
  9. ^ "Calgary Population - Alberta Regional Dashboard". Government of Alberta. Retrieved August 21, 2023.
  10. ^ Citypopulation.de Archived 2021-01-07 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ a b Population totale, de 18 ans et plus menages et densites estimes en 2015 (PDF) (Report). Institut Haïtien de Statistique et d’Informatique (IHSI). March 2015. p. 23. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 6, 2015. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  12. ^ a b "El INE te cuenta: principales resultados del censo a nivel departamental y municipios". Instituto Nacional de Estadística Honduras. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
  13. ^ a b "2019 Municipal Census Results". City of Edmonton. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  14. ^ "Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2006: Economic Regions (3510 - Ottawa, census subdivisions)". Statistics Canada. April 1, 2014. Archived from the original on May 30, 2015. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  15. ^ a b "Table 3.5: Population and demographic factors of growth by census division, provinces and territories". Statistics Canada. February 10, 2016. Retrieved April 24, 2016.
  16. ^ "7. POBLACION TOTAL ESTIMADA POR MUNICIPIO 2011-2015". BOLETIN ANUAL DE INDICADORES ESTADISTICOS DE TRANSPORTE 2011 (PDF) (Report). Ministerio de Transporte e Infraestructura. May 2012. p. 69. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
  17. ^ "Distrito Nacional". Población total estimadas y proyectadas por año calendario y sexo, según región y provincia 2000 2030 (Report). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. 2014. Archived from the original on January 31, 2016. Retrieved April 24, 2016.
  18. ^ "Population of Winnipeg" (PDF). City of Winnipeg. April 2016. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  19. ^ a b "Population and Housing Estimates". Peel Data Centre. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
  20. ^ Población total estimadas y proyectadas por año calendario, región, provincia y municipio según sexo y grupos quinquenales de edad, 2015-2020 (Report). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. May 9, 2015. Archived from the original on June 24, 2016. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
  21. ^ a b "2015 Sub-Provincial Population Estimates: A release from the Province of British Columbia's central statistical agency" (PDF). BC Stats. January 29, 2016. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  22. ^ "Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2006: Hamilton [Census division], geographical codes". Statistics Canada. April 1, 2014. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  23. ^ "Table 9. Population by Parish: 2011–2015". Demographic Statistics 2015 (Report). Statistical Institute of Jamaica. April 2016. p. 9. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved May 19, 2016.