Lilium pardalinum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lilium pardalinum
Lewiston lake Leopard Lily.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Subfamily: Lilioideae
Tribe: Lilieae
Genus: Lilium
L. pardalinum
Binomial name
Lilium pardalinum
Synonyms [1]
  • Lilium roezlii Regel
  • Lilium harrisianum Beane & Vollmer
  • Lilium pitkinense Beane & Vollmer (syn of subsp pitkinense)
  • Lilium shastense (Eastw.) Beane (syn of subsp shastense)
  • Lilium nevadense Eastw. (syn of subsp shastense)
  • Lilium vollmeri Eastw. (syn of subsp vollmeri)
  • Lilium wigginsii Beane & Vollmer (syn of subsp wigginsii)
Lilium pardalinum seeds

Lilium pardalinum, also known as the leopard lily or panther lily, is a flowering bulbous perennial plant in the lily family, native to Oregon, California, and Baja California. [1] It usually grows in damp areas. Its range includes California chaparral and woodlands habitats and the Sierra Nevada. [2] [3]

Typically L. pardalinum grows to about 2 metres (6.6 ft) high; the tallest and most vigorous plants can reach up to 2.5 metres (8.2 ft). The bulbs are small, and many are usually clustered together on a rhizomatous stock. The flowers are Turk's-cap shaped, red-orange, with numerous brown spots, usually flowering in July.

Subspecies [1] [4] [5]
  • Lilium pardalinum subsp. pardalinum Kellogg -- leopard lily - southern California, Baja California
  • Lilium pardalinum subsp. pitkinense (Beane & Vollmer) Skinner -- Pitkin Marsh lily - northwestern California
  • Lilium pardalinum subsp. shastense (Eastw.) Skinner -- Shasta lily - Oregon, northern California
  • Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri (Eastw.) Skinner -- Vollmer's lily - southwestern Oregon, northwestern California
  • Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii (Beane & Vollmer) Skinner -- Wiggins' lily - southwestern Oregon, northwestern California

The subspecies Pitkin Marsh lily, Lilium pardalinum subsp. pitkinense, is federally listed as an endangered species.


Lilium pardalinum is cultivated by specialty plant nurseries as an ornamental plant, for use in native plant gardens and wildlife gardening; as well as providing height and colour in the flower border and for cut flowers. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. [6]


  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Jepson . accessed 12.1.2011
  3. ^ Calflora taxon report Lilium pardalinum Kellogg California Tiger Lily, leopard lily, tiger lily
  4. ^ ITIS Standard Report Page: Lilium pardalinum
  5. ^ USDA
  6. ^ "Lilium pardalinum". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 23 January 2021.

External links