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Les_Deux_Magots Latitude and Longitude:

48°51′14″N 2°20′00″E / 48.854°N 2.3332°E / 48.854; 2.3332
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Les Deux Magots
The "Deux Magots" inside the café

Les Deux Magots (French pronunciation: [le maɡo]) is a famous café and restaurant situated at 6, Place Saint-Germain-des-Prés in Paris' 6th arrondissement, France. [1] It once had a reputation as the rendezvous of the literary and intellectual elite of the city. It is now a popular tourist destination. Its historical reputation is derived from the patronage of Surrealist artists, intellectuals to the likes of Simone de Beauvoir and Jean-Paul Sartre, as well as young writers, such as Ernest Hemingway. [2] Other patrons included Albert Camus, Pablo Picasso, James Joyce, Bertolt Brecht, Julia Child and the American writers James Baldwin, Chester Himes and Richard Wright. [3]

The Deux Magots literary prize (Prix des Deux Magots) has been awarded to a French novel every year since 1933 at Les Deux Magots.

Origin of the name

" Magot" literally means "stocky figurine from the Far East". [4] The name originally belonged to a fabric and novelty shop at nearby 23 Rue de Buci. The shop sold silk lingerie and took its name from a popular play of the moment (19th century) entitled Les Deux Magots de la Chine. Its two statues represent Chinese " mandarins", or " magicians" (or " alchemists"), who gaze out over the room. In 1873, the business moved to its current location in the Place Saint-Germain-des-Prés. In 1884, the business changed to a café and liquoriste, but kept the name.

Auguste Boulay bought the business in 1914, when it was on the brink of bankruptcy, for 400,000 francs. Auguste Boulay's son added glass walls to allow more light into the café. The statues remained the same since the store opened (they were not replaced by copies). [5] A café Les Deux Magots opened in Tokyo in 1989. [6]

Catherine Mathivat, great-great-granddaughter of Auguste Boulay, started to work in the café in 1993, and took over when her father died in 2012. [5] In 2016, the café led a study revealing that 60% of its clientele were international tourists. In 2017, Mathivat partnered with her cousin Jacques Vergnaud to redesign the café and reclaim its Parisian clientele. [7] In 2022, the Saint-Germain café alone made a revenue of 15 million euros. [6] In 2023, a café Les Deux Magots opened in Riyadh ( Saudi Arabia) [6] and another one in Tokyo. In December 2023, it opened a unit in São Paulo. There are more plans to new units in Cape Town, Prague, London and Guangzhou.

References in literature and popular culture

In literature

  • Les Deux Magots appears in The Chariot Makers, by Steve Matchett, in which the author describes Les Deux Magots as: "the first café in the quarter to be blessed by the morning sun. Its clientele pay a healthy premium for drinking there, it’s only fitting they should be the first to catch the warmth of the new day."[ citation needed]
  • The café figures prominently in Abha Dawesar's novel That Summer in Paris (2006).
  • The café is the setting for a pivotal scene in the 1998 novel The Magic Circle by Katherine Neville. The novel was displayed for several months in the windows of Les Deux Magots.[ citation needed]
  • In the 2009 novel El hombre que amaba a los perros ( The Man who Loved Dogs) by Leonardo Padura it is one of the places where Trotsky's assassin, Ramon Mercader, spends time while waiting to be sent to Mexico to complete his assignment.[ citation needed]
  • The café features prominently in Marco Missiroli's Atti osceni in luogo privato, about the early life of "Libero Marsell", whose father will be a patron of the cafè and will befriend writer Albert Camus before the author's death.
  • The café is the site of an important event in China Miéville's novella The Last Days of New Paris (2016).[ citation needed]
  • Lolita, chapter 5, part 1.
  • A Moveable Feast, chapter 8 by Ernest Hemingway.
  • Lorna Goodison, At Lunch in Les Deux Magots, in Oracabessa [8]
  • Les Deux Magots is referenced in patron James Joyce's Finnegans Wake on page 562.

In graphic novels

In art

  • 1959 color photograph by Saul Leiter.
  • 1967 figurative painting by Jean-François Debord. [9]

In film

In television

In music

  • The café features centrally as the main location of the tale told in the song “A Rose Is A Rose” by singer Poe, with many of the café‘s more famous clientele name-checked in the lyrics, each enraptured with the enigmatic Jezebel.

In podcasts

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Bidding goodbye to the Gauloises". 1 February 2007 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  2. ^ Hemingway in Paris
  3. ^ "Historical cafes in Paris: Les Deux Magots". Archived from the original on 22 March 2013.
  4. ^ Journal Notre 6ème n°237, November 2010, page 10
  5. ^ a b "À frente do café parisiense Les Deux Magots, Catherine Methivat planeja abrir novas filiais, inclusive na América Latina". O Globo (in Brazilian Portuguese). 11 August 2020. Retrieved 26 September 2023.
  6. ^ a b c Briard, Clotilde (25 June 2023). "Les Deux Magots, le mythique café parisien qui veut conquérir le monde". Les Echos Executives (in French). Retrieved 26 September 2023.
  7. ^ Askenazi, Bruno (30 March 2018). "Les Deux Magots : comment l'affaire familiale centenaire se réinvente". Les Echos Executives (in French). Retrieved 26 September 2023.
  8. ^ Rumens, Carol (24 February 2014). "Poem of the week: At Lunch in Les Deux Magots by Lorna Goodison". The Guardian. ISSN  0261-3077. Retrieved 26 September 2023.
  9. ^ fr:Jean-François Debord[ circular reference]
  10. ^ Rosenbaum, Jonathan (7 November 2022). "The Way We Are (The Mother and the Whore)". Archived from the original on 8 November 2022. Retrieved 25 March 2023.

External links

48°51′14″N 2°20′00″E / 48.854°N 2.3332°E / 48.854; 2.3332