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Charles Louis
Hereditary Prince of Baden
Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
Born(1755-02-14)14 February 1755
Karlsruhe Palace, Karlsruhe
Died16 December 1801(1801-12-16) (aged 46)
Schlosskirche St. Michael, Pforzheim
( m. 1774)
Issue Princess Amalie
Caroline, Queen of Bavaria
Elizabeth Alexeievna, Empress of Russia
Frederica, Queen of Sweden
Marie, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Prince Charles Frederick
Charles, Grand Duke of Baden
Wilhelmine, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine
Charles Louis
House Zähringen
Father Charles Frederick, Margrave of Baden
Mother Princess Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
Religion Lutheranism

Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden (14 February 1755 – 16 December 1801) was heir apparent of the Margraviate of Baden.

Early life and family

Born in Karlsruhe, he was the son of Margrave Charles Frederick (who in 1803, after Charles Louis's death, became the elector and in 1806 the first Grand Duke of Baden) and Landgravine Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (11 July 1723 - 8 April 1783), the daughter of Landgrave Louis VIII of Hesse-Darmstadt.

He was an ancestor of Franz Joseph I of Austria, Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary, Nicholas II of Russia and his wife, Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse), Lord Mountbatten, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and Charles III of the United Kingdom, among others.

Marriage and issue

On 15 July 1774, Charles Louis married his first cousin Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (20 June 1754 – 21 July 1832). She was the daughter of Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt.

They had eight children:

Works of history mention that his children succeeded well in marriage market and that the Hereditary Prince was the force behind that. At the time of his death in Arboga, Sweden (which occurred during the visit to his fourth daughter, the Queen of Sweden), two of his other daughters were, respectively, Electress of Bavaria and the newly ascended Empress of Russia.



  1. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 38.