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Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
Born 14 February 1755
Karlsruhe Died 16 December 1801 (aged 46)
Arboga Burial Spouse
Caroline, Queen of Bavaria
Elizabeth Alexeievna, Empress of Russia
Frederica, Queen of Sweden
Marie, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Prince Charles Frederick
Charles, Grand Duke of Baden
Wilhelmine, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine
Charles Frederick, Margrave of Baden Mother
Princess Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt Religion
Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden (14 February 1755 – 16 December 1801) was
heir apparent of the
Margraviate of Baden.
Early life and family
Karlsruhe, he was the son of
Margrave Charles Frederick (who in 1803, after Charles Louis's death, became the elector and in 1806 the first Grand Duke of Baden) and
Landgravine Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (11 July 1723 - 8 April 1783), the daughter of
Landgrave Louis VIII of Hesse-Darmstadt.
He was an ancestor of
Franz Joseph I of Austria,
Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary,
Nicholas II of Russia and his wife,
Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse),
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and
Charles III of the United Kingdom, among others.
Marriage and issue
On 15 July 1774, Charles Louis married his first cousin
Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (20 June 1754 – 21 July 1832). She was the daughter of
Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt.
They had eight children:
Princess Amalie of Baden (13 July 1776 – 26 October 1823)
Princess Karoline of Baden (13 July 1776 – 13 November 1841); married on 9 March 1797 the then
Count Palatine Maximilian of Zweibrücken (27 May 1756 – 13 October 1825), as his second wife (and became maternal grandmother of
Empress Sisi and her husband,
Franz Joseph I of Austria). In 1799 her husband became
Elector Palatine and
Elector of Bavaria, and in 1804
King of Bavaria (her titles accordingly being Duchess, then Electress, then Queen).
Princess Louise of Baden (24 January 1779 – 16 May 1826); married on 9 October 1793
Tsar Alexander I of Russia (23 December 1777 – 1 December 1825).
Princess Frederica of Baden (12 March 1781 – 25 September 1826); married on 31 October 1797
Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden. They divorced in 1812.
Princess Marie of Baden (7 September 1782 – 29 April 1808); married on 1 November 1802
Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick (9 October 1771 – 16 June 1815). Prince Charles Frederick of Baden (13 September 1784 – 1 March 1785); died prior to succeeding.
Charles, Grand Duke of Baden (8 June 1786 in
Karlsruhe – 8 December 1818 in
Rastatt); married on 8 April 1806
Stéphanie de Beauharnais (28 August 1789 – 29 January 1860). Among his descendants are the
royal families of Belgium,
Monaco, and two branches of the
House of Habsburg.
Princess Wilhelmine of Baden (10 September 1788 – 27 January 1836); married on 19 June 1804 her double first cousin
Ludwig II, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (26 December 1777 – 16 June 1848), and was mother of Empress
Maria Alexandrovna as well as great-grandmother of both
Nicholas II of Russia and his wife, Empress
Works of history mention that his children succeeded well in marriage market and that the Hereditary Prince was the force behind that. At the time of his death in
Sweden (which occurred during the visit to his fourth daughter, the Queen of Sweden), two of his other daughters were, respectively, Electress of Bavaria and the newly ascended Empress of Russia.
Ancestors of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden