First Army Corps (1915) 20th Army Engineer Battalion (1920) 8th Army Engineering Squad (October 23, 1939 – May 15, 1940) 9th Army Engineering Squad (May 15, 1940 – October 25, 1942) Panzer Army Africa Engineering Squad (October 25, 1942 – April 1943) Post Commander of Division Von Manteuffel (April 1943 – May 9, 1943)
Karl Bülowius was born on 2 March 1890 in
Russia). He joined the
Prussian Army on 26 November 1907 and became an
officer cadet of the
engineering troops (Fahnenjunker) where he would make his promotion to
Leutnant (second lieutenant) on 19 June 1909. Bülowius participated in the First World War, serving in various engineering departments of the
German Army that were involved in military duties in both Europe and
Palestine. During the year 1918 (which would become the final year of the war), Bülowius was elevated to the rank of
Hauptmann (captain). The First World War would end six months later on 11 November with a defeat for
Germany and her allies - limiting Germany's army to 100000 men until
Adolf Hitler broke the
Treaty of Versailles fifteen years later. He was relieved from the Army on 31 December 1920 due to unfortunate circumstances surrounding the structure of Germany's post-World War I military.
However, Bülowius returned to active military service on 1 June 1924. He would serve in various engineering and
cavalry units of the
Reichswehr during the 1920s and the 1930s.
World War II and suicide
At the beginning of World War II, he commanded Oberbaustab X. Bülowius became
commanding officer (Pionierführer) of engineering parts of the
8th Army on 26 October 1939. Success in commanding the 8th Army would result in Bülowius holding on the same post when he was transferred to the
9th Army on 15 May 1940. Transferred to
North Africa, Bülowius commanded the engineers of
Panzer Army Africa on 25 October 1942. Between 17 and 25 February 1943, he commanded the entire group. Bülowius held the position of post commander in von Manteuffel's former division in April 1943 and kept it until he was captured the following month. Von Manteuffel had been evacuated back to Germany due to
exhaustion and later sent to the Eastern Front on a promotion to
He was captured by U.S. troops on 9 May 1943 near the end of the North African campaign. The North Africa campaign would end seven days later on 16 May 1943 when the Axis (mostly containing troops from Nazi Germany and
Fascist Italy) forces were forced to retreat to
Southern Italy in a decisive defeat. Bülowius finished his career in the German Heer component by committing suicide on 27 March 1945 at the
prisoner-of-war camp named
Camp Forrest in
Coffee County, Tennessee,
USA. He is interred at the
Chattanooga National Cemetery in Chattanooga, Tennessee, USA.
Türkische Silberne Liakat-(Verdienst)-Medaille mit Schwertern
Türkischer Eiserner Halbmond
Königlich Bulgarische Tapferkeitsorden, IV. Klasse (II. Stufe)
Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer
Wehrmacht-Dienstauszeichnung, IV. to I. Class
Iron Cross (1939), 2. and 1. Class
Kriegsverdienstkreuz (1939) II. und I. Klasse mit Schwertern
Medaille "Winterschlacht im Osten 1941/42"
German Cross in Silver – November 30, 1942 as Generalmajor and Armee-Pionier-Führer der 9. Armee
These were battle plans for the German invasion of Poland in 1939. Bülowius was considered to be a part of the 8th Army during that time.
This was a strategic map from the Battle of Sidi Bou Zid; the last major battle that Bülowius participated in.
Image of the headstone of Generalleutnant Bülowius at the Chattanooga National Cemetery in Chattanooga, Tennessee, USA.
Bülowius would make a "special
guest appearance" in the Japanese
video gameSgt. Saunders' Combat!. This officer is only seen during the North Africa campaign of 1942–43; particularly during the
Tunisia Campaign. He holds the rank of Generalmajor in the game and can be killed by any Allied Forces unit. In campaign mode, Bülowius can only be utilized by the
AI opponent. He may be seen in other video games related to World War II that involve either the Eastern Front and/or the North Africa campaign.
Lannoy, Francois de; Josef Charita (2001). Panzertruppen: Les Troupes Blindees Allemandes German Armored Troops 1935–45. Heimdal.
Neitzel, Sönke (2005). Abgehört - Deutsche Generäle in britischer Kriegsgefangenschaft 1942-1945. Propyläen.