From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from John Howling)

Irish College, Lisbon
Portuguese: Collegio de Estudiantes Irlandeses sub invocacaon de San Patricio en Lisboa
Other names
Irish College of St Patrick, Lisbon
Type Seminary
FounderJohn Howling
Religious affiliation
Roman Catholic, Jesuit

Irish College at Lisbon or St Patrick's College, Lisbon was set up during the Penal Times, by a group of Irish Jesuits, supported by a number of Portuguese Nobles, in Lisbon. [1]


The religious persecution under Elizabeth and James I lead to the suppression of the monastic schools in Ireland in which the clergy for the most part received their education. It became necessary, therefore, to seek education abroad, and many colleges for the training of the secular clergy were founded on the Continent, at Rome, in Spain and Portugal, in Belgium, and in France. [2]

John Howling was born in County Wexford, in 1543. [3] He trained as a priest, and joined the Jesuit order in Rome in 1583. [4] In 1590, Howling was in Lisbon, residing at the Church of Saō Roque, ministering to the English and Irish merchants and sailors. With the help of some Irish and Portuguese merchants, he set up the Confraternity of Saint Patrick, with an aim to establishing a College for Irish clergy in Lisbon. [5]

In 1593 the Irish College of St Patrick, Lisbon (or Collegio de Estudiantes Irlandeses sub invocacaon de San Patricio en Lisboa) was established by Royal Charter. [6] Like other Irish colleges in the peninsula it was placed under the management of the Jesuits. [2] Howling died in 1599, in Lisbon, after the city had been ravaged by The Plague.[ citation needed]

Following the suppression of the Jesuits in Portugal, the College was closed and confiscated by Pombal in 1769, under the pretext that it was a Jesuit establishment. The College re-opened under 1782 by an Irish secular priest, Michael Brady, with the support of the Irish Bishops. Brady was followed by a Bartholomew Crotty. Crotty was one of the first students to attend the re-established Irish College in Lisbon, Portugal. He then served on the staff of the college for almost twenty years, becoming rector in 1799. Crotty returned to Ireland in 1811 and two years later became president of Maynooth College. [7] He was succeeded by a Rev. Dunne. The number of students in the Irish college at Lisbon during the eighteenth century was from twelve to fourteen. During the French Revolution, it increased to thirty or forty, falling again to fourteen after 1815.

In 1834, the college was closed, with a Joyce as the final rector. The building which served as the college from 1611 until its closure still stands and is used as a courthouse. Many papers from the College, as with others on the Iberian peninsula are part of the Irish College Salamanca Archive which is the Russell Library in Maynooth College. [8]

Clergy educated at Lisbon


  • John Howling
  • Thomas White
  • Michael Brady (1782–1799), re-established the college.
  • Bartholomew Crotty (1799–1811)
  • Joao (O'Duin) Dunne (1811–18??)
  • Jacinto Joyce (18??–1834), final rector

Irish Dominican College of Corpo Santo, Lisbon

An Irish Dominican College, was founded in Lisbon, in 1634 by Daniel O'Daly, who was its first rector. [9] The College functioned as a seminary until the mid-nineteenth century, with the Irish Dominicans retaining a presence in Lisbon until 2021.

See also


  1. ^ O'Connell, Patricia. The Irish College at Lisbon, 1590–1834
  2. ^ a b Boyle, Patrick. "Irish Colleges, on the Continent." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 15 March 2020Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ Tracing our Lisbon lineage Irish Times, October 30, 2001.
  4. ^ Morrissey, Thomas J. (2004). "Houling (Howling), John (1543/4–1599)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/ref:odnb/13871. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  5. ^ Irish Colleges in Europe Irish Jesuit Archive.
  6. ^ A light undimmed: the story of the Convent of Our Lady of Bom Sucesso Lisbon 1639 to 2000 Irish Catholic, 30 November 1999
  7. ^ The Oxford History of the Irish Book, Volume IV: The Irish Book in English, (James H. Murphy, ed.), Oxford University Press, 2011.
  8. ^ Irish Colleges in Spain Irish College at Salamanca Archive, St Patricks College, Maynooth.
  9. ^ History Irish Dominicans in Portugal.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Irish Colleges, on the Continent". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.