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Higashimurayama
東村山市
Higashimurayama City Hall
Higashimurayama City Hall
Flag of Higashimurayama
Official seal of Higashimurayama
Location of Higashimurayama in Tokyo Metropolis
Location of Higashimurayama in Tokyo Metropolis
Higashimurayama is located in Japan
Higashimurayama
Higashimurayama
 
Coordinates: 35°45′16.6″N 139°28′6.6″E / 35.754611°N 139.468500°E / 35.754611; 139.468500
Higashimurayama,_Tokyo Latitude and Longitude:

35°45′16.6″N 139°28′6.6″E / 35.754611°N 139.468500°E / 35.754611; 139.468500
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Tokyo
Area
 • Total17.14 km2 (6.62 sq mi)
Population
 (April 2021)
 • Total148,275
 • Density8,700/km2 (22,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 ( Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• Tree Zelkova serrata
• Flower Azalea
• Bird White wagtail
Phone number042-393-5111
Address1-2-3 Honcho, Higashimurayama-shi, Tokyo-to 189-8501
Website Official website

Higashimurayama (東村山市, Higashi-murayama-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 March 2021, the city had an estimated population of 148,275, and a population density of 8700 persons per km2. [1] The total area of the city is 17.14 square kilometres (6.62 sq mi).

Geography

Higashimurayama is located on the eastern edge of the Sayama Hills, almost in the center of the Musashino Terrace. Most of the city area is flat, except for the northwestern hills.

Surrounding municipalities

Tokyo Metropolis

Saitama Prefecture

Climate

Higashimurayama has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Higashimurayama is 14.0 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1647 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.7 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.3 °C. [2]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [3] the population of Higashimurayama increased rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1920 7,798—    
1930 9,462+21.3%
1940 11,402+20.5%
1950 17,993+57.8%
1960 46,946+160.9%
1970 96,545+105.7%
1980 119,363+23.6%
1990 134,002+12.3%
2000 142,290+6.2%
2010 153,365+7.8%

History

The area of present-day Higashimurayama has been inhabited since Japanese Paleolithic times, and numerous remains from the Jōmon, Yayoi and Kofun periods have been discovered. During the Nara period, it became part of ancient Musashi Province. During the Kamakura period, it was the location of the Battle of Kumegawa in 1333.

In the post- Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of April 1, 1889, several villages merged to form Higashimurayama Village in Nishitama District, at that time part of Kanagawa Prefecture. The entire district was transferred to the control of Tokyo Prefecture on April 1, 1893. On April 1, 1942, Higashimurayama Village became the town of Higashimurayama. On April 1, 1964, Higashimurayama was elevated to city status.

Government

Higashimurayama has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 25 members. Higashimurayama, collectively with Higashiyamato and Musashimurayama, contributes three members to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Tokyo 20th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Higashimurayama was formerly an agricultural area, and was noted for its production of sweet potatoes. It is now primary a regional commercial center, and a bedroom community for central Tokyo.

Transportation

Railway

JR logo (east).svg JR EastMusashino Line

SeibuRailway mark.svg Seibu RailwaySeibu Shinjuku Line

SeibuRailway mark.svg Seibu Railway – Seibu Haijima Line

SeibuRailway mark.svgSeibu Railway – Seibu Kokubunji Line

SeibuRailway mark.svgSeibu Railway – Seibu Tamako Line

SeibuRailway mark.svgSeibu Railway – Seibu Ikebukuro Line

SeibuRailway mark.svg Seibu Railway – Seibu Seibu-en Line

SeibuRailway mark.svgSeibu Railway – Seibu Yamaguchi Line

Highways

Higashimurayama is not served by any national highways or expressways.

Education

The city has two public high schools operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Board of Education.

Higashimurayama has 15 public elementary schools and seven public junior high schools operated by the city government.

Public junior high schools: [4]

  • Higashimurayama No. 1 (東村山第一中学校)
  • Higashimurayama No. 2 (東村山第二中学校)
  • Higashimurayama No. 3 ( 東村山第三中学校)
  • Higashimurayama No. 4 (東村山第四中学校)
  • Higashimurayama No. 5 (東村山第五中学校)
  • Higashimurayama No. 6 (東村山第六中学校)
  • Higashimurayama No. 7 ( 東村山第七中学校)

Public elementary school: [4]

  • Akitsu (秋津小学校)
  • Akitsu Higashi (秋津東小学校)
  • Aoba (青葉小学校)
  • Fujimi (富士見小学校)
  • Hagiyama (萩山小学校)
  • Higashi Hagiyama (東萩山小学校)
  • Kasei ( 化成小学校)
  • Kitayama (北山小学校)
  • Kumegawa (久米川小学校)
  • Kumegawa Higashi (久米川東小学校)
  • Megurita (回田小学校)
  • Minamidai (南台小学校)
  • Nobidome (野火止小学校)
  • Onta (大岱小学校)
  • Yasaka ( 八坂小学校)

There are also three private combined junior/senior high schools.

Local attractions

Sister cities

Higashimurayama is twinned with the following cities: [5] [6]

City Region Country Year
Kashiwazaki   Niigata   Japan 1996
Independence   Missouri   United States 1978
Suzhou China Jiangsu   China 2005

Notable people from Higashimurayama

References

  1. ^ "Higashimurayama city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Higashimurayama climate data
  3. ^ Higashimurayama population statistics
  4. ^ a b "○市立学校一覧表". Higashimurayama City. Retrieved 2022-12-11.
  5. ^ "Sister Cities". Archived from the original on 5 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  6. ^ "東村山市ホームページへようこそ!". Higashimurayama City Official Site. June 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-08-21. Retrieved 2007-10-31.

External links