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Higashikurume City Hall
Higashikurume City Hall
Flag of Higashikurume
Official seal of Higashikurume
Location of Higashikurume in Tokyo Metropolis
Location of Higashikurume in Tokyo Metropolis
Higashikurume is located in Japan
Coordinates: 35°45′28.8″N 139°31′47.5″E / 35.758000°N 139.529861°E / 35.758000; 139.529861
Higashikurume,_Tokyo Latitude and Longitude:

35°45′28.8″N 139°31′47.5″E / 35.758000°N 139.529861°E / 35.758000; 139.529861
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Tokyo
 • MayorKatsumi Namiki
 • Total12.88 km2 (4.97 sq mi)
 (April 2021)
 • Total117,020
 • Density9,100/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 ( Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
• Tree Ginkgo
• Flower Azalea
• Bird Azure-winged magpie
Phone number042-470-7777
Address3-3-1 Hon-cho, Higashikurume-shi, Tokyo 203-8555
Website Official website
Mt Fuji from downtown Higashikurume

Higashikurume (東久留米市, Higashi-kurume-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 April 2021, the city had an estimated population of 117,020, and a population density of 9100 persons per km². The total area of the city was 12.88 square kilometres (4.97 sq mi). [1]


Higashikurume is in the north-center of Tokyo Metropolis, on the Musashino Terrace, approximately 25 kilometers from downtown Tokyo. The Kurome River flows through the western end of the city, and the Ochiai River flows through the center of the city. The land slopes gently from west to east.

Surrounding municipalities

Tokyo Metropolis

Saitama Prefecture


Higashikurume has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Higashikurume is 14.0 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1647 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.7 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.3 °C. [2]


Per Japanese census data, [3] the population of Higashikurume increased rapidly in the 1960s and 1970s due to the establishment of many large scale public housing complexes, but has remained relatively constant for the past 40 years, and is now suffering from rapid aging of the population base.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1920 4,605—    
1930 5,153+11.9%
1940 6,168+19.7%
1950 8,415+36.4%
1960 19,637+133.4%
1970 78,075+297.6%
1980 106,556+36.5%
1990 113,818+6.8%
2000 113,302−0.5%
2010 116,572+2.9%


The area of present-day Higashikurume was part of ancient Musashi Province. In the post- Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of April 1, 1889, Kurume Village were established within Kitatama District of Kanagawa Prefecture. The entire district was transferred to the control of Tokyo Prefecture on April 1, 1893. The area began development after connection to central Tokyo was established by the Musashino Railway from 1915. In 1956, the village of Kurume attained town status. In the 1960s and 1970s, the population rapidly expanded with the construction of large public housing estates. The city was founded on October 1, 1970.

Etymology of the city name

The origin of the name Kurume is unclear, but there are several theories:

  • as a variante of the ancient "kuruma muchibe", maintenance staff of the emperor's litter
  • a dialect form of the Japanese word for "walnut"
  • a word meaning "small, flat place"
  • The theory that the "Kurome" of the Kuromegawa River:黒目川 flowing through the city turns into the place name of "Kurume". Originally, the Kurome River was also called "Kurume" River, the later people used the kanji notation such as Kurume=久留米or久留目or来梅・Kurome=黒目etc. . This was later recognised as the most likely theory.

At the time of the founding of the city, the name was changed to Higashikurume in order to avoid being confused for Kurume, Fukuoka. Since the new name already had already existed since 1915 as the name of the local train station, the name was already familiar to residents and adopted quickly. [4]


Higashikurume has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 22 members. Higashikurume, collectively with the city of Kiyose, contributes two members to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Tokyo 20th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

The mayor is Katsumi Namiki, an independent candidate.

City council

The current city council was elected on April 26, 2015, with 21 council seats currently occupied. [5]

Political party Number of representatives
Liberal Democratic Party 6
Komeito 5
Japanese Communist Party 4
Democratic Party 3
Citizen Autonomy Forum 2
Others 1

Former mayors

  • Kenko Fujii (1970 - 1975) [6]
  • Masaji Ishidsu (1975 - 1978) [7]
  • Kojiro Ito (1978 - 1982)
  • Saburo Yoshida (1982 - 1990)
  • Mitsuo Inaba (1990 - 2001)
  • Shiyega Nozaki (2002 - 2010)
  • Kazuhiko Baba (2010 - 2014)
  • Katsumi Namiki (2014 - )


Higashikurume is primary a regional commercial center, and a bedroom community for central Tokyo. According to the 2010 census, the commuting rate to the special wards of Tokyo is 33.2%. Globeride has its headquarters and a factory in the city. [8] Factories of Coca-Cola and Yamazaki Baking are also located in the city. A few attractions exist, such as Chukurin Park.


Higashikurume is the site for Tokyo Gakugei University's International Student Dormitory.

The city has two metropolitan high schools operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Board of Education: [9]

Higashikurume has 13 public elementary school, and seven public junior high schools operated by the city government.

Municipal junior high schools: [10]

  • Chuo (中央中学校)
  • Daimon (大門中学校)
  • Higashi (東中学校)
  • Kurume (久留米中学校)
  • Minami (南中学校)
  • Nishi ( 西中学校)
  • Shimosato ( 下里中学校)

Municipal elementary schools: [11]

  • No. 1 (第一小学校)
  • No. 2 (第二小学校)
  • No. 3 (第三小学校)
  • No. 5 ( 第五小学校)
  • No. 6 (第六小学校)
  • No. 7 (第七小学校)
  • No. 9 (第九小学校)
  • Hommura (本村小学校)
  • Koyama (小山小学校)
  • Minamimachi ( 南町小学校)
  • Shinho ( 神宝小学校)

It is the location of two private schools: Christian Academy in Japan (K-12) and Jiyu Gakuen [ ja] (coeducational elementary and separate gender junior and senior high schools). [12]



SeibuRailway mark.svg - Seibu Railway, Seibu Ikebukuro Line


  • Musashino is not served by any national highways or expressways

Notable people from Higashikurume


  1. ^ "Higashikurume city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Higashikurume climate data
  3. ^ Higashikurume population statistics
  4. ^ 東久留米市文化財資料集(9) [Higashikurume City Cultural Properties Collection] (in Japanese). Higashikurume City. 1983. p. 2f.
  5. ^ Election results on the website of Higashikurume City
  6. ^ 東久留米市史 [Higashikurume City history] (in Japanese). Higashikurume City. 1979. p. 741.
  7. ^ 東久留米の近代史 [Higashikurume's modern history] (in Japanese). Higashikurume City. 2012. p. 151f.
  8. ^ " Profile." Financial Times. Retrieved on August 3, 2018
  9. ^ "高等学校". Higashikurume City. Retrieved 2022-12-11.
  10. ^ "中学校". Higashikurume City. Retrieved 2022-12-11.
  11. ^ "小学校". Higashikurume City. Retrieved 2022-12-11.
  12. ^ "私立学校等". Higashikurume City. Retrieved 2022-12-11.

External links