Hasanpaşa Gasworks

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Hasanpaşa Gasworks
Hasanpaşa Gazhanesi
Müze Gazhane (2).jpg
General view of Hasanpaşa Gasworks (September 2021)
Alternative namesKurbağalıdere Gasworks, Kadıköy Gasworks
General information
StatusClosed
Type Gasworks
AddressHasanpaşa, Kadıköy
Town or city Istanbul
CountryTurkey
Coordinates 40°59′51″N 29°02′36″E / 40.99750°N 29.04333°E / 40.99750; 29.04333
Latitude and Longitude:

40°59′51″N 29°02′36″E / 40.99750°N 29.04333°E / 40.99750; 29.04333
Groundbreaking1 August 1991
Opened1892
Closed13 June 1993 (1993-06-13)
Owner
  • (1892–1926) Üsküdar-kadıköy Gas Lighting Co.
  • (1926–1938) Istanbul Gas and Electricity Industrial Enterprise Turkish Inc. Co.
  • (1938–1944) Independent
  • (1944–1993) Istanbul Electricity, Tram and Funicular Co. (İETT)
Design and construction
Architect(s)Guglielmo Semprini
DeveloperCharles Georges
Museum Gasworks
Müze Gazhane
Müze Gazhane logo.svg
Former name
Hasanpaşa Gasworks (Hasanpaşa Gazhanesi)
Established9 July 2021; 16 months ago (2021-07-09)
LocationKurbağaşıdere Cad. 125, Hasanpaşa, Kadıköy, Istanbul, Turkey
TypeArts and cultural center, technology museum
Website< muzegazhane.istanbul

Hasanpaşa Gasworks ( Turkish: Hasanpaşa Gazhanesi, also known as Kadıköy Gazhanesi or Kurbağalıdere Gazhanesi), today known as Museum Gasworks (Müze Gazhane), was a gasworks to produce coal gas in Istanbul, Turkey. Built in 1892, it was redeveloped into an arts, cultural center and technology museum in 2021.

History

Industrial coke furnace of the Hasanpaşa Gasworks (September 2021).

Hasanpaşa Gasworks, today Museum Gasworks ( Turkish: Müze Gazhane) is located at Kurbağalıdere St. 125 in Hasanpaşa neighborhood of Kadıköy district in Istanbul, Turkey. [1]

It was built in 1892 during the Ottoman Empire to meet the need of coal gas and electric power on the Anatolian part of Istanbul. [2] [3] At that time, it was one of the four gasworks in Istanbul, the others were at Dolmabahçe, Yedikule and Kuzguncuk. The lighting of Istanbul's Anatolian side has been done since the 1860s by gas supplied from the Kuzguncuk Gasworks. As it became insufficient, the building of a new gasworks was projected. On 28 July 1891, a 50-years concession was granted to the Ottoman incorporated company "Lighting with Gas and Electricity" to serve the districts Kadıköy, Üsküdar and the Anatolian side with lighting and heating using coal gas. The agreement was signed between Engineer Anatoli Barcil representing Paris-based iron industrialist Charles Georges and Mayor Rıdvan Pasha representing the Ottoman State. [4] [5] Architect-contractor Guglielmo Semprini started the construction of the gasworks on 1 August 1891. [5] The gasworks went into service in 1892 run by "Üsküdar-Kadıköy Gaz Şirket-i Tenviriyesi" ("Üsküdar-kadıköy Gas Lighting Company"). Located close to the stream Kurbağalıdere in Kadıköy, coal was brought over the stream, transported to the gasworks by rail, and processed to coal gas. The gasworks, named "Kurbağalıdere Gasworks" or "Kadıköy Gasworks", was called later as " Hasanpaşa Gasworks" due to its location. [6]

The gasworks operated continuously until World War I. Its gas production discontinued from time to time shortly during and after the war. During the times of coal shortage, it fired olive pits to prevent interruption in gas supply. [4] It continued to function during the Republican era. In October 1924, one year after the foundation of the Republic, the Turkish government extended the concession with the "Üsküdar-Kadıköy Gas Company" for another 50 years. The agreement was signed by Mayor Emin for the government and company's board member Arif Hilmet.The company, which run the Yedikule Gasworks, purchased the "Üsküdar-Kadıköy Gas Co." in 1926, and continued as "İstanbul Havagazı ve Elektrik Teşebbüsatı Sanaiye Türk Anonim Şirketi" ("Istanbul Gas and Electricity Industrial Enterprise Turkish Inc. Co."). [4]

Between 1938 and 1944, Kadıköy Gasworks continued to exist independently. It served under the roof of the company "Istanbul Elektrik, Tramvay ve Tüne Şirketi, IETT" ("Istanbul Electricity, Tram and Funicular Co.") between 1945 and 1993. [4]

The operation of the gasworks ceased on 13 June 1993 due to the decrease in gas demand after natural gas came into use. [7]

Redevelopment project

After the gasworks closed down, its land was used by the İETT as warehouse, garage, wrecking yard, garbage dump and coal storage. In 1994, it was decided to dismantle the remaining parts of the structure. The demolition was prevented as a result of the resistance of the residents and the support of non-governmental organizations. The gasworks was declared a protected area. [6] [8]

The non-profit organization "Gazhane Çevre Gönüllüleri" ("Gasworks Environmental Volunteers") started to organize in 1996, and turned into a cooperative in 1998. The volunteers requested to transform the gasworks into a cultural center. Eight festivals were held at the site until 2009. The free-of-charge festivals consisted of exhibitions, music concerts, dance and theatre shows. [9] [10]

A restoration project was prepared by Istanbul Technical University (İTÜ) between 1998 and 2001. After approval of the project by the Conservation Board şn 2014, Istanbul Netropolitan Municipality issued invitations for tender on 8 January the same year. Responsible for the supervision and direction of the project was the History of Architecture and Restoration Deportment at İTÜ's Faculty of Architecture. [11]

The renovation works started on 7 March 2014 and were completed in 2021 with two years delay. [12]

Museum Gasworks

The building was opened as the new culture and arts center of Istanbul on 9 July 2021, under the name of "Müze Gazhane" ("Museum Gasworks"). [12] It is a science and technology museum with a cartoon exhibition section. [13] The museum covers an area of 3,500 m2 (38,000 sq ft). [6] It consists of a library having about 10,000 books, [13] named after Prof. Afife Batur, the leader of the restoration project, two theater halls, one with 300 seating capacity and the other one with 130 seater, cafeteria, restaurant and social areas. [13] [14]

See also

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "İletişim" (in Turkish). Müze Gazhane. Retrieved 8 October 2022.
  2. ^ "Hasanpaşa Gazhanesi'nin Bilinemeyen Geleceği" (in Turkish). Arkitera. 12 June 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  3. ^ "Hasanpaşa Gazhanesi kültür sanat merkezi oluyor". Milliyet (in Turkish). 21 April 2021. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d Mazak, Mehmet. "Türkiye'de Modern Aydınlatmanın Başlangıcı – Aydınlatma Tarihimize Genel Bir Bakış (1853–1930)" (PDF) (in Turkish). EMO. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
  5. ^ a b Uygun, Gökçe (24 February 2021). "Kadıköy Kronolojisi (4)". Gazete Kadıköy (in Turkish). Retrieved 5 October 2022.
  6. ^ a b c Atayurt, Ulus (12 May 2021). "Gazhane'den müşterek haneye". 1+1 Express (in Turkish). Retrieved 5 October 2022.
  7. ^ "Hasanpaşa Gazhanesi" (in Turkish). Müze Gazhane. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
  8. ^ "Gazhane: Mahalleyi kirleten fabrikadan iklim müzesine". Yeşil Gazete (in Turkish). 18 May 2021. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
  9. ^ "Gazhane'de şenlik var". Hürriyet (in Turkish). 27 May 2005. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
  10. ^ "8.Hasanpaşa Gazhane Şenliği". Kent ve Demiryolu (in Turkish). 8 October 2009. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
  11. ^ "Hasanpaşa Gazhanesi Projesi: Kentli bilinciyle yaratılan örnek..." (in Turkish). Arkitera. 7 March 2002. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
  12. ^ a b "Gazhane 30 sene sonra hayata döndü". BirGün (in Turkish). 8 July 2021. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
  13. ^ a b c Aldoğan, Yazgülü (11 July 2021). "Kadıköy'de yeni bir cazibe merkezi: Müze Gazhane". Cumhuriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 6 October 2022.
  14. ^ "Gazhane sanat ve lezzet durağı oldu". BirGün (in Turkish). 25 July 2021. Retrieved 6 October 2022.