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Hamura
羽村市
Hamura City Hall
Hamura City Hall
Flag of Hamura
Official seal of Hamura
Location of Hamura in Tokyo Metropolis
Location of Hamura in Tokyo Metropolis
Hamura is located in Japan
Hamura
Hamura
 
Coordinates: 35°46′1.8″N 139°18′39.4″E / 35.767167°N 139.310944°E / 35.767167; 139.310944
Hamura,_Tokyo Latitude and Longitude:

35°46′1.8″N 139°18′39.4″E / 35.767167°N 139.310944°E / 35.767167; 139.310944
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Tokyo
Area
 • Total9.90 km2 (3.82 sq mi)
Population
 (April 2010)
 • Total57,174
 • Density5,800/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 ( Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
• Tree Ginkgo
• Flower Sakura
• Bird Brown hawk owl
Phone number042-555-1111
Address5-2-1 Midorigaoka, Hamura-shi, Tokyo-to 205-8601
Website Official website

Hamura (羽村市, Hamura-shi) is a neighborhood located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 May 2010, the neighborhood had an estimated population of 57,174, and a population density of 5770 persons per km². [1] The total area of the city was 9.90 square kilometres (3.82 sq mi).

Geography

Hamura is approximately in the west-center of Tokyo Metropolis, on the Musashino Terrace. It flanks the Tama River about 50 kilometres (31 mi) upriver from the mouth.

Hamura is composed of the following neighborhoods: Fujimidaira, Futabacho, Gonokami, Hane, Hanehigashi, Kawasaki, Midorigaoka, Ozakudai, Shinmeidai, Tamagawa, Yokotakichinai.

Surrounding municipalities

Tokyo Metropolis

Climate

Hamura has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Hamura is 13.4 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1998 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around 1.7 °C. [2]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [3] the population of Hamura increased rapidly in the 1960s and 1970s, but has remained relatively constant for the past 40 years.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1920 5,113—    
1930 5,800+13.4%
1940 5,878+1.3%
1950 8,373+42.4%
1960 11,003+31.4%
1970 22,783+107.1%
1980 42,017+84.4%
1990 52,103+24.0%
2000 56,013+7.5%
2010 57,046+1.8%

History

The area of present-day Hamura has been inhabited since Japanese Paleolithic times, and numerous remains from the Jōmon, Yayoi and Kofun periods have been discovered. During the Nara period, it became part of ancient Musashi Province. The Tamagawa Josui, an artificial waterway completed in 1653 to divert water from the Tama River and carry it as drinking water to Edo, begins in what is now part of Hamura.

In the post- Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of April 1, 1889, several hamlets (one of which was named Hane-mura) merged to form Nishitama Village in Nishitama District, at that time part of Kanagawa Prefecture. The entire district was transferred to the control of Tokyo Prefecture on April 1, 1893. In 1956, Nishitama Village became the town of Hamura. On November 1, 1991, Hamura was elevated to city status.

Government

Hamura has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 18 members. Hamura, collectively with Fussa, Akiruno, Mizuho, Hinode, Hinohara, and Okutama contributes two members to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Tokyo 25th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Hamura is primary a regional commercial center, and a bedroom community for central Tokyo and neighbouring Ōme. Several electronic companies have light industrial or logistical facilities in Hamura. Hino Motors and Toyota have a plant and test track in the city.

Education

Hamura has seven public elementary schools and three public middle schools operated by the city government. The city has one high school operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education. [4] There is also one special education school for the handicapped.

Public junior high schools: [5]

  • Hamura No. 1 (羽村第一中学校)
  • Hamura No. 2 (羽村第二中学校)
  • Hamura No. 3 (羽村第三中学校)

Public elementary schools: [5]

  • Fujimi (富士見小学校)
  • Hamura Higashi (羽村東小学校)
  • Hamura Nishi (羽村西小学校)
  • Musashino (武蔵野小学校)
  • Ozakudai (小作台小学校)
  • Sakae (栄小学校)
  • Shorin ( 松林小学校)

The United States Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) operates the following schools on Yokota Air Base and in the municipality of Hamura for children of United States military personnel:

  • Yokota West Elementary School [6]

For secondary levels, U.S. military-dependent children are directed to Yokota Middle School [7] and Yokota High School, both on base, but in Fussa instead of Hamura.

Transportation

Railway

JR logo (east).svg JR EastŌme Line

Highway

Local attractions

  • Hamura Diversion Weir
  • Aso Shrine
  • Hamura Zoo

Notable people from Hamura

References

  1. ^ "Hamura city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Hamura climate data
  3. ^ Hamura population statistics
  4. ^ 東京都立羽村高等学校(in Japanese)
  5. ^ a b "小学校・中学校一覧". Hamura City. Retrieved 2022-11-29.
  6. ^ "About". Yokota West Elementary School. School Address Unit 5072 Yokota AB APO, AP 96328-5072 Yokota, Japan
  7. ^ "About Our School". Yokota Middle School. Retrieved 2022-12-03. School Address Unit 5072 Yokota AB APO, AP 96328-5072 Yokota, Japan

External links