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Hachiōji
八王子市
View of top left, Downtown Hachioji, Komiya Park, Naganuma Park, Mount Takao, stone fence and bridge in Hachioji Castle site, Yakuoin in Mount Takao, Hachioji Ramen, Hachioji Traditional Festival on August
View of top left, Downtown Hachioji, Komiya Park, Naganuma Park, Mount Takao, stone fence and bridge in Hachioji Castle site, Yakuoin in Mount Takao, Hachioji Ramen, Hachioji Traditional Festival on August
Flag of Hachiōji
Official seal of Hachiōji
Location of Hachiōji in Tokyo
Location of Hachiōji
Hachiōji is located in Japan
Hachiōji
Hachiōji
 
Coordinates: 35°39′59.2″N 139°18′57.6″E / 35.666444°N 139.316000°E / 35.666444; 139.316000
Hachioji Latitude and Longitude:

35°39′59.2″N 139°18′57.6″E / 35.666444°N 139.316000°E / 35.666444; 139.316000
CountryJapan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Tokyo
First official recorded3rd century AD (official)
Town settledApril 1, 1889
City settledSeptember1, 1917
Government
 • MayorTakayuki Ishimori (石森 孝志, Takayuki Ishimori)
Area
 • Total186.38 km2 (71.96 sq mi)
Population
 (March 2021)
 • Total561,344
 • Density3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 ( Japan Standard Time)
Phone number042-626-3111
Address3-24-1 Motohongo-cho, Hachiōji-shi, Tokyo 192-8501
Climate Cfa
Website Official website
Symbols
Bird Blue-and-white flycatcher
Flower Lilium auratum
Tree Ginkgo biloba
Hachiōji City Hall

Hachiōji (八王子市, Hachiōji-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 31 March 2021, the city had an estimated population of 561,344, and a population density of 3000 persons per km2. [1] The total area of the city is 186.38 km2 (71.96 sq mi).

Geography

Urban area of Hachiōji

Hachiōji is located in the foothills of the Okutama Mountains of western Tokyo, about 40 kilometers west of the center of the 23 special wards of Tokyo. The city is surrounded on three sides by mountains, forming the Hachioji Basin which opens up toward the east in the direction of Tokyo. The mountain ranges in the southwest include Mount Takao (599 m) and Mount Jinba (857 m), two popular hiking destinations which can be reached by train and bus, respectively.

Surrounding municipalities

Tokyo Metropolis

Kanagawa Prefecture

Climate

Hachiōji has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Hachiōji is 13.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1998 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.3 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.4 °C. [2]

Climate data for Hachioji (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1976−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
24.0
(75.2)
26.6
(79.9)
32.2
(90.0)
37.1
(98.8)
36.0
(96.8)
39.3
(102.7)
39.3
(102.7)
39.2
(102.6)
32.7
(90.9)
26.7
(80.1)
26.0
(78.8)
39.3
(102.7)
Average high °C (°F) 9.3
(48.7)
10.3
(50.5)
13.7
(56.7)
19.1
(66.4)
23.6
(74.5)
26.0
(78.8)
30.1
(86.2)
31.4
(88.5)
27.1
(80.8)
21.5
(70.7)
16.4
(61.5)
11.7
(53.1)
20.0
(68.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
4.5
(40.1)
8.0
(46.4)
13.3
(55.9)
18.1
(64.6)
21.4
(70.5)
25.4
(77.7)
26.4
(79.5)
22.6
(72.7)
16.9
(62.4)
11.1
(52.0)
5.9
(42.6)
14.7
(58.5)
Average low °C (°F) −1.8
(28.8)
−0.9
(30.4)
2.7
(36.9)
7.7
(45.9)
12.9
(55.2)
17.4
(63.3)
21.5
(70.7)
22.4
(72.3)
18.8
(65.8)
13.0
(55.4)
6.4
(43.5)
0.8
(33.4)
10.1
(50.2)
Record low °C (°F) −8.7
(16.3)
−8.8
(16.2)
−8.1
(17.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
2.6
(36.7)
10.0
(50.0)
13.3
(55.9)
15.4
(59.7)
7.9
(46.2)
2.4
(36.3)
−2.3
(27.9)
−7.6
(18.3)
−8.8
(16.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 54.1
(2.13)
46.1
(1.81)
102.9
(4.05)
114.1
(4.49)
124.7
(4.91)
172.0
(6.77)
188.3
(7.41)
212.5
(8.37)
264.4
(10.41)
230.8
(9.09)
80.1
(3.15)
53.1
(2.09)
1,643
(64.69)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.5 4.9 9.2 9.2 10.0 12.7 12.5 10.4 12.2 10.5 7.2 4.9 108.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 201.1 179.7 174.9 179.3 176.0 119.7 145.1 177.3 128.0 132.4 157.0 184.2 1,954.5
Source: JMA [3] [4]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [5] the population of Hachiōji has recently plateaued after nine decades of strong growth.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1920 78,705—    
1930 95,389+21.2%
1940 111,028+16.4%
1950 131,470+18.4%
1960 164,622+25.2%
1970 253,407+53.9%
1980 387,178+52.8%
1990 466,347+20.4%
2000 536,046+14.9%
2010 580,053+8.2%
2020 579,355−0.1%

History

The area of present-day Hachiōji was part of ancient Musashi Province. It has been an important junction point and post town along the Kōshū Kaidō, the main road that connected the historical Edo (today's Tokyo) with western Japan. Hachiōji Castle was built during the Sengoku period in 1584 by Hōjō Ujiteru, but was destroyed in 1590 by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. During the Edo period, the area was tenryō controlled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate. In the post- Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of July 22, 1878, the area became part of Minamitama District in Kanagawa Prefecture. The town of Hachiōji was created on April 1, 1889, with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Minaitama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893. Hachiōji gained city status on September 1, 1917.

During the 1964 Summer Olympics, the city played host to the road cycling events. A velodrome in the city played host to the track cycling events. [6]

Hachiōji became a Core city on April 1, 2015 with increased local autonomy.

Government

Hachiōji has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 40 members, whose members are elected for a four-year term. Hachiōji contributes five members to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is divided between the Tokyo 21st district and Tokyo 24th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Mayors of Hachiōji (1917–present)

Economy

During the Meiji period, Hachiōji prospered as an important location for the production of silk and silk textiles. The industry faded away, however, in the 1960s. Today, Hachiōji mainly serves as a commuter town for people working in Tokyo, and as a location for many large colleges and universities.

Education

Colleges and universities

Primary and secondary education

The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education operates nine public high schools, and the metropolis also operates the Hachioji School for the Blind. There are also eleven private high schools.

Metropolitan high schools:

Hachiōji has 70 public elementary schools and 37 public junior high schools operated by the city government, as well as four public combined elementary/junior high schools.

Combined public elementary and junior high schools: [7]

Municipal junior high schools: [7]

Municipal elementary schools: [7]

  • No. 1 (第一小学校)
  • No. 2 (第二小学校)
  • No. 3 (第三小学校)
  • No. 4 ( 第四小学校)
  • No. 5 ( 第五小学校)
  • No. 7 (第七小学校)
  • No. 8 (第八小学校)
  • No. 9 ( 第九小学校)
  • No. 10 ( 第十小学校)
  • Akibadai ( 秋葉台小学校)
  • Asakawa ( 浅川小学校)
  • Atago ( 愛宕小学校)
  • Bessho ( 別所小学校)
  • Funeda (船田小学校)
  • Higashi Asakawa ( 東浅川小学校)
  • Kami Ichibukata (上壱分方小学校)
  • Kami Kawaguchi ( 上川口小学校)
  • Kami Yugi ( 上柚木小学校)
  • Kashima ( 鹿島小学校)
  • Kashiwagi ( 柏木小学校)
  • Kasumi (加住小学校)
  • Katakuradai (片倉台小学校)
  • Kawaguchi (川口小学校)
  • Komiya (小宮小学校)
  • Kunugida (椚田小学校)
  • Nagaike (長池小学校)
  • Matsugaya (松が谷小学校)
  • Matsugi ( 松木小学校)
  • Midorigaoka (緑が丘小学校)
  • Minamino (みなみ野小学校)
  • Minamino Kimita (みなみ野君田小学校)
  • Minami Osawa (南大沢小学校)
  • Miyakami (宮上小学校)
  • Miyama (美山小学校)
  • Moto Hachioji (元八王子小学校)
  • Moto Hachioji Higashi (元八王子東小学校)
  • Motoki (元木小学校)
  • Nagabusa (長房小学校)
  • Naganuma (長沼小学校)
  • Nakano Kita (中野北小学校)
  • Nakayama (中山小学校)
  • Nanakuni (七国小学校)
  • Narahara (楢原小学校)
  • Matsue ( 松枝小学校)
  • Nibukata (弐分方小学校)
  • Ongata No. 1 (恩方第一小学校)
  • Ongata No. 2 (恩方第二小学校)
  • Owada ( 大和田小学校)
  • Sanda (散田小学校)
  • Shimizu (清水小学校)
  • Shimo Yugi ( 下柚木小学校)
  • Shiroyama (城山小学校)
  • Takakura (高倉小学校)
  • Takane (高嶺小学校)
  • Toyo (陶鎔小学校)
  • Utsukidai ( 宇津木台小学校)
  • Yamada (山田小学校)
  • Yarimizu ( 鑓水小学校)
  • Yokokawa (横川小学校)
  • Yokoyama No. 1 (横山第一小学校)
  • Yokoyama No. 2 (横山第二小学校)
  • Yugi Chuo ( 由木中央小学校)
  • Yugi Higashi (由木東小学校)
  • Yugi Nishi ( 由木西小学校)
  • Yui No. 1 ( 由井第一小学校)
  • Yui No. 2 ( 由井第二小学校)
  • Yui No. 3 (由井第三小学校)

Former:

Transportation

Railways

JR logo (east).svg JR East - Chūō Main Line

JR logo (east).svg JR East - Yokohama Line

JR logo (east).svg JR East - Hachikō Line

KeioRailway logo.svg Keio Corporation - Keiō Line

KeioRailway logo.svg Keio Corporation - Keiō Takao Line

KeioRailway logo.svg Keio Corporation - Sagamihara Line

Tama Toshi Monorail Logo.png Tokyo Tama Intercity Monorail - Tama Toshi Monorail Line

Highways

Sister city relations

Local attractions

Hachioji stretches over a large area, combining such diverse parts as the densely populated city center and its shopping district with the hardly populated rural areas in the west.

References

  1. ^ "Hachiōji city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ "Hachiōji climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Hachiōji weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 2021-08-12.
  3. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved February 23, 2022.
  4. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved February 23, 2022.
  5. ^ "Tōkyō (Japan): Metropolitan Prefecture, Cities, Towns and Villages - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2022-12-10.
  6. ^ 1964 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 1. Part 1. p. 115.
  7. ^ a b c "通学区域一覧・通学区域図(学校別)". Hachioji City. Retrieved 2022-12-02.
  8. ^ a b c "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  9. ^ "続日本100名城" (in Japanese). 日本城郭協会. 29 November 2017. Retrieved 25 July 2019.

External links