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Grand Paris Express
Overview
Owner RATP
Locale Île-de-France
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines6 (4 new lines, 2 extended lines)
Number of stations68 [1]
Operation
Operation will start2024 (Line 14 Northern extension)
Operator(s)Will be retained by Ile de France Mobilités after a call for tenders
Technical
System length200 km (120 mi) [2]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge

Grand Paris Express is a group of new rapid transit lines being built in the Île-de-France region of France. The project comprises four new lines for Paris Métro, plus extensions of existing Lines 11 and 14. A total of 200 kilometres (120 mi) of new track and 68 new stations are to be added, serving a projected 2 million passengers a day. [3]

The new lines were originally indexed by colour (Red Line, Pink Line, Green Line), but this changed in 2013 to continue the numbering convention that the RATP uses. The new lines are therefore now known as 15, 16, 17 and 18. They are planned to open in stages, starting with the Line 11 extension in Spring 2024 [4] and through 2030. [5]

Since August 2013, the New Grand Paris steering committee has met quarterly. [6] The first public inquiry, focused on the southern section of Line 15 from Pont de Sèvres to Noisy–Champs, was held from October to mid-November 2013. [7] Work on line 15 began in 2015. Its first section between Pont de Sèvres Métro station and Noisy–Champs RER A station was scheduled at that time to open around 2020, but this has now been pushed back to 2025. This line was first proposed in the Orbival project, then integrated into the Arc Express.

Line 11 extension

Line 11
proposed extension
proposed extension
Noisy–Champs
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 15 Paris Métro Line 16** RER RER A
Neuilly–Hôpitaux
Neuilly–Les Fauvettes
Villemomble
Rosny Maintenance Centre
Rosny–Bois Perrier
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 15* RER RER E
Côteaux Beauclair
La Dhuys
Montreuil–Hôpital
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 9*
Romainville–Carnot
Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 1**
Serge Gainsbourg
under construction
Lilas Shops
Mairie des Lilas
Porte des Lilas
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 3bis Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 3b
Télégraphe
Place des Fêtes
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 7bis
Jourdain
Pyrénées
Belleville
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 2
Goncourt
République
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 3 Paris Métro Line 5 Paris Métro Line 8 Paris Métro Line 9
Arts et Métiers
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 3
Rambuteau
Hôtel de Ville
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 1
Victoria Depôt
Châtelet Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 1 Paris Métro Line 4 Paris Métro Line 7 Paris Métro Line 14 RER RER A RER B RER D
(*) Planned     (**) Under construction

To ensure better commuter service to the inner Northeastern suburbs, a six-station, 5-kilometre (3.1 mi) eastbound extension of Line 11 is under construction from Mairie des Lilas to Rosny-sous-Bois. The scheme was initially lobbied for by the local authorities of these suburbs, and was adopted during the 2007 review of the Île-de-France Transportation Plan. Work on the extension to Rosny – Bois-Perrier started in 2015 and it is expected to open by the end of 2023. [8] It will provide new connections with the RER E and the extended Île-de-France tramway Line 1, which it will better link to central Paris and the commuter hub of Châtelet–Les Halles.

List of new stations and connections (with expected opening dates)
New stations Towns served Connection Expected
opening
date [8]
Serge Gainsbourg Les Lilas 2024
Place Carnot Romainville, Noisy-le-Sec Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 1
Montreuil Hôpital Montreuil, Noisy-le-Sec Paris Métro Line 9 (potential)
La Dhuys Montreuil, Noisy-le-Sec, Rosny-sous-Bois
Côteaux Beauclair Noisy-le-Sec, Rosny-sous-Bois
Rosny – Bois-Perrier Rosny-sous-Bois RER RER E

Revisions in the Grand Paris Express Plan and possible automation

A revised plan for the proposed Grand Paris Express subway system was unveiled on 6 March 2013, and calls for a second extension of Line 11 to be built towards Noisy–Champs. The target opening date is 2030, but might be pushed back. Should the second extension be built, Line 11 will eventually be fully automated. [9] Automatic train operation is not currently planned for the Rosny extension, although the RATP and STIF had considered the possibility of adding it later on.

Rolling stock

As of March 2013, it was expected that additional MP 14 stock will be used for line 11. Unlike lines 14 and 4, these MP 14's will be manually driven and will replace the MP 59. As of October 2022, the trains are currently in test at the Rosny extension. Passenger service started in June 2023.

Line 14 extension

Line 14
Saint-Denis Pleyel
RER RER D future Paris Métro Line 15 Paris Métro Line 16 Paris Métro Line 17
Up arrow extension under construction
Mairie de Saint-Ouen
Paris Métro Line 13
SMR Docks de Saint-Ouen
Saint-Ouen
RER RER C
Porte de Clichy
Paris Métro Line 13 RER RER C Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 3b
Pont Cardinet
Transilien Transilien Line L (Paris-Saint-Lazare)
Saint-Lazare
Paris Métro Line 3 Paris Métro Line 9 Paris Métro Line 12 Paris Métro Line 13 RER RER E Paris-Saint-Lazare Transilien Transilien Line J (Paris-Saint-Lazare) Transilien Line L (Paris-Saint-Lazare)
Madeleine
Paris Métro Line 8 Paris Métro Line 12
Pyramides
Paris Métro Line 7
Châtelet
Paris Métro Line 1 Paris Métro Line 4 Paris Métro Line 7 Paris Métro Line 11 RER RER A RER B RER D
Gare de Lyon
Paris Métro Line 1 RER RER A RER D Paris-Gare-de-Lyon Transilien Transilien Line R (Paris-Gare-de-Lyon)
Bercy
Paris Métro Line 6
Cour Saint-Émilion
Bibliothèque François Mitterrand
RER RER C
Olympiades
Down arrow extension under construction
Maison Blanche
Paris Métro Line 7
Hôpital Bicêtre
Villejuif–Gustave Roussy
 future Paris Métro Line 15
L'Haÿ-les-Roses
Chevilly-Larue
Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 7 Bus Tvm
Thiais–Orly
RER RER C
Aéroport d'Orly
Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 7 Orlyval future Paris Métro Line 18

Disabled access all stations are accessible

Northern extension of line 14

The automated Line 14 was extended north from Saint-Lazare to Mairie de Saint-Ouen, with the primary aim of reducing overcrowding on line 13. [10] The adopted solution connects both branches of line 13 to line 14, with stations at Porte de Clichy on the Asnières – Gennevilliers branch and Mairie de Saint-Ouen on the Saint-Denis branch. An additional station connects with the Saint-Ouen RER C station, and another with the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare lines at Pont-Cardinet, and the final one with the RER D at Saint-Denis Pleyel. Construction on the extension began in 2014, with an aim of completion by 2019. [11] Completion was later pushed back to 2020 after flooding from the water table stopped the tunnel works for a year. The covid-19 pandemic then further delayed the opening to December 2020. [12] As of spring 2023, the current estimate for the opening of the extension is mid-2024 – just before the Olympics.

Southern extension of line 14

Line 14 is also being extended south from Olympiades towards Orly Airport. The extension will travel southeastward from Olympiades to Maison Blanche, with a possible connection to Line 7's Villejuif branch, with a planned opening in 2024 (promptly before the 2024 Summer Olympics in Paris).

When both extensions are complete, it is expected that Line 14 will eventually be merged into the proposed Grand Paris Express system. [13]

Rolling stock

1/10 scale model of the MP 89 for M2 line of Lausanne Métro, of the same type as for line 14

In February 2012 the STIF announced that with the two extensions planned, the brand new MP 14 class of rolling stock will replace the MP 89CA and MP 05 stock on Line 14 starting from 2020. This new stock would be in eight-car train formations, something not yet employed on the Paris Métro but allowed by the length of all Line 14 stations. The current MP 89CA and MP 05 stock would then be reassigned to line 4, alongside some 6-car MP 14s. They will replace the manually driven MP 89 CC rolling stock, which will be refurbished before going to line 6 to replace the aging MP 73 rolling stock. [14]

Line 15

Line 15
Paris Métro Line 15
Overview
Termini Noisy–Champs
Champigny-Centre
Connecting lines Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 1 Paris Métro Line 4 Paris Métro Line 5 Paris Métro Line 7 Paris Métro Line 8 Paris Métro Line 9 Paris Métro Line 11 Paris Métro Line 12 Paris Métro Line 13 Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 16 Paris Métro Line 17 Paris Métro Line 18
Stations36
Service
System Paris Métro
Operator(s)Will be retained by Ile de France Mobilités after a call for tenders
Rolling stock Alstom Metropolis MR6V
History
Opened2025–2030
Technical
Line length75 km (47 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Conduction systemAutomated
Route map
Line 15
Noisy–Champs
Paris Métro Line 11 Paris Métro Line 16 RER RER A
Bry–Villiers–Champigny
RER RER E Transilien Transilien Line P (Paris-Est)
Champigny Centre
RER RER E
Nogent–Le Perreux
RER RER A RER E Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 1
Val de Fontenay
Saint-Maur–Créteil
RER RER A Bus Tvm
Paris Métro Line 11 RER RER E
Rosny-Bois-Perrier
RER RER E Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 4
Bondy
Créteil–L'Échat
Paris Métro Line 8
Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 1
Pont de Bondy
Le Vert de Maisons
RER RER D
Paris Métro Line 5 Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 1
Bobigny–Pablo Picasso
Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 1
Bobigny–Drancy
Les Ardoines
RER RER C
Paris Métro Line 7
Fort d'Aubervilliers
Vitry Centre
Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 9
Paris Métro Line 12
Mairie d'Aubervilliers
Villejuif–Louis Aragon
Paris Métro Line 7 Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 7
RER RER B
Stade de France
Villejuif–Gustave Roussy
Paris Métro Line 14
Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 16 Paris Métro Line 17 RER RER D
Saint-Denis Pleyel
Arcueil–Cachan
RER RER B
Bagneux–Lucie Aubrac
Paris Métro Line 4
RER RER C
Les Grésillons
Châtillon–Montrouge
Paris Métro Line 13 Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 6
Paris Métro Line 13
Les Agnettes
Fort d'Issy–Vanves–Clamart
Transilien Transilien Line N (Paris-Montparnasse)
Transilien Transilien Line J (Paris-Saint-Lazare)
Bois-Colombes
Issy
RER RER C
Transilien Transilien Line L (Paris-Saint-Lazare)
Bécon-les-Bruyères
Paris Métro Line 1 RER RER A RER E Transilien Transilien Line L (Paris-Saint-Lazare) Transilien Line U Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 2
  La Défense
Pont de Sèvres
Paris Métro Line 9 Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 2
RER RER E
Nanterre–La Folie
Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 1
Nanterre–La Boule
Saint-Cloud
Transilien Transilien Line L (Paris-Saint-Lazare) Transilien Line U
Rueil–Suresnes–Mont Valérien

Line 15 will be a high-capacity underground rail line, providing a new ring line around Paris in the departments of Hauts-de-Seine, Val-de-Marne and Seine-Saint-Denis. It will enable direct journeys between the suburbs, bypassing central Paris. [15] [16] The configuration of the line is very similar to that of the Arc Express, proposed by the RATP in 2006. It was later included in the red line project of the Grand Paris public transportation network, introduced by French President Nicolas Sarkozy in 2009. In March 2013, the "New Grand Paris" project was announced by the Prime Minister at the time, Jean-Marc Ayrault. At this time, the line acquired its current line 15 naming. [17]

Line 15 is planned to open in phases from 2025 through 2030. [18] It will create a loop connecting Noisy–Champs to Champigny, passing through Champigny-sur-Marne, Créteil, Villejuif, La Défense, Saint-Denis and Rosny-sous-Bois.

Proposed timeline

On 22 February 2018, a new timeline is announced by Prime minister Édouard Philippe: [19]

  • During 2014: Public inquiry on the eastern section from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Champigny Centre.
  • Early 2015: Groundbreaking of the southern section spanning Pont-de-Sèvres to Noisy–Champs.
  • 2024, postponed to 2025 in September 2018: Southern section from Pont de Sèvres to Noisy–Champs put into service.
  • 2030: western section from Pont de Sèvres to Saint-Denis Pleyel and eastern section from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Champigny Centre put into service.

Previous timeline

In 2013, the government led by Ayrault proposed this timeline for the line 15 project: [20] [21]

  • 2014: Public inquiry on the eastern section from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Champigny Centre.
  • Early-2015: Groundbreaking for the southern section between Pont-de-Sèvres and Noisy–Champs.
  • 2020: Groundbreaking of the section from Pont-de-Sèvres to Nanterre and from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Rosny-Bois-Perrier on the northern section.
  • 2022: Southern section from Pont-de-Sèvres to Noisy–Champs opens.
  • Early 2025: Segments from Pont-de-Sèvres to Nanterre and from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Rosny-Bois-Perrier of the northern section put into service.
  • 2025: Groundbreaking of the segment from Nanterre to Saint-Denis Pleyel via La Défense-Grande-Arche of the northern section.
  • Early 2030: Segment from Nanterre to Saint-Denis Pleyel via La Défense-Grande-Arche of the northern section put into service.
  • End of 2030: Northern section from Rosny to Champigny completed.

Rolling stock

The proposed rolling stock for line 15 is a new automated design, using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and overhead electrification, with a width of 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in). Alstom has been chosen to build these trains. The names of the trains are the Alstom Metropolis MR3V/MR6V (MR6Y (6-car variant for line 15) and MR3Y (3-car variant for lines 16 and 17)). [22]

The specifications of the trains travelling line 15 and their operation are as follows: [23] [24]

  • Train width: 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in) minimum
  • Train length: 108 metres (354 ft), made up of 6 cars with full-open interior gangways
  • Train capacity: 960 passengers (at 4 passengers per m²)
  • Bearings: iron
  • Electric traction current: 1500 volt direct current via pantograph and contact wires [25]
  • Operation: Fully automated
  • Maximum speed: 120 kilometres per hour (75 mph) [26]
  • Average operating speed: 55 kilometres per hour (34 mph) [26]
  • Theoretical morning rush hour throughput: 34 560 passengers per hour [27]
  • Average interval: 3 to 4 minutes [26]
  • Minimum interval: 2 minutes [26]

Lines 16 and 17

Line 16
Paris Métro Line 16
Overview
Termini Noisy–Champs
Saint-Denis Pleyel
Connecting lines Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 11 Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 15 Paris Métro Line 17
Stations10
Service
System Paris Métro
Operator(s)Will be retained by Ile de France Mobilités after a call for tenders
Rolling stock Alstom Metropolis MR3V
History
Opened2026-2028
Technical
Line length25 km (16 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Conduction systemAutomated
Line 17
Paris Métro Line 17
Overview
Termini Le Mesnil-Amelot
Saint-Denis Pleyel
Connecting lines Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 15 Paris Métro Line 16
Stations9
Service
System Paris Métro
Operator(s)Will be retained by Ile de France Mobilités after a call for tenders
Rolling stock Alstom Metropolis MR3V
History
Opened2026–2030
Technical
Line length25 km (16 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Conduction systemAutomated
Lines 16 & 17
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 16
Noisy – Champs
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 11 Paris Métro Line 15 RER RER A
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 17
Le Mesnil–Amelot
Chelles–Gournay
RER RER E
CDGVAL
Aéroport Charles-de-Gaulle
Terminal 4
Clichy–Montfermeil
Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 4
RER RER B CDGVAL
Aéroport Charles-de-Gaulle
Terminal 2
Sevran – Livry
RER RER B
RER RER B
Parc des Expositions
Sevran – Beaudottes
RER RER B
RER RER D
Triangle de Gonesse
Aulnay
Le Bourget Aéroport
Le Blanc-Mesnil
Le Bourget
RER RER B Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 11
Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 1 
La Courneuve–Six Routes
Saint-Denis Pleyel
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 15 RER RER D
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 16 Paris Métro Line 17 

Line 16 is planned to open in between 2026 and 2028.

Line 17 is planned to open in phases between 2026 and 2030.

Rolling stock

The proposed rolling stock for lines 16 and 17 is a new automated design with a width of 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in), using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and overhead electrification. The rolling stocks for the line is the Alstom Metropolis MR3V (3-car variant) [1]

Line 18

Line 18
Paris Métro Line 18
Overview
Termini Versailles-Chantiers
Orly airport
Connecting lines Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 15
Stations13
Service
System Paris Métro
Operator(s)Will be retained by Ile de France Mobilités after a call for tenders
History
Opened2026–2030
Technical
Line length50 km (31 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Conduction systemAutomated
Route map

Nanterre-La Folie
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 15 RER RER E
Rueil
proposed
Versailles – Chantiers
RER RER C Transilien Transilien Line N (Paris-Montparnasse) Transilien Line U Transilien Line V
Satory
Saint-Quentin Université
Saint-Quentin Est
CEA Saint-Aubin
Orsay Gif
Palaiseau
Massy – Palaiseau
RER RER B RER C Transilien Transilien Line V
Massy-Opéra
Antonypole
Aéroport d'Orly
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 14 Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 7 Orlyval

Line 18 is planned to open in phases between 2026 and 2030. [5]

Rolling stock

The proposed rolling stock for line 18 is the MRV (Matériel Roulant Voyageurs), a new automated design with a width of 2.45 metres (8 ft 0 in), using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and third rail electrification. Alstom has been chosen to build these trains.

References

  1. ^ "The Metro: a Parisian institution". RATP. Archived from the original on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2014. The Montmartre funicular is considered to be part of the metro system, within which is represented by a 303rd fictive station "Funiculaire".
  2. ^ "Brief history of the Paris metro". france.fr – The official website of France. Archived from the original on 26 September 2013. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
  3. ^ "Grand Paris Express, the largest transport project in Europe". Société du Grand Paris. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Ligne 11 du métro : début des essais pour les nouvelles rames". Île-de-France Mobilités. 14 February 2023. Retrieved 20 February 2023. …prolongement qui devrait accueillir ses premiers voyageurs dès le printemps 2024.
  5. ^ a b "Création des nouvelles lignes reliant le Nouveau Grand Paris". STIF (in French). Archived from the original on 19 November 2014.
  6. ^ Ministère de l'écologie, du développement durable et de l'énergie (28 August 2013). "Installation du comité de pilotage du Nouveau Grand Paris". developpement-durable.gouv.fr. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  7. ^ "Métro ligne 15 – STIF". stif.org. Archived from the original on 8 June 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  8. ^ a b "Prolongement de la ligne 11: le tunnelier inauguré, six nouvelles stations de métro en 2023". France 3 Paris Ile-de-France (in French). Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  9. ^ "Nouveau Grand Paris» : l'État engage 27 milliards pour le métro parisien" (in French). 6 March 2013.
  10. ^ "Prolongement de la ligne 14 de Saint-Lazare à Mairie de Saint-Ouen" (in French). RATP. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  11. ^ à 13h09, Par Julien Duffé Le 23 octobre 2014 (23 October 2014). "Grand Paris : le prolongement des lignes 12 et 14 du métro retardé de deux ans". Le Parisien.{{ cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list ( link)
  12. ^ "A Paris, la ligne 14 du métro en plein essor, la 13 toujours aussi chargée". Le Monde. 5 March 2021.
  13. ^ (in French) http://www.symbioz.net/index.php?id=99 Grand Paris Express
  14. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 October 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.{{ cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link) Modernisation du métro (in French). STIF. Retrieved 11 February 2012
  15. ^ "Acte motivé". societedugrandparis.fr. 26 May 2011. pp. 34, 35, 45. Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  16. ^ "ratp.fr – The Greater Paris Express project". ratp.fr. Archived from the original on 1 August 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  17. ^ "Le Nouveau Grand Paris : pour une région compétitive et solidaire". archives.gouvernement.fr. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  18. ^ "Grand Paris Express" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  19. ^ "La nouvelle feuille de route du Grand Paris Express". societedugrandparis.fr. 22 February 2018..
  20. ^ Service de presse de Matignon (6 March 2013). "Le Nouveau Grand Paris" (PDF). archives.gouvernement.fr/. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  21. ^ Boughriet, Rachida (28 August 2013). "Nouveau Grand Paris : le comité de pilotage installé". Actu Environnement. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  22. ^ "Le Grand Paris Express Un projet pour le XXIe siècle" (PDF). Île-de-France Mobilités (in French). Société du Grand Paris. 13 June 2019. Retrieved 13 July 2023.
  23. ^ Préfecture d'Île-de-France. "Dossier d'enquête préalable à la déclaration d'utilité publique – Tronçon Pont-de-Sèvres < > Noisy–Champs (Ligne rouge – 15 Sud) – Pièce C – Présentation du programme" (PDF). enquetepubliquelignerouge15sud.fr (in French). Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  24. ^ Gabriel, Oihana (6 March 2013). "Transports: Le Grand Paris rebaptisé et précisé". 20 minutes (in French). Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  25. ^ Ragu, Didier (11 September 2013). "Egis et Setec décrochent un gros lot du Grand Paris". Usinenouvelle.com (in French). Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  26. ^ a b c d "Une offre adaptée aux territoires". Société du Grand Paris (in French). 1 April 2014. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  27. ^ Société du Grand Paris (18 October 2010). "Étude Prévisions de trafic (RATP)" (PDF). cpdp.debatpublic.fr (in French). Retrieved 21 June 2015.

External links