The geography of
Malaysia is characterized by a huge valley — known as the Klang Valley — bordered by the
Titiwangsa Mountains in the east, several minor ranges in the north and the south and the Malacca Straits in the west. The name
Kuala Lumpur literally means muddy confluence; Kuala Lumpur is located at the confluence of the
Gombak Rivers, facing the
Located in the center of
Selangor State, Kuala Lumpur was previously under Selangor state government. In 1974, Kuala Lumpur was separated from Selangor to form today's Kuala Lumpur under the
Malaysian Federal Government. Its location on the West Coast of
Peninsular Malaysia, which has wider flat land than the East Coast, has contributed to its faster development relative to other cities in Malaysia.
The city is currently 243.65 km² (94.07 sq mi) wide, with an average elevation of 21.95 m (72 ft).
The area is subject to
flash flood due to thunderstorms and heavy rain.
Kuala Lumpur has moderate pollution compared to other modern cities in the world. Due to the close proximity of the
Sumatra Island, dust particles are carried by wind from perennial but transient
forest fires, creating a phenomenon known as the haze.
Bukit Bintang is the famous shopping and entertainment district and tourist haven in Kuala Lumpur; the road that runs through it is called Jalan Bukit Bintang.
Wangsa Maju was a site of the Setapak rubber estate from the 1900s until the 1980s. The township was opened on 1984. Today Wangsa Maju has become one of the largest townships in Kuala Lumpur after Bandar Tun Razak and Bandar Tasik Selatan in Cheras.
Bandar Tun Razak was renamed in the year 1981 by the 4th Prime Minister, Datuk Seri Dr. Mahathir Mohamed. The township was previously known as Kampung Konggo (or Congo Village), as this area was a settlement for a number of former/retired Malaysian army personnel who served in
Congo, Africa in the 1960s under the United Nations banner; a number still live in this area.
Cheras covers a large geographic area in the eastern side of Kuala Lumpur.
^Bieber, F.; Wolff, S. (2013).
The Ethnopolitics of Elections. Association for the Study of Nationalities. Taylor & Francis. p. 71.
ISBN978-1-317-99759-7. Retrieved 22 June 2018. The first federal territory was created in 1974, when the capital city of Kuala Lumpur was separated from Selangor state.