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English: This detailed astronaut photograph illustrates the southern coastline of the Hawaiian island Oahu, including Pearl Harbor. On December 7, 1941—68 years ago—a surprise attack by the Japanese Navy on Pearl Harbor and other targets on the island of Oahu precipitated the entry of the United States into World War II. Today, Pearl Harbor is still in use as a major United States Navy installation, and along with Honolulu, it is one of the most heavily developed parts of the island.

A comparison between this image and a 2003 astronaut photograph of Pearl Harbor suggests that little observable land use or land cover change has occurred in the area over the past six years. The most significant difference is the presence of more naval vessels in the Reserve Fleet anchorage in Middle Loch (image center). The urban areas of Waipahu, Pearl City, and Aliamanu border the harbor to the northwest, north, and east. The built-up areas, recognizable by linear streets and white rooftops, contrast sharply with the reddish volcanic soils and green vegetation on the surrounding hills.

International Space Station InsigniaISS Crew Earth Observations: ISS021-E-15710International Space Station Insignia
Mission ISS021 ( Expedition 21)
Roll E
Frame 15710
Country or Geographic Name USA-HAWAII
Center Point Latitude 21.4° N
Center Point Longitude -158.0° E
Camera Tilt
Camera Focal Length 400 mm
Camera Nikon D2Xs
Film 4288 x 2848 pixel CMOS sensor, RGBG imager color filter.
Percentage of Cloud Cover 0-10%
Nadir What is Nadir?
Date 2009-10-27
Time 17:57:32
Nadir Point Latitude 21.5° N
Nadir Point Longitude -157.6° E
Nadir to Photo Center Direction West
Sun Azimuth 113°
Spacecraft Altitude 185 nautical miles (343 km)
Sun Elevation Angle 18°
Orbit Number 2683
  • Image Science & Analysis Laboratory, NASA Johnson Space Center, Expedition 21
  • Derivative work including removal of dust spots, grading.:  Julian Herzog
Other versions
Camera location 21° 30′ 00″ N, 157° 36′ 00″ W  Kartographer map based on OpenStreetMap.View this and other nearby images on: OpenStreetMap info
Object location 21° 24′ 00″ N, 158° 00′ 00″ W  Kartographer map based on OpenStreetMap.View this and other nearby images on: OpenStreetMap info
This image or video was catalogued by Johnson Space Center of the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) under Photo ID: ISS021-E-15710.

This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing.
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Public domain This file is in the public domain in the United States because it was solely created by NASA. NASA copyright policy states that "NASA material is not protected by copyright unless noted". (See Template:PD-USGov, NASA copyright policy page or JPL Image Use Policy.)
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This image is annotated: View the annotations at Commons

Information (Geography)


Southern Coast of Oahu, Hawaiian Islands, including Pearl Harbor

Items portrayed in this file


27 October 2009

0.00285714285714285714 second

400 millimetre

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current 17:34, 22 March 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 17:34, 22 March 20134,288 × 2,848 (11.07 MB)Julian HerzogUser created page with UploadWizard
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