Little India

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Little India
India Square in Jersey City, New Jersey, United States, is home to the highest concentration of Asian Indians in the Western Hemisphere, [1] and one of at least 24 Indian American enclaves characterized as a Little India which have emerged within the New York City Metropolitan Area, with the largest metropolitan Indian population outside Asia, as large-scale immigration from India continues into New York City. [2] [3] [4] [5]

Little India or India Town ( Hindi: छोटा भारत) (less commonly known as Indian Street or India Bazaar) is an Indian or Desi [6] [7] ( South Asian) sociocultural environment outside India or the subcontinent. [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] It especially refers to an area with Indian residences and a diverse collection of Indian businesses. Frequently, Little Indias have Hindu temples, mosques, and gurdwaras. They may also host celebrations of national and religious festivals and serve as gathering places for South Asians. As such, they are microcosms of India. Little Indias are often tourist attractions and are frequented by fans of Indian cuisine, Indian culture, Indian clothing, Indian music, and Indian cinema. [15] [16] [17]

North America

Canada

Alberta

British Columbia

Vaisakhi Parade 2017, Punjabi Market, Vancouver

Metro Vancouver: With a population of 291,500, South Asians constitute 12% of the region's population, the second-largest South Asian population in Canada, after Toronto.

Fraser Valley (13.8% South Asian)

Manitoba

Ontario

Peel Region - which includes the cities of Mississauga and Brampton - is home to Canada's highest proportion of Indian Canadians

Quebec

United States

Arizona

California

Florida

Georgia

Illinois

Chicago's Little India on Devon Avenue

Maryland

Massachusetts

New Jersey

Aerial view of exurban Monroe Township, Middlesex County, New Jersey housing tracts in 2010. Since then, significant new housing construction is rendering an increasingly affluent and suburban environment to Monroe Township, while maintaining the proximity to New York City sought by Indians in this Township with the fastest-growing Indian population in the Western Hemisphere.

New Jersey, and Middlesex County in Central New Jersey, are home to by far the highest per capita Indian American populations of any U.S. state and U.S. county, respectively, at 3.9% [79] and 14.1%, [80] by 2013 U.S. Census estimates. [81]

India Square

India Square, also known as Little Gujarat, is a commercial and restaurant district in Bombay, on Newark Avenue, in Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey. The area is home to the highest concentration of Asian Indians in the Western Hemisphere, [1] and is a rapidly growing Indian American ethnic enclave within the New York metropolitan area. [84] [1] The neighborhood is centered on Newark Avenue, between Tonnele Avenue and JFK Boulevard, and is considered to be part of the larger Journal Square District. This area has been home to the largest outdoor Navratri festivities in New Jersey as well as several Hindu temples. [85] This portion of Newark Avenue is lined with groceries including Patel Brothers and Subzi Mandi Cash & Carry, [86] electronics vendors, video stores, clothing stores, and restaurants and is one of the busier pedestrian areas of this part of the city, often stopping traffic for hours. According to the 2000 census, there were nearly 13,000 Indians living in this two-block stretch in Jersey City, up from 3,000 in 1980, increasing commensurately between 2000 and 2010. [87] As of the 2010 Census, over 27,000 Asian Indians accounted for 10.9% of Jersey City's population, [88] the highest proportion of any major U.S. city.

Oak Tree Road (Edison/Iselin)

Oak Tree Road is a rapidly growing South Asian-focused commercial strip in Middlesex County, New Jersey, the U.S. county with highest concentration of Asian Indians (nearly 20% in 2020) and the geographic heart of the Northeast megalopolis. [89] [90] The Oak Tree Road strip runs for about one-and-a-half miles through Edison and neighboring Iselin, New Jersey, near the area's sprawling Chinatown and Koreatown. [91] Little India in Edison and Iselin is the largest and most diverse South Asian cultural hub in the United States. [92] [93] The zone is home to over 400 South Asian establishments and businesses, including dining, apparel and electronics retailing, and entertainment. [94] [95] [96] [97] Over 60 Indian and Pakistani restaurants alone are found in the area. [98] [99] In Middlesex County, election ballots are printed in Gujarati, Hindi, and Punjabi as well. [100] Edison was, per 2010 American Community Survey census data, 28.3% ethnic Asian Indian population, the highest percentage for any municipality in the United States. [101] According to the 2017 American Community Survey, 42.6% of Iselin residents identified themselves as being Indian American, the highest percentage for any census-designated place in the United States. [102]

New York

A South Asian shopping center in Hicksville, New York, on Long Island
Little India on 74th Street in Jackson Heights, Queens

North Carolina

Ohio

Little India in Polaris area of Columbus
Little India on Sawmill Road in Dublin (suburb of Columbus)

Pennsylvania

Texas

Africa

South Africa

  • Durban (24.0% Asian Indian) - With about 800,000 - 900,000 people of Indian descent living in this city as of 2011, this city is considered to be the largest "Indian" city outside of India. [133] In earlier decades, Indians used to be scattered across South Africa, but the 1946 Asiatic Land Tenure Act concentrated Indians to certain residential areas, destroying multicultural townships. [134]
  • Fordsburg
  • Lenasia
  • Pietermaritzburg (9.8% Indian or other Asian)

Tanzania

Zambia

Asia

Bahrain

Hong Kong

Indonesia

Japan

Malaysia

Myanmar

Philippines

Saudi Arabia

Singapore

Thailand

United Arab Emirates

In the UAE, Indians constitute more than 27% of the population. [140] Here are some areas with a comparatively larger concentration of Indians.

Oman

The Sultanate of Oman is home to many expatriates, of which Indians form the largest constituency. [141] The southeastern side of the business district of Ruwi is known as Muscat's Little India. [142]

Europe

Ealing Road, Wembley

France

Germany

  • Frankfurt, on the corner of Münchner and Weser street.

Italy

  • Via Principe Amedeo, 303/305, 00185 Roma, Italy

Spain

The Netherlands

  • The Hague, Paul Krügerlaan, Transvaal (shopping street)

Norway

  • Tøyengata and Oslo

United Kingdom

Oceania

Australia

New South Wales

Harris Park, a suburb in the City of Parramatta, is widely recognised as the "Little India" of Sydney, with a concentration of Indian restaurants and other businesses catering to Indian cultural needs. [146] [147] [148] At the 2016 census, 46.4% of the population were born in India, and "Indian" was also the top response by far on the question of ancestry (at 39.4%). At 44.8%, Hinduism was the top response for religious affiliation.

Queensland

South Australia

Victoria

New Zealand

See also

References

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