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Curie_Institute_(Paris) Latitude and Longitude:

48°50′36″N 2°20′39″E / 48.84333°N 2.34417°E / 48.84333; 2.34417
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Institut Curie
Formation1920; 104 years ago (1920)
Type Governmental organisation
Purpose Fundamental research
Headquarters26 rue d'Ulm 75005 Paris
Official language
French
President
Thierry Philip
Website institut-curie.org
Centre of protontherapy

Institut Curie is a medical, biological and biophysical research centre in France.[ citation needed] It is a private non-profit foundation operating a research center on biophysics, cell biology and oncology and a hospital specialized in treatment of cancer. It is located in Paris, France.

Institut Curie is member of EU-LIFE, an alliance of leading life sciences research centres in Europe. [1]

Research

The institute now operates several research units in cooperation with national research institutions CNRS and INSERM. There are several hundred research staff at the institute. [2] Institut Curie does not offer undergraduate degrees, but awards PhDs and employs many postdoctoral students alongside its permanent staff. Institut Curie is a constituent college (associate member) of University PSL. [3]

Hospital

Institut Curie runs the Hôpital Claudius Régaud, a hospital specializing in cancer. The institute also operates the proton therapy center at Orsay, one of the few such facilities in the world.

History

The Institut du Radium, a giant laboratory for Marie Skłodowska–Curie, was founded in 1909 by the University of Paris and Institut Pasteur. The Institut du Radium had two sections. The Curie laboratory, directed by Maria Skłodowska-Curie, was dedicated to physics and chemistry research. The Pasteur laboratory, directed by Dr. Claudius Regaud, was studying the biological and medical effects of radioactivity. After receiving a joint Nobel Prize with her husband Pierre in 1903, Maria Skłodowska-Curie won a second Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1911. During World War One, Maria Skłodowska-Curie used it to teach nurses about radiology.

Maria Skłodowska-Curie and Claudius Regaud established the Foundation Curie in 1920, a public interest institution. The Foundation's purpose was to fund the Institut du Radium's activities and contribute to the development of its therapeutic component. A first hospital opened in 1922. At the clinic, Dr. Regaud and his team developed innovative treatments combining surgery and radiation therapy to treat cancer. The Curie Foundation became a model for cancer centers around the world. Curie laboratory continued to play an important role in physics and chemistry research. In 1934, Maria Skłodowska-Curie's daughter Irène and her son-in-law Frédéric Joliot-Curie discovered artificial radioactivity. In 1935, it was recognized with a Nobel Prize in Chemistry. The Institut du Radium and the Fondation Curie merged in 1970. It became Institut Curie. The Institut has three missions: research, teaching and treating cancer. The original building of Curies Laboratory from 1914 now houses the Musée Curie.

Nobel Laureates and female scientists mentorship

Six Nobel prizes laureates (and four Nobel prizes) are attached to the Institute's researchers.

43% of all scientific women Nobel prize laureates from France (three prizes out of seven received by French women in "hard" sciences and Economy) to this day received them for research conducted at Institut Curie or its ancestor the Radium Institute. If Economy - a social science - is excluded, 50% i.e 3 Nobel Prizes out of 6 received by French scientific women are affiliated to the Curie Institute.

Hence why it is considered that, based on internationally recognised prizes garnered by its researchers, no other research center in the world has hosted that many pioneering women scientists.

Moreover, Marie Curie mentored upwards of 45 scientific women from all over the world [6] · [7] · [8] · [9] including Marguerite Perey, discoverer of francium - five-time nominee for the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, and Jeanne Ferrier, discoverer of autoradiography, amongst many other peers: Sonia Cotelle, Harriet Brooks, Alice Leigh-Smith, Eva Ramstedt, Lucie Blanquies, Suzanne Veil, Catherine Chamié, Alicja Dorabialska, Ellen Gleditsch, Marthe Weiss, Antonia Elisabeth Korvezee, May Sybil Leslie, Ștefania Mărăcineanu, Branca Edmée Marques, Eliane Montel, Elizabeth Rona, Jadwiga Szmidt, Margarete von Wrangell, Renée Galabert, Isabelle Archinard, and last but not least, Marie Curie's secretary of over 30 years: Léonie Razet. [10]

The Radium Institute also pioneered mobile radiography during World War I where upwards of 150 proto-nurses ( nursing diploma in France only in 1922) and radiology pioneers where trained and even more post-war [11] · . [12]

Famous alumni

External links

Notes

  1. ^ "Our members". EU-LIFE.
  2. ^ "Our research teams". Institut Curie. Retrieved 2018-09-03.
  3. ^ "Décret n° 2019-1130 du 5 novembre 2019 portant création de l'Université Paris sciences et lettres (Université PSL) et approbation de ses statuts".
  4. ^ "Nobel Laureates Facts - Women". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2017-10-07.
  5. ^ Chatterjee, Debjani. "Global Day Of Parents 2021: Parent-Child Pairs Who Won The Nobel Prize". NDTV. Retrieved 2021-06-01.
  6. ^ Pigeard-Micault, Natalie. "Les femmes du laboratoire de Marie Curie" [The women of Marie Curie's Laboratory]. Stanford SearchWorks. Retrieved 2024-02-01.
  7. ^ Pigeard-Micault, Natalie (2012-02-08). "Le laboratoire Curie et ses Femmes 1906-1934" [The Curies Lab and its Women 1906-1934]. Annals of Science (in French). 70 (1). Hélène Langevin-Joliot (foreword). Taylor & Francis via Academia.edu. Archived from the original on 2024-02-01. Retrieved 2024-02-01.
  8. ^ Boudia, Soraya (2011-01-01). "An Inspiring Laboratory Director: Marie Curie and Women in Science". Chemistry International. 33 (1). International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Archived from the original on 2024-02-01. Retrieved 2024-02-01.
  9. ^ Frontczak, Susan Marie (2023-10-01). "Marie Curie—Lifelong Teacher". The Physics Teacher. 61 (7). American Institute of Physics: 549–552. Archived from the original on 2024-02-01. Retrieved 2024-02-01.
  10. ^ "Coworkers of the Curie Laboratory, 1930". Google Arts and Culture - Source : Musée Curie (coll. Institut du Radium). Retrieved 2024-02-01. Coworkers of the Curie Laboratory in the laboratory's library. From the left to the right, seated : Marguerite Perey, Léonie Razet, Isabelle, Archinard, Sonia Cotelle. Standing : André Régnier, Alexis Yakimach, Raymond Grégoire, Renée Galabert, Tchang Da Tcheng, Frédéric Joliot-Curie. In the Radium Institute of Paris, in 1930 (source : Musée Curie ; coll. Institut du Radium ; MCP1117)
  11. ^ "Irène Curie and the radiology nursing students, 1917". Google Arts and Culture - Source : Musée Curie (coll. ACJC). Retrieved 2024-02-01. Irène Curie and Marthe Klein with the radiology nursing students, at the Curie Laboratory, in the Radium Institute of Paris, in 1947 (source : Musée Curie ; coll. ACJC ; MCP1062).
  12. ^ "Marie et Irène Curie with american military students, 1919". Google Arts and Culture - Source : Musée Curie (coll. ACJC). Retrieved 2024-02-01. At the end of war, Marie and Irène Curie have formed american military students to radiology before they go back home

48°50′36″N 2°20′39″E / 48.84333°N 2.34417°E / 48.84333; 2.34417