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House of Maktoum
آل مكتوم
Royal house
Parent house Al Bu Falasah
Country United Arab Emirates
  • 9 July 1833
  • 190 years ago
Founder Maktoum bin Butti (died 1852)
Current head Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Style(s) His/Her Highness

The House of Maktoum ( Arabic: آل مكتوم Āl Maktūm) is the ruling royal family of the Emirate of Dubai, and one of the six ruling families of the United Arab Emirates. The family is a branch of the Bani Yas clan (a lineage the family shares with the Al Nahyan dynasty of Abu Dhabi), which is a branch of the Al Bu Falasah section of the Bani Yas, a tribal federation that was the dominant power through the region that now forms the United Arab Emirates.


In 1833, about 800 members of the Bani Yas tribe, under the joint leadership of Sheikh Maktoum bin Butti and Obeid bin Said, took over the emirate of Dubai. After Obeid bin Said died of old age in 1836, Maktoum bin Butti took the reins as the sole ruler and established the Al Maktoum dynasty in the emirate. [1] [2]

The Al Maktoum dynasty has ruled Dubai since 1833. [3] Within the federation of the United Arab Emirates, the Federal Supreme Council consists of the individual rulers of the seven emirates. The president and vice-president are elected by the Supreme Council every five years. [4] Although unofficial, the presidency is de facto hereditary to the Al Nahyan clan of Emirate of Abu Dhabi and the Prime Minister, Vice President and Minister of Defence post de facto is hereditary to the Al Maktoum clan of Dubai.


The current head of the family, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum

Vice President
Prime Minister
Current Emir of Dubai
Previous Emir of Dubai

bin Suhail
bin Butti

r. 1833–1852
bin Butti

r. 1852–1859
Hasher bin

r. 1859–1886
Rashid bin

r. 1886–1894
Suhail bin
Al Maktoum
bin Hasher

r. 1894–1906
Butti bin

r. 1906–1912
Saeed bin

r. 1912–1958
Juma bin
Al Maktoum
bin Saeed

r. 1958–1990
r. 1971–1990
r. 1979–1990
bin Juma
Al Maktoum
bin Juma
Al Maktoum
House of Sharqi
bin Rashid

r. 1990–2006
r. 1990–2006
r. 1971–1979,
bin Rashid

r. 2006–present
r. 2006–present
r. 2006–present
Hind bint
Al Maktoum
bint Thani
Al Maktoum
Hamad bin

r. 1974/5–present
Hamdan bin
Al Maktoum


The following Al Maktoum family members have ruled Dubai: [1]

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Maktoum bin Butti bin Suhail
  • مكتوم بن بطي

9 July 18331852
(death by smallpox)
Joint founder of the Al Maktoum clan and first ruler of Dubai, alongside Obeid bin Said bin Rashid House of Al Falasi
Saeed bin Butti
  • سعيد بن بطي

(death by smallpox)
Brother of Maktoum bin Butti bin Suhail House of Al Falasi
Hasher bin Maktoum bin Butti Al Maktoum
  • حشر بن مكتوم بن بطي آلمكتوم

185922 November 1886
(death by natural causes)
Nephew of Saeed bin Butti House of Al Falasi
Rashid bin Maktoum
  • راشد بن مكتوم

22 November 18867 April 1894
(death by paralytic seizure)
Brother of Hasher bin Maktoum bin Butti Al MaktoumHouse of Al Maktoum
Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum
  • مكتوم بن حشر آل مكتوم

7 April 189416 February 1906
(death by heart disease)
Nephew of Rashid bin MaktoumHouse of Al Maktoum
Butti bin Suhail Al Maktoum
  • ٱلشَّيْخ بُطِّي بِن سُهَيْل آل مَكْتُوْم

16 February 1906November 1912
(death by natural causes)
Cousin of Maktoum bin Hasher Al MaktoumHouse of Al Maktoum
Saeed bin Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum
  • سعيد بن مكتوم آل مكتوم

9 September 1958
November 1912September 1958
(death by natural causes)
Son of Maktoum bin Hasher Al MaktoumHouse of Al Maktoum
Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum
  • راشد بن سعيد آل مكتوم
11 June 1912

7 October 1990
September 19587 October 1990
(death by natural causes)
Son of Saeed bin Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum and one of the founders of the United Arab Emirates in 1971.House of Al Maktoum
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
  • مكتوم بن راشد آل مكتوم
15 August 1943

4 January 2006
7 October 19904 January 2006
(death by heart attack)
Son of Rashid bin Saeed Al MaktoumHouse of Al Maktoum
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
  • مُحَمَّد بن رَاشِد آل مَكتُوم
15 July 1949

4 January 2006IncumbentSon of Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum. Current Ruler of Dubai, Vice President, Prime Minister and Minister of Defence of the United Arab Emirates [5]House of Al Maktoum


The Al Maktoum family owns Godolphin, one of the premier thoroughbred studs. [6]


In 2001, Sheikha Shamsa bint Mohammed Al Maktoum alleged that she was kidnapped off the streets of Cambridge by her father Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum’s men. [7]

Sheikha Latifa bint Mohammed Al Maktoum also alleged that she was kidnapped off the coast of India on the orders of her father. She has stated that she was detained under police guard in Dubai. [8] The actions taken against the princesses was allegedly motivated by a desire to protect the reputation of the Al Maktoum family. [9]

On 29 June 2019, The Sun reported that the wife of Sheikh Mohammed, Princess Haya bint Al Hussein, had fled Dubai and was in Germany seeking political asylum along with her children son and daughter. [10] [11] [12] The cause of the departure was unknown, [13] despite a poem reportedly composed by Dubai’s ruler alluding to betrayal. [13] [14] On 30 July 2019 at the High Court, she filed for the sole custody of their two children, for a forced marriage protection order (FMPO), a non-molestation order, and non- repatriation to Dubai. [15]

In December 2019, a UK family court ruled that— on the balance of probabilities—Sheikh Mohammed had orchestrated the abductions of Sheikha Latifa and Sheikha Shamsa and that he continued to maintain a regime whereby both were deprived of their liberty, and had subjected his former wife, Princess Haya, to a campaign of "intimidation"; the findings were published in March 2020. [16] [17] [18]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Al Maktoum". Archived from the original on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  2. ^ Zahlan, Rosemarie Said (1998). The Making of Modern Gulf States: Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Oman. Garnett & Ithaca Press. ISBN  0-86372-229-6.
  3. ^ "About Dubai". Retrieved 26 August 2023.
  4. ^ "United Arab Emirates 1971 (rev. 2004) Constitution - Constitute". Retrieved 26 August 2023.
  5. ^ "H. H. Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum | The Official Portal of the UAE Government". Retrieved 27 August 2023.
  6. ^ "Godolphin doping scandal: A guide to the key issues". BBC. 26 April 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
  7. ^ "Police investigate 'kidnap' of sheikh's daughter | UK news | the Guardian". Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  8. ^ "Princess Latifa: 'Hostage' ordeal of Dubai ruler's daughter revealed". BBC News. 16 February 2021. Retrieved 15 September 2023.
  9. ^ Bowcott, Owen; Siddique, Haroon (5 March 2020). "Kidnapping case: what happened to Sheikh Mohammed's daughters?". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  10. ^ "Dubai's ruler battles wife in UK court after she fled emirate". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  11. ^ Speare-Cole, Rebecca (28 June 2019). "Dubai's Princess Haya 'flees country after leaving Crown Prince husband', reports say". Evening Standard.
  12. ^ "Reports: Dubai princess left Crown Prince husband, fled UAE". Middle East Monitor. 29 June 2019.
  13. ^ a b Salem, Ola (10 July 2019). "The Fairy Tale Is Over for Dubai's Royal Family".
  14. ^ "Dubai's ruling family rocked by fresh scandal as Princess Haya seeks refuge in London". France 24. 5 July 2019.
  15. ^ "Dubai ruler's wife seeks protection order". BBC News Website. 30 July 2019. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  16. ^ Siddique, Owen Bowcottand Haroon (5 March 2020). "Dubai ruler organised kidnapping of his children, UK court rules". The Guardian. ISSN  0261-3077. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Re Al M [2019] EWHC 3415 (Fam)" (PDF).
  18. ^ "Dubai's Sheikh Mohammed abducted daughters and threatened wife – UK court". BBC News. 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.