California Republican Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
California Republican Party
ChairpersonJessica Millan Patterson
Senate Leader Scott Wilk
Assembly Leader James Gallagher
Founder John C. Frémont
Founded1854; 168 years ago (1854)
HeadquartersSacramento
Membership (2021)Increase5,334,323 [1]
Ideology
National affiliation Republican Party
Colors
  •   Red
    (customary)
  •   Green   Blue
US Senate Seats
0 / 2
US House Seats
11 / 53
Statewide Executive Offices
0 / 8
State Senate
9 / 40
State Assembly
19 / 80
Website
www.cagop.org

The California Republican Party (CAGOP) is the affiliate of the United States Republican Party in the U.S. state of California. The party is based in Sacramento and is led by chair Jessica Millan Patterson. [2]

As of October 2020, Republicans represent approximately 24% of the state's registered voters, [3] placing the party far behind the California Democratic Party which has 46% of registered voters. The party is a superminority in the California State Legislature, holding only 19 seats out of 80 in the California State Assembly and 9 seats out of 40 in the California State Senate. The party holds none of the eight statewide executive branch offices, 10 of the state's 53 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives delegation, and neither of California's seats in the U.S. Senate.

History

The Republican Party was born in the 1850s as a primary vehicle to oppose the expansion of slavery in the United States. In 1856, Republicans nominated one of California's inaugural senators, John C. Frémont, for the 1856 presidential election, [4] but he lost the state by a wide margin to Democrat and eventual winner James Buchanan, though he did win the state of New York. Later in 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected to the presidency as the first Republican president. The Republican Party would emerge as primary opposition to the Democratic Party until the present day.

California Republicans and Democrats were competitive throughout the late 19th century. In 1878, Republican California Senator Aaron A. Sargent introduced the language that would become the 19th Amendment to the Constitution, which would allow women the right to vote. [4]

Republicans dominated state politics for most of the 20th century (they controlled the state senate from 1891 to 1958) until the 1960s when the Democrats once again became competitive with the rightward shift of the Republican Party, exemplified by their nomination of Barry Goldwater in 1964 (Goldwater lost California in a landslide). [5] Republicans still saw ample success up until the 1990s. George H. W. Bush carried the state in 1988 after Ronald Reagan twice carried the state in 1984 and 1980. Pete Wilson was elected Senator in 1988, and John Seymour was the last Republican Senator from California after being appointed to the seat in 1991.

California’s Latino and Asian populations grew significantly in the 1990s and the growing segment of voters were turned off by the Republican Party’s hard-line stance on immigration (the Party closely tied itself to Proposition 187). Democrats have won most elections at the state, local, and federal levels since the 2000s by comfortable margins. For example, despite failing to win the presidency, Hillary Clinton won a higher percentage of votes than any candidate since Franklin D. Roosevelt. [5]

Still, California elected Arnold Schwarzenegger twice for governor. Schwarzenegger and Steve Poizner, who later became an independent, are the last Republicans to win statewide elections in California.

California has two Republican presidents in U.S. history: Richard Nixon, who was a U.S. representative and senator from California, and Ronald Reagan, who was a governor of California (1967–1975). Herbert Hoover also studied in California and lived there for a number of years. Other notable California Republicans include former Governor and Chief Justice Earl Warren, former Governor and Senator Hiram Johnson, and former Senator and founder of Stanford University Leland Stanford. [4]

In 2018, the California Republican Party had fewer registered voters than voters registered with a no party preference option, but that trend reversed in 2020. [6] [7]

Elected officials

The following is a list of Republican statewide, federal, and legislative officeholders:

Members of Congress

U.S. Senate

  • None

Both of California's U.S. Senate seats have been held by Democrats since 1992. John F. Seymour was the last Republican to represent California in the U.S. Senate. Appointed in 1991 by Pete Wilson who resigned his Class I Senate seat because he was elected governor in 1990, Seymour lost the 1992 special election to determine who would serve the remainder of the term expiring in 1995. Seymour lost the special election to Democratic challenger Dianne Feinstein, who was subsequently elected to a full term two years later and has held the seat since. Pete Wilson was also the last Republican elected to represent California in the U.S. Senate in 1988, and the last Republican to represent California for a full term in the U.S. Senate from 1983 to 1989.

With the passage of Prop 14 in 2010 setting up a jungle primary system in California, no Republican has made it to a US Senatorial general election in California since 2012, as the general elections in both the 2016 US Senate election, as well as in the 2018 US Senate election featured only candidates affiliated with the Democratic Party.

U.S. House of Representatives

Out of the 53 seats California is apportioned in the U.S. House of Representatives, 10 are held by Republicans:

Statewide offices

  • None

California has not had a statewide Republican officer since January 2011. Republicans were last elected to a statewide office in 2006, when Arnold Schwarzenegger was re-elected as governor and Steve Poizner was elected insurance commissioner. In 2010, term limits prevented Schwarzenegger from seeking a third term while Poizner chose not to seek re-election as insurance commissioner, instead making an unsuccessful bid for the Republican nomination for governor. In 2018, Poizner attempted to run again for his old seat of insurance commissioner, but did so without the affiliation to the Republican Party.

The last Republican to serve as lieutenant governor was Abel Maldonado, who was appointed in 2010 by Schwarzenegger to fill the vacancy when John Garamendi resigned to take a seat in Congress. Maldonado lost his election in 2010 for a full term, and left office in January 2011. The last Republican elected to the position was Mike Curb, who was elected in 1978 and served until January 1983.

The last Republican to serve as Attorney general was Dan Lungren who was elected in 1990 and served until January 1999.

The last Republican to serve as Secretary of State was Bruce McPherson who was appointed to the position in 2005 and the term ended in January 2007. McPherson lost the election for a full term in 2006. The last Republican elected to the position was Bill Jones who was elected in 1994 and reelected in 1998.

The last Republican to serve as State treasurer was Matt Fong who was elected in 1994 and served until January 1999.

The last Republican to serve as State controller was Houston I. Flournoy who was first elected in 1966 and served until January 1975.

The last Republican to serve as the Superintendent of Public Instruction (which is officially a non-partisan position) is Max Rafferty, who was first elected in 1962 and served until January 1971.

Board of Equalization, State Senate and Assembly

Board of Equalization

Republicans hold one of the four non- ex-officio seats on the State Board of Equalization: [8]

State Senate

Republicans are in the minority, holding nine of the 40 seats in the State Senate. Republicans have been the minority party in the Senate since 1970.

State Assembly

Republicans hold 19 of the 80 seats in the State Assembly. [9] The last time the Republicans were the majority party in the Assembly was during 1994–1996.

Mayoral offices

Of California's ten largest cities, two have Republican mayors as of July 2022:

Governance

The California Republican Party is a "political party that has detailed statutory provisions applicable to its operation", which are in division 7, part 3 of the California Elections Code. [12] [13] The Republican State Central Committee (RSCC), the governing body of the California Republican Party, functions pursuant to its standing rules and bylaws. [14] [15] [16] The RSCC works together with the Republican county central committees and district central committees, [16] with county central committees appointing delegates to the RSCC. [17] The regular officers of the RSCC are the chairman, state vice chairman, eight regional vice chairmen, secretary, and treasurer. [18]

County central committees

There are semi-autonomous county central committees for each of California's 58 counties. [12] [16] At every direct primary election (presidential primary) or when district boundaries are redrawn, [19] their members are either elected by supervisor district or Assembly district depending on the county. [20]

County central committees
County party Elected members
Republican Party of Los Angeles County Assembly district committee members elected at the direct primary elections. [21]
Republican Party of San Diego County Six regular members elected from each Assembly district in the county. [22]
Republican Party of Orange County Six members elected from each Assembly district. [23] [24]

Party chairs

President Richard Nixon (1969−1974)
President Ronald Reagan (1981−1989)

Election results

Presidential

California Republican Party presidential election results
Election Presidential Ticket Votes Vote % Electoral votes Result
1856 John C. Frémont/ William L. Dayton 20,704 18.78%
0 / 4
Lost
1860 Abraham Lincoln/ Hannibal Hamlin 38,733 32.32%
4 / 4
Won
1864 Abraham Lincoln/ Andrew Johnson 62,053 58.60%
5 / 5
Won
1868 Ulysses S. Grant/ Schuyler Colfax 54,588 50.24%
5 / 5
Won
1872 Ulysses S. Grant/ Henry Wilson 54,007 56.38%
6 / 6
Won
1876 Rutherford B. Hayes/ William A. Wheeler 79,258 50.88%
6 / 6
Won
1880 James A. Garfield/ Chester A. Arthur 80,282 48.89%
1 / 6
Lost
1884 James G. Blaine/ John A. Logan 102,369 51.97%
8 / 8
Won
1888 Benjamin Harrison/ Levi P. Morton 124,816 49.66%
8 / 8
Won
1892 Benjamin Harrison/ Whitelaw Reid 118,027 43.78%
1 / 9
Lost
1896 William McKinley/ Garret Hobart 146,688 49.16%
8 / 9
Won
1900 William McKinley/ Theodore Roosevelt 164,755 54.50%
9 / 9
Won
1904 Theodore Roosevelt/ Charles W. Fairbanks 205,226 61.84%
10 / 10
Won
1908 William Howard Taft/ James S. Sherman 214,398 55.46%
10 / 10
Won
1912 State party ran Theodore Roosevelt/ Hiram Johnson ( Progressive) 283,610 41.83%
11 / 13
Won
1916 Charles E. Hughes/ Charles W. Fairbanks 462,516 46.27%
0 / 13
Lost
1920 Warren G. Harding/ Calvin Coolidge 624,992 66.20%
13 / 13
Won
1924 Calvin Coolidge/ Charles G. Dawes 733,250 57.20%
13 / 13
Won
1928 Herbert Hoover/ Charles Curtis 1,162,323 64.69%
13 / 13
Won
1932 Herbert Hoover/ Charles Curtis 847,902 37.39%
0 / 22
Lost
1936 Alf Landon/ Frank Knox 1,766,836 66.95%
0 / 22
Lost
1940 Wendell Willkie/ Charles L. McNary 1,877,618 57.44%
0 / 22
Lost
1944 Thomas E. Dewey/ John W. Bricker 1,988,564 56.48%
0 / 25
Lost
1948 Thomas E. Dewey/ Earl Warren 1,913,134 47.57%
0 / 25
Lost
1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower/ Richard Nixon 3,035,587 56.83%
32 / 32
Won
1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower/ Richard Nixon 3,027,668 55.39%
32 / 32
Won
1960 Richard Nixon/ Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. 3,259,722 50.10%
32 / 32
Won
1964 Barry Goldwater/ William E. Miller 2,879,108 40.79%
0 / 40
Lost
1968 Richard Nixon/ Spiro Agnew 3,467,664 47.82%
40 / 40
Won
1972 Richard Nixon/ Spiro Agnew 4,602,096 55.00%
45 / 45
Won
1976 Gerald Ford/ Bob Dole 3,882,244 49.35%
45 / 45
Won
1980 Ronald Reagan/ George H. W. Bush 4,524,858 52.69%
45 / 45
Won
1984 Ronald Reagan/ George H. W. Bush 5,467,009 57.51%
47 / 47
Won
1988 George H. W. Bush/ Dan Quayle 5,054,917 51.13%
47 / 47
Won
1992 George H. W. Bush/ Dan Quayle 3,630,574 32.61%
0 / 54
Lost
1996 Bob Dole/ Jack Kemp 3,828,380 38.21%
0 / 54
Lost
2000 George W. Bush/ Dick Cheney 4,567,429 41.65%
0 / 54
Lost
2004 George W. Bush/ Dick Cheney 5,509,826 44.36%
0 / 55
Lost
2008 John McCain/ Sarah Palin 5,011,781 36.95%
0 / 55
Lost
2012 Mitt Romney/ Paul Ryan 4,839,958 37.12%
0 / 55
Lost
2016 Donald Trump/ Mike Pence 4,483,810 31.62%
0 / 55
Lost
2020 Donald Trump/ Mike Pence 6,006,429 34.32%
0 / 55
Lost

Gubernatorial

California Republican Party gubernatorial election results
Election Gubernatorial candidate Votes Vote % Result
1857 Edward Stanly 21,040 22.46% Lost Red XN
1859 Leland Stanford 10,110 9.84% Lost Red XN
1861 Leland Stanford 56,036 46.41% Won Green tickY
1863 Frederick Low 64,283 59.03% Won Green tickY
1867 George Congdon Gorham 40,359 43.71% Lost Red XN
1871 Newton Booth 62,561 52.11% Won Green tickY
1875 Timothy Guy Phelps 31,322 25.48% Lost Red XN
1879 George Clement Perkins 67,965 42.42% Won Green tickY
1882 Morris M. Estee 67,175 40.79% Lost Red XN
1886 John Franklin Swift 84,316 43.10% Lost Red XN
1890 Henry Markham 125,129 49.56% Won Green tickY
1894 Morris M. Estee 110,738 38.92% Lost Red XN
1898 Henry Gage 148,354 51.68% Won Green tickY
1902 George Pardee 146,332 48.06% Won Green tickY
1906 James Gillett 125,887 40.4% Won Green tickY
1910 Hiram Johnson 177,191 45.94% Won Green tickY
1914 John D. Fredericks 271,990 29.35% Lost Red XN
1918 William Stephens 387,547 56.28% Won Green tickY
1922 Friend Richardson 576,445 59.69% Won Green tickY
1926 C. C. Young 814,815 71.22% Won Green tickY
1930 James Rolph Jr. 999,393 72.22% Won Green tickY
1934 Frank Merriam 1,138,629 48.87% Won Green tickY
1938 Frank Merriam 1,171,019 44.17% Lost Red XN
1942 Earl Warren 1,275,237 57.07% Won Green tickY
1946 Earl Warren 2,344,542 91.64% Won Green tickY
1950 Earl Warren 2,461,754 64.86% Won Green tickY
1954 Goodwin Knight 2,290,519 56.83% Won Green tickY
1958 William Knowland 2,110,911 40.16% Lost Red XN
1962 Richard Nixon 2,740,351 46.87% Lost Red XN
1966 Ronald Reagan 3,742,913 57.55% Won Green tickY
1970 Ronald Reagan 3,439,174 52.83% Won Green tickY
1974 Houston Flournoy 2,952,954 47.25% Lost Red XN
1978 Evelle Younger 2,526,534 36.50% Lost Red XN
1982 George Deukmejian 3,881,014 49.28% Won Green tickY
1986 George Deukmejian 4,505,601 60.54% Won Green tickY
1990 Pete Wilson 3,791,904 49.25% Won Green tickY
1994 Pete Wilson 4,781,766 55.18% Won Green tickY
1998 Dan Lungren 3,218,030 38.38% Lost Red XN
2002 Bill Simon 3,169,801 42.40% Lost Red XN
2003 (recall) Arnold Schwarzenegger (best-performing) 4,206,284 48.6% Won Green tickY
2006 Arnold Schwarzenegger 4,850,157 55.88% Won Green tickY
2010 Meg Whitman 4,127,391 40.9% Lost Red XN
2014 Neel Kashkari 2,929,213 40.03% Lost Red XN
2018 John H. Cox 4,742,825 38.05% Lost Red XN
2021 (recall) Larry Elder (best-performing) 3,563,867 48.4% Recall failed
2022 Brian Dahle TBD TBD TBD

See also

References

  1. ^ Winger, Richard. "March 2021 Ballot Access News Print Edition". Ballot Access News. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  2. ^ "Beleaguered California Republicans Vote Jessica Patterson New Party Chair". Sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com. February 24, 2019.
  3. ^ "California Secretary of State Report of Registration as of October 19, 2020" (PDF). Elections.cdn.sos.ca.gov. Retrieved January 5, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c "About CA GOP".
  5. ^ a b Krishnakumar, Priya; Arm; Emamdjomeh; Moore, Maloy. "After decades of Republican victories, here's how California became a blue state again". www.latimes.com. Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  6. ^ "Republicans slip to 3rd place, behind independents, as registration choice of Californians", San Francisco Chronicle, June 1, 2018
  7. ^ Siders, David (November 28, 2020). "GOP finds silver lining in Trump's landslide California loss". Politico.
  8. ^ "Board Members". Boe.ca.gov.
  9. ^ "Members | Assembly Internet". Assembly.ca.gov.
  10. ^ "Mayor | City of Fresno". Fresno.gov.
  11. ^ "City of Bakersfield - Mayor". Bakersfieldcity.us.
  12. ^ a b Eu v. San Francisco County Democratic Central Committee (1989), 489 U.S. 214 Archived 2014-03-12 at the Wayback Machine. "The State of California heavily regulates its political parties. … The California Elections Code (Code) provides that the 'official governing bodies' for such a party are its 'state convention,' 'state central committee,' and 'county central committees,' …"
  13. ^ California Elections Code § 7250
  14. ^ California Elections Code § 7350
  15. ^ Standing Rules and Bylaws of the California Republican Party Archived 2014-03-12 at the Wayback Machine, As Amended 6 October 2013.
  16. ^ a b c Bylaws § 1.03
  17. ^ Bylaws § 2.01.01(B)
  18. ^ Bylaws § 2.03.01(A)
  19. ^ California Elections Code § 7420
  20. ^ California Elections Code division 7, part 3, chapter 4, article 1, §§ 7400 et seq.
  21. ^ Bylaws of the Republican Party of Los Angeles County, as amended December 15, 2012, § 2(a)
  22. ^ Bylaws of the Republican Party of San Diego County Archived 2012-06-10 at the Wayback Machine, § 2.01.01(A)(1)
  23. ^ Bylaws of the Republican Party of Orange County Archived 2014-04-11 at the Wayback Machine, As Amended May 20, 2013, Article IV(A)
  24. ^ California Elections Code § 7401

External links