Blue Moon of Kentucky

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"Blue Moon of Kentucky"
Single by Bill Monroe and his Blue Grass Boys
Released1947
Genre Bluegrass
Label Columbia
Songwriter(s) Bill Monroe

"Blue Moon of Kentucky" is a waltz written in 1945 by bluegrass musician Bill Monroe and recorded by his band, the Blue Grass Boys. The song has since been recorded by many artists, including Elvis Presley and Paul McCartney. "Blue Moon of Kentucky" is the official bluegrass song of Kentucky.

In 2002, Monroe's version was one of 50 recordings chosen that year by the Library of Congress to be added to the National Recording Registry. In 2003, CMT ranked "Blue Moon" number 11 in its list of 100 Greatest Songs in Country Music.

Bill Monroe version

Monroe's earliest-known performance of "Blue Moon of Kentucky" was on the Grand Ole Opry broadcast of August 25, 1945. He first recorded it for Columbia Records on September 16, 1946 at The Wrigley Building in Chicago, Illinois. That recording was released in early 1947. [1] At the time, the Bluegrass Boys included vocalist and guitarist Lester Flatt and banjoist Earl Scruggs, who later formed their own bluegrass band, the Foggy Mountain Boys. Both Flatt and Scruggs performed on the recording, although Bill Monroe supplied the vocals on this song.

The song, described as a "bluegrass waltz", had become a United States wide hit by 1947 [2] and also became enormously popular with other bluegrass, country, and early rockabilly acts. The song was revered at the Grand Ole Opry and others; [2] Carl Perkins played an uptempo version of this song in his early live performances.

After Presley's more rock-oriented version became popular, Monroe tweaked the "Blue Grass Boys’ arrangement of it, starting it slowly, playing one round, and then jumping into a 4/4 time signature, as Presley had done, turning it into a barn-burning bluegrass classic". [3]

Elvis Presley version

"Blue Moon of Kentucky"
Single by Elvis Presley
A-side" That's All Right"
ReleasedJuly 19, 1954
RecordedJuly 7, 1954
Genre Rockabilly, country
Length1:57
Label Sun (original)
RCA Victor (reissue)
Songwriter(s) Bill Monroe
Producer(s) Sam Phillips
Elvis Presley singles chronology
"Blue Moon of Kentucky"
(1954)
" Good Rockin' Tonight"
(1955)

The search for another song to release along with " That's All Right" [4] at Sun Records in July 1954 led to "Blue Moon of Kentucky" via Bill Black. Presley's version turned "it from a waltz to a bluesy rocker". [3]

According to Scotty Moore:

We all of us knew we needed something...and things seemed hopeless after a while. Bill is the one who came up with "Blue Moon of Kentucky"...We're taking a little break and he starts beating on the bass and singing "Blue Moon of Kentucky", mocking Bill Monroe, singing the high falsetto voice. Elvis joins in with him, starts playing and singing along with him.

— The Blue Moon Boys - The Story of Elvis Presley's Band, [5]

Presley, Moore, and Black, with the encouragement of Sam Phillips, transformed Monroe's slow waltz, in 3
4
time
, into an upbeat, blues-flavored tune in 4
4
time
.

After an early rendition of the song, Sun Records owner Sam Phillips exclaimed, "BOY, that's fine, that's fine. That's a POP song now!." [6] As with all of the Presley records issued by Sun, the artists were listed and stylized as "ELVIS PRESLEY SCOTTY and BILL". [7]

The same night that Dewey Phillips first played the flip side of this first release of Presley's music on WHBQ, "That's All Right", Sleepy Eye John at WHHM loosed "Blue Moon of Kentucky". Bob Neal of WMPS played the record, too. The pop jockeys, entranced by something new, began slipping "That's All Right" and "Blue Moon of Kentucky" in among the easy-listening pop of Teresa Brewer, Nat Cole, Tony Bennett, and others. [8]

With Presley's version of Monroe's song consistently rated higher, both sides began to chart across the Southern United States. [9] Billboard has the song listed only in Memphis, and as number six with "That's All Right" at number 7 on October 9 in the C&W Territorial Best Sellers. [10] By October 23, "Blue Moon" was in the top 10 in Memphis, Nashville, and New Orleans, with "That's All Right" absent from the listings. [11]

Fellow Sun Records artist Charlie Feathers has often claimed that he came up with the arrangement of the song used by Presley. While others sources claimed that it was Presley who arranged the song. Monroe, at first, did not care for Presley's version until "powerful checks" (in sizeable amounts) began rolling in for Monroe's writing credit. [3]

The song was later used in a scene of the 2005 TV miniseries Elvis.

Personnel

  • Elvis Presley – lead vocals, acoustic rhythm guitar
  • Scotty Moore – electric lead guitar
  • Bill Black – double bass

Other recordings

In 1954, the Stanley Brothers recorded a version of the song using Presley's 4
4
arrangement with bluegrass instrumentation, neatly bridging the stylistic gap between Monroe and Presley's approaches. Bill Monroe subsequently re-recorded and performed the song using a mixture of the two styles, starting the song in its original 3
4
time arrangement, then launching into an uptempo 4
4
rendition.

Patsy Cline recorded "Blue Moon" in 1963. [12] Cline's vocals were overdubbed over a different arrangement for the soundtrack to Cline's bio movie Sweet Dreams.

In 1968, Al Kooper recorded a version for his debut solo album I Stand Alone. [13]

In 1969, Jerry Reed recorded a version for his album Jerry Reed Explores Guitar Country.

In 1991, Paul McCartney recorded a version for Unplugged (The Official Bootleg) which was a combination of both the Bill Monroe and Elvis Presley versions.

In 2000, John Fogerty recorded a version for a Ricky Skaggs tribute album to Bill Monroe titled Big Mon: The songs of Bill Monroe.

In 2003, the Psychobilly/Rockabilly band "Zombie Ghost Train” covered the song on their album Monster Formal Wear

Carl Perkins was inspired by the song to move to Memphis, Tennessee where he enjoyed a more fruitful career.

The New Orleans traditional jazz band "Tuba Skinny" has also recorded the song using the 4/4 timing of the Elvis Presley version: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tM8ZnbS1nhU

Cleveland, OH based revivalist musician "Liminal Radio FM" has recorded a cover of Presley's version utilizing modern beats and digital instrumentation.

The Beatles did not release a version of the song, but a track does exist of it "performed in an impromptu jam by three-quarters of the Beatles". [3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Sleevenotes to Bill Monroe and his Bluegrass Boys, All the Classic Releases, 1937–1949, CD box set by JSP (2003).
  2. ^ a b Jerry Naylor and Steve Halliday (2007). The Rockabilly Legends; They Called It Rockabilly Long Before they Called It Rock and Roll. p. 39. ISBN  978-1-4234-2042-2.{{ cite book}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter ( link)
  3. ^ a b c d Flashback: Bill Monroe’s ‘Blue Moon of Kentucky’ Inspires Elvis, Beatles
  4. ^ Official legal title of Crudup's (and Elvis's) 'That's All Right'
  5. ^ Ken Burke and Dan Griffin (2006). The Blue Moon Boys - The Story of Elvis Presley's Band. Chicago Review Press. p.  20. ISBN  1-55652-614-8.{{ cite book}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter ( link)
  6. ^ Burke, Griffin, p. 41
  7. ^ "RCS Label Shot for Sun (Tenn.) 209". Rockin' Country Style.
  8. ^ Robert Johnson (February 5, 1955). "Thru the Patience of Sam Phillips Suddenly Singing Elvis Presley Zooms Into Recording Stardom". Memphis Press-Scimitar. Archived at http://www.scottymoore.net/
  9. ^ "Elvis Presley's Sun Recordings". Elvis Australia. July 21, 2004. Archived from the original on September 2, 2007. Retrieved August 17, 2007.
  10. ^ "C&W Territorial Best Sellers". Billboard. Vol. 66, no. 41. October 9, 1954. p. 62.
  11. ^ "C&W Territorial Best Sellers". Billboard. Vol. 66, no. 43. October 23, 1954. p. 44.
  12. ^ Margaret Jones (7 May 1999). Patsy: The Life And Times Of Patsy Cline. Da Capo Press. p. 278. ISBN  978-0-306-80886-9. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  13. ^ "I Stand Alone - al Kooper | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic". AllMusic.

External links