From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Belmont Stakes
Grade I race

"The Test of the Champion"
"The Test of Champions"
"The Run for the Carnations"
"The Third Jewel of the Triple Crown"
Location Belmont Park
Elmont, New York, U.S.
InauguratedJune 19, 1867 (156 years ago) (1867-06-19)
Race type Thoroughbred
Race information
Distance1+12 miles (12 furlongs)
Record2:24, Secretariat ( 1973) more
Weight Colt/ Gelding: 126 pounds (57 kg); Filly: 121 pounds (55 kg)
PurseUS$ 2 million (2024)

The Belmont Stakes is an American Grade I stakes race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds run at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York. It is run over the worldwide classic distance of 1+12 miles (12 furlongs; 2,414 metres). Colts and geldings carry a weight of 126 pounds (57 kg); fillies carry 121 pounds (55 kg). The race, nicknamed The Test of the Champion, [1] The Test of Champions [2] and The Run for the Carnations, is the traditional third and final leg of the Triple Crown. It is usually held on the first or second Saturday in June, five weeks after the Kentucky Derby and three weeks after the Preakness Stakes. The 1973 Belmont Stakes and Triple Crown winner Secretariat holds the track record (which is also a world record on dirt) of 2:24.

The race covers one full lap of Belmont Park, known as "The Championship Track" because nearly every major American champion in racing history has competed on the racetrack. Belmont Park, with its large, wide, sweeping turns and long homestretch, is considered one of the fairest racetracks in America. [3] Despite the distance, the race tends to favor horses with tactical speed: relatively few winners close from far behind the early leaders. [4]

The attendance at the Belmont Stakes is among the American thoroughbred racing top-attended events. The 2004 Belmont Stakes drew a television audience of 21.9 million viewers, and had the highest household viewing rate since 1977 when Seattle Slew won the Triple Crown. [5]

Justify won the 150th Belmont Stakes in 2018 to become the 13th Triple Crown champion.


1867–1929: early years

August Belmont Trophy, presented annually to the winning owner since 1926.

The first Belmont Stakes was held at Jerome Park Racetrack in the Bronx, built in 1866 by stock market speculator Leonard Jerome (1817–1891) and financed by August Belmont Sr. (1816–1890), for whom the race was named. The first race in 1867 saw the filly Ruthless win, while the following year was won by General Duke. [6] The first post parade in the United States was at the 14th Belmont, in 1880. The race continued to be held at Jerome Park until 1890, when it was moved to the nearby facility, Morris Park Racecourse. [7] The 1895 race was almost not held because of new laws that banned bookmaking in New York: it was eventually rescheduled for November 2. [8] The race remained at Morris Park Racecourse until the May 1905 opening of the new Belmont Park, 430-acre (1.7 km2) racetrack in Elmont, New York, on Long Island, just outside the New York City borough of Queens. [7] When anti-gambling legislation was passed in New York State, Belmont Racetrack was closed, and the race was cancelled in 1911 and 1912. [9]

The first winner of the Triple Crown was Sir Barton, in 1919, before the series was recognized as such. [10] In 1920, the Belmont was won by the great Man o' War, who won by 20 lengths, setting a new stakes and American record, while under a stout pull. [11]

Starting in 1926, the winner of the Belmont Stakes has been presented with August Belmont Trophy. The owner may keep the trophy for one year, and also receives a silver miniature for permanent use. [7]

1930–2000: evolution of the Triple Crown series

The term Triple Crown was first used when Gallant Fox won the three races in 1930, but the term did not enter widespread use until 1935 when his son Omaha repeated the feat. Sir Barton was then honored retroactively. [12] Since 1931, the order of Triple Crown races has been the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes, and then the Belmont Stakes. Prior to 1931, the Preakness was run before the Derby eleven times. On May 12, 1917, and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby were run on the same day. On eleven occasions, the Belmont Stakes was run before the Preakness Stakes. [13] The date of each event is now set by the Kentucky Derby, which is always held on the first Saturday in May. The Preakness Stakes is currently held two weeks later; and the Belmont Stakes is held three weeks after the Preakness (five weeks after the Derby). The earliest possible date for the Derby is May 1, and the latest is May 7; the earliest possible date for the Belmont is thus June 5, and the latest is June 11. [14] In 2020, due to the cancellation of the original dates due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the order changed with the Belmont first on June 20, the Kentucky Derby on September 5 and the Preakness on October 3—all with no spectators—before the Triple Crown races resumed their normal schedule in 2021.

Assault, winner of the 1946 Triple Crown

In 1937, War Admiral became the fourth Triple Crown winner after winning the Belmont in a new track record time of 2:28 3/5. [15] In the 1940s, four Triple Crown winners followed: Whirlaway in 1941, Count Fleet in 1943, Assault in 1946 and Citation in 1948. Count Fleet won the race by a then-record margin of twenty-five lengths. [16] He also set a stakes record of 2:28 1/5, a record tied by Citation. In 1957, the stakes record was smashed when Gallant Man ran the Belmont in 2:26 3/5 in a year when the Triple Crown series was split three ways. [17]

The Belmont Stakes race was held at Aqueduct Racetrack from 1963 to 1967, while the track at Belmont was restored and renovated.

The largest crowd of the 20th century was in 1971 with over 80,000 people, supplemented by the city's Latino community, there to cheer on their new hero, Cañonero II, the Venezuelan colt who had won the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes and was poised to win the U.S. Triple Crown. However, due to a foot infection that had bothered the horse for several days, Cañonero II failed to win the Triple Crown when he struggled across the finish line in 4th place behind Pass Catcher, ridden by Walter Blum. Despite this loss, Cañonero II was named the winner of the first Eclipse Award for Outstanding Three-Year-Old Male Horse. [18]

On June 9, 1973, Secretariat won the Belmont Stakes by thirty-one lengths in a record time of 2:24, becoming a Triple Crown champion, ending a 25-year gap between Citation, the Belmont and Triple Crown winner in 1948. Secretariat's record still stands as the fastest running of the Belmont Stakes and an American record for 1+12 miles on the dirt. [19] In 1977, Seattle Slew became the first horse to win the Triple Crown while undefeated. Affirmed was the last winner of the Triple Crown in the 20th century, taking the Belmont Stakes in 2:26 4/5 on June 10, 1978. Ridden by eighteen-year-old Steve Cauthen, Affirmed defeated rival Alydar with Jorge Velásquez in the saddle. At the time the race was the third-slowest start and the third-fastest finish with the quarter in 25, the half in 50, 3/4 in 1:14, the mile in 1:37 2/5. [20]

In 1988, Secretariat's son Risen Star won the Belmont in 2:26 2/5, then the second-fastest time in the history of the race. The next year, Easy Goer lowered the mark for second-fastest time to 2:26. Easy Goer also holds a Beyer Speed Figure of 122 for the race, the best of any Triple Crown race since these ratings were first published in 1987. [21]

2001–present: recent years

The crowd packs the facility when a Triple Crown is on the line

For three years in a row, horses came to the Belmont Stakes with a Triple Crown on the line only to fail. In 2002, Belmont Park hosted what was then the largest crowd in its history when 103,222 saw War Emblem lose to longshot Sarava after stumbling at the start. In 2003, 101,864 watched Funny Cide finish third behind Empire Maker. In 2004, the attendance record was shattered when 120,139 people saw Smarty Jones upset by Birdstone. [22]

In 2007, Rags to Riches became the first filly to win the race since Tanya in 1905. Three more failed Triple Crown bids followed: in 2008, Big Brown lost to Da' Tara; in 2012, I'll Have Another was withdrawn due to injury; and in 2014, California Chrome was beaten by Tonalist. This fueled debate about whether the series needed to be changed, for example by lengthening the period between races. [23]

American Pharoah won the 2015 race, becoming the 12th horse in history to win the Triple Crown and the first in 37 years. The crowd that year was limited for the first time, to 90,000. [24] His time of 2:26.65 was the sixth-fastest in Belmont Stakes history, and the second-fastest time for a Triple Crown winner. [25] In 2018, Justify became the 13th Triple Crown winner and only the second horse to do so while undefeated. [26]

The 152nd running of the Belmont Stakes took place without in-person fans on June 20, 2020, [27] delayed from June 6 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Leading to the announcement, NYRA considered various dates after evaluating the spring-summer meeting at Belmont Park and after the other three majors set their respective dates: the Kentucky Derby moving to September 5, the Preakness Stakes moving to October 3, and the Breeders' Cup Classic slated for November 7. Governor Andrew Cuomo of New York announced on May 16 that horse racing tracks statewide, including Belmont Park, would be permitted to resume races without in-person fans on June 1. [28] The 2020 contest also marked the first time in history that the Belmont Stakes served as the Triple Crown's opening leg, with its running length shortened accordingly to 1+18 miles (9 furlongs), [29] its shortest distance since 1894. [30]

The 154th running of the Belmont Stakes was held on Saturday, June 11, 2022. Mo Donegal won with a time of 2:28.28. Principal owner was Jerry Crawford. Mo Donegal was trained by Todd Pletcher and ridden by Irad Ortiz Jr.

Temporary move to Saratoga

On December 6, 2023, New York State Governor Kathy Hochul announced that the 2024 Belmont Stakes would be held on Saturday, June 8 at Saratoga Race Course because of ongoing construction and renovations at Belmont Park. [31] The purse of the race will be increased to US$2 million and, pending approval of the American Graded Stakes Committee, it will be run at a shorter distance of 1+14 miles (2.0 km) instead of the usual 1+12 miles (2.4 km) due to the smaller size of the Saratoga dirt track. [31] [32]

In March 2024 the New York Racing Association announced that the 2025 Belmont Stakes would also be moved to Saratoga, pending regulatory approval. [33]


Over the years the race has been held at the following racetracks:

  • 1867-1889 - Jerome Park Racetrack (23 times)
  • 1890-1904 - Morris Park Racecourse (15 times)
  • 1905-1910 - 1st Belmont Park
  • 1911-1912 - Not held due to Hart-Agnew Law
  • 1913-1962 - 1st Belmont Park (56 times)
  • 1963-1967 - Aqueduct (5 times)
  • 1968-2023 - 2nd Belmont Park (56 times)
  • 2024 - Saratoga Racecourse (1 time)

Distance and race details

The Belmont Stakes has been run at a mile and a half from 1874 to 1889 and 1926 to the present. An exception was made in 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic, [29] when the national racing schedule underwent significant changes. Additionally, the distance of the Belmont Stakes has been changed during the race's temporary relocation to Saratoga in 2024 and 2025, pending regulatory approvals. [31]

Besides 1+12 miles, the Belmont has been run at the following distances: a mile and five furlongs in 1867–1873; a mile and a quarter in 1890–1892, 1895, 1904–1905, and 2024; a mile and a furlong in 1893–1894 and again in 2020; and a mile and three furlongs from 1896 to 1903 and 1906–1925.

The purse for the first running in 1867 was $1,500 added, [34] meaning the purse was supplemented by nomination and entry fees. This made the total purse $2,500, with the winner receiving $1,850. The purse increased sharply in the Roaring Twenties, from Man O'War's earnings of $7,950 in 1920 to Gallant Fox's take of $66,040 in 1930. Purses declined as a result of the Great Depression, with War Admiral earning only $28,020 in 1937, then began to recover. Throughout the sixties and early seventies, the value to the winner was roughly $100,000, depending on the added money generated by entry fees (larger fields thus leading to higher prize money). The purse was repeatedly raised in the eighties and nineties, reaching $500,000 added, with the winner receiving roughly $400,000. [6] In 1998, the purse was changed to $1,000,000 guaranteed, with the winner receiving $600,000. In 2014, the purse was raised to $1,500,000. [35]

With one exception, the race has been run at a level weight of 126 pounds (with a 5-pound allowance for fillies) since 1900. The 126 pounds comes from the English Classics, where the standard weight is 9 stone, with one stone equaling 14 pounds. In 1913, the Belmont was run as a handicap with the winner carrying only 109 pounds compared to the runner-up carrying 126 pounds. Races run prior to 1900 had varied weight conditions. [6]

The first post parade in the United States was at the 14th Belmont, in 1880. Before 1921, the race was run in the clockwise tradition of English racing. Since then, the race has been run in the American, or counter-clockwise, direction.


The winner's blanket, made of white carnations

The Belmont Stakes is traditionally called "The Test of the Champion" because it is by far the longest of the Triple Crown races (1.5 miles–a full lap around the enormous Belmont main track). It is also one of the longest first-class races on dirt in the United States. Most three-year-olds are unaccustomed to the distance, and lack the experience, if not the stamina, to maintain a winning speed for so long. In a long race such as the Belmont, positioning of the horse and the timing of the move to chase for the lead can be critical.

It is also known as "The Run for the Carnations" because the winning horse is draped with a blanket of white carnations after the race, in similar fashion to the blanket of roses and black-eyed Susans for the Derby and Preakness, respectively.


The winning owner is ceremonially presented with the silver winner's trophy, designed by Paulding Farnham for Tiffany and Co. It was first presented to August Belmont Jr. in 1896 and donated by the Belmont family for annual presentation in 1926.

Official song

Despite the fact that the Belmont Stakes is the oldest of the Triple Crown races, its traditions have been more subject to change. Until 1996, the post parade song was " The Sidewalks of New York". From 1997 to 2009, the song was changed to a recording by Frank Sinatra of the " Theme from New York, New York" in an attempt to appeal to younger fans. [36] In 2010, the song was changed to Jay-Z's " Empire State of Mind" sung by Jasmine V [37] before reverting to "Theme from New York, New York" from 2011 [38] through the present. This tradition is similar to the singing of the state song at the post parades of the first two Triple Crown races: " My Old Kentucky Home" at the Kentucky Derby and " Maryland, My Maryland" at the Preakness Stakes. [7] The change of song gave rise to "the myth of Mamie O'Rourke", a reference to a character in the lyrics of "The Sidewalks of New York." Before American Pharoah won the Triple Crown in 2015, some claimed that changing the official Belmont song "cursed" the Triple Crown and was why no horse had won since Affirmed in 1978. Others note that there was no Triple Crown winner between 1979 and 1996, even though "Sidewalks" was still played. [39]

Official drink

Along with the change of song in 1997, the official drink was also changed, from the "White Carnation" to the "Belmont Breeze." [40] The New York Times reviewed both cocktails unfavorably, calling the Belmont Breeze "a significant improvement over the nigh undrinkable White Carnation" despite the fact that it "tastes like a refined trashcan punch". [41] In 2011, the Belmont Breeze was again changed to the current official drink known as the "Belmont Jewel."

While the origin of the white carnation as the official flower of the Belmont Stakes is unknown, traditionally, pure white carnations stand for love and luck. It takes approximately 700 "select" carnations imported from Colombia to create the 40-pound blanket draped over the winner of the Belmont Stakes. The NYRA has long used The Pennock Company, a wholesale florist based in Philadelphia to import the carnations used for the mantle. [42]


Kenny McPeek – 2002 Belmont Stakes (G1) win with Sarava, who at odds of 70–1, upset War Emblem's bid for the Triple Crown. [43]

Speed record: [44] [a]

  • 2:24 flat – Secretariat (1973; 1+12 miles). Secretariat also holds the fastest 12-, 34-, 1- and 1+14-mile fractions in Belmont history.
  • 2:14.20 – Man o' War (1920; 1+38 miles)
  • 2:56 flat – Harry Bassett (1871; 1+58 miles)
  • 1:46.53 – Tiz the Law (2020; 1+18 miles)
  • 2:01.64 – Dornoch (2024; 1+14 miles)

Biggest Margin of Victory: [44]

Most wins by a jockey: [44]

Most wins by a trainer: [44]

Most wins by an owner: [44]


  • Only James G. Rowe Sr. and George M. Odom have won the Belmont Stakes as both jockey and trainer.
  • On June 5, 1993, thoroughbred racing's all-time leading female jockey, Julie Krone, became the first woman to win a Triple Crown race when she rode to victory in the Belmont Stakes aboard Colonial Affair.
  • In 1984, Sarah Lundy became the first female trainer to saddle a horse in the Belmont Stakes, sending out Minstrel Star, who finished eleventh.
  • The 2004 race had the biggest attendance in the park's history with 120,139.
  • Sarava, at odds of 70–1, upset War Emblem's bid for the Triple Crown. [43]
  • Braulio Baeza has the distinction of winning three Belmont Stakes over three different surfaces. He won in his Belmont Stakes debut on 65 to 1 long-shot Sherluck in 1961 at the old Belmont Park, won in 1963 on Chateaugay when the race was run at Aqueduct, and won in 1969 on Arts and Letters at the new Belmont Park.
  • Prior to the 2016 running, bay horses had the most victories with 56. Chestnuts were close behind with 54 wins, followed by 33 dark bay/browns. Only three gray/ roan horses had won [44] ( Belmar in 1895, Native Dancer in 1953, and High Echelon in 1970). In 2016, gray horses swept the top three positions. [45]
  • Fifteen Belmont Stakes winners have sired at least one Belmont winner. Leading this list is Man o' War, who sired three subsequent winners — American Flag, Crusader and Triple Crown winner War Admiral. [44]
  • Twenty-three horses missed their chance at a Triple Crown by not winning the Belmont. Eight of these finished second: Pensive (1944), Tim Tam (1958), Forward Pass (1968), Majestic Prince (1969), Sunday Silence (1989), Silver Charm (1997), Real Quiet (1998), and Smarty Jones (2004). Five finished third: Northern Dancer (1964), Spectacular Bid (1979), Pleasant Colony (1981), Charismatic (1999), and Funny Cide (2003). Four finished fourth: Kauai King (1966), Canonero II (1971), Alysheba (1987), and California Chrome (2014). Carry Back (1961) finished seventh, War Emblem (2002) finished eighth and Big Brown (2008) did not finish. Finally, three Derby/Preakness winners did not race in the Belmont: Burgoo King (1932), Bold Venture (1936) and I'll Have Another (2012), though I'll Have Another was injured and was scratched the day before his Belmont Stakes in 2012. [44]
  • In June 1971, mentalist The Amazing Kreskin predicted that the winner of the next Belmont Stakes "would have an S in the third or fourth letter of his name." The winning horse that year was Pass Catcher. [46]
  • On June 10, 2023, Jena M. Antonucci became the first woman to train a winner of an American Triple Crown race, having conditioned Arcangelo to victory in the 2023 Belmont Stakes. [47]

Fillies in the Belmont

Only 24 fillies have run in the Belmont; three of which have won:

This gives them a respectable 13% win rate when entered. [48] For context, three fillies have won the Kentucky Derby while six have won the Preakness Stakes. On average, fillies have won between 2% and 3% of the Triple Crown races, with similar numbers for geldings; while about 95% of these races have been won by colts. The last filly as of June 11, 2022 to run in the Belmont was in 2022 when Nest ran second (placed) behind the winner her stable mate Mo Donegal.

Foreign-born winners

Winners (since 1867)

Triple Crown winners are in bold.

Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner Track Distance Track Condition Time*
2024 Dornoch Luis Saez Danny Gargan West Paces Racing, et al. Saratoga 1+14-miles Fast 2:01.64
2023 Arcangelo Javier Castellano Jena M. Antonucci Blue Rose Farm Belmont Park 1+12-miles Fast 2:29.23
2022 Mo Donegal Irad Ortiz Jr. Todd A. Pletcher Repole Stable & Donegal Racing Fast 2:28.28
2021 Essential Quality Luis Saez Brad H. Cox Godolphin Stables Fast 2:27.11
2020 Tiz the Law Manny Franco Barclay Tagg Sackatoga Stable 1+18-miles Fast 1:46.53
2019 Sir Winston Joel Rosario Mark E. Casse Tracy Farmer 1+12-miles Fast 2:28.30
2018 Justify Mike Smith Bob Baffert WinStar Farm, et al. Fast 2:28.18
2017 Tapwrit José Ortiz Todd A. Pletcher Bridlewood Farm, et al. Fast 2:30.02
2016 Creator Irad Ortiz Jr. Steven M. Asmussen WinStar Farm & Bobby Flay Fast 2:28.51
2015 American Pharoah Victor Espinoza Bob Baffert Zayat Stables, LLC Fast 2:26.65
2014 Tonalist Joel Rosario Christophe Clement Robert S. Evans Fast 2:28.52
2013 Palace Malice Mike Smith Todd A. Pletcher Dogwood Stable Fast 2:30.70
2012 Union Rags John R. Velazquez Michael Matz Phyllis M. Wyeth Fast 2:30.42
2011 Ruler on Ice Jose Valdivia Jr. Kelly Breen George and Lori Hall Sloppy (sealed) 2:30.88
2010 Drosselmeyer Mike Smith William Mott WinStar Farm LLC Fast 2:31.57
2009 Summer Bird Kent Desormeaux Tim Ice Kalarikkal & Vilasini Jayaraman Fast 2:27.54
2008 Da'Tara Alan Garcia Nick Zito Robert V. LaPenta Fast 2:29.65
2007 Rags to Riches John R. Velazquez Todd A. Pletcher Michael Tabor & Derrick Smith Fast 2:28.74
2006 Jazil Fernando Jara Kiaran McLaughlin Shadwell Farm Fast 2:27.86
2005 Afleet Alex Jeremy Rose Timothy Ritchey Cash is King LLC Fast 2:28.75
2004 Birdstone Edgar Prado Nick Zito Marylou Whitney Stables Fast 2:27.50
2003 Empire Maker Jerry Bailey Robert Frankel Juddmonte Farms Sloppy 2:28.26
2002 Sarava Edgar Prado Kenneth McPeek New Phoenix Stable Fast 2:29.71
2001 Point Given Gary Stevens Bob Baffert The Thoroughbred Corp. Fast 2:26.56
2000 Commendable Pat Day D. Wayne Lukas Bob & Beverly Lewis Fast 2:31.19
1999 Lemon Drop Kid José A. Santos Scotty Schulhofer Jeanne G. Vance Fast 2:27.88
1998 Victory Gallop Gary Stevens W. Elliott Walden Prestonwood Farm Fast 2:29.16
1997 Touch Gold Chris McCarron David Hofmans Frank Stronach Fast 2:28.82
1996 Editor's Note René R. Douglas D. Wayne Lukas Overbrook Farm Fast 2:28.96
1995 Thunder Gulch Gary Stevens D. Wayne Lukas Michael Tabor Fast 2:32.02
1994 Tabasco Cat Pat Day D. Wayne Lukas David P. Reynolds & Overbrook Farm Fast 2:26.82
1993 Colonial Affair Julie Krone Scotty Schulhofer Centennial Farms Good 2:29.97
1992 A.P. Indy Ed Delahoussaye Neil Drysdale Tomonori Tsurumaki Good 2:26.13
1991 Hansel Jerry Bailey Frank L. Brothers Lazy Lane Farm Fast 2:28.10
1990 Go And Go Michael Kinane Dermot K. Weld Moyglare Stud Farm Good 2:27.20
1989 Easy Goer Pat Day C. R. McGaughey III Ogden Phipps Fast 2:26.00
1988 Risen Star Ed Delahoussaye Louie J. Roussel III Louie J. Roussel III Fast 2:26.40
1987 Bet Twice Craig Perret Jimmy Croll Blanche P. Levy Fast 2:28.20
1986 Danzig Connection Chris McCarron Woody Stephens Henryk de Kwiatkowski Sloppy 2:29.80
1985 Creme Fraiche Eddie Maple Brushwood Stables Muddy 2:27.00
1984 Swale Laffit Pincay Jr. Claiborne Farm Fast 2:27.20
1983 Caveat August Belmont IV Fast 2:27.80
1982 Conquistador Cielo Henryk de Kwiatkowski Sloppy 2:28.20
1981 Summing George Martens Luis S. Barrera Charles T. Wilson Jr. Fast 2:29.00
1980 Temperence Hill Eddie Maple Joseph B. Cantey Loblolly Stable Muddy 2:29.80
1979 Coastal Ruben Hernandez David A. Whiteley William Haggin Perry Fast 2:28.60
1978 Affirmed Steve Cauthen Laz Barrera Harbor View Farm Fast 2:26.80
1977 Seattle Slew Jean Cruguet William H. Turner Jr. Karen L. Taylor Muddy 2:29.60
1976 Bold Forbes Ángel Cordero Jr. Laz Barrera E. Rodriguez Tizol Fast 2:29.00
1975 Avatar Bill Shoemaker Tommy Doyle Arthur A. Seeligson Jr. Fast 2:28.20
1974 Little Current Miguel A. Rivera Lou Rondinello Darby Dan Farm Fast 2:29.20
1973 Secretariat Ron Turcotte Lucien Laurin Meadow Stable Fast 2:24.00
1972 Riva Ridge Meadow Stud Fast 2:28.00
1971 Pass Catcher Walter Blum Eddie Yowell October House Farm Fast 2:30.40
1970 High Echelon John L. Rotz John W. Jacobs Ethel D. Jacobs Sloppy 2:34.00
1969 Arts and Letters Braulio Baeza J. Elliott Burch Rokeby Stables Fast 2:28.80
1968 Stage Door Johnny Heliodoro Gustines John M. Gaver Sr. Greentree Stable Fast 2:27.20
1967 Damascus Bill Shoemaker Frank Y. Whiteley Jr. Edith W. Bancroft Aqueduct Fast 2:28.80
1966 Amberoid William Boland Lucien Laurin Reginald N. Webster Fast 2:29.60
1965 Hail To All Johnny Sellers Eddie Yowell Zelda Cohen Fast 2:28.40
1964 Quadrangle Manuel Ycaza J. Elliott Burch Rokeby Stables Fast 2:28.40
1963 Chateaugay Braulio Baeza James P. Conway Darby Dan Farm Good 2:30.20
1962 Jaipur Bill Shoemaker Bert Mulholland George D. Widener Jr. Belmont Park Fast 2:28.80
1961 Sherluck Braulio Baeza Harold Young Jacob Sher Fast 2:29.20
1960 Celtic Ash Bill Hartack Thomas J. Barry Joseph E. O'Connell Fast 2:29.20
1959 Sword Dancer Bill Shoemaker J. Elliott Burch Brookmeade Stable Sloppy 2:28.40
1958 Cavan Pete Anderson Thomas J. Barry Joseph E. O'Connell Fast 2:30.20
1957 Gallant Man Bill Shoemaker John A. Nerud Ralph Lowe Fast 2:26.60
1956 Needles David Erb Hugh L. Fontaine D & H Stable Fast 2:29.80
1955 Nashua Eddie Arcaro Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud Fast 2:29.00
1954 High Gun Eric Guerin Max Hirsch King Ranch Fast 2:30.80
1953 Native Dancer Bill Winfrey Alfred G. Vanderbilt Jr. Fast 2:28.60
1952 One Count Eddie Arcaro Oscar White Sarah F. Jeffords Fast 2:30.20
1951 Counterpoint Dave Gorman Sylvester Veitch Cornelius V. Whitney Fast 2:29.00
1950 Middleground William Boland Max Hirsch King Ranch Fast 2:28.60
1949 Capot Ted Atkinson John M. Gaver Sr. Greentree Stable Fast 2:30.20
1948 Citation Eddie Arcaro Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm Fast 2:28.20
1947 Phalanx Ruperto Donoso Sylvester Veitch Cornelius V. Whitney Fast 2:29.40
1946 Assault Warren Mehrtens Max Hirsch King Ranch Fast 2:30.80
1945 Pavot Eddie Arcaro Oscar White Walter M. Jeffords Sr. Fast 2:30.20
1944 Bounding Home Gayle Smith Matthew P. Brady William Ziegler Jr. Fast 2:32.20
1943 Count Fleet Johnny Longden Don Cameron Fannie Hertz Fast 2:28.20
1942 Shut Out Eddie Arcaro John M. Gaver Sr. Greentree Stable Fast 2:29.20
1941 Whirlaway Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm Fast 2:31.00
1940 Bimelech Fred A. Smith William A. Hurley Edward R. Bradley Fast 2:29.60
1939 Johnstown James Stout Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud Fast 2:29.60
1938 Pasteurized George M. Odom Carol Harriman Plunkett Fast 2:29.40
1937 War Admiral Charley Kurtsinger George Conway Glen Riddle Farm Fast 2:28.60
1936 Granville James Stout Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud Fast 2:30.00
1935 Omaha Willie Saunders Sloppy 2:30.60
1934 Peace Chance Wayne D. Wright Pete Coyne Joseph E. Widener Fast 2:29.20
1933 Hurryoff Mack Garner Henry McDaniel Fast 2:32.60
1932 Faireno Tommy Malley Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud Fast 2:32.80
1931 Twenty Grand Charley Kurtsinger James G. Rowe Jr. Greentree Stable Fast 2:29.60
1930 Gallant Fox Earl Sande Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud Good 2:31.60
1929 Blue Larkspur Mack Garner Herbert J. Thompson Edward R. Bradley Sloppy 2:32.80
1928 Vito Clarence Kummer Max Hirsch Alfred H. Cosden Fast 2:33.20
1927 Chance Shot Earl Sande Pete Coyne Joseph E. Widener Fast 2:32.40
1926 Crusader Albert Johnson George Conway Glen Riddle Farm Sloppy 2:32.20
1925 American Flag Albert Johnson Gwyn R. Tompkins 138-miles Fast 2:16.80
1924 Mad Play Earl Sande Sam Hildreth Rancocas Stable Good 2:18.80
1923 Zev Good 2:19.00
1922 Pillory Charles H. Miller Thomas J. Healey Richard T. Wilson Jr. Fast 2:18.80
1921 Grey Lag Earl Sande Sam Hildreth Rancocas Stable Fast 2:16.80
1920 Man o' War Clarence Kummer Louis Feustel Glen Riddle Farm Fast 2:14.20
1919 Sir Barton Johnny Loftus H. Guy Bedwell J. K. L. Ross Fast 2:17.40
1918 Johren Frank Robinson Albert Simons Harry P. Whitney Fast 2:20.40
1917 Hourless James H. Butwell Sam Hildreth August Belmont Jr. Good 2:17.80
1916 Friar Rock Everett Haynes Muddy 2:22.00
1915 The Finn George Byrne Edward W. Heffner Harry C. Hallenbeck Fast 2:18.40
1914 Luke McLuke Merritt C. Buxton John F. Schorr John W. Schorr Fast 2:20.00
1913 Prince Eugene Roscoe Troxler James G. Rowe Sr. Harry P. Whitney Fast 2:18.00
1912 No races held due to the Hart–Agnew Law.
1910 Sweep James H. Butwell James G. Rowe Sr. James R. Keene Belmont Park 138-miles Fast 2:22.00
1909 Joe Madden Eddie Dugan Sam Hildreth Sam Hildreth (not listed) 2:21.60
1908 Colin Joe Notter James G. Rowe Sr. James R. Keene (not listed) N/A
1907 Peter Pan George Mountain (not listed) N/A
1906 Burgomaster Lucien Lyne John W. Rogers Harry P. Whitney (not listed) 2:20.00
1905 Tanya Gene Hildebrand 114-miles (not listed) 2:08.00
1904 Delhi George M. Odom James G. Rowe Sr. James R. Keene Morris Park Fast 2:06.60
1903 Africander John Bullman Richard O. Miller Hampton Stable 138-miles Fast 2:21.75
1902 Masterman John J. Hyland August Belmont Jr. Fast 2:22.60
1901 Commando Henry Spencer James G. Rowe Sr. James R. Keene Fast 2:21.00
1900 Ildrim Nash Turner H. Eugene Leigh H. Eugene Leigh Fast 2:21.25
1899 Jean Bereaud Richard Clawson Sam Hildreth Sydney Paget Fast 2:23.00
1898 Bowling Brook Fred Littlefield R. Wyndham Walden Alfred Hennen Morris & Dave Hennen Morris Heavy 2:32.00
1897 Scottish Chieftain Joe Scherrer Matt Byrnes Marcus Daly Fast 2:23.25
1896 Hastings Henry Griffin John J. Hyland Belmont Stable Good 2:24.50
1895 Belmar Fred Taral Edward Feakes Preakness Stables 114-miles Heavy 2:11.50
1894 Henry of Navarre Willie Simms Byron McClelland Byron McClelland 118-miles Fast 1:56.50
1893 Comanche Gus Hannon Empire Stable Fast 1:53.25
1892 Patron William Hayward Louis Stuart Louis Stuart 114-miles Muddy 2:17.00
1891 Foxford Edward H. Garrison Michael Donavan C. E. Rand Good 2:08.75
1890 Burlington Shelby "Pike" Barnes Albert Cooper Hough Bros. Fast 2:07.75
1889 Eric William Hayward John Huggins A. J. Cassatt Jerome Park 112-miles Good 2:47.25
1888 Sir Dixon Jim McLaughlin Frank McCabe Dwyer Bros. Stable Fast 2:40.25
1887 Hanover Heavy 2:43.50
1886 Inspector B Fast 2:41.00
1885 Tyrant Patsy Duffy William R. Claypool James B. A. Haggin Good 2:43.00
1884 Panique Jim McLaughlin James G. Rowe Sr. Dwyer Bros. Stable Good 2:42.00
1883 George Kinney Fast 2:42.50
1882 Forester Lewis Stewart Appleby & Johnson Fast 2:43.00
1881 Saunterer Tom Costello R. Wyndham Walden George L. Lorillard Heavy 2:47.00
1880 Grenada Lloyd Hughes Good 2:47.00
1879 Spendthrift George Evans Thomas Puryear James R. Keene Sloppy 2:42.75
1878 Duke of Magenta Lloyd Hughes R. Wyndham Walden George L. Lorillard Muddy 2:43.50
1877 Cloverbrook Cyrus Holloway Jeter Walden Edwin Augustus Clabaugh Heavy 2:46.00
1876 Algerine William Donohue Thomas W. Doswell Doswell & Co. Fast 2:40.50
1875 Calvin Robert Swim Ansel Williamson H. Price McGrath Fast 2:42.25
1874 Saxon George Barbee William Pryor Pierre Lorillard IV Fast 2:39.50
1873 Springbok James G. Rowe Sr. David McDaniel David McDaniel 158-miles Fair 3:01.75
1872 Joe Daniels Fair 2:58.25
1871 Harry Bassett W. Miller Fast 2:56.00
1870 Kingfisher Edward D. Brown Raleigh Colston Sr. Daniel Swigert Fast 2:59.50
1869 Fenian C. Miller Jacob Pincus August Belmont Heavy 3:04.25
1868 General Duke Robert Swim Andrew Thompson McConnell & Co. Fast 3:02.00
1867 Ruthless Gilbert Patrick A. Jack Minor Francis Morris Heavy 3:05.00
  • Note: Timed to the 14 second 1867 to 1901 and 1903, and to the 15 second in 1902 and from 1904 to 1991. Decimal timing, to the nearest 1100, is now used, though race calls and many charts still use fifths.

A † designates a filly.

Sire lines

Belmont Stakes winners with male-line descendants including other Belmont Stakes winners

See also

Explanatory notes

  1. ^ Before 1991, times were measured in fractions. Since then, decimal times to the hundredth have been used. When comparing the fractional times to decimal values, it is racing convention to round the decimal time down to the nearest fifth. Thus A.P. Indy's time of 2:26.13 is considered equivalent to Easy Goer's time of 2:26 flat.


  1. ^ "The Test of the Champion | National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame". Retrieved June 11, 2024.
  2. ^ CNN, Ben Church (June 8, 2024). "Belmont Stakes: How to watch as two champions go head-to-head at this year's race". KWWL. Retrieved June 11, 2024. {{ cite web}}: |last= has generic name ( help)
  3. ^ Edward L. Bowen and Richard Stone Reeves (2005). Belmont Park: A Century of Champions. Eclipse Press Blood-Horse publications. ISBN  978-1-58150-122-3. Retrieved May 29, 2018.
  4. ^ Greenberg, Neil. "Analysis | This 15-1 long shot is poised to win the Belmont Stakes". Washington Post. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  5. ^ "Viewership of 2008 Belmont Stakes". Archived from the original on October 21, 2012.
  6. ^ a b c "Past Winners". Retrieved May 28, 2016.
  7. ^ a b c d "Belmont Stakes Records & Traditions". New York Racing Association. Retrieved November 4, 2011.
  8. ^ Sowers, Richard (2014). The Kentucky Derby, Preakness and Belmont Stakes : a comprehensive history. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. ISBN  978-0-7864-7698-5.
  9. ^ "Horse Racing's Triple Crown: 10 Fast Facts – History in the Headlines". Retrieved May 30, 2016.
  10. ^ "History Challenge: The first Triple Crown winner, Sir Barton". Daily Racing Form. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
  11. ^ "Chart of the 1920 Belmont Stakes" (PDF). Belmont Stakes. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 10, 2012. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
  12. ^ "10 things to know about the Triple Crown". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
  13. ^ "Preakness Stakes". Archived from the original on April 29, 2011. Retrieved October 7, 2010.
  14. ^ "Triple Crown Races". Triple Crown Racing. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
  15. ^ "Chart of the 1937 Belmont" (PDF). Belmont Stakes. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 29, 2016. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
  16. ^ Nusca, Andrew (June 7, 2015). "Here are the 12 winners of the Triple Crown". Fortune. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
  17. ^ Livingston, Barbara. "Bygone Belmont winners". Daily Racing Form.
  18. ^ Hammonds, Evan. "First Time By: Inaugural Eclipse Awards".
  19. ^ "Statistics – North American Records". Equibase. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  20. ^ "Fastest Belmonts". Retrieved May 30, 2016.
  21. ^ Beyer, Andrew (May 17, 2004). "On the Fast Track To History". The Washington Post.
  22. ^ "Belmont Stakes Attendance". Archived from the original on May 26, 2015. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
  23. ^ Mihoces, Gary. "California Chrome fails to win Belmont, Triple Crown". USA Today. Retrieved May 29, 2016.
  24. ^ "American Pharoah wins the Triple Crown". Yahoo! Sports. June 6, 2015. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  25. ^ Petrella, Steve (June 7, 2015). "American Pharoah posts sixth-best winning time in Belmont Stakes history". Sporting News. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  26. ^ Britton, Bianca (July 26, 2018). "Undefeated Triple Crown winner Justify retires from racing". CNN. Retrieved August 19, 2018.
  27. ^ "Belmont Stakes to be held June 20 – without fans". May 19, 2020. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
  28. ^ "Amid Ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic, Governor Cuomo Announces Horse Racing Tracks Statewide and Watkins Glen International Racetrack Will be Allowed to Open Without Fans as of June 1st". Governor Andrew M. Cuomo. May 16, 2020. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
  29. ^ a b Whyno, Stephen (May 19, 2020). "Belmont set for June 20 without fans, leads off Triple Crown". AP NEWS. Associated Press. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  30. ^ Inabinett, Mark (June 17, 2020). "Belmont Stakes 2020: Morning line favors Tiz the Law". Retrieved June 20, 2020.
  31. ^ a b c Bonesteel, Matt (December 6, 2023). "Belmont Stakes moving to Saratoga in 2024 amid track reconstruction". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 6, 2023.
  32. ^ "Governor Hochul Welcomes the 2024 Belmont Stakes to the Saratoga Race Course" (Press release). Albany, NY: Office of New York Governor Kathy Hochul. December 6, 2023. Retrieved December 6, 2023.
  33. ^ "NYRA seeks to hold 2025 Belmont Stakes at Saratoga Race Course". Spectrum News Albany/Capital Region. March 20, 2024. Retrieved April 9, 2024.
  34. ^ "Largest and Smallest Purses wins at Belmont Stakes | Belmont Stakes Betting". Archived from the original on May 26, 2015.
  35. ^ Wing, Eric. "Belmont Stakes purse raised to $1.5 million – General News – News | New York Racing Association – Belmont". Archived from the original on August 4, 2016.
  36. ^ "Belmont Stakes Traditions". June 15, 2010. Archived from the original on May 16, 2010. Retrieved October 7, 2010.
  37. ^ "The Belmont Stakes singing a new tune". Associated Press. June 4, 2010. Archived from the original on October 29, 2012. Retrieved June 19, 2012.
  38. ^ "Sinatra's voice returns to Belmont Stakes". Associated Press. June 4, 2011. Archived from the original on January 18, 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2012.
  39. ^ Scheinman, John (May 30, 2014). "Five Myths About the Triple Crown". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 30, 2014.
  40. ^ "Belmont Stakes Traditions". June 15, 2010. Archived from the original on May 16, 2010. Retrieved October 7, 2010.
  41. ^ Powell, Julie (June 8, 2005). "The Summer Cook; The Appetites Are Nearing the Gate". The New York Times. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
  42. ^ York Racing Association website, Belmont Park home page; article by Ashley Herriman.
  43. ^ a b "Belmont Stakes Attendance, Wagering Set Records". Retrieved October 7, 2010.
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h "History". Retrieved June 6, 2016.
  45. ^ "Creator wins Belmont Stakes by a nose | Toronto Star". The Toronto Star. June 11, 2016. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  46. ^ "26 Jun 1971, Page 4 – Standard-Speaker at".
  47. ^ Drape, Joe (June 10, 2023). "Arcangelo's Belmont Victory Makes Trainer First Woman to Win a Triple Crown Race". The New York Times.
  48. ^ "Runners" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 28, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2016.
  49. ^ "Sire Lines". Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  50. ^ "Saxon Horse Pedigree".
  51. ^ "Sire Lines King Fergus". Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  52. ^ "St. Simon Sire Line". Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  53. ^ "Colonial Affair Horse Pedigree".
  54. ^ "Pot8os Sire Line". Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  55. ^ "Birdcatcher Sire Line". Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  56. ^ "Stockwell Sire Line". Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  57. ^ "Bend Or Sire Line". Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  58. ^ a b "Phalaris Sire Line". Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  59. ^ "Nearco Sire Line". Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  60. ^ "Camel Sire Line". Retrieved May 23, 2021.
  61. ^ "Himyar's Other Line". Retrieved May 23, 2021.
  62. ^ "Henry of Navarre Horse Pedigree".
  63. ^ "Quadrangle Horse Pedigree".
  64. ^ a b "Damascus Horse Pedigree".
  65. ^ "Matchem Sire Line".
  66. ^ "The Finn Horse Pedigree".
  67. ^ a b "Zev Horse Pedigree".
  68. ^ "Joe Daniels Horse Pedigree".
  69. ^ "Springbok Horse Pedigree".
  70. ^ "Algerine Horse Pedigree".
  71. ^ "Spendthrift Horse Pedigree".
  72. ^ a b "Ildrim Horse Pedigree".
  73. ^ a b "Hastings Horse Pedigree".
  74. ^ a b c "Masterman Horse Pedigree".
  75. ^ a b c "Man O War Horse Pedigree".
  76. ^ a b c "Mad Play Horse Pedigree".
  77. ^ a b c "Chance Shot Horse Pedigree".
  78. ^ a b c d "Peace Chance Horse Pedigree".
  79. ^ a b c "Faireno Horse Pedigree".
  80. ^ a b c d "American Flag Horse Pedigree".
  81. ^ a b c d "Crusader Horse Pedigree".
  82. ^ a b c d "War Admiral Horse Pedigree".
  83. ^ a b c d "Da Tara Horse Pedigree".
  84. ^ "Thoroughbred Bloodlines Sire Lines Byerley Turk". Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  85. ^ "Thoroughbred Bloodlines Sire Lines Byerley Turk King Herod". Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  86. ^ "Thoroughbred Bloodlines Sire Lines Byerley Turk King Herod Buzzard Selim". Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  87. ^ "Calvin Horse Pedigree".
  88. ^ "General Duke Horse Pedigree".
  89. ^ "Kingfisher Horse Pedigree".
  90. ^ "Harry Bassett".
  91. ^ "Vauxhall Horse Pedigree".
  92. ^ "Duke of Magenta Horse Pedigree".
  93. ^ a b "Eric Horse Pedigree".
  94. ^ "Comanche Horse Pedigree".
  95. ^ "Hurryoff Horse Pedigree".
  96. ^ "Amberoid Horse Pedigree".
  97. ^ "Hanover Horse Pedigree".
  98. ^ "Burgomaster Horse Pedigree".
  99. ^ a b "Joe Madden Horse Pedigree".
  100. ^ "Prince Eugene Horse Pedigree".
  101. ^ "High Echelon Horse Pedigree".
  102. ^ "Little Current Horse Pedigree".
  103. ^ "Affirmed Horse Pedigree".
  104. ^ "Coastal Horse Pedigree".
  105. ^ "Conquistador Cielo Horse Pedigree".
  106. ^ "Easy Goer Horse Pedigree".
  107. ^ "Hansel Horse Pedigree".
  108. ^ "Thunder Gulch Horse Pedigree".
  109. ^ "Editors Note Horse Pedigree".
  110. ^ "Victory Gallop Horse Pedigree".
  111. ^ "Lemon Drop Kid Horse Pedigree".
  112. ^ "Commendable Horse Pedigree".
  113. ^ a b "Point Given Horse Pedigree".
  114. ^ "Empire Maker Horse Pedigree".
  115. ^ "Birdstone Horse Pedigree".
  116. ^ "Afleet Alex Horse Pedigree".
  117. ^ "Jazil Horse Pedigree".
  118. ^ a b "Summer Bird Horse Pedigree".
  119. ^ "Drosselmeyer Horse Pedigree".
  120. ^ "Ruler On Ice Horse Pedigree".
  121. ^ "Palace Malice Horse Pedigree".
  122. ^ a b "American Pharoah Horse Pedigree".
  123. ^ "Arcangelo Horse Pedigree".
  124. ^ "Ap Indy Horse Pedigree".
  125. ^ "Swale Horse Pedigree".
  126. ^ a b "Rags To Riches Horse Pedigree".
  127. ^ a b "Tonalist Horse Pedigree".
  128. ^ a b "Creator Horse Pedigree".
  129. ^ a b "Tapwrit Horse Pedigree".
  130. ^ a b "Tiz The Law Horse Pedigree".
  131. ^ a b "Essential Quality Horse Pedigree".
  132. ^ "Peter Pan Horse Pedigree".
  133. ^ "Colin Horse Pedigree".
  134. ^ "Luke Mcluke Horse Pedigree".
  135. ^ a b "Blue Larkspur Horse Pedigree".
  136. ^ a b "Bimelech Horse Pedigree".
  137. ^ a b "Shut Out Horse Pedigree".
  138. ^ "Omaha Horse Pedigree".
  139. ^ "Granville Horse Pedigree".
  140. ^ "Counterpoint Horse Pedigree".
  141. ^ "One Count Horse Pedigree".
  142. ^ "Phalanx Horse Pedigree".
  143. ^ "Risen Star Horse Pedigree".

External links