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Bani Yas ( Arabic: بَنُو ياس) is a tribal confederation of Najdi origin [1] in the modern United Arab Emirates. [2] The tribal coalition consists of tribes from Dubai to Khawr al Udayd southeast of Qatar, was called the Bani Yas Coalition ( Arabic: حلف بني ياس). [3] Al Nahyan, a branch of Al Falahi, leads the tribe and is the ruling family of the Abu Dhabi. [3] [4] Al Maktoum, a branch of Al Falasi, is also a member and is the ruling family of Dubai. [5] [6] Al Nahyan and Al Maktoum are the most influential in the UAE federal government, and Abu Dhabi and Dubai have the right to veto any federal legislation. The ruler of Abu Dhabi is customarily elected as the president of the UAE, and the ruler of Dubai is traditionally elected as the vice president and prime minister of the UAE. [7]

History

Bani Yas had close relations with the Dhawahir tribe, which was traditionally at odds with al Naimi and Bani Ka’ab in Buraimi Oasis. [8]

In 1835, members of the Bani Yas settled Khawr al Udayd in southeastern Qatar. [9]

Branches

Bani Yas consists of several branches, [10] which are:

  1. Al Falasi (الفلاسي)
  2. Al Falahi (الفلاحي)
  3. Al Qubaisi (القبيسي)
  4. Al Mehairbi (المحيربي)
  5. Al Remeithi (الرميثات)
  6. Al Hameli (الهاملي )
  7. Al Mheiri (آل بو مهير)
  8. Al Suwaidi (السويدي)
  9. Al Qemzi (القمزي)
  10. Al Marar (المرر)
  11. Al Mazrouie (المزروعي )
  12. Al Suboosi (السبوسي)

See also

References

  1. ^ Christopher Davidson's Abu Dhabi Oil and Beyond page 5
  2. ^ Frauke, Heard-Bey. "The Tribal Society of the UAE" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  3. ^ a b "The Millennial Legend \ The Bani Yas Alliance". Archived from the original on 28 December 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  4. ^ "History". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  5. ^ "History of Dubai". DubaiGuru.org. Archived from the original on 18 August 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  6. ^ "History of Dubai". www.dubaionweb.com. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  7. ^ Kasolowsky, Raissa (December 1, 2009). Lyon, Alistair (ed.). "FACTBOX-What is the UAE's political structure?". Reuters.
  8. ^ Motohiro, Ono (March 2011). "Reconsideration of the Meanings of the Tribal Ties in the United Arab Emirates: Abu Dhabi Emirate in Early ʼ90s" (PDF). Kyoto Bulletin of Islamic Area Studies. 4–1 (2): 25–34.
  9. ^ "'TURKISH JURISDICTION IN THE ISLANDS AND WATERS OF THE PERSIAN GULF, AND ON THE ARAB LITTORAL' [108v] (2/28)". Qatar Digital Library. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  10. ^ "قبيلة بني ياس". Hakawati.net. Retrieved 10 October 2021.