Back in the U.S.A.

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"Back in the U.S.A."
Back in the U.S.A. - Chuck Berry.jpg
Single by Chuck Berry
B-side" Memphis, Tennessee"
ReleasedJune 1959
RecordedFebruary 17, 1959
Studio Chess (Chicago) [1]
Genre Rock and roll
Label Chess 1729
Songwriter(s) Chuck Berry
Producer(s) Leonard Chess, Phil Chess
Chuck Berry singles chronology
" Almost Grown"
(1959)
"Back in the U.S.A."
(1959)
" Broken Arrow"
(1959)

"Back in the U.S.A." is a song written by Chuck Berry that was released in 1959 and was a top 40 hit. A cover version in 1978 by Linda Ronstadt was also a hit.

Chuck Berry version

Chuck Berry first issued the song on Chess Records in 1959 as a single which reached number 37 in the Billboard Hot 100. It also reached number 16 on the R&B chart. The song was later included on Berry's 1962 album More Chuck Berry. The song's lyrics were supposedly written based upon Berry returning to the United States following a trip to Australia and witnessing the living standards of Australian Aborigines. Berry's biography on the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame website states Berry "saluted such everyday pleasures as the drive-ins and corner cafes 'where hamburgers sizzle on an open grill night and day/Yeah, and a jukebox jumping with records like in the U.S.A.'" [2]

Recording

The song was recorded on February 17, 1959, in Chicago, Illinois.

The background vocals on Berry's recording are by Etta James and The Marquees aka Harvey & the New Moonglows, featuring the young Marvin Gaye.

The session was produced by Leonard and Phil Chess and the song was released as Chess single 1729. [3]

Alan Dale and The Casuals version

Alan Dale issued the song in Australia on Colombia in 1959 as a single along with a version of Bo Didley's "Crackin' Up"(45-DO-4086).

Linda Ronstadt version

"Back in the USA"
Back in the USA - Linda Ronstadt.jpg
Single by Linda Ronstadt
from the album Living in the USA
B-side"White Rhythm & Blues"
ReleasedAugust 1, 1978
Genre Rock
Length3:02
Label Asylum
Songwriter(s) Chuck Berry
Producer(s) Peter Asher
Linda Ronstadt singles chronology
" Tumbling Dice"
(1978)
"Back in the USA"
(1978)
" Ooh Baby Baby"
(1978)

Ronstadt had heard the Berry original while being driven around Los Angeles by Eagles member Glenn Frey who had once been in her band, the track being on a home-made cassette Frey had playing in his tape deck. Ronstadt recalls that she'd been reminding Frey "how we used to sit around the Troubadour bar and go: 'Oh it's so horrible and I can't get a record deal.' We were so broke and so miserable and we'd feel so sorry for ourselves and we were so precious about it. Then all of a sudden I looked at him and I went: 'Boy, life's really tough. We're going off to ski [at Aspen] with all this money in our pockets, we're going to have a good time, and we've got great music on the tape player.' Just then "Back in the U.S.A." came on and I went: 'Boy that would be a great song to sing. I think I'll do that one.'" [4]

The single of Ronstadt's version rose as high as number 11 in Cash Box and reached number 16 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. (It was Top Five in the Detroit market place.) On October 16, 1987, Ronstadt joined Chuck Berry onstage at the Fox Theater in St. Louis as part of a concert celebrating Berry's sixtieth birthday. According to production assistant Mark Slocombe, despite Ronstadt having rehearsed with the band playing in the key of C, Berry's guitar playing on the actual concert performance of "Back in the U.S.A." necessitated the band performing in the key of G: Slocombe – "Linda Ronstadt's such a pro, you really don't hear her strain or muff it. But ... she was so pissed off when she walked off that stage she went right through the Green Room, right out the stage door, climbed into her limo and never came back for the second show. [Berry's birthday fête consisted of two concerts planned to feature identical set lists and guest performers.]" The Ronstadt/Berry performance of "Back in the U.S.A." was featured in the filmation of Berry's sixtieth birthday concert: the 1987 movie release Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll, with the track being included on the soundtrack album: according to Slocombe, "they had a hard time getting [Ronstadt] to sign the release for the [performance] because she was so pissed off." [5]

Personnel

Charts

Other versions

References

  1. ^ "The Chuck Berry Database: Details For Recording Session: 17. 2. 1959". A Collector's Guide to the Music of Chuck Berry. Dietmar Rudolph. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  2. ^ "Inductee explorer | Rock & Roll Hall of Fame". Rockhall.com. Retrieved 2016-08-29.
  3. ^ Berry, Chuck, Chuck Berry: The Anthology, CD, 088 1120304-2, MCA Records, Chess, 2000, liner notes
  4. ^ Eliot, Marc (2005). To the Limit: the untold story of the Eagles (1st DaCapo Press ed.). Cambridge MA: DaCapo Press. pp. 177–178. ISBN  0-306-81398-X.
  5. ^ Pegg, Bruce (2002). Brown Eyed Handsome Man:the life and hard times of Chuck Berry. NYC: Routledge. p. 221. ISBN  0-415-93748-5.
  6. ^ "Forum - 1970 (ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts)". Australian-charts.com. Archived from the original on 2016-06-02. Retrieved 2016-12-26.
  7. ^ "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2017-01-26.
  8. ^ "South African Rock Lists Website - SA Charts 1965 - 1989 Songs (A-B)".
  9. ^ Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Singles 1955-1990 - ISBN  0-89820-089-X
  10. ^ "Cash Box Top 100 Singles, October 28, 1978". Archived from the original on September 29, 2018. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
  11. ^ Canada, Library and Archives (17 July 2013). "Image : RPM Weekly". Bac-lac.gc.ca. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  12. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1999). Pop Annual. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. ISBN  0-89820-142-X.
  13. ^ "Cash Box Year-End Charts: Top 100 Pop Singles, December 30, 1978". Archived from the original on September 29, 2018. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
  14. ^ Miles, Barry, Paul McCartney:Many Years From Now, Henry Holt and Company, New York,1997 p. 422
  15. ^ Gene Summers "Live" In Scandinavia LP Sunrock Records #SRLP 841, 1983, Sweden. "Back In The USA" concert's opening track.