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August von Senarclens de Grancy
Born(1794-08-19)19 August 1794
Vaud, Old Swiss Confederacy
Died3 October 1871(1871-10-03) (aged 77)
Jugenheim, Kingdom of Prussia
Luise von Otting und Fünfstetten
( m. 1836)
Occupation Stable Master

August Ludwig Freiherr von Senarclens-Grancy ( French: Auguste Louis de Senarclens de Grancy; 19 August 1794 – 3 October 1871) was the firstborn son of three sons and four daughters of César Auguste, Baron von Senarclens de Grancy, (born in 1763) and his wife Élisabeth Claudine Marie-Rose de Loriol (born in 1773). [1] He is reputed to have been the long-time lover of Wilhelmine of Baden, the Grand Duchess consort of Hesse, and the actual father by her of the Empress consort Maria Alexandrovna of Russia and Prince Alexander of Hesse, ancestors of modern royalty in Bulgaria, Germany, Romania, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and Russia.


He became the stable master of Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse, a major general and a knight in the Order of Malta. It is also alleged that he was the biological father of four of the children of his employer's wife and, therefore, a likely ancestor of Felipe VI of Spain and Charles III of the United Kingdom . He may also be a direct-line ancestor of several royal pretenders: Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia, Margareta of Romania and Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia, heir to the throne of the German Empire which collapsed at the end of World War I.

Senarclens de Grancy died in Jugenheim on 3 October 1871.

Marriage and children

Allegedly with Wilhelmine of Baden

Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse, bought the Heiligenberg estate near Jugenheim in 1820, where he installed Senarclens-Grancy as his chamberlain later that year. Louis II's wife, the Grand Duchess Wilhelmine, began living at Heiligenberg during the summers, and wintered at other estates, rarely accompanying her husband from then on. The Grand Duchess gave birth to four more children between 1821 and 1824 after not bearing any children to Louis II for nine years. Senarclens-Grancy's paternity was strongly suspected, and was treated as an open secret by the Hessian court.[ citation needed] Louis II did not deny paternity nor seek to disinherit the two children who lived to adulthood.[ citation needed]

Grand Duchess Wilhelmine's children born after 1820 were:

Marriage to Luise von Otting und Fünfstetten

On 15 November 1836, Senarclens de Grancy married Luise Wilhelmine Camille von Otting und Fünfstetten (born von Schönfeld; 24 May 1810 – 18 May 1876), who was a morganatic descendant of the Counts Palatine of Zweïbrucken and the Margraves of Baden-Durlach. [2] [3] [4] [5]

  • Baroness Wilhelmine Marie (11 August 1837 – 22 November 1912), unmarried.
  • Baron Ludwig (9 June 1839 – 2 February 1910), married Amalie Barbara Löw, sometimes written Loewe.
  • Baroness Marie Wilhelmine (9 June 1840 – 5 July 1908), married Ludwig Heinrich Hesse, sometimes written Hess.
  • Baron Heinrich Adolph Maximilian Ludwig (31 July 1845 – 17 January 1908), unmarried.
  • Baron Albert Ludwig Friedrich (9 February 1847 – 20 January 1901), married Antoinette de Senarclens de Grancy, a cousin.
  • Baroness Constance Marie Wilhelmine (11 September 1852 – 9 March 1933), married Karl von Oertzen.



  1. ^ "Genealogy File: Auguste Louis von Senarclens-Grancy, 19 Aug 1794 - ?". Archived from the original on 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2011-04-30.
  2. ^ "Auguste Louis de Senarclens de Grancy, * 1794 |".
  3. ^ "Genealogy File: Luise Wilhelmine Camilla von Otting und Fünfstetten, 24 May 1810 - ?". Archived from the original on 2011-09-26. Retrieved 2011-04-30.
  4. ^ "Auguste Louis von Senarclens-Grancy b. 19 Aug 1794 Schloss Etoy d. 8 Oct 1871 Jugenheim: Geneagraphie - Families all over the world".
  5. ^ a b "Family tree of August Ludwig von Senarclens-Grancy".


  • de Senarclens, Jean (2004) 800 ans d'histoire de la famille de Senarclens et de sa branche de Grancy, Genève : Slatkine, ISBN  2-8321-0178-X
  • Lambton, Antony (1989) The Mountbattens : the Battenburgs and young Mountbatten, London : Constable, ISBN  0-09-472250-1
  • Shelton, Darren (1998) "Royal Quarterings: The ahnenreihe of the grandchildren of the last Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine", European Royal History Journal, I (VI:August), p. 19-22