From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
High Chief of Hawaii
Mary Napuaelua
Issue Analea Keohokālole
William Luther Moehonua
House Kalākaua
Father Kepoʻokalani
Mother Keohohiwa

ʻAikanaka (died 1837) was a high chief of the Kingdom of Hawaii and grandfather of two of Hawaii's future monarchs.


His father was Chief Kepoʻokalani and his mother was Keohohiwa. [1] His half-brother was Kamanawa II. The name literally means "man eater" in the Hawaiian language.

He was a grandson of two of the five Kona chiefs who supported Kamehameha I in his uprising against Kiwalaʻo: Kameʻeiamoku (one of the "royal twins" on the Coat of Arms of Hawaii) and Keawe-a-Heulu. His family was of high rank and were distant cousins of the House of Kamehameha. He was considered to be of the Keawe-a-Heulu line, his mother's line, and this line is what his grandchildren followed by. [2]

He had one daughter, Keohokālole by Kamaʻeokalani, and probably one son, William Luther Moehonua by Mary Napuaelua. [3] [4] ʻAikanaka asked his servant Keawemahi to take Napuaelua and son Moehonua. Moehonua later served as Governor of Maui, and other offices. [5] His daughter Keohokālole by Kamaeokalani served as a member of the House of Nobles. [6] His final wife was Alika Kuaiohua or Kaiahua. [7]

He was in charge of the Punchbowl gun battery and his home was under the Punchbowl hill. [8] His compound included grass structures for cooking, eating, gathering, and retainers' quarters where his daughter gave birth to his two grandchildren: future Queen Liliʻuokalani and King Kalākaua. [9] [10]

He was the hānai (adoptive) father of his eldest grandson Kaliokalani. ʻAikanaka died in 1837. [11] He owned vast tracts of land and they were split in half between his son and daughter, and then his daughter's in thirds to her remaining children.


  1. ^ Liliuokalani 1898, p. 399.
  2. ^ Liliuokalani 1898, pp. 1–2.
  3. ^ Linnekin, Jocelyn (1990). Sacred Queens and Women of Consequence: Rank, Gender, and Colonialism in the Hawaiian Islands. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. pp. 104–105. ISBN  0-472-06423-1.
  4. ^ Liliuokalani (1898). Hawaii's Story by Hawaii's Queen, Liliuokalani. Boston: Lee and Shepard. p.  399. ISBN  978-0-548-22265-2.
  5. ^ "Moehonua, William Luther office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Archived from the original on 2011-10-07. Retrieved 2009-11-25.
  6. ^ "Keohokalole, A. office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2009-11-25.
  7. ^ Cooke, Amos Starr; Cooke, Juliette Montague (1937). Richards, Mary Atherton (ed.). The Chiefs' Children School: A Record Compiled from the Diary and Letters of Amos Starr Cooke and Juliette Montague Cooke, by Their Granddaughter Mary Atherton Richards. Honolulu: Honolulu Star-Bulletin. pp. 61–62. OCLC  1972890. Archived from the original on 2016-11-28. Retrieved 2016-12-14.
  8. ^ Hawaii and Its People By Arthur Grove Day. Page 201
  9. ^ Liliuokalani 1898, p. 2.
  10. ^ Allen, Helena G. (1995). Kalakaua: Renaissance King. Honolulu: Mutual Publishing. p. 1. ISBN  978-1-56647-059-9.
  11. ^ Hitchcock, Harvey Rexford (1887). An English-Hawaiian Dictionary: With Various Useful Tables: Prepared for the Use of Hawaiian-English Schools. San Francisco: Bancroft Company. p.  248.