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"Act Naturally"
Single by Buck Owens and the Buckaroos
B-side"Over and Over Again"
ReleasedMarch 11, 1963 (1963-03-11)
RecordedFebruary 12, 1963
Studio Capitol, Hollywood, California
Genre Country
Label Capitol
Songwriter(s) Johnny Russell, Lavonia Inez Morrison (“Voni Morrison”)
Producer(s) Ken Nelson
Buck Owens and the Buckaroos singles chronology
"You're for Me"
"Act Naturally"
" Love's Gonna Live Here"

"Act Naturally" is a song written by Johnny Russell, with a writing credit given to Voni Morrison and publishing rights transferred to Buck Owens. It was originally recorded by Buck Owens and the Buckaroos, whose version reached number one on the Billboard Country Singles chart in 1963, [1] his first chart-topper. [2] In 2002, Shelly Fabian of ranked the song number 169 on her list of the Top 500 Country Music Songs. [3]

The song tells the tale of someone who has been jilted and, because of that, can play a film part of someone sad and lonely without knowing anything about acting. It has been recorded by many other artists, including Loretta Lynn, Dwight Yoakam, Kidsongs (Debbie Lytton), and Mrs. Miller. [4] The best-known other version is from the Beatles in 1965. Featuring Ringo Starr taking the lead vocal, it became a featured performance number of his in concert, both with the Beatles and later with His All-Starr Band. Owens and Starr went on to record a duet version in 1989. The song was also covered by Betty Willis in 1978, and by Riders in the Sky in 2000 for the album Woody's Roundup: A Rootin' Tootin' Collection of Woody's Favorite Songs.


Russell, originally from Mississippi, was based in Fresno, California, in the early 1960s. One night, some of his friends from Oklahoma planned to do a recording session in Los Angeles and asked him to join them. In order to do so, Russell had to break a date with his then-girlfriend. "When she asked me why I was going to L.A., I answered 'They are going to put me in the movies and make a big star out of me.' We both laughed." [5]

Thus inspired, Russell quickly came up with a concept for a love song based around his comment. He wrote it that day, and tried to teach it to the singer he was helping in Los Angeles, but he was unable to learn it. [5] Russell then wanted to record it himself, but his then-producer turned it down, claiming that songs about the movies were not hit material. [5]

A full two years passed before anyone recorded "Act Naturally". [6] "No matter how hard I tried, I couldn't get anyone interested in it," Russell said. [5]

Buck Owens and the Buckaroos version

By 1963, Russell was writing with a woman named Voni Morrison, who also worked with a Bakersfield, California-based singer named Buck Owens. After Russell played "Act Naturally" for Morrison, she thought it would be a natural for Owens, and she told Russell that she could get him to record it. [5] Because no one had yet recorded it, and Russell had an agreement with Morrison to share songwriting credits, he gave her partial credit, though her only role in the song was submitting it to Owens. [5]

Owens did not like "Act Naturally" at first. But Buckaroo band leader Don Rich heard Russell's demo version and liked it, and eventually, the song grew on Owens. [7] One night, Russell got a phone call from Owens asking if he could record the song, and he said yes. "I later found out that he had already recorded the song that day and just wanted the publishing rights," Russell said. "I was more than pleased to give him the rights in order to get the song recorded." [7]

Owens recorded "Act Naturally" at the Capitol Studios in Hollywood on February 12, 1963, and the song was released on March 11 as a non-album single. [8] It entered the Billboard country charts on April 13, 1963. On June 15, it spent the first of four non-consecutive weeks at number one. In all, it spent 28 weeks on the country charts. The song helped to make him a superstar; before the 1960s were over, Owens had placed 19 singles atop the Billboard country charts. [9] The song also helped establish Russell as a songwriter, and in the 1970s he was modestly successful as a singer as well.

Chart performance

Chart (1963) Peak
U.S. Billboard Hot Country Singles 1

The Beatles version

"Act Naturally"
Act naturally.PNG
US picture sleeve (reverse)
Single by the Beatles
A-side" Yesterday"
  • August 6, 1965 (1965-08-06) (UK Help! album)
  • September 13, 1965 (US single)
RecordedJune 17, 1965
Studio EMI, London
Songwriter(s) Johnny Russell
Producer(s) George Martin
The Beatles US singles chronology
" Help!"
" Yesterday" / "Act Naturally"
" Day Tripper" / " We Can Work It Out"

The Beatles recorded the song in 1965 for the United Kingdom version of their album Help!, with drummer Ringo Starr on vocals – his fifth with the band. It was released as the B-side of " Yesterday" in the United States. [10] Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic called it "an ideal showcase for Ringo's amiable vocals." [11]


Recorded on June 17, 1965, in 13 takes. The first 12 were evidently used to work out the arrangement; the master was take 13, the only one with vocals. It was mixed the following day. The Beatles almost recorded a song by their engineer Norman Smith, but realized that Starr did not yet have a vocal on Help! [12] They originally recorded the song " If You've Got Trouble" earlier in 1965 as Starr's intended song for the album, but were dissatisfied with the results and recorded "Act Naturally" to replace it. [13] It was the last cover they recorded until the Get Back/Let It Be sessions in 1969. [12]


Because Capitol Records' version of the Help! album in the United States included only the songs that appeared in the film Help!, plus incidental music from the film, the label held back "Yesterday" and "Act Naturally" and issued them as a non-LP single. As the B-side of the U.S. single, "Act Naturally" peaked at number 47 in October 1965. [14] The two songs made their first US album appearance on Yesterday and Today, released in the U.S. on June 20, 1966.

When the single was reissued on Apple Records in 1971, "Act Naturally" had the "full apple" side and "Yesterday" ended up on the "sliced apple" side. [15] That is because "Act Naturally" was the intended A-side and has always been listed as such in Capitol's files. [15]


The Beatles performed the song during an appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show which was taped on August 14, 1965, and broadcast on September 12, 1965. [16] It was also performed at the Beatles' famous Shea Stadium concert on August 15, 1965, and played at some concerts throughout The Beatles' 1965 US tour (alternating with Starr's other song, " I Wanna Be Your Man").

The song is closely identified with Starr and he has performed it on every tour iteration, and virtually every show, of Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band, beginning in 1989.


According to author John C. Winn: [17]

Buck Owens and Ringo Starr duet version

"Act Naturally"
Single by Buck Owens and Ringo Starr
from the album Act Naturally
B-side"The Key's In The Mailbox"
ReleasedJuly 29, 1989
RecordedMarch 27, 1989
Genre Country
Label Capitol
Songwriter(s)Harlan Howard, Johnny Russell, Voni Morrison
Buck Owens singles chronology
"Put a Quarter in the Jukebox"
"Act Naturally"
"Gonna Have Love (re-recording)"
Ringo Starr singles chronology
" In My Car"
"Act Naturally"
" It Don't Come Easy (live)"

Twenty-four years after the Beatles released their famous cover version of "Act Naturally", Owens and Ringo Starr teamed up for a duet remake. [20] [21] The session was produced by Jerry Crutchfield and Jim Shaw. [20] A music video was filmed for the song depicting the duo playing bumbling versions of themselves acting as cowboys on a western movie set. [21] The video was directed by George Bloom, and produced by Ken Brown. [21] Released on Capitol Records (B-44409), on July 29, 1989, [20] the duet peaked at number 27 and spent 11 weeks on the Billboard country chart in the summer of 1989. [22] It was Owens' last top 40 single on the chart. The B-side was Owens playing Harlan Howard's "The Key's in the Mailbox". [20]

The song also marked Starr's only showing on the country singles chart. It was not the first time a member of the Beatles had appeared on the country charts: Paul McCartney had done so with Wings in 1974–75 with " Sally G". [23]

The recording was nominated for the 1989 Country Music Association Vocal Event of the Year and a 1990 Grammy for Best Country Vocal Collaboration, but lost both times to " There's a Tear in My Beer," recorded by Hank Williams Sr. and Hank Williams Jr. [24] [25]

Chart performance

Chart (1989) Peak
Canada Country Tracks ( RPM) [26] 50
US Hot Country Songs ( Billboard) [27] 27


  1. ^ "Buck Owens: Charts & Awards: Billboard Singles". Allmusic. Retrieved March 15, 2007.
  2. ^ "Buck Owens: Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved March 15, 2007.
  3. ^ Fabian, Shelly (2002). "Top 500 Country Music Songs". Archived from the original on February 12, 2007. Retrieved March 14, 2007.
  4. ^ ""Act Naturally" Performers". Allmusic. Retrieved January 1, 2011.[ permanent dead link]
  5. ^ a b c d e f Collins, Ace (1996). The Stories Behind Country Music's All-Time Greatest 100 Songs. New York: Boulevard. p. 175. ISBN  1-57297-072-3.
  6. ^ "Grand Ole Opry Star Johnny Russell Dies at 61". Retrieved May 30, 2007.
  7. ^ a b Collins, Ace. The Stories Behind Country Music's All-Time Greatest 100 Songs. p. 176.
  8. ^ Spizer, Bruce (2000). The Beatles' Story on Capitol Records Part One: Beatlemania & The Singles. New Orleans: 498 Productions. p. 81. ISBN  0-9662649-1-6.
  9. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2005). Top Country Songs 1944 to 2005. Menomonee Falls, Wis.: Record Research. p. 281. ISBN  0-89820-165-9.
  10. ^ MacDonald, Ian (2007) [1994]. Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties (Third ed.). Chicago, IL: Chicago Review Press. p. 160. ISBN  978-1-55652-733-3.
  11. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Review of Help!". Allmusic. Retrieved March 14, 2007.
  12. ^ a b Lewisohn, Mark (1988). The Beatles Recording Sessions. New York, NY: Harmony Books. p.  60. ISBN  0-517-57066-1.
  13. ^ Lewisohn, Mark (1996). The Beatles Anthology 2 liner notes. London: Apple Corp. Ltd. p. 7.
  14. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2002). Top Pop Singles 1955 to 2002. Menomonee Falls, Wis.: Record Research. p.  45. ISBN  0-89820-155-1.
  15. ^ a b Spizer, Bruce (2003). The Beatles on Apple Records. New Orleans: 498 Productions. p. 86. ISBN  0-9662649-4-0.
  16. ^ Harry, Bill (2000). The Beatles Encyclopedia: Revised and Updated. London: Virgin Publishing. p. 1044. ISBN  0-7535-0481-2.
  17. ^ Winn, John C. (2008). Way Beyond Compare: The Beatles' Recorded Legacy, Volume One, 1957–1965. New York, NY: Three Rivers Press. p. 327. ISBN  978-0-307-45157-6.
  18. ^ MacDonald 2007, p. 160.
  19. ^ Guesdon, Jean-Michel; Margotin, Philippe (2013). All the Songs: The Story Behind Every Beatles Release. New York, NY: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers. pp. 240–241. ISBN  978-1-57912-952-1.
  20. ^ a b c d Harry, Bill (2004). The Ringo Starr Encyclopedia. London: Virgin Books. p. 5. ISBN  978-0-7535-0843-5.
  21. ^ a b c Harry, Bill (2004). The Ringo Starr Encyclopedia. London: Virgin Books. p. 136. ISBN  978-0-7535-0843-5.
  22. ^ Whitburn, Joel. Top Country Songs 1944 to 2005. p. 282.
  23. ^ Whitburn, Joel. Top Country Songs 1944 to 2005. p. 240.
  24. ^ "CMA Vocal Event of the Year Nominees". Retrieved May 30, 2007.
  25. ^ "32nd Grammy Awards 1990". Rock On The Net. Archived from the original on May 17, 2007. Retrieved May 30, 2007.
  26. ^ " Top RPM Country Tracks: Issue 6456." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. August 28, 1989. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  27. ^ "Buck Owens Chart History (Hot Country Songs)". Billboard.