From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1921 North Dakota gubernatorial recall election

←  1920 October 28, 1921 1922 →
Nominee Ragnvald Nestos Lynn Frazier
Party Republican/IVA Non-Partisan League
Popular vote 111,425 107,332
Percentage 50.94% 49.06%

County results [1]

Nestos:      50-60%      60-70%      70-80%

Frazier:      50-60%      60-70%      70-80%      80-90%

Governor before election

Lynn Frazier
Non-Partisan League

Elected Governor

Ragnvald A. Nestos

The 1921 North Dakota gubernatorial recall election was a recall election of North Dakota Governor Lynn Frazier in 1921. Frazier was the first U.S. governor ever successfully recalled from office; there would not be another successful recall of a governor until California Governor Gray Davis was recalled in 2003.


The recall stemmed from the conflict between the socialist-leaning Nonpartisan League, of which Governor Frazier was a member, and the Independent Voters Association, a conservative and ‘pro- free market’ faction. Frazier and his party supported state ownership of industries, while the IVA opposed it. A dispute broke out specifically over government ownership of the Bank of North Dakota and State Mill and Elevator. [2]

By September, the campaigners had been able to gather 73,000 names on petitions asking for the recall of Frazier, Attorney General William Lemke, and Commissioner of Agriculture John Hagan. These men made up the Industrial Commission, which acts as a board of directors for the state-owned entities. [2] The date of the recall was set for October 28, 1921. [2]


North Dakota gubernatorial election, 1921 [1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican/IVA Ragnvald A. Nestos 111,425 50.9
Non-Partisan League Lynn Frazier (incumbent) 107,332 49.1
Margin of victory 4,093 1.8
Total votes 218,757 100
Republican/IVA gain from Non-Partisan League

In the October 28 vote, Ragnvald A. Nestos was elected as governor by a margin of 4,093. [3] He was sworn in on November 23.

See also


  1. ^ a b "Special Recall Election Oct. 28,1921" (PDF). North Dakota Secretary of State. October 28, 1921. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "North Dakota to Vote October 28 on Recall Aimed at Gov. Frazier and Townley League". The New York Times, September 17, 1921, p. 1.
  3. ^ Helm, Merry (October 28, 2003). "Dakota Datebook: Ragnvold Nestos". Prairie Public. Retrieved July 10, 2017.