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Ümraniye
View of Ümraniye and Ataşehir seen from Çamlıca Tower.
View of Ümraniye and Ataşehir seen from Çamlıca Tower.
Official logo of Ümraniye
Location of Ümraniye in Istanbul
Location of Ümraniye in Istanbul
Ümraniye is located in Turkey
Ümraniye
Ümraniye
Coordinates: 41°01′52″N 29°06′29″E / 41.03111°N 29.10806°E / 41.03111; 29.10806
Ümraniye Latitude and Longitude:

41°01′52″N 29°06′29″E / 41.03111°N 29.10806°E / 41.03111; 29.10806
Country Turkey
City Istanbul
Government
 • Mayorİsmet Yıldırım ( AKP)
 • GovernorMehmet Ali Yıldırım
Area
 • District163.09 km2 (62.97 sq mi)
Population
 (2012) [2]
 • District
645,238
 • District density4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+3 ( TRT)
Area code0-216
Website www.umraniye.bel.tr
www.umraniye.gov.tr

Ümraniye (pronounced  [ymˈɾaːnije]) is a district of Istanbul. It was separated from Üsküdar in 1987. It is bordered by Çekmeköy to the northeast, Sancaktepe to the east, Ataşehir to the south, Üsküdar to the west and Beykoz to the northwest.

History

Ümraniye is located on high ground just inland from Üsküdar. It was originally a small village of less than 900 inhabitants, mainly coming from the Black Sea Region in the 1950s. Its population grew far beyond its capacity during the 1970s and 1980s due to migration to the cities from rural areas of Anatolia. On 17 March 1978, 5 workers were massacred by Communist militants in the district.

The growth of Ümraniye was relatively better controlled than other districts that also attracted workers on the European side (such as Esenler or Gaziosmanpaşa); there are wider roads through the district, more space between the blocks and relatively more green space. A large commercial district grew up to support this large population. The main road through the centre has public buildings, shops, shopping centres and branches of many banks.

Ümraniye today

Buyaka Office Buildings in Ümraniye

In the last few decades, Ümraniye has built a lively shopping and business district. Recent building projects include the construction of large shopping malls (including Istanbul's first branch of IKEA), and modern apartment complexes have made parts of Ümraniye attractive places buying real estate, as Ümraniye is on a main highway that leads to one of the two bridges linking the Asian and European sides of Istanbul.

View of Ümraniye from Kirişhane Cd. On the left, the minaret and the dome of the Hazreti Ömer Mosque

Sports

The women's football club Dudullu Spor was promoted to the Women's First League for the 2020-21 League season. [3]

Politics

Ümraniye has seen its fair share of political violence between left and right-wingers over the years, and during the 70s and 80s law enforcement was problematic in parts of the area. In this way it was considered the Asian side's equivalent of Gaziosmanpaşa on the European side. This violence was concentrated in a small quarter of Ümraniye, a vast district. In recent times however, Ümraniye has been relatively calm. The people of Ümraniye usually vote in large numbers for conservative parties. The AK Party does well in this district.

Climate

Ümraniye experiences a relatively cool Mediterranean climate (Csa/Cs) according to both Köppen and Trewartha climate classifications, barely missing the criteria for a humid subtropical climate (Cfa/Cf), with cool winters and warm to hot summers. Because of its altitude, it is one of the colder districts of Istanbul, with plentiful snowfall and a reputation as a cold, brisk location. It falls into USDA hardiness zone 8b, and AHS heat zone 3. [4]

Climate data for Ümraniye
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
7.7
(45.9)
9.7
(49.5)
15.8
(60.4)
19.5
(67.1)
25.1
(77.2)
27.2
(81.0)
27.0
(80.6)
24.0
(75.2)
19.1
(66.4)
13.8
(56.8)
9.6
(49.3)
17.2
(63.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
5.2
(41.4)
6.2
(43.2)
11.5
(52.7)
15.4
(59.7)
20.3
(68.5)
22.6
(72.7)
22.7
(72.9)
19.6
(67.3)
14.7
(58.5)
11.1
(52.0)
6.8
(44.2)
13.5
(56.2)
Average low °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
2.5
(36.5)
2.6
(36.7)
7.2
(45.0)
11.3
(52.3)
15.4
(59.7)
18.0
(64.4)
18.3
(64.9)
15.2
(59.4)
10.6
(51.1)
7.0
(44.6)
3.9
(39.0)
9.5
(49.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 113
(4.4)
77
(3.0)
74
(2.9)
51
(2.0)
36
(1.4)
29
(1.1)
29
(1.1)
36
(1.4)
49
(1.9)
82
(3.2)
98
(3.9)
133
(5.2)
807
(31.5)
Source: [5] [6]

Places of importance

Ümraniye Central Mosque

In between Üsküdar and Ümraniye there is a 'çilehane' of the Sufi saint Aziz Mahmud Hudayi. A çilehane (lit. 'house of despair') was where Sufis would go to pray in seclusion.

The Haldun Alagaş Sports Hall is located here, which is named after the karateka Haldun Alagaş. The venue hosts both national and international basketball, volleyball, handball games and martial art competitions. [7]

Due to its elevated altitude, the full scene of Istanbul, including Bosphorus and European Side, can be seen from Ümraniye.

References

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ "2019-2020 Sezonu Kadın Ligleri Yönetim Kurulu Kararı - 2- Kadınlar 2. Ligi" (in Turkish). Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu. 13 July 2020. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  4. ^ "Bitki Soğuğa ve Sıcağa Dayanıklılık". www.mgm.gov.tr. Retrieved 2021-04-28.
  5. ^ "National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) formerly known as National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) | NCEI offers access to the most significant archives of oceanic, atmospheric, geophysical and coastal data". www.ncdc.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2021-06-03.
  6. ^ "Ümraniye - Weather History & Climate Data - Meteostat". meteostat.net. Retrieved 2021-06-03.
  7. ^ "Haldun Alagaş Spor Kompleksi" (in Turkish). Spor AŞ. Retrieved 2012-11-27.

External links